Psalm 33

Psalm 33, Psa 33, Psalm chapter 33. This is the only instrumental Psalm which is not clearly magical or judgmental. This is not surprising because PRAISE SINGING, like the Greek "odeing" or hymning was a way to enchant or drive the enemy warriors into panic and cowardice.

These are rough notes for Concerned Members. The thesis is that David was a KING and the Psalms were PRAISE songs which are TAUNT songs like cheerleading: my god can destroy your god.

You have to remember that the INSTRUMENTALISTS were "improvized" by the KING and the COMMANDERS OF THE ARMY. They had the normal NATIONAL task of performing at CIVIL animal sacrifices and other functions. You will notice that of the instrumental Psalms, Psalm 33 is picked on because it is not as MILITARY and judgmental as ALL of the other instrumental Psalms. I have tried to categorize the instrumental Psalms and you will see that MOST of them have no instrumental comments.

Remember also that the silver trumpets were given for signals including military movements. The Psalms were not PRAISE SONGS for congregational worship with David as the Musical Worship Minister. Rather, like the story of Gideon, these were TAUNT songs known in connection with all ancient warfare. You twanged bowstrings, played instruments and tried to prove that OUR GOD CAN LICK YOUR GOD. It often worked and the enemy simply panicked and ran. Imagine a band of british coming at you with drums and bagpipes. One scholar noted that such instruments are intended to ENRAGE you so that you marck into the valley to certain death.

The establishment of the kingdom itself was an act of rebellion against God" (David Lipscomb, Queries and Answers, pp. 226, 227, and Gospel Advocate, 1899, pp. 376, 377).

The king, kingdom and the temple were LIKE THE NATIONS because that is what God turned them over to because of the musical idolatry at Mount Sinai and the later elders "firing" God and demanding a king "like the nations." God understood this especially in Israel but also in Judah so that they could worship like the nations.

Like the nations the LORD destroyed before you, so you will be destroyed for not obeying the LORD your God. De.8:20

You say, "We want to be like the nations, like the peoples of the world, who serve wood and stone." But what you have in mind will never happen. Eze.20:32

The "nations" believed that their god lived in houses just as David thought that he sing, played and danced before Jehovah in the Ark of the Covenant. That superstitious PRAISE meant to make yourself so VILE that no god could hurt you. All of the nations believed--like modern singers and musicians--that the gods lived especially in musical instruments. David played his harp trying to AWAKEN God but we are told:

Woe to him who says to wood, 'Come to life!' Or to lifeless stone, 'Wake up!' Can it give guidance? It is covered with gold and silver; there is no breath in it. Hab 2:19

But the LORD is in his holy temple; let all the earth be silent before him." Hab 2:20

The Levitical "musicians" were warriors under the king and commanders of the army. They did not worship God but:

And he appointed, according to the order of David his father, the courses of the priests to their service, and the Levites to their charges, to praise and minister before the priests, as the duty of every day required: the porters also by their courses at every gate: for so had David the man of God commanded. 2Chr.8:14

The service was to the priests:

Abodah (h5656) ab-o-daw'; or abowdah ab-o-daw'; from 5647; work of any kind: - act, bondage, / bondservant, effect, labour, ministering (-try), office, service (-ile, -itude), tillage, use, work, * wrought

Abad (h5647) aw-bad'; a prim. root; to work (in any sense); by impl. to serve, till, (caus.) enslave, etc.: - * be, keep in bondage, be bondmen, bond-service, compel, do, dress, ear, execute, / husbandman, keep, labour (-ing man), bring to pass, (cause to, make to) serve (-ing, self), (be, become) servant (-s), do (use) service, till (-er), transgress [from margin], (set a) work, be wrought, worshipper.

David listened to the KING'S SEER and rarely to Nathan:

And the singers the sons of Asaph were in their place, according to the commandment of David, and Asaph, and Heman, and Jeduthun the kings seer; and the porters waited at every gate; they might not depart from their service; for their brethren the Levites prepared for them. 2Chr.35:15

SEER

China: "The Shang's faith [2000-1500bc] was shamanism. The Wu--who were seers, medicine men, and sorcerers--and their associates--the diviners (people who told fortunes or predicted the future)--

were the mediums between the supernatural world and the human world.

