This Psalm appears to have been occasioned by the removal of the sanctuary from Shiloh in the tribe of Ephraim to Zion in the tribe of Judah, and the coincident transfer of pre-eminence in Israel from the former to the latter tribe, as clearly evinced by David's settlement as the head of the Church and nation.
Though this was the execution of God's purpose, the writer here shows that it also proceeded from the divine judgment on Ephraim, under whose leadership the people had manifested the same sinful and rebellious character which had distinguished their ancestors in Egypt. Jameson Fawsett Brown
O Israel, thou hast destroyed thyself; but in me is thine help. Hosea 13:9
I will be thy king: where is any other that may save thee in all thy cities? and thy judges of whom thou saidst, Give me a king and princes? Hosea 13:10
........ I gave thee a king in mine anger, and took him away in my wrath. Hosea 13:11
8. who anointed kings to inflict retribution,
........ and prophets to succeed you.
(Maschil of Asaph.)
GIVE ear, O my people, to my law: incline your ears to the words of my mouth. Psalm 78:1
I will open my mouth in a parable: I will utter dark sayings of old: Psalm 78:2
Azan (g238) aw-zan'; a prim. root; prob. to expand; but used only as a denom. from 241; to broaden out the ear (with the hand), i. e. (by impl.) to listen: - give (perceive by the) ear, hear (-ken). See 238.
I will open my mouth in a parable: I will utter dark sayings of old: Psalm 78:2
A parable is:
Mashal (h4912) maw-shawl'; appar. from 4910 in some orig. sense of superiority in mental action; prop. a pithy maxim, usually of a metaphorical nature; hence a simile (as an adage, poem, discourse): - byword, like, parable, proverb.
H2420 chıiydâh khee-daw' From H2330 ; a puzzle; hence a trick, conundrum, sententious maxim:—dark saying (sentence, speech), hard question, proverb, riddle.
H2330 chûd khood A primitive root; properly to tie a knot, that is, (figuratively) to propound a riddle:—put forth.
Matt. 13:10 And the disciples came, and said unto him, Why speakest thou unto them in parables?
Matt. 13:11 He answered and said unto them,
Because it is given unto you to know the mysteries of the kingdom of heaven,
but to them it is not given.
Matt. 13:12 For whosoever hath, to him shall be given,
and he shall have more abundance:
but whosoever hath not, from him shall be taken away even that he hath.
Matt. 13:13 Therefore speak I to them in parables:
because they seeing see not; and hearing they hear not,
neither do they understand.
Matt. 13:14 And in them is fulfilled the prophecy of Esaias, which saith,
By hearing ye shall hear, and shall not understand;
and seeing ye shall see, and shall not perceive:
Matt. 13:15 For this people’s heart is waxed gross,
and their ears are dull of hearing,
and their eyes they have closed;
lest at any time they should
see with their eyes,
and hear with their ears,
and should understand with their heart,
and should be converted,
and I should heal them.
Until you are CONVERTED you will not be able to read WHOLE THOUGHT PATTERNS written in BLACK INK on WHITE paper.
Epi-strephô , pf.
c. Philos., cause to return to the source of Being, tinas eis ta enantia kai ta prôta
Proteros and prôtos II. of Time, former, earlier, children by the first or a former marriage,
Prosthhen in front, before, formerly, of place and of time;
to gennêthen phusei pros to gennêsan
Pistin press a pledge upon one, position of trust,Heal, save
Hyllus Yes, Father--though in coming to this point in our talk I begin to have some fear--
I will obey you in all your decrees.
accomplish, come upon, imitate your commandments
Heracles First of all, put your right hand in mine.
Hyllus With what purpose in mind do you so strongly urge this pledge on me?
Pistis trust, obey, give assurance or evidence of your faith.
Heracles Give your hand at once--do not disobey me!
That your hands are clean of blood, sign of repentance.Apisteo to disobey, to be faithlessHyllus Here, I hold it out to you. Nothing will be denied you.
while over the floor my bow and arrows are scattered, that once like trusty squires to my armMatt. 13:16 But blessed are your eyes, for they see: and your ears, for they hear.
both kept me safe and were kept safe by me? Surely I have not come a second time to Hades' halls, having just returned from there for Eurystheus? To Hades? [Hell] From where? No, I do not see Sisyphus with his stone, or Pluto, or his queen, Demeter's child. Surely I am distraught; where am I, so helpless? Ho, there! which of my friends is near or far to cure me in my ignorance? For I have no clear knowledge of things once familiar.
Matt. 13:34 All these things spake Jesus unto the multitude in parables;
and without a parable spake he not unto them:
Matt. 13:35 That it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the prophet, saying,
I will open my mouth in parables;
I will utter things which have been
kept secret from the foundation of the world.
