The American Restoration Movement

Churches of Christ are Distinct from the Disciples of Christ / Christian Church, Mormans and otherss
Churches of Christ were never "unioned" with the Disciples of Christ and made that known in the first census in 1906: the
Christian Churches under the NACC finally rejected the Disciples in 1971.

The American Restoration Movement Texts and Photos believes
"In essentials, unity, in doubtful matters, liberty; in all things charity." Attributed to Augustine.
Most Restoration Movement Resources attacked by the Bolgging community would be rejected by both Churches of Christ and Christian Churches.

The American Restoration Movement is perhaps deliberately confused by the Stone-Campbell Movement--a Disciples of Christ concept. Restorationism was a common impulse after the American Revolution and its Constitutions which ended the period from the first settlement and especially impacted by the First Great American Awakening which linked to the tail end of dominant clergy and witchcraft.  This ended with 321 new sectarian division mostly Baptists: there are still about 156 distinct Baptist Denominations.

What is known as the American Restoration Movement involved such divergent groups as the Mormons, The Stoneite movement which birthed what became the Disciples-Christian Churches which tagged along with the so-called apocalyptic movement begun by the Millerites and prompted the disciples  to found a society to go "save the Jews to enable the return of Jesus."  The other, radically different, movement continued John Calvin's urge to Restore the Church of Christ.  This included simply removing the superstitious appendages of Catholicism such as the use of Instrumental music. This was continued by the Campbells beginning in attempts to reform the Presbyterians. Therefore, that group now called The Christian Church and what became The Churches of Christ do not spring from the same roots and should not be donfused.

John Calvin called the Reformation a Restoration Movement.

SERIOUSLY TO UNDERTAKE THE TASK OF RESTORING THE CHURCH. For where can I exert myself to better purpose or more honestly, where, too, in a matter at this time more necessary, than in attempting, according to my ability, to aid the Church of Christ, whose claims it is unlawful in any instance to deny, and which is now in grievous distress, and in extreme danger.

But there is no occasion for a long preface concerning myself. Receive what I say as you would do if it were pronounced by the united voice

of all those who either have already taken care to restore the Church,
or are desirous that it
should be restored to true order.

The American Restoration Movement saw the church as established by Jesus Christ. That was as a SCHOOL OF CHRIST as indeed the ekklesia is ONLY a school of the Bible. Everything which has been added to the ideal of the Declaration and Address which defined community learning centers has sowed discord.

Memoirs of Alexander Campbell Volume 1

Memoirs of Alexander Campbell Volume 2

The Name of the Body of Christ

Lots of fussy people make too much of the notion that the church does not have a name and that is true: to say "church of Christ" means an assembly devoted to Christ and the Christian documents as opposed to the "church of Plato" devoted to the study and contemplation of Plato.

What Has Been The Historical Name of The Church of Christ?

> Clement of Alexandria: The original church of Christ and Baptism
Alexander Campbell: The Bath of Regeneration and the Holy Spirit
> Original church of Christ view of Eating Flesh and Drinking Blood

Prelude to Cane Ridge & The First Great American Awakening

Nothing happens in a vacuum. Therefore, it is important to look at the overwhelming fear and superstition which existed on "the wild frontier."

David Hume - Superstition - Enthusiasm
John Wesley - Enthusiasm - Revivalism
Second Great Awakening - Speaking in Tongues - Musical Worship
Great American Awakening or Witchcraft Act Two?
Women's Radicalization of Religion
Heresies of Anne Hutchinson Thomas Weld
Trial of Anne Hutchinson Before John Winthrop
John Winthrop Of Liberty and Authority
Robert Calef, Warning to Ministers About Witchcraft
Robert Calef, More Wonders Invisible World
Robert Calef, Explanations of Confessions
Deodat Lawson - A Brief And True Narrative
Great American Awakening Charles Chauncy
John Wesley - Death of George Whitfield
Charles Chauncy Against Revivalism

Effect of Revivalism

Cause and Effect The American Awakening

Slavery and Revivalism - RM Did not divide over war or slavery!

The churches of Christ were part of the few groups which did not split over slavery or rather their perception of slavery:

Slavery - Free Will - and Second Great Awakening
Civil War - The Last Religious War - Whose Racism?