They also served as scribes and clerks, ceremonial dancers, musicians, and even high-ranking officials. Moreover, they were proto-type intellectuals, who could not only write and keep accounts, but who were also archivists and historians.

Because the cosmos of shamans is full of spirits of all kinds, the Shang state religion was mainly

concerned with offering food and entertainment to male and female ancestors of the ruling house;
to
deceased great men;
and to the
deities of the mountains, water, rivers, wind and stars."

[OWC:106, Eliade cites human sacrifice in China.] # [SDFML] Funk & Wagnalls Standard Dictionary of Folklore, Mythology, and Legend , Maria Leach (ed.), HarperRow: 1972.

Since the priests and musicians had two-week tours of duty at the Jerusalem temple (I Chron. 24 & 25) we ask, "What were these highly- qualified pastoral musicians doing the rest of the year?" Many scholars suspect that Levitical musicians, scattered throughout the land (I Chron. 6), catechized the Israelites through the singing of Psalms. (See Leonard Payton in The Coming Evangelical Crisis, p. 192f.)

In the dedicatory and purification rituals for the temple, city and officials, we always see TWO participants: the Levites under the king and princes for the CIVIL component and the TRUMPETS ordained by God for the animal sacrifices.

REJOICE in the Lord, O ye righteous: for praise is comely for the upright. Psalm 33:1

Praise the Lord with harp: sing unto him with the psaltery and an instrument of ten strings. Psalm 33:2

Nebel (h5035) neh'-bel; or nebel nay'-bel; from 5034; a skin- bag for liquids (from collapsing when empty); hence a vase (as similar in shape when full); also a lyre (as having a body of like form): - bottle, pitcher, psaltery, vessel, viol

And the harp, and the viol, the tabret, and pipe, and wine, are in their feasts: but they regard not the work of the Lord, neither consider the operation of his hands. Is.5:12

And the fruits that thy soul lusted after are departed from thee, and all things which were dainty and goodly are departed from thee, and thou shalt find them no more at all. Rev 18:14

And the voice of harpers, and musicians, and of pipers, and trumpeters, shall be heard no more at all in thee; and no craftsman, of whatsoever craft he be, shall be found any more in thee; and the sound of a millstone shall be heard no more at all in thee; Rev 18:22

Thy pomp is brought down to the grave, and the noise of thy viols: the worm is spread under thee, and the worms [maggots] cover thee. Is.14:11

Therefore thou shalt speak unto them this word; Thus saith the Lord God of Israel, Every bottle [wineskin] shall be filled with wine: and they shall say unto thee, Do we not certainly know that every bottle shall be filled with wine? Je.13:12

Take thou away from me the noise of thy songs; for I will not hear the melody of thy viols. Am.5:23

That chant to the sound of the viol, and invent to themselves instruments of musick, like David; Am.6:5

Nabel (h5034) naw-bale'; a prim. root; to wilt; gen. to fall away, fail, faint; fig. to be foolish or (mor.) wicked; causat. to despise, disgrace: - disgrace, dishonour, lightly esteem, fade (away, - ing), fall (down, -ling, off), do foolishly, come to nought, * surely, make vile, wither..

See how this compares to the PRAISE word:

Halal (h1984) haw-lal'; a prim. root; to be clear (orig. of sound, but usually of color); to shine; hence to make a show, to boast; and thus to be (clamorously) foolish; to rave; causat. to celebrate; also to stultify: - (make) boast (self), celebrate, commend, (deal, make), fool (- ish, -ly), glory, give [light], be (make, feign self) mad (against), give in marriage, [sing, be worthy of] praise, rage, renowned, shine.

Nabal (h5036) naw-bawl'; from 5034; stupid; wicked (espec. impious): - fool (-ish, -ish man, -ish woman), vile person.

Augustine 2. "Praise the Lord with harp:" praise the Lord, presenting unto Him your bodies a living sacrifice. "Sing unto Him with the psaltery for ten strings" (ver. 2): let your members be servants to the love of God, and of your neighbour, in which are kept both the three and the seven commandments.