Which we have heard and known, and our fathers have told us. Psalm 78:3
We will not hide them from their children,
........... shewing to the generation to come the praises of the Lord,
........... and his strength,
........... and his wonderful works that he hath done. Psalm 78:4
For he established a testimony in Jacob, and appointed a law in Israel, which he commanded our fathers,
........ that they should make them known to their children: Psalm 78:5
That the generation to come might know them,
........ even the children which should be born; who should arise and declare them to their children: Psalm 78:6
Abide or continue to:
Caphar (g5608) saw-far'; a prim. root; prop. to score with a mark as a tally or record, i. e. (by impl.) to inscribe, and also to enumerate; intens. to recount, i. e. celebrate: - commune, (ac-) count, declare, number, / penknife, reckon, scribe, shew forth, speak, talk, tell (out), writer.
That they might set their hope in God, and not forget the works of God, but keep his commandments: Psalm 78:7
And might not be as their fathers,
........... a stubborn and rebellious generation;
........... a generation that set not their heart aright,
........... and whose spirit was not stedfast with God. Psalm 78:8
The children of Ephraim, being armed, and carrying bows, turned back in the day of battle. Psalm 78:9
They kept not the covenant of God, and refused to walk in his law; Psalm 78:10
And forgat his works, and his wonders that he had shewed them. Psalm 78:11
Marvellous things did he in the sight of their fathers, in the land of Egypt, in the field of Zoan. Psalm 78:12
He divided the sea, and caused them to pass through; and he made the waters to stand as an heap. Psalm 78:13
In the daytime also he led them with a cloud, and all the night with a light of fire. Psalm 78:14
He clave the rocks in the wilderness, and gave them drink as out of the great depths. Psalm 78:15
He brought streams also out of the rock, and caused waters to run down like rivers. Psalm 78:16
And they sinned yet more against him by provoking the most High in the wilderness. Psalm 78:17
And they tempted God in their heart by asking meat for their lust. Psalm 78:18
Yea, they spake against God; they said,
........ Can God furnish a table in the wilderness? Psalm 78:19
Behold, he smote the rock, that the waters gushed out, and the streams overflowed;
........... can he give bread also?
........... can he provide flesh for his people? Psalm 78:20
Therefore the Lord heard this, and was wroth: so a fire was kindled against Jacob, and anger also came up against Israel; Psalm 78:21
Because they believed not in God, and trusted not in his salvation: Psalm 78:22
Though he had commanded the clouds from above, and opened the doors of heaven, Psalm 78:23
And had rained down manna upon them to eat, and had given them of the corn of heaven. Psalm 78:24
Man did eat angels food: he sent them meat to the full. Psalm 78:25
He caused an east wind to blow in the heaven: and by his power he brought in the south wind. Psalm 78:26
He rained flesh also upon them as dust, and feathered fowls like as the sand of the sea: Psalm 78:27
And he let it fall in the midst of their camp, round about their habitations. Psalm 78:28
So they did eat, and were well filled: for he gave them their own desire; Psalm 78:29
They were not estranged from their lust. But while their meat was yet in their mouths, Psalm 78:30
The wrath of God came upon them, and slew the fattest of them, and smote down the chosen men of Israel. Psalm 78:31
Bachuwr (h970) baw-khoor'; or bachur baw-khoor'; part. pass. of 977; prop. selected, i. e. a youth (often collect.): - (choice) young (man), chosen, * hole
Bachar (h977) baw-khar'; a prim. root; prop. to try, i. e. (by impl.) select: - acceptable, appoint, choose (choice), excellent, join, be rather, require.
For all this they sinned still, and believed not for his wondrous works. Psalm 78:32
Therefore their days did he consume in vanity, and their years in trouble. Psalm 78:33
When he slew them, then they sought him: and they returned and enquired early after God. Psalm 78:34
And they remembered that God was their rock, and the high God their redeemer. Psalm 78:35
Nevertheless they did flatter him with their mouth, and they lied unto him with their tongues. Psalm 78:36
Pathah (h6601) paw-thaw'; a prim. root; to open, i. e. be (causat. make) roomy; usually fig. (in a mental or moral sense) to be (causat. make) simple or (in a sinister way) delude: - allure, deceive, enlarge, entice, flatter, persuade, silly (one).
