C. Leonard Allen Spirit Poured out.

God pours out His BREATH which produces ONLY Words. 
C. Leonard Allen Spirit Poured out.

1. Jesus ALWAYS says that He is the SON of God.

2. The Jews claimed. 

John 10:33 The Jews answered him, saying, For a good work we stone thee not;
    but for Blasphemy;
    and because that thou, being a man, makest thyself God.

3. Jesus called those who accused Him with blasphemy, BLASPHEMERS.

John 10:36 Say ye of him,
    WHOM "Whom" is not the "Father."
    the
    Father hath sanctified, and sent into the world,
Thou BLASPHPHEMEST
    because I said, I am the SON OF GOD
John 10:37 If I do NOT the works of my Father, believe me not.

Another rebuke of the always-pagan triads:

John 20:17 Jesus saith unto her, Touch me not;
        for I am not yet ascended to my Father: but go to my brethren, and say unto them,
        I ascend unto MY Father, and your Father; and to MY God, and YOUR God.

Jesus gave His promise only to those who were not tardy-doubters:

John 20:21 Then said Jesus to them again, Peace be unto you: as my Father hath SENT me, even so SEND I you.
John 20:22 And when he had said this, he breathed on them, and saith unto them, Receive ye the Holy Ghost :

John 20:24 But Thomas, one of the twelve, called Didymus, was not with them when Jesus came.

Tardy and Doubting (faithless) Thomas blurted:

John 20:28 And Thomas answered and said unto him, My Lord and my God. 
John 20:29 Jesus saith unto him, Thomas, because thou hast seen me,
        thou hast believed: blessed are they that have not seen, and yet have believed.
John 20:30 And many other signs truly did Jesus in the presence of his disciples, which are not written in this book:

John the Corrects Tardy-Doubting-Faithless Thomas and all Christians:

John 20:31 But these are written,
        that ye might believe that Jesus is the Christ, [Not Jehovah-Elohim[
        the Son of God;
        and that believing ye might have life through his name.

You are OF the wold and not able to be Washed with water INTO the Word or Logos or Regulative Principle unless you can confess that:
   
        Jesus is the CHRIST the Son of THE Living God.

C. Leonard Allen Spirit Poured out. Here's a brief response to the issue of the Spirit's identity. My time is very short, so this is simply condensed from my book. Three questions:

 

1. What is the relationship of the Spirit to God?

The Spirit is the Mind or Mental disposition OF God.
1Cor. 2:11
For what man knoweth the things of a man,
        save the spirit OF man which is IN him?
even so the things OF God knoweth no man,
        but the SPIRIT OF God.

The Spirit OF the World is not a person but the mental disposition of the World.

1Cor. 2:12 Now we have received,
        not the spirit of the world,
        but the SPIRIT  which is of God;
                that we might KNOW the things
                that are freely given to us of God.

1Cor. 2:16 For who hath known the MIND of the Lord,
        that he may instruct him?
        But we have the MIND of Christ.

2Tim. 1:7 For God hath not given us
        the spirit OF fear;
        but
[the spirit] of power,
        and
[the spirit] of love,
        and
[the spirit] of a sound mind.

Pr.1:23 Turn you at my reproof: behold,
.......... I will POUR out my SPIRIT unto you,
.......... I will make known my WORDS unto you.

H5042.  naba{, naw-bah´; a primitive root; to gush forth; figuratively, to utter (good or bad words); specifically, to emit (a foul odor):—belch out, flowing, pour out, send forth, utter (abundantly).

prō-fĕro  2.  Of pronunciation, to utter, pronounce (post-Aug.): “extremas syllabas,Quint. 11, 3, 33.—
B  To bring out, make known, produce in public, publish (class.): “ejus (orationis) proferendae arbitrium tuum,Cic. Att. 15, 13, 1: “artem,to exhibit
To bring forward, quote, cite, mention 

C. Leonard Allen Spirit Poured out. A threefold pattern of divine relationality permeates the New Testament. There is a deep recognition of the diversity and unity of God by the New Testament writers, and their language about this relationality becomes the raw material for what later became an explicit doctrine of the trinity.

 

The first men to use the TRIAD word refuted the mixture of Judaism and Greek myths.  The triad nature is that WHICH EXISTS IN THE ONE GOD THE FATHER.  Jesus made it clear that He manifested Father, Son and Spirit:

Theophilus to Autolycus
For he that is created is also needy;
        but he that is uncreated stands in need of nothing.
        God, then, having His own WORD INTERNAL18 within His own bowels,
        begat Him, EMMITING 19 Him along with His own WISDOM before all things.

HE had this WORD as a HELPER  in the things that were created by Him,
        and by Him He made all things.
        He is called "governing principle" [a0rkh/], because He rules,
        and is Lord of all things fashioned by Him.