Augustine translates this as poetry or symbolic language. (Psalms are poetry, you know.)

2. "Praise the Lord with harp:" praise the Lord,
........... presenting unto Him your bodies a living sacrifice.

........... "Sing unto Him with the psaltery for ten strings" (ver. 2):

let your members be servants to the love of God, and of your neighbour, in which are kept both the three and the seven commandments.

3. "Sing unto Him a new song:" sing unto Him a song of the grace of faith. "Sing skillfully unto Him with jubilation" (ver. 3):

sing skillfully unto Him with rejoicing.

Augustine Psalm 144

"I will sing a new song unto Thee, O God" (ver. 9). "A new song" is of grace; "a new song" is of the new man; "a new song" is of the New Testament.

But lest thou shouldest think that grace departeth from the law, whereas rather by grace the law is fulfilled,

"upon a psaltery of ten strings will I sing unto Thee."
........... Upon the law of ten commandments:

therein may I sing to Thee; therein may I rejoice to Thee;
........... therein may "I sing to Thee a new song;"
........... for, "Love is the fulfilling of the law."

But they who have not love may carry the psaltery,
........... sing they cannot.
........... Contradiction cannot make my psaltery to be silent.

Calvin remarks upon Psalm 33:2.

John Calvin: I have no doubt that playing upon cymbals, touching the harp and the viol, and all that kind of music, which is so frequently mentioned in the Psalms,

was a part of the education; that is to say,
the
puerile instruction of the law: I speak of the stated service of the temple.

For even now, if believers [privately, please, like David] choose to cheer themselves with musical instruments, they should, I think, make it their object not to dissever their cheerfulness from the praises of God.

But when they frequent their sacred assemblies, musical instruments in celebrating the praises of God would be no more suitable than the burning of incense, the lighting of lamps, and the restoration of the other shadows of the law. The Papists, therefore, have foolishly borrowed this, as well as many other things, from the Jews. Men who are fond of outward pomp may delight in that noise; but the simplicity which God recommends to us by the apostle is far more pleasing to him

Now, look at Paul's equating melody to grace. External melody means "grinding you into a fine power" like SOP. Therefore, external melody repudiates grace. There is not a hint of "music" in Paul's direct command to get away from demon worship with wine, women and song:

Yadah (h3034) yaw-daw'; a prim. root; used only as denom. from 3027; lit. to use (i. e. hold out) the hand; phys. to throw (a stone, an arrow) at or away; espec. to revere or worship (with extended hands); intens. to bemoan (by wringing the hands): - cast (out), (make) confess (- ion), praise, shoot, (give) thank (-ful, -s, -sgiving).

David's very common PRAISE word proves that he and most people believed that God cannot or will not punish the insane:

Halal (h1984) haw-lal'; a prim. root; to be clear (orig. of sound, but usually of color); to shine; hence to make a show, to boast; and thus to be (clamorously) foolish; to rave; causat. to celebrate; also to stultify: - (make) boast (self), celebrate, commend, (deal, make), fool (- ish, -ly), glory, give [light], be (make, feign self) mad (against), give in marriage, [sing, be worthy of] praise, rage, renowned, shine.

Because the Devil or Lucifer was identified as the 'singing and harp playing prostitute' as the king of Tyre, the name LUCIFER has much the same meaning:

Heylel (h1966) hay-lale'; from 1984 (in the sense of brightness); the morning-star: - lucifer.

Psaltery:

Pecanteriyn (h6460) (h6460) pes-an-tay-reen'; or pˇc(1)antheryn pes-an- tay-reen'; a transliteration of the Gr. yaltherion , a lyre: -- psaltery.

"The psaltery (psalterion, saltere, sauterie, Psalterium, Psalter, salterio) is an ancient intstrument seen in many forms. Early versions were simply a wooden board with gut strings stretched between pegs. The strings were plucked with fingers or by plectra (the name might have derived from the Greek psallein meaning plucked with fingers).

