Lamenting for Tammuz in Ezekiel

In Ezekiel 8 the men were holding the first "sun rise service" and the women were in the temple lamenting or singing to Tammuz. Because Israel replaced wine, women and musical instruments for the Word of God the common people would hunger and thirst for knowledge and would wander from sea to sea but the "lakes" have all dried up.

The Bible covers the vast span of history and is like an index to that history. Many statements are cryptic because the "World would not hold all of the Books." John says that the story of Jesus is recorded to give us faith.  However, if one goes beyond the command to PREACH the Word by READING the Word for Comfort and doctrine it is evident that men create a body of dogma to justify their lives and often use an example of God's judgment as their "pattern" for a worshiping institution not related to the School of Christ for a church built upon or educated by the prophets and apostles.

Just reading the great epics lets us "catch up" with our history and inculcated values above those of the "world."  Jesus said that neither He nor anyone who becomes a Disciple and speaks that which He commanded are OF the World.

If the women in the Temple "Lamented for Tammuz" a disciple hungry for knowledge needs to ask several questions.

The great Myths and Legends of natural people  worshiping nature define the PAGAN THESIS as the foundation for religious institutions where even small congregations fall into captivity in a Temple State.  Lucky for us, we have lots of information about Tammuz and Inanna-Ishtar to understand why modern imitations are an abomination.

In Our Babylonian Glossary we have posted some of the important characters.
Our Babylonian and Ancient Near Easter Texts   This is a list of translated Clay Tablets which would have informed men like Abraham and undoubtedly Moses who wrote an inverted version to warn those who had fallen into musicial idolatry of the triads where "mother" was dominant.
ANTUM

In Akkadian myth Anu's consort was Antum (Antu), but she is often confused with Ishtar (Inanna), the goddess of love. She helped produce the Anunnaki or the seven evil underworld demons. She is replaced literally or figuratively by Inanna / Ishtar who is at times her daughter.

ANUNNAKI (Anukki, Enunaki)

The Akkadian name for a group of gods of the underworld - chthonic and fertility. They are judges in the realm of the dead. Their counterparts are the Igigi or good gods (although in some texts the positions are reversed). The Anunnaku are the children of Anu and Ki and are like the Apkallu and they are paired with an igigi. Below the anunnaki were several classes of genii -- sadu, vadukku, ekimu, gallu -- some of which were represented as being good, some evil.

INANNA (Inannu)

Sumerian earth-goddess, sister of Ereshkigal. She loved Dumuzi. Babylonian mother-goddess, "mistress of heaven." See Ishtar (Babylonian) .

Nanna's daughter, and goddess of love and war. Inanna also visits Kur, which results in a myth similar to Greek seasonal story of Persephone. She sets out to witness the funeral rites of her sister-in-law Ereshkigal's husband Gugalana, the Bull of Heaven. She takes precaution before setting out, by telling her servant Ninshubur to seek assistance from Enlil, Nanna, or Enki at their shrines, should she not return. Inanna knocks on the outer gates of Kur and the gatekeeper, Neti, questions her. He consults with queen Ereshkigal and then allows Inanna to pass through the seven gates of the underworld. After each gate, she is required to remove adornments and articles of clothing, until after the seventh gate, she is naked. The Annuna pass judgment against her and Ereshkigal killed her and hung her on the wall.

The goddess Inanna was the most important female deity of ancient Mesopotamia. The etymology of her name is uncertain; but by the end of the third millennium B.C. it was taken to derive from nin.an.na : "Lady of Heaven." Also known as Innin, her epithets reflect her broad role in the pantheon: Ninmesarra - "Queen of all the Me," a title making her one of the most influential deities in the world of gods and men; Nu-ugiganna - "the Hierodule of Heaven," a projection of her erotic functions to the cosmic scale; and Usunzianna - "Exalted Cow of Heaven," she who provides life and sustenance to the land. In this aspect, it was Inanna who yearly reunited symbolically with her consort Dumuzi to restore life and fertility in the land.

This cycle, known as the Sacred Marriage, was a common theme in songs sung in her praise. Inanna represented the force of sexual reproduction and the power of the passions so incited. This passion finds its compliment in her martial character, 'the heroic champion, the destroyer of foreign lands, foremost in battle.' She was the daughter of the moon-god Nanna (though some traditions held her to be the daughter of An). Her sister was the netherworld goddess Ereskigal. Inanna's beast was the lion. Her usual symbol was the star or star disk (though it may also have been the rosette).

ISHTAR

Ishtar's primary legacy from the Sumerian tradition is the role of fertility figure; she evolved, however, into a more complex character, surrounded in myth by death and disaster, a goddess of contradictory connotations and forces: fire and fire-quenching, rejoicing and tears, fair play and enmity. The Akkadian Ishtar is also, to a greater extent, an astral deity, associated with the planet Venus: with Shamash, sun god, and Sin, moon god, she forms a secondary astral triad. In this manifestation her symbol is a star with 6, 8, or 16 rays within a circle.

As goddess of Venus, delighting in bodily love, Ishtar was the protectress of prostitutes and the patroness of the alehouse. Part of her cult worship probably included temple prostitution, and her cult centre, Erech, was a city filled with courtesans and harlots. Her popularity was universal in the ancient Middle East, and in many centres of worship she probably subsumed numerous local goddesses.

In later myth she was known as Queen of the Universe, taking on the powers of An, Enlil, and Enki.

