Worship and the Hebrew Bible: essays Reviewed.

John T. Willis Instrumental Melody claims that: Sing and make melody" was a very common practice throughout the history of God's people. These two practices are inseparable as one 2. "Sing" is vocal; "make melody" is instrumental. Psalms 33:2-3; 144:9; 149:1, 3 make this crystal clear. Amos 5:23 further verifies this reality.

Worship and the Hebrew Bible: Essays in Honor of John T. Lewis by  Richard R. Marrs, Steven L. McKenzie.

Individuals Worship: groups cannot worship.

Worship is IN THE SPIRIT or Mind in contrast to IN A HOUSE or on a MOUNTAIN

God is not Juliet and needs no Romeo. 

God never defines A Worship Assembly where people perform rituals: in the pagan mind the rituals were to appease, seduce or even threaten the gods if they did not meet their needs.   When fear was induced by the Jacob-Cursed and God-Abandoned Levites making instrumental noise, the assembled Civil-Military-Clergy reresentatives FELL ON THEIR FACE in mortal fear. The service of the Levites is called Abadoh which is derived from Apollo, Abaddon or Apollyon as Jewish Worship of the starry host (acts 7).  The creating or casting down the heavens and earth (types of people) in Sumeria happened c. BC 4000: Moses moved backward after Israel fell into musical idolatry of the always-pagan trinity at Mount Sinai.  He began a history of God bringing LIGHT (intelligence) out of DARKNESS (Ignorance) and God removed The Book of the Covenant of Grace (Abrahamic with no clergy) and sentenced them back to Babylon for captivity and death. The record of the history of many nations culminates or culminated c ad 2000 with the unleashing of Abaddon or Apollyon as the king of the locusts which means the Leader of the Muses.

For a LITTLE FLOCK  Jesus died to silence the Laded Burdens (anxiety producing ceremonies with instrumental noise) and the Burden Laders so that individuals can give their attention to God revealed only through His Word.  Music from mystery means to "make the lambs dumb before the slaughter." The religionists such as priests and Levites is THE definition of a PARASITE.

The Praise Leader is probably the world's oldest professional and they probably made use of the world's second oldest professional to fleece the simple minded.  In Babylon or in Jerusalem it was claimed that they had god in a box in a temple. Because the gods were dangerous you must pay specialists or "ministry staff".
Arnobius writing (A.D. 297-303) Ridicules instrumental music in worship and Charismatic Worship as idolatrous.
In the temple the god was present in--but not bounded by--a statue made of precious wood overlaid with gold. For this statue the temple kitchen staff prepared daily meals from produce grown or raised on the temple's fields, in its orchards, in its sheepfolds, cattle pens, and
game preserves, brought in by its fishermen, or delivered by farmers owing it as a temple tax. The statue was also clad in costly raiment, bathed, and escorted to bed in the bedchamber of the god, often on top of the temple tower, or ziggurat. [David's naked dance around the Ark of the Covenant was in his mind becoming vile (halal) before his god who was not Jehovah)

To see to all of this the god had priests trained as cooks, bakers, waiters, and bathers, or as encomiasts (singers of praise), musicians and prostitutes [grinders at the millstone]

to make the god's meals festive, or as elegists to soothe him in times of stress and grief. Diversions from the daily routine were the great monthly festivals and also a number of special occasions.

The words insanir, m bacchari, refer to the appearance of the ancient seers when under the influence of the deity. The meaning is, that they make their asserverations with all the confidence of a seer when filled, as he pretended, with the influence of the god." (Arnibious, Ante-Nicene, VI, p. 413)

Livy on a History of Rome defines the Bacchanalibus or "new wineskins" worship

"The making of inquisition concerning clandestine meetings was decreed to both the consuls. A Greek of mean condition came, first, into Etruria, not with one of the many trades which his nation, of all others the most skillful in the cultivation of the mind and body, has introduced among us,

but a low operator in sacrifices, and a soothsayer;
nor was he one who, by open religious rites,
and by publicly professing his calling and teaching,
the minds of his followers with terror,
but a priest of
secret and nocturnal rites.

These mysterious rites were, at first, imparted to a few,
but afterwards communicated to great numbers, both men and women.

To their religious performances were added the pleasures of wine and feasting, .
to allure a greater number of proselytes.

When wine, lascivious discourse, night, and the intercourse of the sexes had extinguished every sentiment of modesty, then debaucheries of every kind began to be practiced, as every person found at hand that sort of enjoyment to which he was disposed by the passion predominant in his nature.

Nor were they confined to one species of vice---the promiscuous intercourse of free-born men and women;but from this store-house of villainy proceeded false witnesses,
........counterfeit seals (marks), false evidences, and pretended discoveries.

From the same place, too, proceeded poison and secret murders, so that in some cases, not even the bodies could be found for burial. (Ac 19:19; Rev 9:21; 18:23; Rev 21:8. Rev 18 connects this to the musicians of the end-time Babylonian Whore religion)

Many of their audacious deeds were brought about by treachery, but most of them by force;
it served to conceal the violence, that, on account of the
loud shouting, and the noise of drums and cymbals,
none of the cries uttered by the persons suffering violence or murder could be heard abroad.

When any person was introduced he was delivered as a victim to the priests, who led him away to a place

resounding with shouts, the sound of music, and the beating of cymbals and drums, lest his cries, while suffering violation, should be heard abroad."

Jesus called the MEN of that generation children or BOYS: they Piped hoping that Jesus would lament or dry out and dance.  This would have initiated him into the Gay Priesthood because history notes that the Jews hoped that Dionysus would be their messiah.

Music is still used to silence the voice of those suffering violence by the introduction of neo-Bacchus or Dionysus "wineskin" worship. See the attempt to "Mark" Jesus with the Seal of Dionysus to "triumph over" Him with Music.

In radical contrast God's assembly is called a Qahal, Ekklesia, Synagogue or Church of Christ (the Rock).  You can fall on your face which God does not need or you can bow and submit to God's message to mankind.  The assembly of Christ first defined in the wilderness is

EXCLUSIVE of vocal or instrumental rejoicing or elevated rhetoric.
INCLUSIVE of Rest, Reading the Word and Rehearsing the Word.
Acts 15:21 For Moses
     of old time
     hath in every city
     them that preach him,
     being read in the synagogues
     every sabbath day.
Jesus stood up to READ the Biblical Text and decently and in order SAT down.  John T. Willis and the elders PRAY for an understanding and claims some level of "inspiration." Certainly none of the "worship sectarians" give any honor to the limitations of the assembly to being a reading assembly from the wilderness onward.  Progress was made among early English closet protestants when they held secret Prophesying Sessions: they understand that prophesying in the godly sense was FORTHTELLING that which was written.  You "use one mind and one mouth to speak that which is written for our learning" or "Scripture for our Comfort" (Romans 15) with the hypocritic artists of rhetoric, singing, playing or acting outlawed by the SELF-pleasure.
1Tim. 4:13 Till I come, give attendance to [public] reading, to exhortation, to doctrine.

Prosekhō  Anagignōskō , 1. know well, know certainly,  of written characters, know them again,
anagignōskontes2. know again, recognize, students, Plu.Alex. 1ta biblia ta anegnōsmena books read aloud, hence, published opposite II. unpublished

"The word that is employed for this "anaginosko, anagnosis" is the technical term for the cultic reading aloud of the Old Testament in the synagogue. By applying this terminology to the reading of his own epistles he not only ascribes the same authority to the apostolic word as to the Old Testament writings...he also combines a quotation from the Old Testament with a word of Jesus and introduces the whole with the familiar formula: 'for the Scripture says.'" (Ridderbos, Hermon, Paul, an Outline of His Theo., Eerdmans, p. 483)

You don't just grasp a Bible-void sermon off the internet: you read and repeat and repeat the Word of God because worship is uniquely giving heed to God through His Word: don't believe doctors of the law who get inspiration to impose what he always believed and used to sow discord.

Acts 15:21 For Moses of old time hath in every city
        them that PREACH him,
        being READ in the synagogues every sabbath [rest] day

Latin : lectĭo , ōnis, f. lego.
I. A gathering, collecting.
B. In partic., a picking out, selecting: “judicum,Cic. Phil. 5, 6, 16. —
II  A reading, perusal; a reading out, reading aloud.
Transf. (abstr. pro contr.), that which is read, reading, text (post-class.): “lectio tamen docet, eo tempore solitos, etc.,Macr. S. 7, 7, 5: “haec sunt quae lectio pontificalis habet,id. ib. 7, 13, 11 fin.: “juris lectiones,passages of the laws

dŏcĕo  didaskō; I.to teach, instruct, inform, show, tell, etc. (for syn. cf.: edoceo, perdoceo, erudio, praecipio, instituo).
IF YOU PRAY FOR AN ALTERNATIVE AND CANNOT READ BLACK TEXT ON BROWN PAPER THE JESUS DOES NOT SPEAK TO YOU. He said that God HIDES from the wise or SOPHISTS: speakers for pay, singers, instrument players, enchanters.

Matthew 28:18 And Jesus came and spake unto them, saying, All power is given unto me in heaven and in earth.
Matthew 28:19 Go ye therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost:
Matthew 28:20 Teaching them to observe all things
        whatsoever I have commanded you:
        and, lo, I am with you alway, even unto the end of the world. Amen. [no cultural statute of limitations]
di^daskō explain,pōs ; didaxon”  instruct a person, or teach a thing
Jesus commanded that we teach what HE COMMANDED TO BE TAUGHT: that included the Prophets made more certain.
John T. Willis apparent got a pray answer which said:
III. of dithyrambic and dramatic Poets (cf. “didaskalos11), d. dithurambon, drama, produce a piece,
didaxasthai khoron train one's own chorus, rhētoras didaskousin” ,  pollous aulētas
Because Jesus didn't preach out of his own head, sing, play a harp, dance or anything in a OBSERVATIONAL KINGDOM.
John T. Lewis operates from presumed SILENCE and therefore DESPISES the only Christian Documents and Christ in Jeremiah 23 says that saying God told you to do something He did not tell you is BLASPHEMY.