"The name of psaltery entered Christian literature in the 3rd century B.C. translation of the Old Testament called the Septuagint where, in the Psalms, nebel was translated psalterion. Thus, Nebuchadnezzar's idolatrous ensemble included the Aramic psantria. Notice, also, that the book of Psalms has also become known as the Psalter (or psalterium), from the hymns sung with this harp. Source

The Greek PSALLO from which the word MELODY or GRACE is derived has the same warfare meaning. It simply means to PLUCK where it is very often used of Apollo, Abaddon or Apollyon who always shot real or "love arrows" as well as shooting hymns from his lyre.

Sing unto him a new song; play skillfully with a loud noise. Psalm 33:3

Shiyr (h7891) sheer; or (the orig. form) 7788 (1 Sam. 18:6), shoor; a prim. root [rather ident. with 7788 through the idea of strolling minstrelsy]; to sing: - behold [by mistake for 7788], sing (-er, - ing man, -ing woman).

Shuwr (h7788) shoor; a prim. root; prop. to turn, i. e. travel about (as a harlot or a merchant): - go, sing. See also 7891.

And thou wentest to the king with ointment, and didst increase thy perfumes, and didst send thy messengers far off, and didst debase thyself even unto hell. Isa 57:9

The ships of Tarshish did sing of thee in thy market: and thou wast replenished, and made very glorious in the midst of the seas. Eze.27:25

Song is:

Shiyr (h7892) sheer; or fem. shyra«h shee-raw'; from 7891; a song; abstr. singing: - musical (-ick), * sing (-er, -ing), song

That chant to the sound of the viol, and invent to themselves instruments of musick, like David; Am.6:5

Chant is: Parat (h6527) paw-rat'; a prim. root; to scatter words, i. e. prate (or hum): - chant.

Therefore is the name of it called Babel; because the Lord did there confound the language of all the earth: and from thence did the Lord scatter them abroad upon the face of all the earth. Ge.11:9

Of Chanting:

"they employed on their light, enervating unmeaning music, and if they were in earnest enough, justified their inventions by the example of David... The word can mean no other than devise. He introduced into the Temple-service the use of the stringed instruments, the kinnor, (the lyre) and the nebel (the harp) in addition to the cymbals. Whence these, in contrast to the trumpets, are called the instruments of David." (Barnes, Albert, Amos, p. 308

Improvizing: "It is commonly used with abstract nouns as, devices, evil, vanity; but always in the meaning of 'devising,' 'inventing.'... It is used also of war-like machines." (Barnes, Albert, Amos, p. 308

And the songs of the temple shall be howlings in that day, saith the Lord God: there shall be many dead bodies in every place; they shall cast them forth with silence. Am.8:3

And I will turn your feasts into mourning, and all your songs into lamentation; and I will bring up sackcloth upon all loins, and baldness upon every head; and I will make it as the mourning of an only son, and the end thereof as a bitter day. Am.8:10

Play is:

Nagan (h5059) naw-gan'; a prim. root; prop. to thrum, i. e. beat a tune with the fingers; espec. to play on a stringed instrument; hence (gen.) to make music: - player on instruments, sing to the stringed instruments, melody, ministrel, play (-er, -ing..

Skillfully is:

Yatab (h3190) yaw-tab'; a prim. root; to be (causat.) make well, lit. (sound, beautiful) or fig. (happy, successful, right): - be accepted, amend, use aright, benefit, be (make) better, seem best, make cheerful, be comely, / be content, diligent (-ly), dress, earnestly, find favour, give, be glad, do (be, make) good ([-ness]), be (make) merry, please (/ well), shew more [kindess], skilfully, * very small, surely, make sweet, thoroughly, tire, trim, very, be (can, deal, entreat, go, have) well [said, seen].

Teruwah (h8643) ter-oo-aw'; from 7321; clamor, i. e. acclamation of joy or a battle-cry; espec. clangor of trumpets, as an alarum: - alarm, blow (-ing) (of, the) (trumpets), joy, jubile, loud noise, rejoicing, shout (-ing), (high, joyful) sound (-ing).