HE, then, being Spirit of God, and GOVERNING principle, and WISDOM, and POWER of the highest,
        came down upon the prophets,
        and through them spoke of the creation of the world and of all other things.
For the prophets were not when the world came into existence,
        but the WISDOM of God which was IN HIM
        and His HOLY WORD which was always present with Him.

Wherefore He speaks thus by the prophet Solomon:
        "When He prepared the heavens I  [WISDOM] was there,
        and when He appointed the foundations of the earth
        was by Him as one brought up with Him."20

C. Leonard Allen Spirit Poured out.  This threefold pattern can be seen clearly from two sets of texts: several that are explicitly trinitarian, and many more focusing on “salvation in Christ” that are less explicit but with a clear trinitarian pattern.

 

Here are five of the most explicit texts:


1 Corinthians 12:4–6;

GOD is Theos or the Lord (YHWH) God (Elohim): that word is exclusive of any other position.

GOD is always separate from Lord or Christ.  When the word God appears it is an inclusive and exclusive word and any other actor cannot be God. The Spirit of God is the BREATH of God always connected with WORDS.


g2316. theos, theh´-os; of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with 3588 Ho) the supreme Divinity; figuratively, a magistrate; by Hebraism, very: — x exceeding, God, god(-ly, -ward).
1Cor. 12:1 Now concerning spiritual GIFTS, brethren, I would not have you ignorant.
These are also called the gifts OF Christ:

1Cor. 1:7 So that ye come behind in no gift;
        waiting for the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ:
Eph. 4:7 But unto every one of us is given grace
        according to the measure of the gift of Christ.

Rom. 1:2 (Which he had promised afore by his prophets in the holy scriptures,)
Rom. 1:3 Concerning his Son Jesus Christ our Lord,
        which was made of the seed of David according to the flesh;
Rom. 1:4 And declared to be the Son of GOD with power,
        according to the spirit of holiness, by the resurrection from the dead:

Jesus was not declared either Lord Nor Christ until 30 years after He came in the FLESH.
Acts 2:36 Therefore let all the house of Israel know assuredly,
        that God hath made that same Jesus, whom ye have crucified,
        both Lord and Christ.
Jesus became the First Begotten as the first or Head of the church when He was resurrected, transfigured, Ascended to heaven with the "blood" and returned at Pentecost and "Poured out what you see and hear--breath and fire.
Rev. 1:5 And from Jesus Christ, who is the faithful witness, and the first begotten of the dead, and the prince of the kings of the earth. Unto him that loved us, and washed [baptized]us from our sins in his own blood,
Rom. 6:23 For the wages of sin is death;
       but the GIFT OF God [Theos]
       is eternal life through
       Jesus Christ our Lord. [Kurios]
1Cor. 12:2 Ye know that ye were Gentiles, carried away unto these dumb idols,
         even as ye were led.
1Cor. 12:3 Wherefore I give you to understand,
        that no man speaking by
        the SPIRIT
        OF GOD
        calleth JESUS accursed:
1. OF is a preposition and the Spirit OF God is God's own Spirit?
2. The Context shows that the gifts were bestowed solely by God.

1Cor. 12:28 And GOD HATH SET some in the church, first apostles, secondarily prophets, thirdly teachers, after that miracles, then gifts of healings, helps, governments, diversities of tongues.

1Cor. 2:10 But God hath REVEALED them unto us BY HIS SPIRIT:

Notice that Paul defines the meaning of the Spirit OF God:

1Cor. 2:11
For what man knoweth the things of a MAN,
        save the SPIRIT OF man which is IN him?
even so the things of God knoweth no man,
        but the Spirit OF God.
1Cor. 2:12 Now we have received,
        not the spirit OF the world,
        but the spirit WHICH is of God;
        THAT we might know the things that are freely given to us of God
1Cor. 2:16 For who hath known the MIND of the Lord,
        that he may instruct him? But we have the MIND of Christ.

Peter who spoke of the Gift of the Holy Spirit says that BAPTISM SAVES because we ASK for or REQUEST A good conscience or conscience meaning a Co-perception of the Word.

Heb. 12:23 To the general assembly and church of the firstborn,
        which are written in heaven,
        and to God the Judge of all,
        and to the SPIRITS of just men MADE PERFECT.
and that no man can say that
        JESUS is
        the LORD, [Theos) but by
        the HOLY SPIRIT
If you say that Jesus was God or A God then He cannot be the LORD or CHRIST.
John 10:32 Jesus answered them,
        Many good works have I shewed you from my Father;
        for which of those works do ye stone me?
John 10:33 The Jews answered him, saying,
        For a good work we stone thee not; but for blasphemy;
        and because that thou, being a man, makest thyself God.