She appears at times as Anu' second consort. Ishtar, with Shamash and Sin (the life-force, the sun, and the moon), formed an important triad of divinities. In astronomy Ishtar was a name of the planet Venus -- the double aspect of the goddess being made to correspond to the morning and evening star. (Lucifer)

Of Sacred Prostitution
Inanna/Ishtar.Contrast.gif

The foulest Babylonian custom is that which compels every woman of the land to sit in the temple of Aphrodite and have intercourse with some stranger once in her life. Many women who are rich and proud and disdain to mingle with the rest, drive to the temple in covered carriages drawn by teams, and stand there with a great retinue of attendants. But most sit down in the sacred plot of Aphrodite, with crowns of cord on their heads; there is a great multitude of women coming and going; passages marked by line run every way through the crowd, by which the men pass and make their choice. Once a woman has taken her place there, she does not go away to her home before some stranger has cast money into her lap, and had intercourse with her outside the temple; but while he casts the money, he must say, “I invite you in the name of Mylitta (that is the Assyrian name for Aphrodite). It does not matter what sum the money is; the woman will never refuse, for that would be a sin, the money being by this act made sacred. So she follows the first man who casts it and rejects no one. After their intercourse, having discharged her sacred duty to the goddess, she goes away to her home; and thereafter there is no bribe however great that will get her. So then the women that are fair and tall are soon free to depart, but the uncomely have long to wait because they cannot fulfil the law; for some of them remain for three years, or four. There is a custom like this in some parts of Cyprus.[2]

See more from Hislop 23
See more from Hislop 32

See the implications in a modern church reverting to Babylonianism: Ronnie Norman using the sacrificial patternism.

http://www.come-and-hear.com/dilling/chapt07.html#Abominations

http://www.bartleby.com/196/

The only hint to the Ekklesia (synagogue) of Christ not defeated by the GATES OF HELL comes from the Babylonian religionism.  Inanna as a type of Eve or Zoe or Inanna or Ishtar (Easter) got the father God--EA the patron god of lmusic--drunk and STOLE the ME: these were magican incantations (songs) which gave her supernatural power. By reading this text you can see how the DOVE identified the SON of the FATHER to repudiate matriarchal religion of Babylon.  The Mother Goddess were "holy whores" and delighted in getting the men to build her a grand temple and then in a fit of rage she sowed discord among brothers and broke it down. Sound like a mega church?

Much of the Bible is a remedial against Babylonian myths or legends which reflected the same history.  When Israel fell into musical idolatry at Mount Sinai Moses wrote a prescriptive remedy centered on the rituals of Babylonianism and Canaanite Baalism.

Ezek. 8:1 And it came to pass in the sixth year, in the sixth month, in the fifth day of the month,
        as I sat in mine house, and the elders of Judah sat before me,
        that the hand of the Lord GOD fell there upon me.
Ezek. 8:2 Then I beheld, and lo a likeness as the appearance of fire:
        from the appearance of his loins even downward, fire;
        and from his loins even upward, as the appearance of brightness, as the colour of amber.
Ezek. 8:3 And he put forth the form of an hand,
        and took me by a lock of mine head;
        and the spirit lifted me up between the earth and the heaven,
        and brought me in the visions of God to Jerusalem,
        to the door of the inner gate that looketh toward the north;
        where was the seat of the image of jealousy, which provoketh to jealousy.

Ezek. 8:4 And, behold, the glory of the God of Israel was there,
        according to the vision that I saw in the plain.
Ezek. 8:5 Then said he unto me, Son of man, lift up thine eyes now the way toward the north.
        So I lifted up mine eyes the way toward the north,
        and behold northward at the gate of the altar this image of jealousy in the entry.

Morris Silver: 4. A more subtle and controversial example is provided in the Bible. I find it difficult to believe that Israelites in the time of Ezekiel or of Manasseh placed idols in or around the Jerusalem Temple. The key is the idiomatic meaning of the rare Hebrew word semelsemel in 2 Chron. 33.7, 15, concerning Manasseh, as "slab-image"; 2 Kings 21.7 uses instead the word pesel translated as "graven image.") The phrase including semel in Ezekiel 8.3 has been translated as "seat of the image of jealousy that provokes jealousy" or as "seat of the infuriating image that provokes fury. "image, likeness." (Myers translates

Some commentators consider hmqnh to be a later gloss to clarify the meaning of "image of jealousy." But how does it clarify? I propose the translation "seat of the commercial agent." It is well known that, for reasons of economic efficiency, ancient temples were commercial centers (see ESoA, Chap. 1). The rage of Ezekiel and his circle at the presence of a commercial agent in the courtyard of the Temple would be explained by their well-documented loathing for commercial life... This line of interpretation finds support in the LXX and Old Latin versions which may be translated as "statue/image of the trader/buyer." [acquire, buy, produce and procreate.

Torczyner suggests that the compound term sha mala was transmitted from Assyrian (not Babylonian) into Hebrew as semel, with sh being pronounced as s. Thus, again, the "image of jealousy" whose presence in the sanctuary enraged Ezekiel was a businessman, not an idol.
Ezek. 8:6 He said furthermore unto me, Son of man, seest thou what they do?
        even the great abominations that the house of Israel committeth here,
        that I should go far off from my sanctuary?
        but turn thee yet again, and thou shalt see greater abominations.

Ezek. 8:7 And he brought me to the door of the court; and when I looked, behold a hole in the wall.
Ezek. 8:8 Then said he unto me, Son of man, dig now in the wall:
        and when I had digged in the wall, behold a door.
Ezek. 8:9 And he said unto me, Go in, and behold the wicked abominations that they do here.
Ezek. 8:10 So I went in and saw; and behold every form of creeping things, and abominable beasts,
        and all the idols of the house of Israel, pourtrayed upon the wall round about.

Ezek. 8:11 And there stood before them seventy men of the ancients of the house of Israel,
        and in the midst of them stood Jaazaniah the son of Shaphan,
        with every man his censer in his hand; and a thick cloud of incense went up.