He saith among the trumpets, Ha, ha; and he smelleth the battle afar off, the thunder of the captains, and the shouting. Jb.39:25

But I will kindle a fire in the wall of Rabbah, and it shall devour the palaces thereof, with shouting in the day of battle, with a tempest in the day of the whirlwind: Am.1:14

But I will send a fire upon Moab, and it shall devour the palaces of Kirioth: and Moab shall die with tumult, with shouting, and with the sound of the trumpet: Am.2:2

A day of the trumpet and alarm against the fenced cities, and against the high towers. Zep.1:16

Ruwa (h7321) roo-ah'; a prim. root; to mar (espec. by breaking); fig. to split the ears (with sound), i. e. shout (for alarm or joy): - blow an alarm, cry (alarm, aloud, out), destroy, make a joyful noise, smart, shout (for joy), sound an alarm, triumph.

But when the congregation is to be gathered together, ye shall blow, but ye shall not sound an alarm. Nu.10:7

And if ye go to war in your land against the enemy that oppresseth you, then ye shall blow an alarm with the trumpets; and ye shall be remembered before the Lord your God, and ye shall be saved from your enemies. Nu.10:9

By this I know that thou favourest me, because mine enemy doth not triumph over me. Ps.41:11

For ye are not come unto the mount that might be touched, and that burned with fire, nor unto blackness, and darkness, and tempest, Heb 12:18

And the sound of a trumpet, and the voice of words; which voice they that heard intreated that the word should not be spoken to them any more: Heb.12:19

(For they could not endure that which was commanded, And if so much as a beast touch the mountain, it shall be stoned, or thrust through with a dart: Heb 12:20

 

The singers went before, the players on instruments followed after; among them were the damsels playing with timbrels. Ps.68:25

As well the singers as the players on instruments shall be there: all my springs are in thee. Ps.87:7

-

Singers

Players

Players

Singers

Shyr (h7891) sheer; or (the orig. form) 7788 (1 Sam. 18:6), shoor; a prim. root [rather ident. with 7788 through the idea of strolling minstrelsy]; to sing: - behold [by mistake for 7788], sing (-er, - ing man, -ing woman).

Nagan (h5059) naw-gan'; a prim. root; prop. to thrum, i. e. beat a tune with the fingers; espec. to play on a stringed instrument; hence (gen.) to make music: - player on instruments, sing to the stringed instruments, melody, ministrel, play (-er, -ing..

Chalal (h2490) khaw-lal'; a prim. root [comp. 2470]; prop. to bore, i. e. (by impl.) to wound, to dissolve; fig. to profane (a person, place or thing), to break (one's word), to begin (as if by an "opening wedge"); denom. (from 2485) to play (the flute): - begin (* men began), defile, * break, defile, * eat (as common things), * first, * gather the grape thereof, * take inheritance, pipe, player on instruments, pollute, (cast as) profane (self), prostitute, slay (slain), sorrow, stain, wound.

Shyr (h7891) sheer; or (the orig. form) 7788 (1 Sam. 18:6), shoor; a prim. root [rather ident. with 7788 through the idea of strolling minstrelsy]; to sing: - behold [by mistake for 7788], sing (-er, - ing man, -ing woman).

Shuwr (h7788) shoor; a prim. root; prop. to turn, i. e. travel about (as a harlot or a merchant): - go, sing. See also 7891

Naga (h5060) naw-gah'; a prim. root; prop. to touch, i. e. lay the hand upon (for any purpose; euphem., to lie with a woman); by impl. to reach (fig. to arrive, acquire); violently, to strike (punish, defeat, destroy, etc.): - beat, (* be able to) bring (down), cast, come (nigh), draw near (nigh), get up, happen, join, near, plague, reach (up), smite, strike, touch.

Halal (h1984) haw-lal'; a prim. root; to be clear (orig. of sound, but usually of color); to shine; hence to make a show, to boast; and thus to be (clamorously) foolish; to rave; causat. to celebrate; also to stultify: - (make) boast (self), celebrate, commend, (deal, make), fool (- ish, -ly), glory, give [light], be (make, feign self) mad (against), give in marriage, [sing, be worthy of] praise, rage, renowned, shine.