John 10:36 Say ye of him, whom the Father hath SANCTIFIED,
        and sent into the world,
        Thou blasphemest; because I said, I am the Son of God?
John 10:37 If I do not the works of my Father, believe me not.
1Cor. 12:4 Now there are diversities of gifts,
        but the SAME SPIRIT.
1Cor. 12:5 And there are differences of administrations,
        but the SAME LORD. [Kurios]
1Cor. 12:6 And there are diversities of operations,
        BUT it is the SAME GOD [Theos] which WORKETH ALL IN ALL

1Cor. 12:7 But the MANIFESTATION of the Spirit is given to every man to profit withal.
1Cor. 12:8 For to ONE is given by the Spirit the word of wisdom;
        to ANOTHER the word of knowledge by the same Spirit;

If you have ONE who can interpret languages or Dialects you do not need ANOTHER.


C. Leonard Allen Spirit Poured out.  2 Corinthians 13:14;


2Cor. 13:13 All the saints salute you.
2Cor. 13:14
        The GRACE of the LORD [Kurios] Jesus Christ,
        and the LOVE of GOD,  [Theos]
        and the COMMUNION
koinōn-ia of the Holy Ghost, be with you all. Amen.


This sounds like a typical doxology.  If God is a trinity of three persons each with their own center of consciousness (Hicks) then why would Paul mention GOD and then Jesus Who CAME IN THE FLESH and the Wholly Spirit or Breath?

As each writer left their PART for our memory the Salutations of the Epistles does not include a separate Spirit.

Gal. 6:18 Brethren, the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ
        be with YOUR spirit. Amen.
Gal. 1:3 Grace be to you and peace
        from God the Father,
        and from our Lord Jesus Christ
Phil. 2:1 If there be therefore any consolation in Christ, if any comfort of love,
        if any fellowship of the Spirit, if any bowels and mercies,
Phil. 2:2 Fulfil ye my joy, that ye be likeminded, having the same love, being of one accord, of one mind.Phil. 4:23 The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you
1Th. 5:28 The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you. Amen.

There is no "THE" so we have fellowship with HOLY SPIRIT: Jesus said My WORDS are SPIRIT AND LIFE.


1 Cor 10:16 communion of the blood of Christ

1 Cor 1:19 God is faithful, by whom ye were called unto the fellowship of his Son Jesus Christ our Lord
1 Jn 1:3 may have fellowship with us: and truly our fellowship is with the Father and with his Son.
Harvey Floyd: The word with (in Jn 1:1) implies communion, the association (alliance, organization, league, club) of persons.  As literally as this can be translated, it is 'the Word was face to face with (confronting, disputing, in the face of, countering) God, he was toward God (pros ton theon)... There are two actors (cast of characters) in the drama (play, show, performance), and they are face to face with each other.  They are on the stage at the same time... What we have is the doctrine of the Trinity: that God is a triad, that God is one God indeed, but his unity is a complex unity, a unity that exists in diversity. (Floyd, Harvey, Is the Holy Spirit for Me, p. 12, 20th Century Christian.)

2842.   koinonia, koy-nohn-ee´-ah; from 2844; partnership, i.e. (literally) participation, or (social) intercourse, or (pecuniary) benefaction: — (to) communicate(-ation), communion, (contri-)distribution, fellowship.

C. Leonard Allen Spirit Poured out.  Ephesians 4:4–6; 


Eph. 4:2 With all lowliness and meekness, with longsuffering, forbearing one another in love;
Eph. 4:3 Endeavouring to keep the unity of the Spirit in the bond of peace.
Eph. 4:4 There
        is one body,
        and one Spirit,
        even as ye are called in one hope of your calling;


This is not THE Holy Spirit person but the spirit OF unity. DIVERSITY is excluded:

Eph. 4:5 One Lord, one faith, one baptism,
Eph. 4:6 ONE God and Father of all,
        who is above all, and through all, and in you all.
Eph. 4:7 But unto every one of us is given grace
        according to the measure of the gift of Christ.
Eph. 4:8 Wherefore he saith, When HE ascended up on high,
        he led captivity captive, and gave gifts unto men.
Eph. 4:9 (Now that he ascended,
        what is it but that he also descended first into the lower parts of the earth?
Eph. 4:10 He that descended is the same also that ascended up far above all heavens,
         that he might fill all things.)


Eph 4:11 And he gave some, apostles; and some, prophets; and some, evangelists; and some, pastors and teachers

The One Piece Pattarn of A Church OF Christ.

Eph. 4:12 For the perfecting of the saints, for the work of the ministry, for the EDIFYING (educating) of the body of Christ:
 
WHY?

Eph 4:13 Till we all come in 
        A. the UNITY of THE FAITH, and of  [No Diversity in the knowledge OF Jesus the Christ]
        B. the knowledge of the Son of God,
        C. unto a perfect MAN,
        D. unto the measure of the stature of the fulness of Christ:

Godhead means the Divine Nature which only Christ can cause us to be filled with DIVINE NATURE.