Ezek. 8:12 Then said he unto me, Son of man,
        hast thou seen what the ancients of the house of Israel do in the dark,
        every man in the chambers of his imagery? for they say,
        The LORD seeth us not; the LORD hath forsaken the earth.
Is. 57:8 Behind the doors also and the posts hast thou set up thy remembrance: [writings, marks]
........for thou hast discovered thyself to another than me, and art gone up;
........thou hast enlarged thy bed, and made thee a covenant with them;
........thou lovedst their bed where thou sawest it.
Discovered: 1540. galah, gaw-law´; a primitive root; to denude (especially in a disgraceful sense); by implication, to exile (captives being usually stripped); figuratively, to reveal:  advertise, appear, bewray, bring, (carry, lead, go) captive (into captivity), depart, disclose, discover, exile, be gone, open, x plainly, publish, remove, reveal, x shamelessly, shew, x surely, tell, uncover.
Ezek 23:12 She doted upon the Assyrians her neighbours, captains 
        and rulers clothed most gorgeously, horsemen riding upon horses, all of them desirable young men.
Ezek 23:13 Then I saw that she was defiled, that they took both one way,
Ezek 23:14And that she increased her whoredoms:
        for when she saw men pourtrayed upon the wall,
        the images of the Chaldeans portrayed with vermilion,  
Ezek 23:15 Girded with girdles upon their loins, exceeding in dyed attire upon their heads,
        all of them princes to look to, after the manner of the Babylonians of Chaldea,
        the land of their nativity: 
Ezek 23:16And as soon as she saw them with her eyes,
        she doted upon them, and sent messengers unto them into Chaldea.  
Ezek 23:17 And the Babylonians came to her into the bed of love,
        and they defiled her with their whoredom, and she was polluted with them,
        and her mind was alienated from them.  

Ezek 23:18 So she discovered her whoredoms, and discovered her nakedness: 
        then my mind was alienated from her, like as my mind was alienated from her sister.  

Ezek. 8:13 He said also unto me, Turn thee yet again,
        and thou shalt see greater abominations that they do.
Ezek. 8:14 Then he brought me to the door of the gate
        of the LORD’S house which was toward the north;
        and, behold, there sat women weeping for Tammuz. 


Text
Notes

Ovid, Art Love 35
Or Venus' temple; where, on annual nights,

They mourn Adonis with Assyrian rites.4
Nor shun the Jewish walk, where the foul drove

    Satire 6. But beware! that teacher is not always what he seems: true, he darkens his eyes and dresses like a woman, but adultery is his design. Mistrust him the more for his show of effeminacy; he is a valiant mattress-knight; there Triphallus drops the mask of Thais. Whom are you fooling? 41 not me; play this farce to those who cannot pierce the masquerade.
The wily wife arranges accordingly, and begins with them. . . . If your wife is musical, none of those who sell their voices 42 to the praetor will hold out against her charms. She is for ever handling musical instruments; her sardonyx rings sparkle thick all over the tortoise-shell; the quivering quill with which she runs over the chords will be that with which the gentle Hedymeles performed; she hugs it, consoles herself with it, and lavishes kisses on the dear implement


41.  He now addresses the cinaedus [catamite] himself.
42. i.e. professionals who sing for hire on public occasions

4 It was the custom among the Romans, to meet in the temples of Venus to mourn Adonis; of which the prophet Ezekiel speaks, (Ezek. viii. 14.); and infamous acts of lewdness were there committed, if we may believe Juvenal in his sixth satire.

Ezekiel 8:[14] et introduxit me per ostium portae domus Domini quod respiciebat ad aquilonem et ecce ibi mulieres sedebant plangentes Adonidem

    Satire 6.
No sooner has that fellow departed than a palsied Jewess, leaving her basket and her truss of hay,6667 a trusty go-between of highest heaven. She, too, fills her palm, but more sparingly, for a Jew will tell you dreams of any kind you please for the minutest of coins. comes begging to her secret ear; she is an interpreter
of the laws of Jerusalem, a high priestess of the tree,

On sabbaths rest from everything but love.5

Nor Isis' temple; for that sacred whore

5 There were great numbers of the Jews at Rome in Augustus's reign [23 September 63 BC – 19 August 14 AD], who were allowed full liberty to exercise their ceremonies, according to the law of Moses. And the Roman ladies went often to see them out of curiosity, which gave occasion for assignations at their synagogues.


Makes others, what to Jove she was before ;6
And if the hall itself be not belied,
E'en there the cause of love is often tried;
Near it at least, or in the palace yard,
From whence the noisy combatants are heard.
6 That is, many women were debauched by Isis's means, as she was by Jupiter under the name of Io.

The crafty counsellors, in formal gown, 7
There gain another's cause, but lose their own.
Their eloquence is nonpluss'd in the suit;
And lawyers, who had words at will, are mute.
7 The following verses are a happy paraphrase of Ovid; in whose time we find the long robe dealt as much with the stola, etc., as it does in our own. [David wore the STOLA because he was performing the role of women

-Ov. Ars 1
You may believe; and Venus be my guide.10
Far hence ye vestals be, who bind your hair;11 And wives, who gowns below your ancles wear.
I sing the brothels loose and unconfin'd,
Th' unpunishable pleasures of the kind;
Which all alike for love or money find.

Venus from her adjoining temple smiles
To see them caught in their litigious wiles;
Grave senators lead home the youthful dame, 8
Returning clients when they patrons came.

Venus is Lucifer, Zoe (the BEAST and female instructing principle.  Also EVE as Paul warned.

8 We see these assemblies were composed of all sorts of persons; upon which our French author remarks thus: " This does not very well agree to the practice in our days; and I cannot comprehend how gallant women could frequent the courts of justice : where it is to be supposed, nobody came but such as had business and suits depending."