Alexander Campbell

Alexander Campbell on Fellowship and Sectarianism
Alexander Campbell Rebaptism Broaddus
Alexander Campbell The Gift of The Holy Spirit   9.29.10

Some annotated portions of The Christian System

Did Alexander Campbell Endorse the Baptist Church? -
Sermon on the Law
Trinity: A. Campbell, Barton W. Stone, Walter Scott
Campbell John Locke - Spirituality
John Locke Defining Sectarians and Schismatics -
Musical Worship:
Instrumental Music
Baptismal Regeneration
Unitarianism and The Trinity Refuted
Campbell, Alexander - Trinity
Campbell, Alexander - Barton W. Stone - Walter Scott on The Spirit
One use of Monarchy of Israel as authority for Christian Restoration
Restoration of the Law of Moses

Calvin, John

The Need for Reformation of the Clergy
The Need for Worship Restoration
Instrumental Music

Calvinism in the Church

# 1: David Lawrence of David Lipscomb on predestinaion Number One.
# 2: A Look at Galatians 3 on PREDESTINATION to a system of FAITH like Abraham who was justified because he obeyed all of God's commands and decrees.
#3: David Lawrence: Predestination Acts 11:8 and 2 Timothy 2

T. Campbell

Review of Tom Olbrecht's Analysis
Holy Spirit: Agent of Conversion
Baptism For the remission of sins
Leroy Garrett distorts
Baptism as an Acts of Worship
Direct Operation of The Holy Spirit
Campbell, Thomas Holy Spirit - A circular letter
Thomas Campbell and Alexander Campbell The Spirit
Worship in Spirit and in Truth
Evangelist in the Restoration Movement
Worship in Spirit Must be Restored

Cartwright, Peter some notes on a Methodist perspective.

Quotes and Photos

Franklin, Benjamin

Instrumental Music in Worship 11.01.05

John Locke risked his life and liberty to define a method of fellowship.

A Letter of Toleration
Definition of Heresy, Schism (Sectarianism) - John Locke
Reasonableness of Christianity
John Locke - A. Campbell - Spirituality -
John Locke - Jonathan Edwards - A. Campbell
Liberal Interpretation Of John Locke
Human reason, Tradition, Direct Operation of the Spirit added to Scripture - -?????

Kurfees, M. C. Instruments were rejected by Calvinist Reformers.

Origin of Instrumental Music in Church
Hymns of the Awakening and Restoration Movement

McGarvey, J. W. was forced out in later years by instruments.

J. W. McGarvey Instrumental Music - The Organ
J. W. McGarvey Witness of the Holy Spirit
James O'Kelly "Methodist" replaced "Episcopal" in Virginia around the time of the Revolutionary war. The movement began as the Christian Church South and is acknowledged as the fountain along with Cane Ridge for the Disciples and perhaps some more conservative Christian churches.
On Restoration Principles with Photos
And Thomas Jefferson with Photo
Life of James O'Kelly - MacClenny Ch. XVII with Photos

Cane Ridge and Other Events

David Hume - Superstition - Enthusiasm - Background
John Wesley - Enthusiasm - Cane Ridge Background -
Red River to Cane Ridge CR#1
Second Great American Awakening summary calvin
Cane Ridge and Sectarianism CR#2
Cane Ridge and Babylonian Parallels CR#3
Leroy Garrett #4
Musical Teams
Presbyterian Background
American Restoration Movement Began?- Leroy Garrett
Witchcraft - Revivalism - Great Awakening

Robert Richardson

Memoirs of Alexander Campbell, Volume II-X on Mormonism--Its exposure--Co-operation--Evangelists--Infidelity--Work of the Holy Spirit--Divisions-- Meeting-houses-- Worship-- Slavery. Showing that it was not the Reformers who broke away from the Baptists but were expelled by them

Memoirs of Alexander Campbell, Volume II-XII Mr Meredith convinced by Campbell about baptism. Continued sectarianism among Baptists.

Stone, Barton

On the Trinity
On the Godhead and the Son
A Different take

Walter Scott

Experimental Religion Walter Scott is the authority for teaching a direct indwelling of the Holy Spirit. However, Walter Scott defines the Holy Spirit as, 1) God Who is the Holy Spirit and 2) Our spirits made holy by faith and obedience.

On Election or Predestination 10/01/04

On the Trinity 10/01/04

The Holy Spirit and Trinity rejected Catholic trinity but were not Unitarians.

Other Writers on the Holy Spirit
Thomas Campbell and Alexander Campbell The Trinity
Thomas Campbell - Holy Spirit -
Thomas Campbell a DIRECT OPERATION of the Holy Spirit -
J. W. McGarvey Witness of the Holy Spirit

Instrumental Music Innovation

At least four times in the Old Testament, instrumental music is connected to the clear statement: "Depart from us we do not want to hear any more from God." These are Job 21:7-14; Isa 5:11-13; Amos 5:21-24; 6:1-7; 8:10-13; Ezekiel 33:30-32.