TO PROTECT FROM THE LYING WONDERS

Eph 4:14 That we henceforth be no more children, tossed to and fro, 
        and carried about with EVERY WIND OF DOCTRINE [No Diversity]
        by the sleight of men, and CUNNING CRAFTSMEN
        whereby THEY LIE IN WAIT TO DECEIVE

DISUNITY is caused by Cunning Craftsmen or:

-Panourg-os (properisp.), on,
A. ready to do anything, wicked, knavish,
II. in a less positively bad sense, cunning, clever, smart, “p. kai deinosD. 1.3, cf. Pl.Tht.177a, Arist.EN1144a28; “p. te kai sophosPl.R.409c; “kompsos kai p.Plu. 2.28a: Sup., Plb.5.75.2. Adv. “-gōs, p. kai hupokritikōs legein ta epēAth.9.407a.
-“p. kai deinosegein clever at speaking, forcible, vehement, style in oratory,
d. hupo panourgias
Sophos , ē, on, A. skilled in any handicraft or art, clever, harmatēlatas s. Pi.P.5.115, cf. N.7.17; “kubernētēsA.Supp.770; “mantisId.Th.382; “oiōnothetasS.OT484 (lyr.); of a sculptor, E.Fr.372; even of hedgers and ditchers, Margites Fr.2; but in this sense mostly of POETS and MUSICIANS, Pi.O.1.9, P.1.42, 3.113; en kithara s. E.IT1238
etc.; also en oiōnois, kithara, [HARP] E. IT662, 1238 (lyr.);
sophia 
HH 4 483 Then Hermes [The Pagan Logos who created Apollon's harp] answered him with artful words
Of all these I myself have already learned that you have great wealth. Now, you are free to learn whatever you please;
        [475] but since,
        as it seems, your heart is so strongly set on playing the lyre, chant, and play upon it,
        and give yourself to merriment, taking this as a gift from me,
        and do you, my friend, bestow glory on me.
       Sing well with this clear-voiced companion in your hands; for you are skilled in good, well-ordered utterance. [480] From now on bring it confidently to the rich feast and lovely dance and glorious revel, a joy by night and by day. Whoso with wit and wisdom enquires of it cunningly, him it teaches [485] through its sound all manner of things that delight the mind, being easily played with gentle familiarities, for it abhors toilsome drudgery; but whoso in ignorance enquires of it violently, to him it chatters mere vanity and foolishness.

This sounds like Jesus speaking of Hypocrites and quoting Isaiah 29 and Ezekiel 33.

Max.Lucado.Ezekiel.26.33.Rev.gif


C. Leonard Allen Spirit Poured out.  Romans 8:9–11;


Rom. 8:1 There is therefore now no condemnation to them which are IN Christ Jesus,
        who walk not after the flesh, but [who walk] after the Spirit.
Rom. 8:4 That the righteousness of the law might be fulfilled in us,
        who [WE] walk not after the flesh, but
[WE walk] after the Spirit.
Rom. 8:5 For they that are after the flesh
                do mind the things of the flesh;
        but they that are after the Spirit
                [do mind] the things OF the Spirit.


IN cannot mean INSIDE OF because God lives in us in the same sense that we live in Father-Son. That is we obey God's commandments

Rom. 8:9 But ye are not IN the flesh, but IN the Spirit,
        if so be that the Spirit OF God dwell in you.
        Now if any man have not the Spirit OF Christ, he is none of his.
Rom. 8:10 And if Christ be in you,
         the body is dead because of sin;
         but the spirit is life because of righteousness.
Rom. 8:11 But if the Spirit OF HIM
         that raised up Jesus from the dead dwell in you,
         he that raised up Christ from the dead
         shall also quicken your mortal bodies
         by HIS Spirit that dwelleth in you.
Rom. 8:12 Therefore, brethren, we are debtors, not to the flesh, to live after the flesh.
Rom. 8:13 For if ye live after the flesh, ye shall die:
        but if ye through the Spirit do mortify the deeds of the body, ye shall live.


C. Leonard Allen Spirit Poured out. Acts 2:32–33. Many other Pauline texts, especially those that lay out his formulation of the gospel, demonstrate the threefold pattern of divine relationality: Romans 5:1–8; Galatians 4:4-6; 2 Corinthians 1:20-22; 1 Thess. 1:4–5; 2 Thess. 2:13–14; 1 Cor. 2:4–5; 6:19–20; Gal. 3:1–5; Eph. 2:20–22; Col. 3:16).

 

After his conversion, Paul remained an ardent monotheist; yet because of his encounter with the risen Christ and his experience of the Spirit, he came to know God as a unity of three deeply related persons.

 

Key point: Scripture reveals God as three distinct persons who in perfect relationship make up one God.

 

2. Is the Spirit of God an impersonal power or a distinct personality?

Spirit literally means WIND and nothing More.  However, it is used to define SIMILAR things. A person would not be in the same class as any of the uses of the "spirit" word.

h7307.g4151.gif
Psa 33:4 For the [1] word of the [3] Lord is right;
        and all his
[3] works are done in truth.
Psa 33:5 He loveth righteousness and judgment:
        the earth is full of the goodness of the Lord.
 