But above all, the Playhouse is the place; 9
There's choice of quarry in that narrow chace:
There take thy stand, and sharply looking out,
Soon may'st thou find a mistress in the rout,
For length of time or for a single bout.
9 It must be owned, the theatres 


The Theatres are berries for the fair;
Like ants or mole-hills thither they repair;
Like bees to hives so numerously they throng,
It may be said they to that place belong:
amphitheatres, cirques, hippodromes, and all places where the public feasts and rejoicings were kept, were very fatal to the chastity of the women of old [Cirques, Circus, Church]

Thither they swarm who have the public voice;
There choose, if plenty not distracts thy choice.
To see, and to be seen, in heaps they run;
Some to undo, and some to be undone

Romans 15:2 Let every one of us please his neighbour for his good to edification. [education]
Romans 15:3 For even Christ pleased not himself; but, as it is written, The reproaches of them that reproached thee fell on me.
Romans 15:4 For whatsoever things were written aforetime were written for our learning, that we through patience and comfort of the scriptures might have hope.

 
Of Venus:

Aphroditē  III. ho tas Aphroditas astēr] the planet Ven
Kupris Cypris
Epithumbios
Daedălĭōn son of Lucifer and brother of Ceyx Circe ("ingeniosa," Serv.), Verg. A. 7, 282.—
        B. With gen.: “verborum daedala lingua,the fashioner of words, Lucr. 4, 549; cf.: “
        natura daedala rerum,
id. 5, 234.—
II. Pass., artificially contrived, variously adorned, ornamented, etc., daidaleos: tecta (apium), skilfully constructed. carmina chordis,artfully varied on strings,
Verg. A. 7.282
For offering to Aeneas, he bade send
a chariot, with chargers twain of seed
ethereal, their nostrils breathing fire:
the famous kind which guileful Circe bred,
cheating her sire, and mixed the sun-god's team
with brood-mares earthly born. The sons of Troy,
such gifts and greetings from Latinus bearing,
rode back in pomp his words of peace to bring.
Stella Lucifer wandering stars
Lucifer A.The morning-star, the planet Venus: “stella Lucifer interdiu, noctu Hesperus ita circumeunt,Varr. R. R. 3, 5, 17: stella Veneris, quae Phōsphoros Graece,
"Ezekiel was particularly aghast at the sun worship there and a Canaanite fertility cult, which he calls 'weeping for Tammuz

The Tammuz cult in the temple was being practiced by women, and it appears that they must bear their full share of responsibility for introducing heathen practices into Israel...

to the bad record of women may be added the activities of Solomon's wives who imported worship of the gods of Moab and Ammon, and of Jezebel, the wife of Ahab, who brought with her from Phoenicia the cult of the Tyrian Baal." (Heaton, E. W., Everyday Life in the Old Testament, p. 231-232, Scribners)

And it came to pass, when Joram saw Jehu, that he said, Is it peace, Jehu? And he answered, What peace, so long as the whoredoms of thy mother Jezebel and her witchcrafts are so many? 2 Kings 9:22

Kesheph (h3785) keh'-shef; from 3784; magic: - sorcery, witchcraft.
Kashaph
(h3784) kaw-shaf'; a prim. root; prop. to whisper a spell, i. e. to inchant or practise magic: - sorcerer, (use) witch (-craft).

Thus, Baal-aph, "lord of wrath," signifies "an angry man"; Baal-lashon, "lord of tongue," "an eloquent man"; Baal-hatsim, "lord of arrows," "an archer"; and in like manner, Baal-aberin, "lord of wings," signifies "winged one."

Moses warned about the Babylonian and Canaaniite influences when Israel fell into musical idolatry at Mount Sinai: 

There shall not be found among you any one that maketh his son or his daughter to pass through the fire, or that useth divination, or an observer of times, or an enchanter, or a witch, De.18:10

Anath: This Canaanite Goddess' name means 'to answer' and may be related to the Akkadian word ettu meaning 'active will.160' She was a major deity all over the western parts of the Near East, including Egypt where she was later considered to be the same Goddess as Libyan Neith. Titles for her include Belet'net 'virgin Anath,' 'Nethebely161 'the destroyer,' and Yebemet-limm 'widow of the nation(?)'162. Her worship extended from the 2nd millenium BCE deep into the Hellenistic Age, when it began to be forced underground. Like the original Athena, she ruled battle, the hunt, and the passage of souls from one world to the next. She was also a Death Goddess who wore the goatskin aegis -- or at least, the Egyptians attributed Neith's aegis to her. This sacred garment has been described as a cloak, apron, breastplate, or shield. In Anath's case, it shifted in function as religious ceremony changed. Originally it was probably a garment worn by each Libyan woman when she came of age, made of cloth and marked with snakes and Moon symbols, or made of many braids of string.

Later it was remade, parts of its feminine symbolism removed and turned into a garment worn during animal sacrifices. Then it was decorated with severed penises, representing both types of death men experience, loss of erection and the ending of their lives.

As Anath's image was melded into that of the Minoan Bird Goddess, the penises became snakes again, and the aegis a cloak. The result helped to effectively concealed Athena's ancient Libyan origins while unwittingly reintroducing some of the older symbols. The sacred rite in which Anath's consort, represented by the last of the grain harvest, died during the ritual of the last sheaf's reaping and division into food and seed was cut out altogether. Such drastic action was required to further match her to Libyan Athena, who consorted with no man unless she wished to conceive a child by other than parthenogenetic means. Conversely, Anath was never associated with giving birth unless she had taken an animal form.