Instrumental Music in the Era of the Beginning of the American Restoration Movement

Contemporary Attack Upon Non-Musical Churches

While Stone-Campbell churches come out of the same era as churches of Christ there is a difference primarily with how the different groups understand Scripture. DeGroot defines the Disciples as a church because it is, like Catholicism, a "living church" with the interpretation of the Bible based on the needs of the culture. There is no urge to listen to Paul because Paul is perceived as having a "faulty theology." This is why Paul can be ignored about women in ministry and the mode of singing the Biblical text.

Because the authority and history is "living," being faithful to biblical or historical facts are superseded by the needs of the time or argument.

Is Rejecting Instruments Racism?
Musical "churches" and Non-Musical "sects." Alfred T. DeGroot:

The following articles are a review of The Restoration Principle by Alfred T. DeGroot which uses the church "Fathers" to reject the Restoration Movement Principle and the authority of the letters of the Apostles. All defend the authority of Scripture as delivered and denounce instrumental music or any theatrical performance as idolatry and totally inconsistent with a spiritual worship.

The Restoration Principle: Clement: Eliminate Musical Instruments
The Restoration Principle: Clement: Repudiation of Custom or Tradition
The Restoration Principle and Clement of Alexandria - Alfred T. DeGroot
The Restoration Principle and Clement The Instructor - Alfred T. DeGroot
The Restoration Principle and Lactantius - Alfred T. DeGroot - A Review
The Restoration Principle and Cyprian - Alfred T. DeGroot - A Review
The Restoration Principle and Justin Martyr - Alfred T. DeGroot - A Review
The Restoration Principle and Tertullian - Alfred T. DeGroot - A Review
Rubel Shelly - A Call to Action: Review. Abilene Christian University
Rubel Shelly Attack on Non-Instrumental Groups

Defining non-musical churches as traditionalists

Edward Fudge GracEmail A Cappella just Tradition?
Defining non-musical churches as judgmental
Edward Fudge and the Guilt Clause
Misuse of church Fathers
Bill Swetmon on The Odes of Solomon
Bill Swetmon on Josephus and Psallo
Bill Swetmon on Gregory of Nyssa on Psallo
Clement on Clement's Non-permission
Northwest College of the Bible A Review Review of typical misunderstanding of Scripture.

Preaching and the Located Evangelist - From all sectors

Richard Gooch - Clergy Dangerous to Women
Shepherd of Hermes, Professional Prophets, False Preachers
Preachers, DIDACHE, Prophets, Pay
PROFESSIONAL Preacher in the American Restoration Movement
J. D. Tant Located Preachers Firm Foundation 1934 -
Gospel Advocate Apology to J. D. Tant
Reading the Word not Preaching in the American Restoration Movement T. Campbell
Daniel Sommers Preachers must be Sent out
Inquisition Dostoevsky and Preacher Clergy
Evangelists in American Restoration Movement Thomas Campbell
Diotrephes Pastors or Ministry Elders
R. L. Dabney on Preaching -
Preaching as Performance
Dominant Clergy - Tests For
Paleo Paganism and its Clergy -

Restoring Music and Restoring the Sabbath (Saturn)

Sabbath worship (as opposed to rest) began in Babylon. - Saturn was the father of the gods. Rhea (Eve, Zoe) was his musical consort .
Sabbath Worship Is Saturn Worship: the True Sun God
Connection Between Catholic Sabbath and Saturn Worship
Saturn (Sabbath) The Mark of The Beast
Rhea (ZOE): The Female Musician Counterpart to Sun Worship

Outside Links

Center for American Rest. Movement Studies
Churches of Christ On the Web
Churches of Christ on the Web fast
Other Churches of Christ on the Internet
Churches, WorldWide Directory of
Churches of Christ
Web pages in Texas
International Churches of Christ data
American Rest. Movement Links
Historic Bethany
Barton W. Stone Campbell American Rest. Movement Resources
Electronic Texts by Earlier Writers


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This page contains: The American Restoration Movement, The restoration movement, The new testament church, churches of Christ, Hohenwald, Kenneth Sublett, Walter Scott, Daniel Sommer, Thomas Campbell, J.W. McGarvey, Rubel Shelly, Cane Ridge Meeting House, Second Great American Awakening, Stone-Campbell, Barton W. Stone, Patternism, Cane Ridge, instrumental music, Alfred T. DeGroot, Alexander Campbell, James O'Kelly, Instrumental music in worship.

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