Psa 33:6 By the
[1] word of the [3] Lord were the heavens made;
        and all the host of them by the
[3] breath (spirit) of his mouth.
 

Psa 33:9 For he spake, and it was done;
        he commanded, and it stood fast.
   


The SPIRITS WHICH would rest on Jesus symbolized by the Menorah.  God breathed on the Prophets with the Spirit OF Christ which always resulted in GOD'S WORDS.

menorah.gif

Is. 11:1 And there shall come forth a rod out of the stem of Jesse,
        and a Branch shall grow out of his roots:
Is. 11:2 And the
       
(1) spirit OF the LORD shall rest upon him,
        (2) the spirit
OF wisdom
        (3) and understanding, the
        (4) spirit
OF counsel
        (5) and might,
        (6) the spirit
OF knowledge
        (7) and
OF the fear of the LORD;
Is. 11:3 And shall make him of quick understanding [Spiritual] in the fear of the LORD:
        and he shall not judge after the sight of his eyes, neither reprove after the hearing of his ears:
Is. 11:4 But with righteousness shall he judge the poor,
        and reprove with equity for the meek of the earth:
        and

        (1) he shall smite the earth with the ROD of his
       
(2) MOUTH,
        and with the
       
(3) BREATH of his lips shall he slay the wicked.


In Isaiah 58  God outlaws seeking our own pleasure or Speaking our own Words (cf Romans 15)

Is. 59:21 As for me, this is my covenant with them, saith the Lord;
        My (1) SPIRIT that is upon thee,
        and my (2) WORDS which I have PUT in thy (3) MOUTH,
        shall not depart out of thy mouth, nor out of the mouth of thy seed,
        nor out of the mouth of thy seed’s seed, saith the Lord,
        from henceforth and for ever.
When Jesus spoke of eating His flesh He spooked the disciples.  He said:

John 6:62 What and if ye shall see the Son of man ascend up where he was before?
John 6:63 It is the SPIRIT that quickeneth;
        the flesh profiteth nothing:
        the WORDS that I speak unto you, they are
SPIRIT, and they are life.

Peter outlawed Private Interpretation or Further Expounding because:

2Pet. 1:20 Knowing this first, that no prophecy of the scripture is of any private interpretation.
2Pet. 1:21 For the prophecy came not in old time by the will of man:
        but holy men of God spake as they were moved by the Holy Ghost.

Jesus made these prophecies more certain and the church is to be built upon or educated by the Prophets and Apostles

Rev. 19:10 And I fell at his feet to worship him. And he said unto me,
        See thou do it not: I am thy fellowservant,
        and of thy brethren that have the testimony of Jesus:
        worship God: for the TESTIMONY of Jesus is the SPIRIT OF prophecy

When men like Peter left a memory of their eye-- and ear--witness of the Risen Christ, that memory is left as a MARK of false teaching.

Not my chart:
Words of Christ and the Spirit
The Holy Spirit
work/action
The Bible
2 Cor 3:6
begotten
Jas 1:18
Jn 3:5-8
born again
2 Pe 1:23
1 Cor 6:11
cleanses
Jn 15:2-3
Acts 9:31
comforts
1 Thes 4:8
Jn 16:8
convicts
Tit 1:9
Gal 5:22
Faith
Rom 10:17
Eph. 5:19
Filled with
Col 3:16 Word of Christ.
Neh 9:20
instructs
2 Ti 3:17
1 Cor 6:11
justifies
Gal 2:16; Rom 3:28
Rom 8:14; Gal 5:18
Leads
Ps 43:3; 119:105
Rom 15:13
Power
Heb 1:3; Rom 1:16
1 Pe 1:22
Purifies
1 Pe 1:22-25
1 Pe 3:18; Jn 6:63
Quickens
Ps 119:50
Rom 8:11
raised
Jn 5:28-29
Jn 16:8
reproves
2 Ti 4:2
Acts 7:51
resists
2 Ti 3:8
1 Cor 6:11
sanctifies
Jn 17:13
Tit 3:5
saves
Jas 1:21
John 6:63
Spirit and Life
John 6:63
Eph 3:16
strengthen
Ps 119:28
1 Cor 2:13
teaches
2 Ti 3:16-17
Jn 15:26
testifies
Jn 5:39
Gal 5:16
walks in
Ps 119:10
Rom 8:16
witnesses
Jn 5:39; 1 Jn 5:6-8

C. Leonard Allen Spirit Poured out.  The New Testament speaks of the Spirit using many different verbs that demand a personal agent. For example, the Spirit “testifies” with our spirits that we are children of God (Rom. 8:16), comes alongside to help, and “intercedes” with the Father on our behalf (and God “knows the mind of the Spirit” [Rom. 8:27]). The Spirit “searches” and understands (1 Cor. 2:10–11), distributes gift as the Spirit wills (1 Cor. 12:11), can be “outraged” by rejection (Heb. 10:29, ESV), forbids (Acts 16:6), prevents (Acts 16:7), sends (Acts 13:4), is put to the test (Acts 5:9), and is grieved by our sins (Eph. 4:30). The fullest portrayal of the personhood of the Spirit is found in the Paraclete passages in John 14–16, where the Spirit mediates the Father and the Son to the disciples (especially 14:6–11).