Shuwr (h7788) shoor; a prim. root; prop. to turn, i. e. travel about (as a harlot or a merchant): - go, sing. See also 7891

 

Nachash in Hebrew is the NAGA of India.

Of course, in Genesis the Serpent is a Naga who instructs the new infant (humanity) in what is called the Knowledge of Good and Evil.

Nachash (h5175) naw-khawsh'; from 5172; a snake (from its hiss): - serpent.

Nachash (h5172) naw-khash'; a prim. root; prop. to hiss, i. e. whisper a (magic) spell; gen. to prognosticate: - * certainly, divine, enchanter, (use) * enchantment, learn by experience, * indeed, diligently observe.

Heylel (h1966) hay-lale'; from 1984 (in the sense of brightness); the morning-star: - lucifer.

VACH: "Whether as Aditi, or the divine Sophia of the Greek Gnostics, she is the mother of the seven sons: the 'Angels of the Face,' of the 'Deep,' or the 'Great Green One' of the 'Book of the Dead' " (SD 1:434).

Vach is also ZOE or Lucifer:

"These feminine logoi are all correlations of light, sound, and ether. In many aspects Vach approaches Kwan-yin, she of the melodious voice.

Kiyyun (h3594) kee-yoon'; from 3559; prop. a statue, i. e. idol; but used (by euphemism) for some heathen deity (perh. corresp. to Priapus or Baal-peor): - Chiun.

From Yadah

And I prayed unto the Lord my God, and made my confession, and said, O Lord, the great and dreadful God, keeping the covenant and mercy to them that love him, and to them that keep his commandments; Dan 9:4

Then said I, What come these to do? And he spake, saying, These are the horns which have scattered Judah, so that no man did lift up his head: but these are come to fray them, to cast out the horns of the Gentiles, which lifted up their horn over the land of Judah to scatter it. Zec.1:21

Qeren (h7161) keh'-ren; from 7160; a horn (as projecting); by impl. a flask, cornet; by resembl. an elephant's tooth (i. e. ivory), a corner (of the altar), a peak (of a mountain), a ray (of light); fig. power: - * hill, horn.

Ye which rejoice in a thing of nought, which say, Have we not taken to us horns by our own strength? Am.6:13

Qeren (g7162) keh'-ren; corresp. to 7161; a horn (lit. or for sound): - horn, cornet.

That at what time ye hear the sound of the cornet, flute, harp, sackbut, psaltery, dulcimer, and all kinds of musick, ye fall down and worship the golden image that Nebuchadnezzar the king hath set up: Da.3:5

A Wine Press was important at Gath: The GIANT defeated by David was from GATH. Gath was a Philistine city and means:

Gath (h1660) gath; prob. from 5059 (in the sense of treading out grapes); a wine-press (or vat for holding the grapes in pressing them): - (wine-) press (fat).

This word is derived from the connection betweentreading out the grape and playing musical instruments. In all societies, theminstrels usually sold more than music.

 Nagan (h5059) naw-gan'; a prim. root; prop. to thrum, i. e. beat a tune with the fingers; espec. to play on a stringed instrument; hence (gen.) to make music: - player on instruments, sing to the stringed instruments, melody, ministrel, play (-er, -ing..  

 > Nagan is used of the King of Tyre (Isa 23:16) as a type of Lucifer in the garden of Eden: the serpent or Nachash or musical enchanter. The "song of the prostitute" uses the wordNAGAN. 

> It is used in Ezekiel 33 to prove that singing and instruments was a way to pollute Ezekiel and God.Nagan is used to prove that they would not obey God's Words.

> Nagan is used in Psalmn 33:3 to MAKE A LOUD NOISE. 

> Nagan is used in connection withElisha causing Jehoshaphat toDESTROY the FRUIT and flocks he wanted to TAKE AWAY andSTOP UP ALL THE WELLS. (2 Kings 3:14) 

> Nagan is used in connection with God's driving Saul into self-destruction. While the PLAYING soothed Saul's evil spirit he tried to pin David to the wall with a spear. 