Anath was a famous warrior and powerful protector, a sort of 'ultimate woman' in a way somewhat analogous to Athena's early Greek role163. She was worshipped by many Israelites, who considered their god her consort, and was frequently mentioned in Ugaritic texts. The Phoenicians also adored her, naming settlements for her. One of them was called Panorma by the Greeks, connecting her to their 'universal mountain mother' Gaea or Rhea. [ZOE]

Anath (h6067) an-awth'; from 6030; answer; Anath, an Isr.: - Anath.
Anan (h6049) aw-nan'; a prim. root; to cover; used only as denom. from 6051, to cloud over; fig. to act covertly, i. e. practise magic: - * bring, enchanter, Meonemin, observe (-r of) times, soothsayer, sorcerer.
Anan (h6051) aw-nawn'; from 6049; a cloud (as covering the sky), i. e. the nimbus or thunder-cloud: - cloud (-y). Anammelek (h6048) an-am-meh'-lek; of for. or.; Anammelek, an Assyrian deity: - Anammelech.

See Why Miriam was NOT a prophetess speaking for God.

Again, Moses warns:

There shall not be found among you any one that maketh his son or his daughter to pass through the fire, or that useth divination, or an observer of times, or an enchanter, or a witch, De.18:10

Observer of times: Anan (h6049) aw-nan'; a prim. root; to cover; used only as denom. from 6051, to cloud over; fig. to act covertly, i. e. practise magic: - * bring, enchanter, Meonemin, observe (-r of) times, soothsayer, sorcerer.

Ye shall not eat any thing with the blood: neither shall ye use enchantment, nor observe times. Le.19:26

There shall not be found among you any one that maketh his son or his daughter to pass through the fire, or that useth divination, or an observer of times, or an enchanter (h5172) , or a witch, De.18:10

Anaqiy (h6062) an-aw-kee'; patron. from 6060; an Anakite or desc. of Anak: - Anakim.

Nachash (h5172) naw-khash'; a prim. root; prop. to hiss, i. e. whisper a magic spell; gen. to prognosticate: - * certainly, divine, enchanter, (use) * enchantment, learn by experience, * indeed, diligently observe.

Nachash (h5175) naw-khawsh'; from 5172; a snake (from its hiss): - serpent.

Howbeit then, when ye knew not God, ye did service unto them which by nature are no gods. Gal 4:8

But now, after that ye have known God, or rather are known of God, how turn ye again to the weak and beggarly elements, whereunto ye desire again to be in bondage? Gal 4:9

Ye observe days, and months, and times, and years. Gal 4:10

From all this, the inference is unavoidable that Satan, in his own proper name, must have been the great god of their secret and mysterious worship, and this accounts for the extraordinary mystery observed on the subject. **

* See CLAVIS STOCKII, "Zebub," where it is stated that the word zebub, as applied to the fly, comes from an Arabic root, which signifies to move from place to place, as flies do,

without settling anywhere. Baal-zebub, therefore, in its secret meaning, signifies, "Lord of restless and unsettled motion."

** I find Lactantius was led to the conclusion that the Aesculapian servant was the express symbol of Satan, for, giving an account of the bringing of the Epidaurian snake to Rome, he says: "Thither [i.e., to Rome] the Demoniarches [or Prince of the Devils] in his own proper shape, without disguise, was brought; for those who were sent on that business brought back with them a dragon of amazing size."  Hislop The Beast

When, therefore, Gratian abolished the legal provision for the support of the fire-worship and serpent-worship of Rome, we see how exactly the Divine prediction was fulfilled (Rev 12:9)

"And the great dragon was cast out, that old serpent called the DEVIL, and SATAN, which deceiveth the whole world; he was cast out into the earth, and his angels were cast out with him." *

* The facts stated above cast a very singular light on a well known superstition among ourselves. Everybody has heard of St. Swithin's day, on which, if it rain, the current belief is, that it will rain in uninterrupted succession for six weeks. And who or what was St. Swithin that his day should be connected with forty days' uninterrupted rain? for six weeks is just the round number of weeks equivalent to forty days. It is evident, in the first place, that he was no Christian saint, though an Archbishop of Canterbury in the tenth century is said to have been called by his name. The patron saint of the forty days' rain was just Tammuz or Odin, who was worshipped among our ancestors as the incarnation of Noah, in whose time it rained forty days and forty nights without intermission. Hislop The Beast

"Candles from the Catholic Encyclopedia: "The word candle (candela, from candeo, to burn) was introduced into the English language as an ecclesiastical term, probably as early as the eighth century. It was known in classical times and dennoted any kind of taper in which a wick, not uncommonly made of a strip of papyrus, was encased in wax or animal fat.

"We need not shrink from admitting that candles, like incense and lustral water, were commonly employed in pagan worship and in the rites paid to the dead.

"But the Church from a very early period took them into her service, just as she adopted many other things indifferent in themselves, which seemed proper to enhance the splendour of religious ceremonial.

"We must not forget that most of these adjuncts to worship, like music, lights, perfumes, ablutions, floral decorations, canopies, fans, screens, bells, vestments, etc. were not identified with any idolatrous cult in particular; they were common to almost all cults. They are, in fact, part of the natural language of mystical expression, and such things belong quite as much to secular ceremonial as they do to religion.

Tammuz and St. Swithin, then, must have been one and the same.

In The Great Red Dragon:

But, as in Egypt, and Rome, and Greece, and almost everywhere else, long before the Christian era,

Tammuz had come to be recognised as an incarnation of the Devil,

we need not be surprised to find that St. Swithin is no other than St. Satan. One of the current forms of the grand adversary's name among the Pagans was just Sytan or Sythan.