In Isaiah 8 the Church is promised as an umbrācŭlum a school or safe house FROM the sellers of the free water of the word.  The Spirit OF Christ continues to BREATH into Isaiah. Note that the Spirit OF Christ (1 Peter 1:11).  The LAWS OF CHRIST are not the LAWS OF MOSES imposed because of the musical idolatry of the Egyptian trinity a torah but NOT the Law of Moses nor the Laws of the God-abandoned Civil-Military-Clergy complex Christ called robbers and parasites.

The Campbells who were Bible Readers defined:
Church is A School of Christ
Worship is Reading and Musing the Word.

Only pagans or Idol Worshipers including the Jews held sacrificial assemblies which God did not command (Isaiah 1; Jeremiah 7)

But this thing commanded I them, saying,

> Obey my voice, and I will be your God, and ye shall be my people:
> AND WALK  ye in all the ways that I have commanded you, that it may be well unto you. Jer 7:23

But they hearkened not, nor inclined their ear, but walked in the counsels and in the imagination of their evil heart, and went backward, and not forward. Jer 7:24

John T. Willis Instrumental Melody claims that: Sing and make melody" was a very common practice throughout the history of God's people. These two practices are inseparable as one 2. "Sing" is vocal; "make melody" is instrumental. Psalms 33:2-3; 144:9; 149:1, 3 make this crystal clear. Amos 5:23 further verifies this reality.
Amos 5:23 Take thou away from me the [1] NOISE of thy SONGS;
         for I will not hear the
[2] melody of thy [3] viols. 
Amos 5:24 But [instead of] let judgment run down as waters, and righteousness as a mighty stream.
h1995 hamon a noise, tumult, crowd; also disquietude, wealth:—abundance, company, many, multitude, multiply, noise, riches, rumbling, sounding, store, tumult.
H2172 zimrâh zim-raw' From H2167 ; a musical piece or song to be accompanied by an instrument:—melody, psalm.
h5035 Nebal wineskin collapsing when empty.h5034 Nabel to be foolish or (morally) wicked;
Amos 5:26 But ye have borne the tabernacle of your Moloch and Chiun your images,
        the star of your god, which ye made to yourselves. 
Amos 5:27 Therefore will I cause you to go into captivity beyond Damascus,
        saith the LORD, whose name is The God of hosts
This is the PATTERN being imposed by people LYING IN WAIT TO DECEIVE: missed Acts 7 totally?
Acts 7:41 And they made a calf in those days,
        and offered sacrifice unto the idol,
        and rejoiced in the works of their own hands.

Euphrainō , Ep. euphr-, fut. Att.155.12, Pi.I.7(6).3
Pind. I. 6 Just as we mix the second bowl of wine when the men's symposium is flourishing, here is the second song of the Muses for Lampon's children and their athletic victories: first in Nemea, Zeus, in your honor they received the choicest of garlands,

This is the Crooked Race we are warned to save ourselves FROM.

Pind. I. 7   In which of the local glories of the past, divinely blessed Thebe, did you most delight your spirit? Was it when you raised to eminence the one seated beside Demeter of the clashing bronze cymbals, flowing-haired [5] Dionysus? Or when you received, as a snow-shower of gold in the middle of the night, the greatest of the gods, when he stood in the doorway of Amphitryon, and then went in to the wife to beget Heracles?

But since ancient grace sleeps, and mortals are forgetful of whatever does not reach the highest bloom of skillful song, joined to glorious streams of words, [20] then begin the victory procession with a sweet-singing hymn for Strepsiades;
Acts 7:42 Then God turned,
        and gave them up to worship the host of heaven;
        as it is written in the book of the prophets,
        O ye house of Israel,  have ye offered to me slain beasts and sacrifices
        by the space of forty years in the wilderness?
Acts 7:43 Yea, ye took up the tabernacle of Moloch
        and the star of your god Remphan
        figures which ye made to worship them: 
        and I will carry you away beyond Babylon.

JFB 7. beyond Damascus--In Ac 7:43 it is "beyond Babylon," which includes beyond Damascus. In Amos time, Damascus was the object of Israel's fear because of the Syrian wars. Babylon was not yet named as the place of their captivity.

Stephen supplies this name. Their place of exile was in fact, as he states, "beyond Babylon," in Halah and Habor by the river Gozan, and in the cities of the Medes (2Ki 17:6; compare here Am 1:5 4:3 6:14). The road to Assyria lay through "Damascus." It is therefore specified, that not merely shall they be carried captives to Damascus, as they had been by Syrian kings (2Ki 10:32,33 13:7),

but, beyond that, to a region whence a return was not so possible as from Damascus.
They were
led captive by Satan into idolatry, therefore God caused them to go captive among idolaters. Compare 2Ki 15:29 16:9 Isa 8:4, whence it appears Tiglath-pileser attacked Israel and Damascus at the same time at Ahaz' request (Am 3:1

Molech . . . Chiun--"Molech" means "king" answering to Mars [BENGEL]; the Sun [JABLONSKI]; Saturn, the same as "Chiun" [MAURER]. The Septuagint translates "Chiun" into Remphan, as Stephen quotes it (Ac 7:42,43). The same god often had different names.

Molech is the Ammonite name; Chiun, the Arabic and Persian name, written also Chevan. In an Arabic lexicon Chiun means "austere"; so astrologers represented Saturn as a planet baleful in his influence. Hence the Phoenicians offered human sacrifices to him, children especially; so idolatrous Israel also. Rimmon was the Syrian name (2Ki 5:18); pronounced as Remvan, or "Remphan," just as Chiun was also Chevan. Molech had the form of a king; Chevan, or Chiun, of a star [GROTIUS]. Remphan was the Egyptian name for Saturn: hence the Septuagint translator of Amos gave the Egyptian name for the Hebrew, being an Egyptian. [HODIUS II, De Bibliorum Textibus Originalibus. 4.115].

The same as the Nile, of which the Egyptians made the star Saturn the representative [HARENBERG]. BENGEL considers Remphan or Rephan akin to Teraphim and Remphis, the name of a king of Egypt.

The Spirit OF Christ in Isaiah 30 as a Prophtic Sign says that the marks in sight and sound of God driving His enemies into "hell" will be the wind, string and percussion instruments.  He also says that Lucifer was cast as profane (Chalal, halal) into the garden as the singing and harp-playing prostitute.  She had the wind, string and percussion instruments. God will destroy the musical idolaters just the way the Jews went in instrumental procession to Jerusalem to burn up infants as a sacrifice to Molech.  The "authentia" or authority word Paul silenced in 1 Timothy 2 includes records of these women having children specificially to offer as human sacrifices.  Paul warned about giving bodies to be burned in 1 Corinthians 13 in connection with the Lifeless Instruments he equated to speaking in gibbberish tongues.


John T. Willis and the band of Musical Discorders also use the Levites at Hezekiah's plague-stopping ceremony and in other places as their PATTERN for saying that a spirit or an answered prayer told them that this meant that God COMMANDED them to impose instruments.

“Solomon, under the influence of his idolatrous wives, built high places for Chemosh, the abomination of Moab, and for Milcom, the abomination of the children of Ammon. See CHEMOSH. Because of this apostasy it was intimated by the prophet Ahijah, that the kingdom was to be rent out of the hand of Solomon, and ten tribes given to Jeroboam (1 Kings 11:31-33). These high places survived to the time of Josiah, who, among his other works of religious reformation, destroyed and defiled them, filling their places with the bones of men (2 Kings 23:12-14).”


The Babylon mother of harlots (Revelation 17) uses lusted after fruits (same as in Amos 8) as any religious craftsman, singer or player of the same instruments: John calls them sorcerers and they will be (are) cast alive into the lake of fire.


First MOLOCH, horrid King besmear’d with blood
Of human sacrifice, and parents tears,
Though, for the noise of Drums and Timbrels loud,
Their children’s cries unheard that passed through fire
To his grim Idol. Him the AMMONITE
Worshipt in RABBA and her watry Plain,
In ARGOB and in BASAN, to the stream
Of utmost ARNON. Nor content with such
Audacious neighbourhood, the wisest heart
Of SOLOMON he led by fraud to build
His Temple right against the Temple of God
On that opprobrious Hill, and made his Grove
The pleasant Vally of HINNOM, TOPHET thence
And black GEHENNA call’d, the Type of Hell.” (John Milton, Paradise Lost, 1667)

That is consistent with the changed NACC stance that God commanded instrumental praise and we must not be disobedient. Melody is a series of single notes: that has never changed.  You can PLUCK a series of single tones on a harp but it would not sound like our do re me.  Music demands singing and playing an instrument and almost without exception dancing. There is no command, example or inference that any of God's people performed music as a group worship activity.  The worship word in the New Testament is to give heed or attention to PREACHING the Word by READING the Word without any changes.