> Nagan IS NEVER USED in connection with the temple sacrifices.

Because the nation of Israel refused to PRUNE out the dead wood with a literal sickle, they turned to drinking up their food supply and turning their religious rituals into drinking wine andplaying instrumental music. As a result, the youth starved to death for lack of the Word and went into captivity and death. Also in Amos 5, 6 and 8 musical worship is seen as the cause of DRYING UP the water of the word. The people hungered and thirsted for the Word while the leaders were playing instruments, engaging in sexuality even in their temple and drinking up the food supply of the poor. 

Consistent with ALL musical terms in the entire Bible, the roots of terms and instruments are derived from already- existing concepts. For instance, when instruments came along they were just as powerful as a pruning hook. In fact a bronze or iron pruning hook could emit a musical tone when you STRUCK IT.

 The words for MELODY are not derived from MUSICAL IDEAS:

And I will lay it waste:it shall not bepruned (h2167), nor digged; but there shall come upbriers andthorns: I will also command the clouds that theyrain no rain (The Word of God) upon it. Is.5:6 Pruned: Zamar (h2167) zaw-mar'; a prim. root [perh.ident. with 2168 through the idea ofstriking with the fingers]; prop. totouch the strings or parts of a musical instrument, i. e. play upon it; to make music, accompanied by the voice

The sickle was a curved bronze or iron blade: you could prune the vines so that the remainder produced good grapes or you could beat on it like a musical instrument or cymbal.

 Zamar (h2168) zaw-mar'; a prim. root [comp. 2167, 5568, 6785];to trim (avine): -prune.

 Zemar (h2170) zem-awr'; from a root corresp. to 2167; instrumental music: - musick. 

Psa 33:4 For the [1] word of the [3] Lord is right;
        and all his
[3] works are done in truth.
Psa 33:5 He loveth righteousness and judgment:
        the earth is full of the goodness of the Lord.
 
Psa 33:6 By the
[1] word of the [3] Lord were the heavens made;
        and all the host of them by the
[3] breath (spirit) of his mouth.
Psa 33:7 He gathereth the waters of the sea together as an heap: he layeth up the depth in storehouses.  
Psa 33:8 Let
all the earth fear the Lord: let all the inhabitants of the world stand in awe of him.  
Psa 33:9 For he spake, and it was done;
        he commanded, and it stood fast.

Psa 33:10 The Lord bringeth the counsel of the heathen to nought:
        he maketh the
devices of the people of none effect.
Psa 33:11 The counsel of the Lord standeth for ever, the thoughts of his heart to all generations.  

Psa 33:12 Blessed

is the nation whose God is the Lord;
and the people whom he
hath chosen for his own inheritance.

Bachuwr (h970) baw-khoor'; or bachur baw-khoor'; part. pass. of 977; prop. selected, i. e. a youth (often collect.): - (choice) young (man), chosen, * hole

Bachar (h977) baw-khar'; a prim. root; prop. to try, i. e. (by impl.) select: - acceptable, appoint, choose (choice), excellent, join, be rather, require.

Cry yet, saying, Thus saith the Lord of hosts; My cities through prosperity shall yet be spread abroad; and the Lord shall yet comfort Zion, and shall yet choose Jerusalem. Zec.1:17

And the Lord shall inherit Judah his portion in the holy land, and shall choose Jerusalem again. Zec.2:12

And the Lord said unto Satan, The Lord rebuke thee, O Satan; even the Lord that hath chosen Jerusalem rebuke thee: is not this a brand plucked out of the fire? Zec.3:2

But thou, Israel, art my servant, Jacob whom I have chosen, the seed of Abraham my friend. Is.41:8

Psa 33:13 The Lord looketh from heaven; he beholdeth all the sons of men.
Psa 33:14 From the place of his habitation he looketh upon all the inhabitants of the earth.  
Psa 33:15 He fashioneth their hearts alike; he considereth all their works.  
Psa 33:16 There is no king saved by the multitude of an host: a mighty man is not delivered by much strength.  
Psa 33:17 An horse is a vain thing for safety: neither shall he deliver any by his great strength.  
Psa 33:18 Behold, the eye of the Lord is upon them that fear him, upon them that hope in his mercy;  
Psa 33:19 To deliver their soul from death, and to keep them alive in famine.  
Psa 33:20 Our soul waiteth for the Lord: he is our help and our shield.  
Psa 33:21 For our heart shall rejoice in him, because we have trusted in his holy name.  
Psa 33:22 Let thy mercy, O Lord, be upon us, according as we hope in thee.
 