 

Key point: Scripture reveals the nature of the Spirit as personal not impersonal.

 

3. What was Jesus’ relationship with the Spirit?

Three key aspects:

First, the Spirit comes to impart human life to Jesus at his conception in the womb of Mary (Lk 1:35). The Spirit of God intervenes in the process of human conception to begin a new humanity in the conception of the Son. The conception and birth of Christ was a gift of the Spirit.


Second, at Jesus’ baptism in the Jordan, the Spirit rests upon Jesus as a sign of the Father’s love and Jesus’ anointing as Messiah. As Jesus came out of the water, “heaven was opened and the Holy Spirit descended on him in bodily form like a dove. And a voice came from heaven: ‘You are my Son, whom I love; with you I am well pleased’” (Lk 3:21–22). John’s statement that the Spirit “rested” or “remained” (John 1:32) on him suggests that Jesus here entered a new dimension of his relationship with the Spirit, and a new stage in his life and ministry. It was through this anointing by the Spirit that Jesus, the eternal Son of God, became the “Christ” (anointed one) and received empowerment for his messianic mission.

 

Third, the Spirit transfigures and exalts the risen but still human Jesus Christ. Jesus “through the Spirit of holiness was appointed the Son of God in power by his resurrection from the dead” (Rom. 1:4). Jesus was exalted in a transformed, resurrected humanity by a new work of the Spirit in him. From this exalted position, Christ then pours out the Spirit at Pentecost, marking the first installment of our resurrected and transfigured humanity (Acts 2:33).

 

In these “trinitarian” narratives, Scripture reveals the person of the Spirit in an intimate relationship with Jesus. The Son and the Spirit are interdependent persons who together, in the intimacy of their relationship, work to bring us into the fullness of life the Father desires for us.

 

The Son was dependent upon the Spirit, and the Spirit was dependent upon the Son; in the New Testament, we see a deep reciprocity between them. Christ is, first, born of the Spirit, then anointed by the Spirit, then empowered by the Spirit to live a fully human life; and then, following his death and resurrection, exalted by the Spirit. The Spirit was Jesus’ inseparable companion throughout his human life—from conception, baptism, wilderness temptations, the working of miracles and signs, to death and resurrection. The Spirit empowered, sustained, and renewed Jesus’ life as a human being.

 

Key point: Scripture reveals the Spirit as a distinct and personal subject within the life of God.

 

Leonard Allen

PART TWO:




C. Leonard Allen Spirit Poured out.  Let me respond modestly to your assertion that “Spirit literally means WIND and nothing More. It is correct that “spirit” in the OT often means “wind” or “breath.” But to say that it means nothing more than that in Scripture is to claim too much. Here are some thoughts (condensed from my book):

I meant that the word which God choose to define His Work and Word literally means WIND. If I were a "god" I might worry about that.  Upon that "spirit" is used. I have crawled and posted many of the important Fathers and the Classics and a spirit is a demon or what is left of a dead person. I don't think that I have ever seen SPIRIT used to identify a person but the Mind or Mental disposition.

In a figurative sense or it is used with OR. I remember little of grammar but I think that the Spirit OF God is God's own Spirit.
H7307 rûach roo'-akh From H7306 ;

wind;
by resemblance BREATH,
that is, a sensible (or even violent) exhalation;
figuratively life, anger, unsubstantiality;
by extension a region of the sky;
by resemblance spirit,
        but only OF a rational being
                (including its expression and functions):—
air, anger, blast, breath, X cool, courage, mind,
tempest, X vain, ([whirl-]) wind (-y).

H7306 rûach roo'-akh  A primitive root;
        properly to blow, that is, breathe;
        only (literally) to smell or
        (by implication perceive
        (figuratively to anticipate, enjoy):—
        accept, smell, X touch,
        make of quick understanding.


  G4151 pneuma pnyoo'-mah From G4154 ;
        a current of air, that is, breath (blast) or a breeze;
        by analogy or figuratively a spirit,
                that is, (human) the rational soul,
       
(by implication) vital principle, mental disposition, etc.,
               or (superhuman) an angel, daemon, or (divine) God,
        Christ’s spirit, the Holy spirit:—ghost, life,
            spirit (-ual, -ually), mind. Compare G5590 .