We will show that God turned Israel over to worship the starry host and that is what they worshipped. After rejecting God He gave them kings in His anger and took them away in His anger. Neither king, kingdom, temple, animal sacrifices or the loud Levites making noise was commaned by God.  When the moderns reject God's Word He abandons them to the same losing work trying to appease their gods.  Christ ordained the Qahal, synagogue or Church of Christ in the wilderness: that never changed from being a school of the Word as it has been delivered to us.
 LIST OF TOPICS  Supplimentary Resources for further study.
  1. "For He is Good...Worship in Ezra–Nehemiah," Leslie C. Allen
  2. "The Peoples and the Worship of Yahweh in the Book of Isaiah," Christopher T. Begg
  3. "Mourners and the Psalms," Don C. Benjamin and Victor H. Matthews
  4. "Worship and Ethics: A Re-examination of Psalm 15," R. E. Clements
  5. "From Where Will My Help Come? Women and Prayer in the Apocrypha/Deuterocanonical Books," Toni Craven
  6. "Flirting with the Language of Prayer (Job 14:13-17)," James L. Crenshaw
  7. "Setting the Heart to Seek God: Worship in 2 Chronicles 30:1-31:1," M. Patrick Graham
  8. "Psalm 19: A Meditation on God's Glory in the Heavens and in God's Law," Walter Harrelson
  9. "Grounds for Praise: The Nature and Function of the Motive Clause in the Hymns of the Hebrew Psalter," J. Kenneth Kuntz
  10. "Micah and a Theological Critique of Worship," Rick R. Marrs
  11. "Why Didn't David Build the Temple?: The History of a Biblical Tradition," Steven L. McKenzie
  12. "Worship in Judges 17-18," Phillip McMillion
  13. "Isaiah in the Worshipping Community," Roy F. Melugin
  14. "Contemporary Worship in the Light of Isaiah's Ancient Critique," J.J.M. Roberts
  15. "Eat and Rejoice Before the Lord: The Optimism of Worship in the Deuteronomic Code," Timothy M. Willis
5.05.11 Rather than focus on the book  I will look at the context of the proof-texts. It should be noted that most of these were one time events and did not include the general congregation. Like Catholicism and most ancient systems, the clergy performed the worship on behalf of God and kept a continuous presence to guarantee that the contact was not lost.

I have posted some context for these proposed examples for those who would like the seach the Scriptures for themselves. The blue links are to off site papers, definitions or literature.

All of these examples are related to national rituals: Israel had become like the other nations after God turned them over to worship the starry host.  Never called a "worship service", the synagogue began in the wilderness and for instruction in God's Word (only). The synagogue continued parallel to the national temple which was never a house of worship in any nation: it was a place to house their "gods" as David made clear. This was in fact always a way to control their gods who were more often destructive unless handled carefully by a select priesthood.  The Campbells understood the text and declared that:

Church is A School of Christ
Worship is reading and musing the Word.
That is what Christ commanded for the church in the wilderness
That was what was practiced to prepare people for Christ
That is what Jesus exampled, Paul commanded and practiced and what the historic Church of Christ practiced before Constantine.
Acts 15:21 For Moses of old time
        hath in every city
        them that preach him,
        being read in the synagogues every sabbath day.
Discipleship and theology are not related says Jesus who blamed the doctors of the law for taking away the key to knowledge and called the Scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites. In the Ezekiel 33 version Christ named preachers, singers and instrument players. In Revelation 18 John called them sorcerers who had deceived the whole world.

Only the Levi tribe was commanded to keep up the system: this was after the elders fired God and demanded a national kingdom. God knew that they wanted to worship like the nations but nor for long.

Reading First Samuel Eight leaves no doubt that what transpired after the granting of a monarchy was the result of their own religious practices.
And the Lord said unto Samuel, Hearken unto the voice of the people in all that they say unto thee: for they have not rejected thee, but they have rejected me, that I should not reign over them. 1 Samuel 8:7

According to all the works which they have done since the day that I brought them up out of Egypt even unto this day,

wherewith they have forsaken me,
and served other gods,

so do they also unto thee.
1 Samuel 8:8
Now therefore hearken unto their voice: howbeit yet protest solemnly unto them, and shew them the manner of the king that shall reign over them. 1 Samuel 8:9
It is just not rational to read Samuel as a Prophet recognized along with the Apostles as the only foundation upon which the church is built up.


None of these examples have any connection to the Synagogue or Church of Christ in the wilderness or to the Ekklesia / Synagogue which was a School of the Word. Neither hand any superstitious rituals such as preaching, singing, playing, collecting money.

He certainly did not command the kings or anything which followed. 
Genesis 49:5  Simeon and Levi are brethren; instruments of cruelty are in their habitations.
Genesis 49:6 O my soul, come not thou into their secret;
        unto their assembly, mine honour, be not thou united:
        for in their anger they slew a man,
        and in their selfwill they digged down a wall.
Genesis 49:7 Cursed be their anger, for it was fierce; and their wrath, for it was cruel:
        I will divide them in Jacob, and scatter them in Israel.
On the other hand Christ in the prophets show that Messiah will be our "patternism" for worship.

Predestination demanded that God preserve the seed (singular) of Abraham etal until Messiah would come and put down the entire NATIONAL worship of Israel and Judah which first appeared as musical worship at Mount Sinai.
Genesis 49:8 Judah, thou art he whom thy brethren shall praise:
        thy hand shall be in the neck of thine enemies;
        thy father’s children shall bow down before thee.
Genesis 49:9 Judah is a lion’s whelp: from the prey, my son, thou art gone up:
        he stooped down, he couched as a lion, and as an old lion; who shall rouse him up?
Genesis 49:10 The sceptre shall not depart from Judah, nor a lawgiver from between his feet,
        until Shiloh come; and unto him shall the gathering of the people be.
Genesis 49:11 Binding his foal unto the vine, and his ass’s colt unto the choice vine;
         he washed his garments in wine, and his clothes in the blood of grapes:
Genesis 49:12 His eyes shall be red with wine, and his teeth white with milk.
The only spiritual covenant was made with Abraham: In Galatians 3 Paul ignores the Law and defines baptism as the only way to become the sons of Abraham.
From the beginning, the godly people listened to the prophets who repudiated the goyim or Babylonish national system.
Matthew 13:10 And the disciples came, and said unto him,
        Why speakest thou unto them in parables?
Matthew 13:11 He answered and said unto them,
        Because it is given unto you to know the mysteries of the kingdom of heaven,
        but to them it is not given.
Matthew 13:12 For whosoever hath, to him shall be given, and he shall have more abundance:
        but whosoever hath not, from him shall be taken away even that he hath.
Matthew 13:13 Therefore speak I to them in parables: because they seeing see not;
        and hearing they hear not, neither do they understand.
Matthew 13:14 And in them is fulfilled the prophecy of Esaias,
        which saith, By hearing ye shall hear, and shall not understand;
         and seeing ye shall see, and shall not perceive:
Matthew 13:15 For this people’s heart is waxed gross,
        and their ears are dull of hearing,
        and their eyes they have closed;
        lest at any time they should see with their eyes, and hear with their ears,
        and should understand with their heart, and should be converted, and I should heal them.
Matthew 13:16 But blessed are your eyes, for they see: and your ears, for they hear.
Christ warns about the lying pen of the Scribes:
Luke 11:47 Woe unto you! for ye build the sepulchres of the prophets, and your fathers killed them.
Luke 11:48 Truly ye bear witness that ye allow the deeds of your fathers:
         for they indeed killed them, and ye build their sepulchres.
Luke 11:49 Therefore also said the wisdom of God,
        I will send them prophets and apostles, and some of them they shall slay and persecute:
Luke 11:50 That the blood of all the prophets,
        which was shed from the foundation of the world,
        may be required of this generation;
Luke 11:51 From the blood of Abel unto the blood of Zacharias,
        which perished between the altar and the temple:
        verily I say unto you, It shall be required of this generation.
Luke 11:52
Woe unto you, lawyers! for ye have taken away the key of knowledge:
        ye entered not in yourselves, and them that were entering in ye hindered.
Luke 11:53 And as he said these things unto them,
        the scribes and the Pharisees began to urge him vehemently,
        and to provoke him to speak of many things:
Luke 11:54 Laying wait for him, and seeking to catch something out of his mouth,
        that they might accuse him

First: "For He is Good...Worship in Ezra–Nehemiah," Leslie C. Allen

God neither commanded king, kingdom, temple, animal slaughter or the instrumental noise which was more exorcism than worship.  It was becaue of musical idolatry that God turned the national system over to worship the starry host: that is whom they worshipped AT the temple but never so vile as INSIDE of the Temple which would get any Levite executed.

Christ ordained the Qahal, synagogue or Church of Christ in the Wilderness:
It was INCLUSIVE of Rest, Reading and Rehearsing the Word of God (only): what disciples do.
It was EXCLUSIVE of vocal or instrumental rejoicing: what disciples never do.

The synagogue excluded the godly people from the sacrificial system. h4744.Miqra.gif

Therefore, restoring the Law of Moses and the Synagogue there is no exorcising music.
Neh. 8:11 So the Levites stilled all the people, saying, Hold your peace, for the day is holy; neither be ye grieved.
2013. haw-saw´; a primitive root; to hush:--hold peace (tongue), (keep) silence, be silent, still.
2814. khaw-shaw´; a primitive root; to hush or keep quiet:--hold peace, keep silence, be silent, (be) still.
6087 {atsab, aw-tsab´; a primitive root; properly, to carve, i.e. fabricate or fashion; hence (in a bad sense) to worry, pain or anger:--displease, grieve, hurt, make, be sorry, vex, worship, wrest.
When the SYNAGOGUE or school of the Bible was about to break up for food, the Levites took precautions to keep the wild speaking from breaking out. They were dismissed with a solemn warning to KEEP ORDER.

Neh. 8:12 And all the people went their way to eat, and to drink, and to send portions,
        and to make great mirth, because they had understood the words that were declared unto them.
8057. simchah, sim-khaw´; from 8056; blithesomeness or glee, (religious or festival):—x exceeding(-ly), gladness, joy(-fulness), mirth, pleasure, rejoice(-ing).

This is a state of joy in the spirit: it is not some person performing a Making Mirth Ritua.
Neh. 8:13 And on the second day were gathered together the chief of the fathers of all the people,
        the priests, and the Levites, unto Ezra the scribe,
        even to understand the words of the law.

The next verse proves that the people had not observed the Law of Moses even from the time they came out of Egypt.