And if the prophet be deceived when he hath spoken a thing, I the Lord have deceived that prophet, and I will stretch out my hand upon him, and will destroy him from the midst of my people Israel. Eze.14:9
Also, thou son of man, the children of thy people still are talking against thee by the walls and in the doors of the houses, and speak one to another, every one to his brother, saying, Come, I pray you, and hear what is the word that cometh forth from the Lord. Ezek 33:30
And they come unto thee as the people cometh, and they sit before thee as my people,
........ and they hear thy words,
.. .............. but they will not do them:
........ for with their mouth they shew much love (sexual love),
................ but their heart goeth after their covetousness. Ezek 33:31
And, lo, thou art unto them as a very
........ lovely song of one that hath a pleasant voice,
........ and can play well on an instrument:
........ ........ for they hear thy words, but they do them not. Ezek 33:32
For their heart was not right with him, neither were they stedfast in his covenant. Psalm 78:37
And he took the book of the covenant, and read in the audience of the people: and they said, All that the Lord hath said will we do, and be obedient. Exod 24:7
And Moses took the blood, and sprinkled it on the people, and said, Behold the blood of the covenant, which the Lord hath made with you concerning all these words. Exod 24:8
But he, being full of compassion, forgave their iniquity, and destroyed them not: yea, many a time turned he his anger away, and did not stir up all his wrath. Psalm 78:38
For he remembered that they were but flesh; a wind (spirit) that passeth away, and cometh not again. Psalm 78:39
How oft did they provoke him in the wilderness, and grieve him in the desert Psalm 78:40
We grieve the Spirit by not following the instructions of the Spirit which is the Word of Christ (Eph 5 paralleled with Col 3)
And grieving the Holy Spirit is always associated with the revelation of the Holy Spirit or Christ in the past tense:
Paul explains the same facts that grieving the Spirit is not resisting some latter-day revelation:
Wherefore (as the Holy Ghost saith, To day if ye will hear his voice, Hebrews 3:7
The Holy Ghost is the Mind of Christ (1 Cor 2) and the Spirit of Christ Who breathed all inspirations:
Searching what, or what manner of time the Spirit of Christ which was in them did signify, when it testified beforehand the sufferings of Christ, and the glory that should follow. 1 Peter 1:11
In First Corinthians 2 Paul explains the "Holy Ghost" as the Mind of Christ.
Harden not your hearts, as in the provocation, in the day of temptation in the wilderness: Hebrews 3:8
........ When your fathers tempted me, proved me, and saw my works forty years. Hebrews 3:9
........ Wherefore I was grieved with that generation, and said,
........ ........ They do alway err in their heart;
........ and they have not known my ways. Hebrews 3:10
Yea, they turned back and tempted God, and limited the Holy One of Israel. Psalm 78:41
There were ten temptations (Nu 14:22).
They remembered not his hand,
nor the day when he delivered them from the enemy. Psalm 78:42
How he had wrought his signs in Egypt, and his wonders in the field of Zoan. Psalm 78:43
Zoan--for Egypt, as its ancient capital (Nu 13:22 Isa 19:11).
And had turned their rivers into blood; and their floods, that they could not drink. Psalm 78:44
He sent divers sorts of flies (Dog fly or mosquito) among them, which devoured them; and frogs, which destroyed them. Psalm 78:45
He gave also their increase unto the caterpiller, and their labour unto the locust. Psalm 78:46
caterpillar--the Hebrew name, from its voracity, and that of-- locust--from its multitude.
He destroyed their vines with hail, and their sycomore trees with frost. Psalm 78:47
(compare Ex 9:23-34)
He gave up their cattle also to the hail, and their flocks to hot thunderbolts. Psalm 78:48
(compare Ps 31:8)
He cast upon them the fierceness of his anger, wrath, and indignation, and trouble, by sending evil angels among them. Psalm 78:49
He made a way to his anger; he spared not their soul from death, but gave their life over to the pestilence; Psalm 78:50
And smote all the firstborn in Egypt; the chief of their strength in the tabernacles of Ham: Psalm 78:51
chief of their strength--literally, "first-fruits," or, "first-born" (Ge 49:3 De 21:17). Ham--one of whose sons gave name (Mizraim, Hebrew) to Egypt.
But made his own people to go fPsalm 78:52orth like sheep, and guided them in the wilderness like a flock.
And he led them on safely, so that they feared not: but the sea overwhelmed their enemies. Psalm 78:53
And he brought them to the border of his sanctuary, even to this mountain, which his right hand had purchased. Psalm 78:54
made his . . . forth--or, brought them by periodical journeys (compare Ex 15:1).