BEGINNING CYCLE ENDING CYCLE
REJOICE in the Lord, O ye righteous: for praise is comely for the upright. Psalm 33:1 For our heart shall rejoice in him, because we have trusted in his holy name. Psa 33:21
Praise the Lord with  harp:
[1] sing unto him with the [2] psaltery [kithara]
and an
instrument of ten strings. [psalterium] Psalm 33:2
Let thy mercy, O Lord, be upon us, according as we hope in thee. Psa 33:22
Psa. 33:3 [1] Sing unto him a new song; [2] play skilfully with a loud noise
    the "alarm," a rapid series of nine or more very short notes.
Loud noise is specificially what is outlawed for the synagogue or church in the wilderness. h 8643 Teruah from 7321 Clamor, acclamation of joy or a battle cry, jubile, shoutiing.
Halal (h1984) haw-lal'; o be clear (orig. of sound, but usually of color); to shine; hence to make a show, to boast; and thus to be (clamorously) foolish; to rave;... be (make, feign self) mad (against), give in marriage, [sing, be worthy of] praise, rage, renowned, shine.
Tehillah (h8416) teh-hil-law'; from 1984; laudation; spec. (concr.) a hymn: - praise.
( A Psalm of David when he feigned madness before Abimelech, who drove him away and he departed.)
I will bless the Lord at all times; His praise shall continually be in my mouth. Psalm 34:1

1 Sam 21:13 And he changed his behaviour before them, and feigned himself mad [H1984] in their hands, and scrabbled on the doors of the gate, and let his spittle fall down upon his beard

Augustine Psalm 92

2. This Psalm is entitled, a Psalm to be sung on the Sabbath day. Lo, this day is the Sabbath, which the Jews at this period observe by a kind of bodily rest, languid and luxurious.

However, in a "worship sense"

"Playing on musical instruments is prohibited on Sabbaths and holy days, and even to engage a non-Jew to play for Jews on Sabbath is considered a 'shebut' or disturbance of the Sabbath rest." Second, "music, except at marriage ceremonies, is generally prohibited, in token of mourning for the destruction of Jerusalem." (Jewish Encyclopedia, Vol. IX, p. 432, quoted by Kurfees).

"It is still banned by rigid adherents to old ways; but in ordinary conservative congregations it is unhesitatingly employed at weddings and other services on week days" (Isadore Singer, Jewish Encyclopedia, p. 134).

5. "Upon a psaltery of ten strings, with a song, and upon the harp" (ver. 3). Ye have not heard of the psaltery of ten strings for the first time: it signifies the ten commandments of the Law. But we must sing upon that psaltery, and not carry it only. For even the Jews have the Law: but they carry it: they sing not. ..."And upon the harp." This means, in word and deed; "with a song," in word; "upon the harp," in work. If thou speakest words alone, thou hast, as it were, the song only, and not the harp only.

The Catholics CONCUR with Calvin: to their credit NO ONE ever thought of SINGING while playing the ORGAN in the public assembly:

Candles [Catholic Encyclopedia]: We need not shrink from admitting that candles, like incense and lustral water, were commonly employed in pagan worship and in the rites paid to the dead.

But the Church from a very early period took them into her service, just as she adopted many other things indifferent in themselves, which seemed proper to enhance the splendour of religious ceremonial. We must not forget that most of these adjuncts to worship, like music, lights, perfumes, ablutions, floral decorations, canopies, fans, screens, bells, vestments, etc.

were not identified with any idolatrous cult in particular;
they were common to almost all cults.

 

Counter added 3.15.05 8:17p  8.01.09