Neh. 8:17 And all the congregation of them that were come again out of the captivity made booths,
        and sat under the booths: for since the days of Jeshua the son of Nun
        unto that day had not the children of Israel done so. And there was very great gladness.
This is the same Qahal, synagogue or church in the wilderness: the Holy Convocation included Rest, Reading and meditating on the Word.  It EXCLUDED both vocal and instrumental rejoicing. This was the Law of Moses ANTITITHICAL to the Sacrificial system: God never changed that.

6951. Qahal kaw-hawl´; from 6950; assemblage (usually concretely):—assembly, company, congregation, multitude.

This was the national assembly for everyone: people always assembled in their local synagogues where.

Acts 15:21 For Moses of old time hath in every city
        them that preach him,
        being read in the synagogues
        every sabbath day.

Noticed that the SOLEMN ASSEMBLIES or HOLY CONVOCATIONS were held on the FIRST and EIGHT days.

Neh. 8:18 Also day by day, from the first day unto the last day, he read in the book of the law of God.
        And they kept the feast seven days; and on the eighth day was a solemn assembly,
        according unto the manner.

        Solemn is h1902 is to indicate solemnity of movement, meditation, solemn sound. from 1897:
        ponder, imagine, meditate, study, talk, utter
                Assembly: Inclose, hold back, maintain, rule, keep self close, restrain.


Behold, we are servants this day, [and so are you]
        and for the land that thou gavest unto our fathers to eat the fruit thereof and the good thereof,
        behold, we are servants in it: Neh 9:36

And it yieldeth 
        much increase unto the kings whom thou hast set over us 
        because of our sins:
        also they have dominion over our bodies, and over our cattle,
        at their pleasure
        and we are in great distress. Neh 9:37

        They have sown wheat, but shall reap thorns
                they have put themselves to pain, but shall not profit: 
                and they shall be ashamed of your revenues 
                because of the fierce anger of the Lord. Je.12:13

Neh 9:17 And refused to obey, neither were mindful of thy wonders that thou didst among them; but hardened their necks, and in their rebellion appointed a captain to return to their bondage: but thou art a God ready to pardon, gracious and merciful, slow to anger, and of great kindness, and forsookest them not.

Neh 9:18 Yea, when they had made them a molten calf, and said, This is thy God that brought thee up out of Egypt, and had wrought great provocations;

Moses was the first to give the Sabbath as "rest" as part of the Book of the Covenant to protect Israel from the pagan sabbaths.

And madest known unto them thy holy sabbath, and commandedst them precepts, statutes, and laws, by the hand of Moses thy servant: Neh 9:14

However, the leaders of Israel made the Sabbath into a "worship" ritual just as they had worshiped in Egypt:

But they and our fathers dealt proudly, and hardened their necks, and hearkened not to thy commandments, Neh 9:16

Yea, when they had made them a molten calf, and said, This is thy God that brought thee up out of Egypt, and had wrought great provocations; Neh 9:18

Profaning self broke the Sabbath at Mount Sinai. Here is the way it was usually done in paganism or most of Jewish rituals

Chalal (h2490) khaw-lal'; a prim. root [comp. 2470]; prop. to bore, i. e. (by impl.) to wound, to dissolve; fig. to profane (a person, place or thing),denom. (from 2485) to play (the flute): - begin (* men began), defile, * break, defile, * eat (as common things), * first, * gather the grape thereof, * take inheritance, pipe, player on instruments, pollute, (cast as) profane (self), prostitute, slay (slain), sorrow, stain, wound.

Profaning the Sabbath by doing their own things and "improvizing like David" was always with music which said to God: "We will not listen to your Word."

Did not your fathers thus, and did not our God bring all this evil upon us, and upon this city? yet ye bring more wrath upon Israel by profaning the sabbath. Nehemiah 13:18

Neh 9:19 Yet thou in thy manifold mercies forsookest them not in the wilderness: the pillar of the cloud departed not from them by day, to lead them in the way; neither the pillar of fire by night, to shew them light, and the way wherein they should go.

Neh 9:20 Thou gavest also thy good spirit to instruct them, and withheldest not thy manna from their mouth, and gavest them water for their thirst.

So the children went in and possessed the land, and thou subduedst before them the inhabitants of the land, the Canaanites, and gavest them into their hands, with their kings, and the people of the land, that they might do with them as they would. Neh 9:24

And they took strong cities, and a fat land, and possessed houses full of all goods, wells digged, vineyards, and oliveyards, and fruit trees in abundance: so they did eat, and were filled, and became fat, and delighted themselves in thy great goodness. Neh 9:25

Clark Verse 25 Became fat, and delighted themselves] They became effeminate, fell under the power of luxury, got totally corrupted in their manners, sinned against all the mercies of God, and then were destroyed by his judgments. We have an old nervous saying, "War begets poverty, poverty begets peace, peace begets affluence, affluence begets luxury and corruption of manners; and hence civil broils, foreign wars, and desolations." A sensible Roman historian has said the same: "Imperium facile iis artibus retinetur, quibus initio partum est: verum ubi pro labourE, DESIDIA; pro continentia et aequitate, LIBIDO atque SUPERBIA invasere: fortuna simul cum moribus IMMUTATUR."

Wesley Sermon 81: 2 Cor. 6:17, 18. 18. But as dangerous as it is to converse familiarly with men that know not God, it is more dangerous still for men to converse with women of that character; as they are generally more insinuating than men, and have far greater power of persuasion; particularly if they are agreeable in their persons, or pleasing in their conversation. You must be more than man, if you can converse with such and not suffer any loss. If you do not feel any foolish or unholy desire; (and who can promise that you shall not?) yet it is scarce possible that you should not feel more or less of an improper softness, which will make you less willing and less able to persist in that habit of denying yourself, and taking up your cross daily, which constitute the character of a good soldier of Jesus Christ. And we know that not only fornicators and adulterers, but even "the soft and effeminate," the delicate followers of a self-denying Master, "shall have no part in the kingdom of Christ and of God."

Second: "The Peoples and the Worship of Yahweh in the Book of Isaiah," Christopher T. Begg

: "Mourners and the Psalms," Don C. Benjamin and Victor H. Matthews

Four: "Worship and Ethics: A Re-examination of Psalm 15," R. E. Clements

Psalms 15:0 A Psalm of David.
Psalms 15:1 LORD,
        who shall abide in thy tabernacle?
        who shall dwell in thy holy hill?

No one SANG Psalms in the synagogue which began as The Church of Christ in the Wilderness.

We should note that only the priests of Aaron could enter into the Holy Place as a type of the body of Christ: only the  High Priest could enter into the Most Holy place once a year to offer a sacrifice for God. The Nadab-Abihu is the story of them offering incense which meant that they went into the Holy Place which always carried a death penalty. God imposed the Day of Atonement and the Scape-Goat.  This was to appease the Devil: Azazel.  After all they had already been turned over to worship the starry host and sentenced to go beyond Babylon for captivity and death.

The Levites (singers, players) could not get CLOSE TO or ENTER into any holy place on the penalty of death. The Tabernacle God ordained was for a Witness and no Levite or commoner could enter into it. This is prophetic of the Church were we have to go OUTSIDE THE CITY or camp and suffer reproahces so we can learn of Jesus Christ.
hăbĭto , āvi, ātum, 1 (II.  In partic., to have possession of, to inhabit a place; and more freq. neut., to dwell, abide, reside, live anywhere (the class. signif. of the word; cf.: colo, incolo, commoror).

Because no person could DWELL in the original tabernacle, the more likely meaning was:

B.  Transf., to stay, remain, dwell, or keep in any place; to keep to, dwell upon a thing (a favorite expression with Cicero): “cum iis, qui in foro habitarunt, de dignitate contendas?Cic. Mur. 9, 21; cf.: “habitare in Rostris,id. Brut. 89, 305: “in subselliis,id. de Or. 1, 62, 264; cf. “also: in oculis,to be always in public, id.
i. e. retire within thyself, examine thyself, Pers. 4, 52.
Tăbernācŭlum , i, n. taberna,
I. a tent (syn. tentorium): “tabernacula dicuntur a similitudine tabernarum, quae ipsae, quod ex tabulis olim fiebant, dictae sunt, non, ut quidam putant, quod tabulis cludantur,Fest. p. 356 Müll.; cf.: unde (sc. a tabernis) et tabernacula sunt dicta, licet ex tentoriis pellibus fiant, id. s. v. contubernales, p. 38 ib.
II. In partic., in relig. lang.: tabernaculum capere, to choose a place for a tent without the city, wherein to observe the auspices previous to holding the comitia: “tabernaculum recte captum,in the proper manner, with due ceremonies, Cic. Div. 2, 35, 75; cf.: “parum recte tabernaculum capere,Liv. 4, 7, 3: “cum tabernaculum vitio cepisset imprudens,improperly, Cic. Div. 1, 17, 33: “tabernaculum vitio captum,id. N. D. 2, 4, 11; Val. Max. 1, 1, 3.—
III. The Jewish tabernacle, Vulg. Num. 7, 1 et saep.

The REST day for the godly pleople meant REST from all pagan religious rituals especially those at the Babylonish temple.