He cast out the heathen also before them, and divided them an inheritance by line, and made the tribes of Israel to dwell in their tents. Psalm 78:55
Yet they tempted and provoked the most high God, and kept not his testimonies: Psalm 78:56
But turned back, and dealt unfaithfully like their fathers: they were turned aside like a deceitful bow. Psalm 78:57
For they provoked him to anger with their high places, and moved him to jealousy with their graven images. Psalm 78:58
Idolatry resulted from sparing the heathen (compare Ps 78:9-11)
When God heard this, he was wroth, and greatly abhorred Israel: Psalm 78:59
So that he forsook the tabernacle of Shiloh, the tent which he placed among men; Psalm 78:60
tent . . . placed--literally, "caused to dwell," set up (Jos 18:1).
And delivered his strength into captivity, and his glory into the enemys hand. Psalm 78:61
He gave his people over also unto the sword; and was wroth with his inheritance. Psalm 78:62
The fire consumed their young men; and their maidens were not given to marriage. Psalm 78:63
fire--either figure of the slaughter (1Sa 4:10), or a literal burning by the heathen. given to marriage--literally, "praised"--that is, as brides.
Halal (h1984) haw-lal'; a prim. root; to be clear (orig. of sound, but usually of color); to shine; hence to make a show, to boast; and thus to be (clamorously) foolish; to rave; causat. to celebrate; also to stultify: - (make) boast (self), celebrate, commend, (deal, make), fool (- ish, -ly), glory, give [light], be (make, feign self) mad (against), give in marriage, [sing, be worthy of] praise, rage, renowned, shine.
Heylel (h1966) hay-lale'; from 1984 (in the sense of brightness); the morning-star: - lucifer.
Chalal (h2490) khaw-lal'; a prim. root [comp. 2470]; prop. to bore, i. e. (by impl.) to wound, to dissolve; fig. to profane (a person, place or thing), to break (one's word), to begin (as if by an "opening wedge"); denom. (from 2485) to play (the flute): - begin (* men began), defile, * break, defile, * eat (as common things), * first, * gather the grape thereof, * take inheritance, pipe, player on instruments, pollute, (cast as) profane (self), prostitute, slay (slain), sorrow, stain, wound.
Their priests fell by the sword; and their widows made no lamentation. Psalm 78:64
Then the Lord awaked as one out of sleep, and like a mighty man that shouteth by reason of wine. Psalm 78:65
And he smote his enemies in the hinder parts: he put them to a perpetual reproach. Psalm 78:66
Cherphah (h2781) kher-paw'; from 2778; contumely, disgrace, the pudenda: - rebuke, reproach (-fully), shame.
Chresis (g5540) khray'-sis; from 5530; employment, i.e. (spec.) sexual intercourse
For the zeal (jealousy) of thine house (temple) hath eaten me up; and the reproaches of them that reproached thee are fallen upon me. Psalm 69:9
Cherphah (h2781) kher-paw'; from 2778; contumely, disgrace, the pudenda: - rebuke, reproach (-fully), shame.
Charaph (h2778) khaw-raf'; a prim. root; to pull off, i. e. (by impl.) to expose (as by stripping); spec. to betroth (as if a surrender); fig. to carp at, i. e. defame; denom. (from 2779) to spend the winter: - betroth, blaspheme, defy, jeopard, rail, reproach, upbraid.
When I wept, and chastened my soul with fasting, that was to my reproach. Psalm 69:10
I made sackcloth also my garment; and I became a proverb to them. Psalm 69:11
They that sit in the gate speak against me; and I was the song of the drunkards Psalm 69:12 .
Those who "sit" in judgment, sit in judgment or in AMBUSH (Yashab h3427)
He hath made me also a byword of the people; and aforetime I was as a tabret. Job 17:6KJV
But He has made me a byword of the people, And I have become one in whose face men spit. Job 17:6NKJV
Moreover he refused the tabernacle of Joseph, and chose not the tribe of Ephraim: Psalm 78:67
But chose the tribe of Judah, the mount Zion which he loved. Psalm 78:68
tabernacle of Joseph--or, "home," or, "tribe," to which-tribe of Ephraim--is parallel (compare Re 7:8). Its pre-eminence was, like Saul's, only permitted. Judah had been the choice (Ge 49:10).
And he built his sanctuary like high palaces, like the earth which he hath established for ever. Psalm 78:69
He chose David also his servant, and took him from the sheepfolds: Psalm 78:70
From following the ewes great with young he brought him to feed Jacob his people, and Israel his inheritance. Psalm 78:71
So he fed them according to the integrity of his heart; and guided them by the skilfulness of his hands. Psalm 78:72
David was a king chosen to lead Israel into captivity and death. He was the KING and the musicians were under the COMMANDERS OF THE ARMY. David never performed as a WORSHIP LEADER. His "praise songs" were not performed in congregational worship. David praised God by telling others about God: the only way it can be done and God is the Author of all of the PRAISE SONGS as the Spirit of Christ.