This name, as applied to the Evil Being, is found as far to the east as the kingdom of Siam. It had evidently been known to the Druids, and that in connection with the flood; for they say that it was the son of Seithin that,

under the influence of drink, let in the sea over the country so as to overwhelm a large and populous district. (DAVIES, Druids)

As Zoroaster was head of the fire-worshippers, so Tammuz was evidently the same. We have seen evidence already that sufficiently proves the identity of Tammuz and Nimrod; but a few words may still more decisively prove it, and cast further light on the primitive fire-worship.

1. In the first place, Tammuz and Adonis are proved to be the same divinity. Jerome, who lived in Palestine when the rites of Tammuz were observed, up to the very time when he wrote, expressly identifies Tammuz and Adonis, in his Commentary on Ezekiel, where the Jewish women are represented as weeping for Tammuz; and the testimony of Jerome on this subject is universally admitted.

Then the mode in which the rites of Tammuz or Adonis were celebrated in Syria was essentially the same as the rites of Osiris.

The statement of Lucian (De Dea Syria) strikingly shows this, and Bunsen distinctly admits it. The identity of Osiris and Nimrod has been largely proved in the body of this work.

"But, as in Egypt, and Rome, and Greece, and almost everywhere else, long before the Christian era, Tammuz had come to be recognised as an incarnation of the Devil,

The Tammuz or Dumuzi cult is alive and well. His death was symbolic of the grain being turned into wine or beer for the new wineskins. The wine was put into jars and stored undergraound or in the netherworld. When the tanks ran dry the gods of wine and beer failed and you had to arouse or resurrect them with wine and music to restore the harvest. This religion began in Babylonia, was adopted throughout the world and even by the Jews and will be the end-time Babylonian-Prostitute religion when Christ comes again:

"The temple was staffed by priests, priestesses, musicians, singers, castrates and hierodules (amd Temple Prostitutes). Various public rituals, food sacrifices, and libations took place there on a daily basis. There were monthly feasts and annual, New Year celebrations. During the later, the king would be married to Inanna as the resurrected fertility god Dumuzi..." -

Asherah: Queen of Heaven, Ashtoreth, Athirat, Astarte, and Ishtar. Her "male" priestesses were known as kelabim, the faithful "dogs" of the Goddess, who practiced divinatory arts, danced in processions, and served as hierodules, qedeshim, in the company of other priestesses. Goddess worship were largely erased in a cultural purge c. 630 BCE by King Josiah.

"When it came to more private matters, a Sumerian remained devout. Although the gods preferred justice and mercy, they had also created evil and misfortune. A Sumerian had little that he could do about it. Judging from Lamentation records, the best one could do in times of duress would be to "plead, lament and wail, tearfully confessing his sins and failings." Their family god or city god might intervene on their behalf, but that would not necessarily happen.

After all, man was created as a broken, labor saving, tool for the use of the gods and at the end of everyone's life, lay the underworld, a generally dreary place. (Wolkstein & Kramer 1983: pp.123-124) From Click Here.

This cult is directly related to the ancient wineskins and beer religion. It is reinacted throughout history when the high priests of a given religion starve the people of the Word of God and the "harvest" ceases because the water is no longer applied:

"Dumuzi's death occurs "when the grain is cut at harvest and then brewed into beer which goes into storage underground: that is to say, into the netherworld....When Dumuzi of the beer disappears underground in the spring or early summer, his sister, the wine goddess [Geshtinanna] seeks him disconsolately until, by autumn, she herself descends into the earth and finds him there in the netherworld. The myth further explains how this difference in the time of living and growing above ground became permanent through divine fiat: Inanna determined as their fate that they were to alternate substituting for her in the netherworld."

A cult ritual "began with laments sung as a sacred cedar tree growing in the compound of the temple Eanna in Uruk. This sacred cedar not only marked the god's birthplace but was itself considered his mother, and probably the bend in the river where the god was met was nearby.

The rite seems to have closed with a triumphant procession that followed the god downstream. the god appears to represent the sap lying dormant in the rushes and trees during the dry season but reviving, to the profound relief and joy of the orchardman, with the river's rise." Thorkild Jacobsen, The Treasures of Darkness

In Ezekiel 31, the Assyrians were the "tallest trees in Eden." And in the Apocalyptic traditions Satan appears as the tallest "elder" at the foot of the holy mountain to use Jubal (Genun) in training the use of mixed-sex choirs, instrumental music, sex and wine to seduce the people. 

One song begins:

"The wild bull who has lain down, lives no more,
the wild bull who has lain down, lives no more,
Dumuzi, the wild bull, who has lain down,lives no more,

the chief shepherd, lives no more,
the wild bull who has lain down, lives no more....

"On his couch you have made the jackals lie down,
in my husband's fold you have made the raven dwell,

his reed pipe - the wind will have to play it,
my
husband's songs - the north wind will have to sing them" - "The Most Bitter Cry"

Of this ancient God, consort of Ishtar (Easter), his mother-wife, an ancient record reads:

To Tammuz, the beloved of her youth,
...........Pour out water, offer good oil,
With red clothing cloth him,
...........let him play the flute of lapis lazuli.
...........Let the joyful maidens turn.
When Belili has established her ritual,
...........With precious stones her bosom is filled. (The breastplate)
...........The wailing for her brother she heard..... (and she states)
 
My only brother, harm me not;
On the day of Tammuz, play for me the lapis lazuli flute,
Play the Santu-flute with it
...........When the wailing men and women play with it,
...........Let the dead return, let them smell incense.

"The end of it alludes to the later belief that the goddes went down every year for her beloved Tammuz who had died, and the wailing alluded to is that spoken of by Ezekiel in Ezekiel 8:14." (Barton, George A., Archaeology and the Bible, American Sunday School Union, p. 450

Jamison-Fausett-Brown notes that:

"In the Jewish temple, musical instruments and singing resounded during the whole time of the offering of the sacrifices, which formed the first part of the service.