Rĕ-quĭesco , ēvi, ētum, 3 (sync. requierant, Cat. 84, 7:
I. requierunt,Verg. E. 8, 4: “requiesset,Cat. 64, 176: “requiesse,Liv. 26, 22), v. n. and a.
I. Neutr., to rest one's self, to rest, repose (very freq. and class.).
Sal. Cat. 4 When, therefore, my mind had rest from its numerous troubles and trials, and I had determined to pass the remainder of my days unconnected with public life, it was not my intention to waste
         but, returning to those studies from which,
        at their commencement, a corrupt ambition had allured me
my valuable leisure in indolence and inactivity, or, engaging in servile occupations, to spend my time in agriculture or hunting ;
B. Trop., to repose, find rest, take consolation: “ubi animus ex multis miseriis atque periculis requievit,Sall. C. 4, 1: “lacrimis fatigatur auditor et requiescit,Quint. 6, 1, 28: “in alicujus Caesaris sermone, quasi in aliquo peropportuno deversorio,Cic. de Or. 2, 57, 234: “in spe alicujus requiescere,id. Cael. 32, 79: “requiescendum in hac lectione,Quint. 10, 1, 27: nisi eorum exitio non requieturam, Cic. Fragm. ap. Prisc. p. 886.—
Stop the listening, stop the sermons, stop the lectures: none of these were permitted in the Holy Place as a type of the Church.
Sancĭo , xi, ctum, 4 (A.  Orig., rendered sacred, established as inviolable, i. e. sacred, inviolable (whereas sacer signifies consecrated to a deity. Thus, e. g., a temple, grove, or the like, is sacer locus; “but sanctus locus is any public place which it is forbidden to injure or disturb

See that Rest in Exodus 32 excluded the musical idolatry into which they fell and were abandoned to worship the starry hosg.
Psalms 15:2 He that walketh uprightly,
        and worketh righteousness,
        and speaketh the truth in his heart.
Justĭtĭa , ae, f. justus,
B. Esp., righteousness, holiness, conduct in accordance with the divine law, Vulg. Gen. 15, 6; id. Rom. 9, 31 et saep.—
III. Concr., plur., judgments, precepts, ordinances: “Domini,Vulg. Psa. 18, 9; id. Deut. 4, 5 al.
Psalms 17:8Vul Keep me as the apple of the eye, hide me under the shadow of thy wings,
Psalms 17:9 From the wicked that oppress me, from my deadly enemies, who compass me about.
Psalms 17:10 They are inclosed in their own fat: with their mouth they speak proudly
Psalms 15:3 He that backbiteth not with his tongue, nor doeth evil to his neighbour,
        nor taketh up a reproach against his neighbour.
Psalms 15:4 In whose eyes a vile person is contemned;
        but he honoureth them that fear the LORD.
        He that sweareth to his own hurt, and changeth not.
Psalms 15:5 He that putteth not out his money to usury, nor taketh reward against the innocent.
        He that doeth these things shall never be moved.

Five: From Where Will My Help Come? Women and Prayer in the Apocrypha / Deuterocanonical Books," Toni Craven

No one "leads" prayer as a religious ritual. Neither do men: Paul commanded that the men lift holy PALMS and pray for peace and silence: this would prevent an outbreak of wrath or ORGY. The women were silenced from teaching OVER as a self-authored speaker and self-authority, authentia which was both erotic and murderous. The PURPOSE DRIVEN CHURCH can then all "everyone to be saved or safe and come to a knowledge of the Truth.  The only ACT from the wilderness onward was to Teach that which had been taught. Both male and female can pray IF their lives do not hinder it: neither are commanded to LEAD a ceremonial prayer.

Six: "Flirting with the Language of Prayer (Job 14:13-17)," James L. Crenshaw

Flirting with language of prayer? My goodness.  Maybe people don't read the thought pattern. Job has no doubt that when the heaven's and earth no longer exist THEN they will be resurrected.

Job 14:11 As the waters fail from the sea, and the flood decayeth and drieth up:
Job 14:12 So man lieth down, and riseth not:
        till the heavens be no more
        they shall not awake, nor be raised out of their sleep.

Job 14:13 O that thou wouldest hide me in the grave, that thou wouldest keep me secret,
        until thy wrath be past, that thou wouldest appoint me a set time, and remember me!

Job 14:14 If a man die, shall he live again?
        all the days of my appointed time will I wait, till my change come.

This is a rhetorical question: Job has no doubt and does not flirt.

Job 14:15 Thou shalt call, and I will answer thee: thou wilt have a desire to the work of thine hands.
Job 14:16 For now thou numberest my steps: dost thou not watch over my sin?
Job 14:17 My transgression is sealed up in a bag, and thou sewest up mine iniquity.

Job 15 comes after Job 14 and repudiates all performance worship.

Job 15:17 I will shew thee, hear me; and that which I have seen I will declare;
Job 15:18 Which wise men have told from their fathers, and have not hid it:
-Sapiens wise, knowing, sensible, well-advised, discreet, judicious

The OPPOSITE of Sapio: taste, gusto, To suggest, be inspired by: to be high-minded or proud: Wise according to all of the occupations and skills of the world.

SOPHOS   A.skilled in any handicraft or art, clever Margites Fr.2; but in this sense mostly of poets and musicians, Pi.O.1.9, P.1.42, 3.113; en kithara s. E.IT1238 (lyr.), cf. Ar.Ra.896 (lyr.), etc.; tēn tekhnēn -ōteros ib.766; “peri tiPl.Lg.696c; glōssē s. S.Fr.88.10; my little trick, learned, wise
en oiōnois, kithara, E. IT662, 1238  [guitar players.]

phua: A Pindaric cry to be heard often, e. g. O. 9.107: to de phua kratiston hapan, for while P. does not despise training, O. 8.60, where, by the way, he is praising a trainer, he believes in Ruskin's first rule, “Be born with genius.” God, Apollo, the Muse, the Muses, Charis, the Charites — these are the sources of the poet's inspiration. It is part and parcel of his aristocratic “blood” theory.

Job 15:19 Unto whom alone the earth was given,
        and no stranger [ălĭēnus] passed among them.

Trans-ĕoTo go over to a party or side (cf. transfugio):
2. To go or pass over into any thing by transformation, to be changed or transformed into a thing
Job 15:20 The wicked man [all together: congregati] travaileth with pain all his days,
        and the number of years is hidden to the oppressor.
Sŭperbĭo   be haughty or proud, to take pride in a thing trĭumvĭrātus , hŏnor or hŏnos  Public honor, official dignity, Tyrian purple
Job 15:21 A dreadful sound is in his ears:
        in prosperity the destroyer shall come upon him.

sŏnĭtus , at tuba terribili sonitu taratantara [Outlawed for the Church in the Wilderness]
vocis,id. A. 3, 669: “tubae,Auct. Her. 4, 15, 21: “tubarum,Verg. G. 4, 72: “ventorum,Lucr. 6, 131:
Olympi,” i. e. the thunder, “verborum sonitus inanis, my thundering speech convivarum,

Job 15:21 A dreadful sound is in his ears:
......... in prosperity the destroyer shall come upon him.

Job 15:22 He believeth not that he shall return out of darkness,
......... and he is waited for of the sword.

Job 15:23 He wandereth abroad for bread, saying, Where is it?
......... he knoweth that the day of darkness is ready at his hand.

Job 15:24 Trouble and anguish shall make him afraid;
......... they shall prevail against him, as a king ready to the battle.

Job 15:25 For he stretcheth out his hand against God,
......... and strengtheneth himself against the Almighty.

Job 15:26 He runneth upon him, even on his neck,
......... upon the thick bosses of his bucklers:

Job 15:27 Because he covereth his face with his fatness,
......... and maketh collops of fat on his flanks.

Job 15:28 And he dwelleth in desolate cities,
......... and in houses which no man inhabiteth,
......... which are ready to become heaps.

Job 15:29 He shall not be rich, neither shall his substance continue,
......... neither shall he prolong the perfection thereof upon the earth.

Job 15:30 He shall not depart out of darkness;
......... the flame shall dry up his branches,
......... and by the breath [spirit] of his mouth shall he go away.

Job 15:31 Let not him that is deceived trust in vanity:
......... for vanity shall be his recompense.

Job 15:32 It shall be accomplished before his time,
......... and his branch shall not be green.

Job 15:33 He shall shake off his unripe grape as the vine,
......... and shall cast off his flower as the olive.

Job 15:34 For the congregation of hypocrites shall be desolate,
......... and fire shall consume the tabernacles of bribery.

Job 15:35 They conceive mischief,
......... and bring forth vanity, and their belly prepareth deceit.

Mark me, and be astonished, and lay your hand upon your mouth Job 21:5 .

Even when I remember I am afraid, and trembling taketh hold on my flesh. Job 21:6

Wherefore do the wicked live, become old, yea, are mighty in power? Job 21:7

Their seed is established in their sight with them, and their offspring before their eyes. Job 21:8
houses are safe from fear, neither is the rod of God upon them. Job 21:9
bull gendereth, and faileth not; their cow calveth, and casteth not her calf. Job 21:10
send forth their little ones like a flock, and their children dance. Job 21:11
take the timbrel and harp, and rejoice at the sound of the organ. Job 21:12
spend their days in wealth, and in a moment go down to the grave. Job 21:13


Therefore they say unto God, Depart from us; for we desire not the knowledge of thy ways. Job 21:14
What is the Almighty
, that we should serve him
? and what profit should we have, if we pray unto him? Job 21:15

Seven: "Setting the Heart to Seek God: Worship in 2 Chronicles 30:1-31:1," M. Patrick Graham

In 2 Chronicles 28 Ahaz took the sacrificial system out of Jerusalem to which it was quarantined and began to worship at the pagan high places. This brough on a plague.  Before this exorcism Jerusalem was the center of burnt offerings of children.


"Despite the fact of God's having set up his holy altar at a specific location and having given the most solemn prohibitions against worshipping or sacrificing elsewhere, and in spite of God's having forbidden the Jews to honor or retain any of the pagan shrines and altars in Palestine, they nevertheless spared all the pagan shrines, and installed others.

In 2 Chronicles 29 Hezekiah proposed a "plague stopping" ceremony which was an exorcism. This is the PATTERNISM used by some to say that "God commanded instrumental praise and we must not be disobedient." In fact any careful reading of this chapter will prove that when the goats were sacrificed for Israel as an appeasement because Jerusalem wlas in danger, the Levites made instrumental noise (never music) during the burnt offering.  Christ in Isaiah 1; Jeremiah 7 etc say that God had not commanded sacrifices or burnt offering.  Only the Levites under the King and commanders of the army "prophesied" during this holocaust.