G4154 pneō pneh'-o  A primary word; to breathe hard,
        that is, breeze:—blow. Compare G5594 

C. Leonard Allen Spirit Poured out.  The backdrop to identifying the Spirit in the New Testament is provided by the main metaphors for the Spirit in the Old Testament. Wind or breath is the most prominent, but there are several others: a warming or even a raging fire (“[H]e will cleanse the bloodstains from Jerusalem by a spirit of judgment and a spirit of fire” [Isa. 4:4]);

Is. 4:3 And it shall come to pass, that he that is left in Zion, and he that remaineth in Jerusalem,
        shall be called holy, even every one that is written among the living in Jerusalem:
Is. 4:4 When the Lord shall have
        washed away the filth of the daughters of Zion,
        and shall have purged the blood of Jerusalem from the midst thereof

        by the spirit OF judgment,
        and by the spirit OF burning.

The baptism of Spirit and Fire is promised to the race of Vipers and defines the winnowing process.

John 3:33 He that hath received his testimony hath set to his seal that God is true.

John 3:34 For he whom God hath sent
.......... speaketh the words of God:
.......... for God giveth not the Spirit
.......... by measure unto him.

This is a parallelism: Speaking the Words of God is the meaning of Spirit without measure. Jesus said My WORDS are SPIRIT and they are LIFE.  Jesus as the "son" never spoke on His own but what he heard from the "Father within." Father, Son and Spirit are not names.

Is.59:21 As for me, this is my covenant with them, saith the Lord;
.......... My spirit that is upon thee,
.......... and my words which I have put in thy mouth,

shall not depart out of thy mouth,
nor out of the
mouth of thy seed,
nor out of the mouth of thy
seeds seed,
saith the Lord,
from henceforth and for ever.

Pr 1:22 How long, ye simple ones, will ye love simplicity? and the scorners delight in their scorning, and fools hate knowledge?

Pr.1:23 Turn you at my reproof: behold,
.......... I will pour out my spirit unto you,
.......... I will make known my words unto you.

C. Leonard Allen Spirit Poured out. oil, as in anointing (“The Spirit of the Sovereign Lord is on me because the Lord has anointed me” [Isa. 61:1]);


The Father "breathes" and the Son "speaks." The Father does not need another "god" person to be able to INspirit the Son.


Is. 61:1 The SPIRIT of the Lord GOD is upon me;
        because the LORD hath anointed me to PREACH good tidings unto the meek;
        he hath SENT ME to bind up the brokenhearted, to proclaim liberty to the captives,
        and the opening of the prison to them that are bound;

Is. 61:2 To PROCLAIM the acceptable year of the LORD,
        and the day of vengeance of our God;
        to comfort all that mourn;

The Spirit was given without measure and Jesus SPOKE only what the Father said:

John 8:28 Then said Jesus unto them, When ye have lifted up the Son of man,
        then shall ye know that I am he,
        and that I do nothing of myself;
        but as my Father hath taught me,
        I speak these things.

 
John 12:50 And I know that his commandment is life everlasting: whatsoever I speak therefore, even as the Father said unto me, so I speak.

C. Leonard Allen Spirit Poured out. running water (“I will pour water on the thirsty land, and streams on the dry ground; I will pour out my Spirit on your offspring, and my blessing on your descendants” [Isa. 44:3]); and wings in flight (“[A]nd the Spirit of God was hovering over the waters” [Gen. 1:1]).

Isa 44:3 For I will pour water upon him that is thirsty,
        and floods upon the dry ground:
        I will pour my spirit upon thy seed,
        and my blessing upon thine offspring:

Isa 44:4 And they shall spring up as among the grass, as willows by the water courses.

HO, every one that thirsteth,
        come ye to the waters,
        and he that hath no money;
        come ye, buy, and eat; yea,
        come, buy wine and milk WITHOUT MONEY
        and WITHOUT PRICE. Isa 55:1
Wherefore DO YOU SPEND MONEY for that which is not bread?
        and your labour for that which satisfieth not?
        hearken diligently unto me,
        and eat ye that which is good,
        and let your soul delight itself in fatness. Isa 55:2

There is nothing you can do to worship God but FEED the souls of starving people with the Water of the Word: free of charge.

       John 6:60 Many therefore of his disciples, when they had heard this, said,
                This is an hard saying; who can hear it?
        John 6:61 When Jesus knew in himself that his disciples murmured at it,
                he said unto them, Doth this offend you?
        John 6:62 What and if ye shall see the Son of man ascend up where he was before?
        John 6:63 It is the spirit that quickeneth;
                the flesh profiteth nothing:
                the words that I speak unto you,
                they are spirit,
and they are life.

        John 4:10 Jesus answered and said unto her, If thou knewest the GIFT OF GOD
                and who it is that saith to thee,
                Give me to drink; thou wouldest have asked of him,
                and he would have GIVEN thee living water.

        God is SPIRIT: the Gift OF God is therefore SPIRIT or the WORD.