But at the offering of incense, solemn silence was kept ("My soul waiteth upon God," Ps 62:1; "is silent," Margin; Ps 65:1, Margin),


Duwmiyyah (h1747) doo-me-yaw'; from 1819; stillness; adv. silently; abstr. quiet, trust: - silence, silent, waiteth.

the people praying secretly all the time. The half-hour stillness implies, too, the earnest adoring expectation with which the blessed spirits and the angels await the succeeding unfolding of God's judgments. A short space is implied; for even an hour is so used (Re 17:12 18:10,19).

For the entire hymn Click Here
...........And his music,--for my pleasure was its sound
What in one's heart is contemptible, to one's god is good!
...........Who can understand the thoughts of the gods in heaven?
The counsel of god is full of destruction; who can understand?
...........Where may human beings learn the ways of god?
He who lives at evening is dead in the morning;
...........Quickly he is troubled; all at once he is oppressed;
At one moment he sings and plays;
...........In the twinkling of an eye he howls like a funeral-mourner.
Like sunshine and cloud their thoughts change;
...........They are hungry and like a corpse;
They are filled and rival their god!
...........In prosperity they speak of climbing to Heaven;
...........Trouble overtakes them and they speak of going down to Sheol."

"Tabu-utul-Bel... is said to have gained his relief through a magician. We are apparently told by the fragmentary text that at last he found a conjurer who brought a messenger from the god Marduk, who drove away the evil spirits." (Barton, p. 494)

Lamenting for Tammuz and Ishtar worship in Ezekiel and elsewhere in the Old Testament is a powerful image. In fact, early Christians began to worship Tammuz or Adonis. Some even planted shrubs at the tomb of Jesus to honor him as the second incarnation of Tammuz. This worship moved easily into the early church and continues as Easter and other instrumental musical arousal rituals.

"Ezekiel in describing the necromantic ritual of the witches, says they fastened 'magic bands' (kesatot) on their wrists and with them

'trapped
souls like birds' (Ezekiel 13:20). Ezekiel specificially warns the women "prophesiers."

Greek Religion: Popular religion flourished alongside the civic cults. Peasants worshiped the omnipresent deities of the countryside, such as the Arcadian goat-god Pan, who prospered the flocks, and the nymphs (who, like Eileithyia, aided women in childbirth) inhabiting caves, springs (Naiads), trees (Dryads and Hamadryads), and the sea (Nereids). They also believed in nature spirits such as Satyrs and Sileni and equine Centaurs. Among the more popular festivals were the rural Dionysia, which included a phallus pole;

the Anthesteria, when new wine was broached and offerings were made to the dead; the Thalysia, a harvest celebration; the

Thargelia, when a scapegoat (pharmakos) assumed the communal guilt; and the Pyanepsia, a bean feast in which boys collected offerings to hang on the eiresione ("wool pole"). Women celebrated the Thesmophoria in honour of Demeter and commemorated the passing of Adonis with laments and miniature gardens, while images were swung from trees at the Aiora to get rid of an ancient hanging curse. Magic was widespread. Spells were inscribed on lead tablets. Statues of Hecate, goddess of witchcraft, stood outside dwellings, while Pan's image was beaten with herbs in time of meat shortage.

This rare word is related to the Sumerian KI-ShU, meaning some kind of magical imprisonment, but we have to look to Greek for its precise significance. In the form kiste, Latin cista, it appears as a container used in certain mystery rituals of the Dionysiac cult, supposedly for the carrying of secret implements. In fact, wherever the cista is graphically represented it is shown as a basket from which a snake is emerging.

Thus on sarcophagi inscribed with Bacchic scenes, the cista is shown being kicked open by Pan and the snake raising itself from the half-opened lid.

The snake is an important feature of the Dionysiac cult and imagery. The Maenads of Euripides' Bacchae have serpents entwined in their hair and round their limbs, and the snake was the particular emblem of the Phyrigian Sabazios (Sabadius) with whom Dionysos is identified." - John M. Allegro, The Sacred Mushroom and the Cross (Click for more Background)

"Boeotia was the main center for the propagation of the Dionysiac cult throughout Greece. Herodotus gives us a description of the Festival of Dionysos as practiced in his country. He points out that Melampus, son of Amytheon, introduced the name of Dionysos to Greece and probably got his knowledge of the worship of this god 'through Cadmus of Tyre and the people who came from Phoenicia to the country called Boeotia'. Although Herodotus was ever ready to find an oriental origin for Greek religion, similar cult practices can be seen in the Dionysiac cult and Ugaritic religious literature of the second millennium B.C. An essential rite of the Bacchic orgies was the practice of omophagia, the dismemberment of the sacrificial victim and the eating of raw flesh. A text from Ugarit reveals that the goddess--