1 Chr 25:1  David, together with the commanders of the army, set apart some of the sons of Asaph, Heman and Jeduthun for the ministry of prophesying, accompanied by harps, lyres and cymbals. Here is the list of the men who performed this service:

Payne insists that the Hebrew of 1 Chronicles 25:1 unambiguously identifies these leaders as military commanders, an interpretation favoured by several Bible translations. (Payne, p 423-4; NASB, NIV, NKJV, NRSV, Jerusalem Bible) If military commanders had a particular interest in the appointment of musicians, it suggests a strong link between music and warfare.

Their "prophesying" with instruments is defined as soothsaying: that which God had abandoned them to at Mount Sinai:

The Hithpa'el of nb', in the ancient texts, refers to ecstasy and delirium rather than to the emission of a 'prophecy'." (de Vaux, Roland, The Bible and the Ancient Near East, p. 243 Doubleday

Maniac inspirations, the violent possession which threw sibyls and priestesses into contortions--the foaming lip and streaming hair and glazed or glaring eyes-- have no place in the self-controlling dignity of Christian inspiration. Even Jewish prophets, in the paroxysm of emotion, might lie naked on the ground and rave (1 Sam. xix. 24); but the genuine inspiration in Christian ages never obliterates the self-consciousness or overpowers the reason. It abhors the hysteria and stimulation and frenzy which have sometimes disgraced revivalism and filled lunatic asylums." (Pulpit Commentary, 1 Cor., p. 460).

The following festival was not a "worship assembly" in any sense of the Word.

As soon as Hezekiah died they returned to the burnt offering of children in 2 Chronicles 33.

Eight: "Psalm 19: A Meditation on God's Glory in the Heavens and in God's Law," Walter Harrelson

Nine: "Grounds for Praise: The Nature and Function of the Motive Clause in the Hymns of the Hebrew Psalter," J. Kenneth Kuntz

Ten: "Micah and a Theological Critique of Worship," Rick R. Marrs

Eleven: "Why Didn't David Build the Temple?: The History of a Biblical Tradition," Steven L. McKenzie

Acts 7:41 And they made a calf in those days,
        and offered sacrifice unto the idol,
        and rejoiced in the works of their own hands.
Acts 7:41 And they made a calf in those days,
        and offered sacrifice unto the idol,
        and rejoiced in the works of their own hands.

Euphrainō , Ep. euphr-, fut. Att.155.12, Pi.I.7(6).3

Pind. I. 6
Just as we mix the second bowl of wine when the men's symposium is flourishing, here is the second song of the Muses for Lampon's children and their athletic victories: first in Nemea, Zeus, in your honor they received the choicest of garlands, (the Crooked Race)

Pind. I. 7
In which of the local glories of the past, divinely blessed Thebe, did you most delight your spirit? Was it when you raised to eminence the one seated beside Demeter of the clashing bronze cymbals, flowing-haired [5] Dionysus?
But since ancient grace sleeps, and mortals are forgetful of whatever does not reach the highest bloom of skillful song, joined to glorious streams of words, [20] then begin the victory procession with a sweet-singing hymn for Strepsiades;

Aristoph. Ach. 5
Just imagine how this blow struck straight at my heart! On the other hand, what joy Dexitheus caused me at the musical competition, when he played a Boeotian melody on the lyre! But this year by contrast!

Hom. Od. 2.309

Then wise Telemachus answered him: [310] “Antinous, in no wise is it possible for me in your overweening company to sit at meat quietly
        and to make merry with an easy mind.
        Is it not enough, ye wooers, that in time past
        ye wasted many goodly possessions of mine,
        while I was still a child?
But now that I am grown, [315] and gain knowledge by hearing the words of others, yea and my spirit waxes within me, 

Acts 17:24 God that made the world and all things therein,
        seeing that he is Lord of heaven and earth,
        dwelleth not in temples made with hands;

Acts 17:25 Neither is worshipped with men’s hands,
        as though he needed any thing,
        seeing he giveth to all life, and breath, and all things;

Chrysostom notes that:

Hence these same "customs" date their origin, hence the sacrifices:
..........they were themselves the first that made sacrifices to their idols!
..........For that is why it is marked,

Editor's Note 7: dia gar touto epishmainetai. The meaning is: Stephen was accused of speaking against "the customs,"-sacrifices, temple, feasts, etc. Therefore he significantly points to that critical conjuncture. from which these "customs" date their introduction: namely, the Provocation at Horeb.
Prior to that, he tells of "living oracles," life-giving precepts:
after it
, and as its consequence, sacrifices, etc.,

those statutes which were not good, and ordinances by which a man shall not live, as God says by Ezekiel.

Not a word of sacrifice till then: and the first mention is, of the sacrifices offered to the calf. In like manner, "they rejoiced," "the people ate and drank, and rose up to play:" and in consequence of this, the feasts were prescribed: kai eufrainonto, fhsin: dia touto kai eortai.-'Epishmainetai might be rendered, "he marks," "puts a mark upon it" (so the innovator, who substitutes, touto kai Dauid epishmainomenoj legei): we take it passively, "there is a mark set over it-it is emphatically denoted." In the active, the verb taken intransitively means

"to betoken or announce itself," "make its first appearance."-

In the Treatise adv. Judaeos, iv. §6. tom. i. 624. C. St. Chrysostom gives this account of the legal sacrifices: "To what purpose unto Me is the multitude of your sacrifices? etc. (Isaiah i., 11, ff.)

Do ye hear how it is most plainly declared, that God did not from the first require these at your hands? Had He required them, He would have obliged those famous saints who were before the Law to observe this practice.
`Then wherefore has He permitted it now?
In condescension to your infirmity. As a physician in his treatment of a delirious patient, etc.:
thus did God likewise. For seeing them so frantic in their lust for sacrifices, that they were ready, unless they got them, to desert to idols: nay not only ready,  but that they had already deserted, thereupon He permitted sacrifices. And that this is the reason, is clear from the order of events.
After the feast which they made to the demons, then it was that He permitted sacrifices: all but saying: `Ye are mad, and will needs sacrifice: well then, at any rate sacrifice to Me. 0'"-(What follows may serve to illustrate the brief remark a little further on, Kai h aixmalwsia kathgoria thj kakiaj.)
"But even this, He did not permit to continue to the end, but by a most wise method, withdrew them from it ...
For He did not permit it to be done in any place of the whole world,
but in Jerusalem only. Anon, when for a short time
they had sacrificed, he destroyed the city.
Had He openly said, Desist, they, such was their insane passion for sacrificing, would not readily have complied. But now perforce, the place being taken away, He secretly withdrew them from their frenzy."
So here: "Even the captivity impeaches the wickedness (which was the cause of the permission of sacrifice.")

Exodus 32:6
hŏlŏcaustum , i, n., = holokauston, Which God had not commanded.
I. a whole burnt - offering, holocaust, Prud. Apoth. 537; id. Psych. 784; Vulg. Exod. 40, 6; id. Lev. 4, 7 al.; cf. the foll. art.

Surgo surrexi and subrexi, surrectum and subrectum,  applaude, They rose up AGAINST GOD. ESPECIALLY OF AN ORATOR first on  the list of "Hypocrites."

Play is LUDO to play at a game, to sport, dally, wanton play, Amourous play
Esp., to play on an instrument of music, to make or compose music or song: “ludere quae vellem calamo permisit agresti,Verg. E. 1, 10:
Musa the muses goddessess of poetry, music, mimic, oratory
Canto I. Neutr., to produce melodious sounds (by the voice or an instrument), to sound, sing, play
III. In the lang. of religion, as v. n. or a., to use enchantments, charms, incantations, to enchant, to charm,
Carmen declaim I. . a tune, song; poem, verse; an oracular response, a prophecy; a form of incantation
(cf.: cano, cantus, and canto).
I. In gen., a tune, song, air, lay, strain, note, sound, both vocal and instrumental

Acts 7:42 Then God turned,
        and gave them up to worship the host of heaven;
        as it is written in the book of the prophets,
        O ye house of Israel, have ye offered to me slain beasts
        and sacrifices by the space of forty years in the wilderness?
Acts 7:43 Yea, ye took up the tabernacle of Moloch, and the star of your god Remphan,
        figures which ye made to worship them: and I will carry you away beyond Babylon.

"The Hebrews became infected with Sabeanism, the oldest form of idolatry, the worship of the Saba or starry hosts, in their stay in the Arabian desert, where Job notices its prevalence (Job 31:26); in opposition, in Am 5:27, Jehovah declares Himself "the God of hosts."

Amos 5:21  I hate, I despise your feast days, and I will not smell in your solemn assemblies.
Amos 5:22 Though ye offer me burnt offerings and your meat offerings,
        I will not accept them: neither will I regard the peace offerings of your fat beasts.
Amos 5:23 Take thou away from me the noise of thy songs;
for I will not hear the melody of thy viols.
Amos 5:24 But let judgment run down as waters, and righteousness as a mighty stream.
Amos 5:25 Have ye offered unto me sacrifices and offerings in the wilderness forty years, O house of Israel?
Amos 5:26 But ye have borne the tabernacle of your Moloch and Chiun your images, the star of your god, which ye made to yourselves.
Amos 5:27 Therefore will I cause you to go into captivity beyond Damascus, saith the LORD, whose name is The God of hosts.