        John 4:24 God is a Spirit: and they that worship him must worship him in spirit and in truth.
        John 4:25 The woman saith unto him,
                I know that Messias cometh, which is called Christ:

                when he is come, he will tell us all things.
        John 4:26 Jesus saith unto her, I that speak unto thee am he



Is. 55:10 For as the rain cometh down, and the snow from heaven,
        and returneth not thither, but watereth the earth, and maketh it bring forth and bud,
        that it may give seed to the sower, and bread to the eater:

Is. 55:11 So shall MY word be that goeth forth out of my mouth:
        it shall not return unto me void,
        but it shall accomplish that which I please,
        and it shall prosper in the thing whereto I sent it.

C. Leonard Allen Spirit Poured out.  Spirit of God (ruach—breath or wind) is often used in the Old Testament to express the mysterious action of God in human life and in creation. To call God “spirit” was to speak of God as a living presence—experienced with two kinds of “breath”: a gentle breath moving deeply within a person or a strong wind drawing people into its path. Neither aspect was under human control. Both aspects appear in Ezekiel’s vision of the valley of dry bones (Ezek. 37). Israel in exile has lost everything, including, they seem to believe, their God; they are like a heap of dry bones bleaching in the desert sun. Yahweh promises to come like the wind (which can be translated wind, breath, or spirit; Ezek. 37:9). God will breathe and the four winds of the earth will blow, giving the people life and causing them to stand on their feet in formation like an army ready for action.

Ezek. 37:1  The HAND OF THE LORD was upon me,
        and carried me out
        In
The SPIRIT [h7307] OF THE LORD,
        and set me down in the midst of the valley which was full of bones,
Ezek. 37:2 And caused me to pass by them round about:
        and, behold, there were very many in the open valley;
        and, lo, they were very dry.

Ezek. 37:3 And HE SAID unto me,
        Son of man, can these bones live?
        And I answered, O Lord God, thou knowest.

Ezek. 37:4 Again he said unto me,
        Prophesy upon these bones,
        and say unto them, O ye dry bones,
        HEAR THE WORD OF THE LORD .

Ezek. 37:5 Thus SAITH THE LORD GOD
         unto these bones;
        Behold, I will cause BREATH [h7307]
        to enter into you, and ye shall live:


Ezek. 37:6 And I will lay sinews upon you, and will bring up flesh upon you,
        and cover you with skin, and put breath
[h7307] in you, and ye shall live; and ye shall know that I am the Lord.
Ezek. 37:7 So I prophesied as I was commanded: and as I prophesied,
        there was a noise, and behold a shaking, and the bones came together, bone to his bone.

Ezek. 37:8 And when I beheld, lo, the sinews and the flesh came up upon them, and the skin covered them above: but there was no breath in them.
Ezek. 37:9 Then said he unto me,
        Prophesy unto the wind.
[h7307]
      
prophesy, son of man, and SAY to the wind [h7307] , breath
        Thus saith the Lord God; Come from the four winds,
        O breath [h7307] , and breathe upon these slain,
        that they may live.
Ezek. 37:10 So I prophesied as he COMMANDED ME
        and the breath
[h7307]  came into them, and they lived,
        and stood up upon their feet, an exceeding great army.
C. Leonard Allen Spirit Poured out.  As Israel’s prophets envisioned the age to come, they looked for a much richer experience of God’s powerful presence within Israel (Ezek. 36:26–27,
Ezek. 36:25  Then will I sprinkle clean water upon you, and ye shall be clean
       from all your filthiness, and from all your idols, will I cleanse you.
Ezek. 36:26 A new HEART also will I give you,
        and a new SPIRIT will I put within you:
        and I will take away the stony heart out of your flesh,
        and I will give you an heart of flesh.
  Ezek. 36:27 And I will put MY
SPIRIT within you,
        and cause you to walk in my statutes,
        and ye shall keep my judgments, and do them.

2Sam. 23:2 The SPIRIT of the Lord SPAKE by me,
         and his
WORDS was in my tongue.
Job 15:13 That thou turnest thy
SPIRIT against God,
        and lettest such WORDS go out of thy mouth?
 Job 26:4 To whom hast thou uttered
SPIRIT?
        and whose
WORDS came from thee?
Prov. 1:23 Turn you at my reproof:
        behold, I will pour out my
SPIRIT unto you,
       I will make known my WORDS unto you.

39:29; 37; 

Ezek. 39:28 Then shall they know that I am the Lord their God, which caused them to be led into captivity among the heathen: but I have gathered them unto their own land, and have left none of them any more there.
Ezek. 39:29
        Neither WILL I HIDE [abs-condo] ,my face any more from them:
        FOR
        I have poured ef-fundo] out  MY spirit upon the house of Israel,
        saith the Lord God.

God breathed and Jesus articulated God's Word.  When He had revealed His Word men like Peter claimed to be eye-- and ear-- witnesses of Jesus making the prophecies about Christ more certain by signs and wonders.


God IS Spirit and His Words are Spirit so that once they have been delivered the work of Jesus would be INVALIDATED unless it is true as He claimed:


John 6:63 It is the SPIRIT that quickeneth;
        the flesh profiteth nothing:
        the WORDS that I SPEAK unto you,
        they are , and they are life.


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