Anath (Ishtar-like) came upon her divine brother Baal (Tammuz 

unawares when he was beating his timbrel and perhaps singing.
The goddess
ate her brother's flesh 'without a knife and drank his blood without a cup'.The timbrel also was the sacred musical instrument peculiar to the bacchic festivals." M. P. Blavatsky, Isis Unveiled
Ezek. 8:15 Then said he unto me, Hast thou seen this, O son of man?
        turn thee yet again, and thou shalt see greater abominations than these.
Ezek. 8:16 And he brought me into the inner court of the LORD’S house,
        and, behold, at the door of the temple of the LORD, between the porch and the altar,
        were about five and twenty men, with their backs toward the temple of the LORD,
         and their faces toward the east; and they worshipped the sun toward the east.
Ex. 23:27 I will send my fear before thee, and will destroy all the people to whom thou shalt come, and I will make all thine enemies turn their backs unto thee.
Ezek. 8:17 Then he said unto me, Hast thou seen this, O son of man?
        Is it a light thing to the house of Judah that they commit the abominations which they commit here?
        for they have filled the land with violence, and have returned to provoke me to anger:
        and, lo, they put the branch to their nose.
The branch may be the common nose flute:
2156. zmowrah, zem-o-raw´ zmorah, zem-o-raw´; (feminine);  zmor, zem-ore´; (masculine); from 2168; a twig (as pruned):—vine, branch, slip.
2168.  zamar, zaw-mar´; a primitive root (compare 2167, 5568, 6785); to trim (a vine):—prune.
2167. zamar, zaw-mar´; a primitive root (perhaps ident. with 2168 through the idea of striking with the fingers); properly, to touch the strings or parts of a musical instrument, i.e. play upon it; to make music, accompanied by the voice; hence to celebrate in song and music:—give praise, sing forth praises, psalms.
In Isaiah 24:

Is. 24:7 The new wine mourneth, the vine languisheth, all the merryhearted do sigh.
Is. 24:8 The mirth of tabrets ceaseth, the noise of them that rejoice endeth, the joy of the harp ceaseth.
Is. 24:9 They shall not drink wine with a song; strong drink shall be bitter to them that drink it.
Is. 24:10 The city of confusion is broken down: every house is shut up, that no man may come in.
Is. 24:11 There is a crying for wine in the streets; all joy is darkened, the mirth of the land is gone.
Is. 24:16 From the uttermost part of the earth have we heard songs, even glory to the righteous. But I said, My leanness, my leanness, woe unto me! the treacherous dealers have dealt treacherously; yea, the treacherous dealers have dealt very treacherously.
2158. zamiyr, zaw-meer´; or rImÎz zamir, zaw-meer´; and (feminine) h∂rIm◊z zmirah, zem-ee-raw´; from 2167; a song to be accompanied with instrumental music:—psalm(-ist), singing, song.
Isa. 25:4 For thou hast been a strength to the poor, a strength to the needy in his distress, a refuge from the storm, a shadow from the heat, when the blast of the terrible ones is as a storm against the wall.

Branch A symbol of kings descended from royal ancestors (Eze 17:3, Eze 17:10; Dan 11:7); of prosperity (Job 8:16); of the Messiah, a branch out of the root of the stem of Jesse (Isa 11:1), the "beautiful branch" (Isa 4:2), a "righteous branch" (Jer 23:5), "the Branch" (Zac 3:8; Zac 6:12). Disciples are branches of the true vine (Joh 15:5, Joh 15:6). "The branch of the terrible ones" (Isa 25:5) is rightly translated in the Revised Version "the song of the terrible ones," i.e., the song of victory shall be brought low by the destruction of Babylon and the return of the Jews from captivity. The "abominable branch" is a tree on which a malefactor has been hanged (Isa 14:19). The "highest branch" in Eze 17:3 represents Jehoiakim the king. [Easton's Bible Dictionary]

Blast: 7307. ruwach, roo´-akh; from 7306; wind; by resemblance breath, i.e. a sensible (or even violent) exhalation; figuratively, life, anger, unsubstantiality; by extension, a region of the sky; by resemblance spirit, but only of a rational being (including its expression and functions):—air, anger, blast, breath, x cool, courage, mind, x quarter, x side, spirit((-ual)), tempest, x vain, ((whirl-))wind(-y).

Isa 25:5 Thou shalt bring down the noise of strangers, as the heat in a dry place; even the heat with the shadow of a cloud: the branch of the terrible ones shall be brought low.

It is important to look at individual words and we won't be lusting after MUSIC. Music is always called NOISE in one form or another:

Shaown (h7588) shaw-one'; from 7582; uproar (as of rushing); by impl. destruction: - * horrible, noise, pomp, rushing, tumult (* -uous).

Therefore hell hath enlarged herself, and opened her mouth without measure: and their glory, and their multitude, and their pomp, and he that rejoiceth, shall descend into it. Is.5:14

See the MUSICAL connection in the religious festivals which destroyed Israel as God's VINEYARD.

The mirth of tabrets ceaseth, the noise of them that rejoice endeth, the joy of the harp ceaseth. Is.24:8

But I will send a fire upon Moab, and it shall devour the palaces of Kirioth: and Moab shall die with tumult, with shouting, and with the sound of the trumpet: Am.2:2

Therefore mine heart shall sound for Moab like pipes, and mine heart shall sound like pipes for the men of Kir-heres: because the riches that he hath gotten are perished. Je.48:36

Shaah (h7583) shaw-aw'; a prim. root [rather ident. with 7582 through the idea of whirling to giddiness]; to stun, i. e. (intrans.) be astonished: - wonder.

Shaah (h7582) shaw-aw'; a prim. root; to rush; by impl. to desolate: - be desolate, (make a) rush (-ing), (lay) waste.

Then said I, Lord, how long? And he answered, Until the cities be wasted without inhabitant, and the houses without man, and the land be utterly desolate, Is.6:11

Woe to the multitude of many people, which make a noise like the noise of the seas; and to the rushing of nations, that make a rushing like the rushing of mighty waters Is.17:12

The nations shall rush like the rushing of many waters: but God shall rebuke them, and they shall flee far off, and shall be chased as the chaff of the mountains before the wind, and like a rolling thing before the whirlwind. Is.17:13

Hast thou not heard long ago, how I have done it; and of ancient times, that I have formed it? now have I brought it to pass, that thou shouldest be to lay waste defenced cities into ruinous heaps Is.37:26

Ezek. 8:18 Therefore will I also deal in fury: mine eye shall not spare, neither will I have pity:
        and though they cry in mine ears with a loud voice, yet will I not hear them.

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