Acts 7:44 Our fathers had the tabernacle of witness in the wilderness,
        as he had appointed, speaking unto Moses,
        that he should make it according to the fashion that he had seen.
Acts 7:45 Which also our fathers that came after brought in with Jesus
        into the possession of the Gentiles, whom God drave out before the face of our fathers,
        unto the days of David;
Who found favour before God, and desired to find a tabernacle for the God of Jacob. 
Acts 7:46
But Solomon built him an house. Acts 7:47 Howbeit the most High dwelleth not in temples made with hands; as saith the prophet, Acts 7:48

Acts 7:49 Heaven is my throne, and earth is my footstool:
        what house will ye build me? saith the Lord: or what is the place of my rest?
Acts 7:50 Hath not my hand made all these things?
Acts 7:51 Ye stiffnecked and uncircumcised in heart and ears,
        ye do always resist the Holy Ghost: as your fathers did, so do ye.
Acts 7:52 Which of the prophets have not your fathers persecuted?
         and they have slain them which shewed before of the coming of the Just One;
        of whom ye have been now the betrayers and murderers:
Acts 7:53 Who have received the law by the disposition of angels, and have not kept it.

Twelve: "Worship in Judges 17-18," Phillip McMillion

Thirteen: "Isaiah in the Worshipping Community," Roy F. Melugin

Christ PREDesigned the REST DAY which Joshua could not give them.

Sabbath means REST: it never meant a day of worship.

Ho, every one that thirsteth,
        come ye to the waters,
        and he that hath no money;
        come ye, buy, and eat; yea,
        come, buy wine and milk WITHOUT MONEY
        and WITHOUT PRICE. Isa 55:1

Wherefore DO YOU SPEND MONEY for that which is not bread?
        and your labour for that which satisfieth not?
        hearken diligently unto me,
        and eat ye that which is good,
        and let your soul delight itself in fatness. Isa 55:2

There is nothing you can do to worship God but FEED the souls of starving people with the Water of the Word: free of charge.

      John 6:60 Many therefore of his disciples, when they had heard this, said,
                This is an hard saying; who can hear it?
        John 6:61 When Jesus knew in himself that his disciples murmured at it,
                he said unto them, Doth this offend you?
        John 6:62 What and if ye shall see the Son of man ascend up where he was before?
        John 6:63 It is the spirit that quickeneth;
                the flesh profiteth nothing:
                the words that I speak unto you, they are spirit, and they are life.

        John 4:10 Jesus answered and said unto her, If thou knewest the GIFT OF GOD
                and who it is that saith to thee, Give me to drink; thou wouldest have asked of him,
                and he would have given thee living water.

        God is SPIRIT: the Gift OF God is therefore SPIRIT or the WORD.

        John 4:24 God is a Spirit: and they that worship him must worship him in spirit and in truth.
        John 4:25 The woman saith unto him, I know that Messias cometh, which is called Christ:
                when he is come, he will tell us all things.
                John 4:26 Jesus saith unto her, I that speak unto thee am he

Is. 55:8 For my thoughts are not your thoughts,
        neither are your ways my ways, saith the LORD.
Is. 55:9 For as the heavens are higher than the earth,
        so are my ways higher than your ways,
        and my thoughts than your thoughts.

Is. 55:10 For as the rain cometh down, and the snow from heaven,
        and returneth not thither, but watereth the earth, and maketh it bring forth and bud,
        that it may give seed to the sower, and bread to the eater:

Is. 55:11 So shall MY word be that goeth forth out of my mouth:
        it shall not return unto me void,
        but it shall accomplish that which I please,
        and it shall prosper in the thing whereto I sent it.

Isaish 58 prescribes the REST day and outlaws seeking our own pleasure or speaking our own words.

Then shall thy light break forth as the morning, and thine health shall spring forth speedily: and thy righteousness shall go before thee; the glory of the Lord shall be thy rereward (what you gather). Isaiah 58: 8

Then shalt thou call, and the Lord shall answer;
        thou shalt cry, and he shall say, Here I am.
        If thou take away from the midst of thee the yoke,
        the putting forth of the finger,
        and speaking vanity; Isaiah 58: 9

And if thou draw out thy soul to the hungry,
        and satisfy the afflicted soul;
        then shall thy light rise in obscurity,
        and thy darkness be as the noonday: Isa 58:10

And they that shall be of thee shall build the old waste places:
        thou shalt raise up the foundations of many generations;
        and thou shalt be called,
                The repairer
of the breach,
                The restorer of paths to dwell in. Isa 58:12

Sabbath does not mean Saturday but: intermission

A primitive root; to repose, that is, desist from exertion; used in many implied relations (causatively, figuratively or specifically): (cause to, let, make to) cease, celebrate, cause (make) to fail, keep (sabbath), suffer to be lacking, leave, put away (down), (make to) rest, rid, still, take away.

If thou turn away thy foot from the sabbath, from doing thy pleasure on my holy day; and call the sabbath a delight, the holy of the Lord, honourable; and shalt honour him,

not doing thine own ways,
        nor finding thine own pleasure,
        nor speaking thine own words
: Isa 58:13

Jer 23:18 For who hath stood in the counsel of the Lord,
        and hath perceived and heard his word?
        who hath marked his word, and heard it?
Jer 23:19 Behold, a whirlwind of the Lord is gone forth in fury,
        even a grievous whirlwind: it shall fall grievously upon the head of the wicked.
Jer 23:20 The anger of the Lord shall not return,
        until he have executed,
        and till he have performed the thoughts of his heart:
        in the latter days ye shall consider it perfectly.
Jer 23:21 I have not sent these prophets,
        yet they ran:
        I have not spoken to them,
        yet they prophesied.
Jer 23:22 But if they had stood in my counsel,
        and had caused my people to hear my words,
        then they should have turned them from their evil way,
        and from the evil of their doings.

Fourteen: "Contemporary Worship in the Light of Isaiah's Ancient Critique," J.J.M. Roberts

See Isaiah 50 where Christ prophesied of Messiah:

Isa 50:5 The Lord GOD hath opened mine ear,
        and I was not rebellious, neither turned away back.

Isa 50:6 I gave my back to the smiters, 
        and my cheeks to them that plucked off the hair:
        I hid not my face from shame and spitting.

Isaiah 50.6 [6] corpus meum dedi percutientibus et genas meas vellentibus faciem meam non avertiab increpantibus et conspuentibus


--Per-cŭtĭo  Carries the always-violent message of Psallo
(With the idea of the verb predominating.) To strike, beat, hit, smite, shoot, etc. (cf.: ico, pulso, ferio).

I. (With the notion of the per predominating.) To strike through and through, to thrust or pierce through
(syn.: percello, transfigo).
B. Transf., to slay, kill (class.; cf.: “neco, perimo, ico, ferio): aliquem securi,to behead

Pulso.  Of military engines. Of musical instruments: “chordas digitis et pectine eburno,to strike, play upon, Verg. A. 6, 647: “chelyn,Val. Fl. 1, 139: “pectine nervos,Sil. 5, 463: “cymbala,Juv. 9, 62.—Of things: “pulsant arva ligones,Ov. Am. 3, 10, 31; id. M. 11, 529: “nervo pulsante sagittae,Verg. G. 4, 313.
        Always Violent: A. In gen., to urge or drive on, to impel, to set in violent motion,
        to move
, agitate, disturb, disquiet:—

Pello, Always Violent: 1. To drive out or away, to thrust or turn out, expel, banish; esp. milit., to drive back, discomfit, rout the enemy (freq. and class.; syn.: fugo, elimino, deicio)
         4. Of a musical instrument, to strike the chords, play: “nervi pulsi,struck,
 Cic. Brut. 54, 199
: “lyra pulsa manu,Ov. M. 10, 205; cf.: “classica pulsa,” i. e. blown

In Particular
b. To strike, play a musical instrument (poet.): “lyram,Ov. Am. 3, 12, 40; Val. Fl. 5, 100.— to get drunk

--Ov. Am. 3.12 Elegy XII: He complains that the praises he has bestowed on his mistress in his verses, have occasioned him many rivals.

Ill-omen'd birds, how luckless was the day,
When o'er my love you did your wings display!
What wayward orb, what inauspicious star
Did then rule heav'n ? what gods against me war?
She who so much my fatal passion wrongs,
       Was known and first made famous by my songs.

I lov'd her first, and lov'd her then alone,
But now, I fear, I share her with the town.
Am I deceiv'd or can she be the same,
Who only to my verses owes her fame
My verse a price upon her beauty laid,
      And by my praises she her market made;

Whom but myself can I with reason blame?
Without me she had never had a name.
Did I do this, who knew her soul so well?
Dearly to me she did her favours sell;
And when the wares were to the public known,
       Why should I think she'd sell to me alone ?

'Twas I proclaim'd to all the town her charms,
And tempted cullies to her venal arms;
I made their way, I show'd them where to come,
And there is hardly now a rake in Rome

But knows her rates, and thanks my babbling muse:
Her house is now as common as the stews;
For this I'm to the muse oblig'd, and more
For all the mischiefs envy has in store.
This comes of gallantry, while some employ
Their talents on the fate of Thebes and Troy,
While others Caesar's godlike acts rehearse,
Corinna is the subject of my verse.

Oh, that I ne'er had known the art to please,
But written without genius and success.
Why did the town so readily believe
My verse, and why to songs such credit give ?

Sure poetry s the same it ever was,
And poets ne'er for oracles did pass.
Why is such stress upon my writings laid?
Why such regard to what by me is said ?

I wish the tales I've of Corinna told,
Had been receiv'd as fables were of old;
Of furious Scylla's horrid shape we read,
And how she scalp'd her hoary father's lead:

Of her fair face, and downward how she takes
The wolf's fierce form, the dog's, or curling snake's;
Serpents for hair, in ancient song we meet,
And man and horse with wings instead of feet.

Huge Tityon from the skies the poets flung,
Encelladus's wars with Jove they sung;
How by her spells, and by her voice, to beasts,
The doubtful virgin chang'd her wretched guests;

How Eolus did for Ulysses keep
The winds in bottles while he plough'd the deep:
How Cerberus, three headed, guarded hell;
And from his car the son of Phoebus fell:

How thirsty Tantalus attempts to sip
The stream in vain, that flies his greedy lip:
How Niobe in marble drops a tear,
And a bright nymph was turn'd into a bear:

How Progne, now a swallow, does bemoan
Her sister nightingale, and pheasant son.
In Leda, Danae, and Europa's rapes,
They sing the king of gods in various shapes;

A swan he lies on ravish'd Leda's breast,
And Danae by a golden show'r compress'd;
A bull does o'er the waves Europa bear,
And Proteus any form he pleases wear.
How oft do we the Theban wonders read,
Of serpent's teeth transform'd to human seed!

Of dancing woods, and moving rocks, that throng
To hear sweet Orpheus, and Amphion's song ?
How oft do the Heliades bemoan,
In tears of gum, the fall of Phaeton!

The sun from Atreus' table frightened flies,
And backward drives his chariot in the skies.
Those now are nymphs that lately were a fleet;
Poetic license ever was so great.

But none did credit to these fictions give,
Or for true history such tales receive,
And though Corinna in my songs is fair,
Let none conclude she's like her picture there.

The fable she with hasty faith receiv'd,
And what, so very well she lik'd, believ'd.
But since so ill she does the poet use,
'Tis time her vanity to disabuse.

V. Fl. 5.63
visa viris atra nox protinus abstulit14 umbra.
95ille dolens altum repetit chaos. omina15 Mopsus
dum stupet, in prima tumulum procul aspicit acta,
obnubensque caput cineri dat vina vocato.
carmina quin etiam visos placantia manes
Odrysius dux16 rite movet mixtoque sonantem
100percutit ore17 lyram nomenque relinquit harenis.
B. Trop.
1. To smite, strike, visit with calamity of any kind (class.): “percussus calamitate,Cic. Mur. 24, 49: “percussus fortunae vulnere,id. Ac. 1, 3, 11: “ruina,Vulg. Zach. 14, 18: anathemate. id. Mal. 4, 6: “plaga,id. 1 Macc. 1, 32: “in stuporem,id. Zach. 12, 4.—

2. To strike, shock, make an impression upon, affect deeply, move, astound (class.): “percussisti me de oratione prolatā,Cic. Att. 3, 12, 3; id. Mil. 29, 79:


Vello  A. Of animals, to pluck or pull, i. e. to deprive of the hair, feathers, et
II. Trop., to tear, torment A. Lit., shorn, plucked, smooth, beardless, hairless:

A. Lit., shorn, plucked, smooth, beardless, hairless: “istum gallum Glabriorem reddes mihi quam volsus ludiust,Plaut. Aul. 2, 9, 6

So, you want to be a barbarian?

--Pl. Cur. 1.2

sings . Bolts, O ye bolts, with pleasure do I salute you. I love you, I court you, I seek you, and you entreat; most kindly lend your aid to me in love; become, for my sake, as though play-actors7 from foreign climes; leap upwards pray, and send out of doors this fair one, who drains my blood for me distractedly in love. Addressing PALINURUS. Look at that, how those most accursed bolts sleep on, and none the quicker for my sake do they bestir themselves. Addressing the door. I see quite clearly that you don't value my esteem at all. Hist! hush, hush!
Play-actors: The Lydians, or rather their descendants, the Etrurians, were the earliest actors at Rome; hence the term used here, "barbari," "foreigners." The metaphor is borrowed from the fact that dancing, leaping, and gestures, were the especial features of their performances.

--Pl. Aul. 2.9


speaking to some within . Dromo, do you scale the fish. Do you, Machærio, have the conger and the lamprey boned. I'm going to ask the loan of a baking-pan of our neighbour Congrio. You, if you are wise, will have that capon more smoothly picked for me than is a plucked play-actor1. But what's this clamour that's arising here hard by? By my faith, the cooks, I do believe, are at their usual pranks2. I'll run in-doors, lest there may be any disturbance here for me as well. Retreats into the house of MEGADORUS.

1 A plucked play-actor: The actors, having to perform the parts of women and beardless youths, were obliged to remove superfluous hair from the face, which was effected "vellendo," "by plucking it out," whence the term "volsus."

--Gallus   A. Galli , ōrum, m., the priests of Cybele, so called because of their raving,Ov. F. 4, 361 sq.; Plin. 5, 32, 42, § 146; 11, 49, 109, § 261; 35, 12, 46, § 165; Paul. ex Fest. p. 95 Müll.; Hor. S. 1, 2, 121.—In sing.: Gallus , i, m., a priest of Cybele, Mart. 3, 81; 11, 74; cf. Quint. 7, 9, 2: “resupinati cessantia tympana Galli,Juv. 8, 176.—And satirically (on account of their emasculated condition), in the fem.: Gallae , ārum, Cat. 63, 12, and 34.—
2. (Acc. to II. A., of or belonging to the priests of Cybele; hence, transf.) Of or belonging to the priests of Isis, Gallic: “turma,the troop of the priests of Isis, Ov. Am. 2, 13, 18.
The Jews engaged in a form of musical idolatry which seens common in that world: even the Greek singing and playing came out of Egypt.  The Egyptian trinity was Osiris, Isis and Horus: father, mother infant child of many pagan triads.

2. Trop., effeminate:mens,” 

-Mens the mind, disposition; the heart, soul E. Personified: Mens , the goddess of thought, whose festival was held on the eighth of June, Cic. Leg. 2, 8, 19: “Menti aedem T. Octacilius praetor vovit,Liv. 22, 10

Cicero check here.


increpantibus Always Violent: I. increpatus,Just. 11, 4, 5; Prud. 7, 195; Liv. 24, 17, 7 Cod.), 1, v. n. and a., to make a noise, sound, resound, to rush, rustle, patter, rattle, whiz (class.).

B. Act., to utter aloud, produce, give forth (poet.): “saevas increpat aura minas,Prop. 1, 17, 6: tubasonitum. Verg. A. 9, 504.— terribilem Sabella pectus increpare carmina,

Verg. A. 9, 504 

But now the brazen trumpet's fearsome song
blares loud, and startled shouts of soldiery
spread through the roaring sky. The Volscian band
press to the siege, and, locking shield with shield,
fill the great trenches, tear the palisades,
or seek approach by ladders up the walls,
where'er the line of the defenders thins, and light
through their black circle shines.

carmen  per me (sc. Apollinem) concordant carmina nervis,

Fifteen: "Eat and Rejoice Before the Lord: The Optimism of Worship in the Deuteronomic Code," Timothy M. Willis

After the musical idolatry at Mount Sinai Christ the Rock defined the Qahal, synagogue, ekklesia or Church: the godly people RESTED from the sacrificial system to which God abandoned the tribe of Levi to worship the starry hosts.  The synagogue was the School of the Word and slaughtering  innocent fleeced animals was not an act of "worship."

The festivals were more musters of military-aged males than a worship service. It comes as no surprise that what goes on in "summer camps" has nothing to do with congregational singing with instrumental accompaniment.
Deuteronomy 14:26 And thou shalt bestow that money for whatsoever thy soul lusteth after, for oxen, or for sheep, or for wine, or for strong drink, or for whatsoever thy soul desireth: and thou shalt eat there before the LORD thy God, and thou shalt rejoice, thou, and thine household, 

Ps 50:7  Hear, O my people, and I will speak;
        O Israel, and I will testify against thee: I am God, even thy God.
Ps 50:8  I will not reprove [justify] thee for thy sacrifices or thy burnt offerings,
         to have been continually before me.
Ps 50:9  I will take no bullock out of thy house, nor he goats out of thy folds.
Ps 50:10  For every beast of the forest is mine,
        and the cattle upon a thousand hills.
Ps 50:11  I know all the fowls of the mountains:
        and the wild beasts of the field are mine.
Ps 50:12  If I were hungry, I would not tell thee:
        for the world is mine, and the fulness thereof.
Ps 50:13  Will I eat the flesh of bulls, or drink the blood of goats?
Ps 50:14  Offer unto God thanksgiving;
        and pay thy vows unto the most High:
Ps 50:15  And call upon me in the day of trouble:
        I will deliver thee, and thou shalt glorify me.
Ps 50:16  But unto the wicked God saith,
        What hast thou to do to declare my statutes,
        or that thou shouldest take my covenant in thy mouth?
Ps 50:17  Seeing thou hatest instruction,
        and castest my words behind thee.

Jer. 7:21 Thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel;
        Put your burnt offerings unto your sacrifices, and eat flesh.
Jer. 7:22 For I spake not unto your fathers, nor commanded them
        in the day that I brought them out of the land of Egypt,
        concerning burnt offerings or sacrifices:

But this thing commanded I them, saying,

> Obey my voice, and I will be your God, and ye shall be my people:
> and walk ye in all the ways that I have commanded you, that it may be well unto you. Jer 7:23

But they hearkened not, nor inclined their ear, but walked in the counsels and in the imagination of their evil heart, and went backward, and not forward. Jer 7:24

There is no exception among historic scholars:

Aphrahat 4th century

19. Now thus is faith; when a man believes in God the Lord of all, Who made the heavens and the earth and the seas and all that is in them; and He made Adam in His image;
        and He gave the Law to Moses;
        He sent of His Spirit upon the prophets;
        He sent moreover His Christ into the world.

Furthermore that a man should believe in the resurrection of the dead; and should furthermore also believe in the sacrament of baptism.

This is the faith of the Church of God. And (it is necessary) that a man should separate himself from the observance         of hours and Sabbaths and moons and seasons,
        and divinations and sorceries and Chaldaean arts and magic,
        from fornication and from festive music, from vain doctrines,
        which are instruments of the Evil One,
        from the blandishment of honeyed words, from blasphemy and from adultery.

And that a man should not bear false witness, and that a man should not speak with double tongue. These then are the works of the faith which is based on the true Stone which is Christ, on Whom the whole building is reared up.

Christ in the prophets says that Israel had a covenant with death: there is nothing in the monarchy period which had or has anything to do with the ekklesia or synagogue of Christ.
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