Danny Corbitt and Matt Dabbs Psallo
Danny Corbitt Refuting Everett Ferguson Psallo, Psalmos, Psalmus, Psalma
John T. Willis claims that: Sing and make melody" was a very common practice throughout the history of God's people. These two practices are inseparable as one. 2. "Sing" is vocal; "make melody" is instrumental. Psalms 33:2-3; 144:9; 149:1, 3 make this crystal clear. Amos 5:23 further verifies this reality.
See all of the ways PSALLO is used in the Greek and Latin Text. There are two words and they all point to really ugly religions or making war. Psallo based words were used by the translators of the Septuagint or LXX.
"The name of psaltery entered Christian literature in the 3rd century B.C. translation of the Old Testament called the Septuagint where, in the Psalms, nebel was translated psalterion. Thus, Nebuchadnezzar's idolatrous ensemble included the Aramic psantria. Notice, also, that the book of Psalms has also become known as the Psalter (or psalterium), from the hymns sung with this harp. Source
David never led the WORSHIP SERVICE and he sang and played "upon his bed."
"Women and girls from the different ranks of society were proud to enter the service of the gods as singers and musicians. The understanding of this service was universal: these singers constituted the 'harem of the gods'." (Quasten)
By forcing "melody with an instrument" when it is not demanded or so translated John t. Willis intends to say that you must make melody with an instrument when you sing but you must have a good mental attitude.
I will also praise thee with the psaltery,
even thy TRUTH,
O my God:
unto thee willI sing
with the harp,
O thou Holy One of Israel. Psalm 71:22
My lips shall greatly rejoice
when I sing unto thee;
and my soul, which thou hast redeemed. Psalm 71: 23
My tongue also shall talk
of thy righteousness all the day long:
for they are confounded, for they are brought unto shame,
that seek my hurt. Psalm 71: 24
O give thanks unto the Lord; call upon his name:
make known his deeds among the people. Psalm 105:1
"Its (pipe = to love passionately) was apparently a secular instrument and is never listed in the temple orchestra; only in Ps. 150:4 it is mentioned in a religious (but not ritual) function. Its ethos was not blameless at all, as we see from Genesis Rabbah 50:
'The angels said to Lot: 'There are players of the pipe (organ) in the country, hence it ought to be destroyed'." Its rabbinical identification with the aboda, the flute of the notorious Syrian bayaderes, emphasizes the erotic element which already the Hebrew name suggests." (Interpreter's Dictionary of the Bible, p. 460, Abingdon).
Sing to the LORD, for he has done glorious things;
let this be known to all the world. Isaiah 12:5
By him therefore let us offer the sacrifice of praise to God continually,
........... that is, the fruit of our lips,
........... giving thanks to his name. Heb.13:15
...........Thanks is homologeo SPEAKING the same things
The Disciples/Christian Church first proposed that 'psallo' MEAN to make music with an instrument when it never means more than pluck with your fingers and NEVER with a plectrum. In fact, if you used this folly and make melody with anything but a fingered string you VIOLATE their direct command and are a divisive sinner.
- They also claimed that God COMMANDED instrumental music in worship in the Old Telstament. Now, they say that if you do NOT then you are disobedien.
- There is no evidence that God commanded any kind of "musical" device at any time or place even when He abandoned them to worship the starry host because of musical idolatry at Mount Sinai which was a terminal sin.
- If God did not command musical instruments then The Holy Spirit of Christ in Jeremiah 23 says that you blaspheme the Holy Spirit.
No one can read the Old Testament without understand that David radically changed the roles of the Levites from servants into linen-wearing musicians: God did not do that. Christ in Ezekiel insists that David's demoting the Zadok priesthood was when the Levites Went Astray.
See How David was chosen to carry out the captivity and death sentence imposed at Mount Sinai and began when the elders fired God and demanded a "senior pastor" to let them worship like the nations.
Melody as tunefulness was not known until the 19th century: then, all you can get is a series of single tones. Harmony at this time would define unison cantillation but never tuneful because none of the Bible is metrical and you cannot sing it.Melody, in music, the aesthetic product of a given succession of pitches in musical time, implying rhythmically ordered movement from pitch to pitch. Melody in by the late 19th century was considered to be the surface of a group of harmonies. The top tone of a became a melody tone;
Harmony, In music, the sound of two or more notes heard simultaneously. In a narrower sense harmony refers to the extensively developed system of chords and the rules that govern relations between them in Western music
Melody and rhythm can exist without harmony. By far the greatest part of the worlds music is nonharmonic Alhough the music of consisted entirely of melodies sung in unison or, in the case of voices of unequal range, at the octave, the term harmony occurs frequently in the writings on music at the time
Romans 15:4 For whatsoever things wereMusic, Art concerned with combining vocal or instrumental sounds for beauty of form or emotional expression, usually according to cultural standards of rhythm, melody, and, in most Western music,
were written for our learning, (doctrīna)
(Christians are Disciples: not ritualists)
that we through patience and comfort of the scriptures might have hope.
Romans 15:5 Now the God of patience and consolation grant you to be
likeminded one toward another according to Christ Jesus:
Romans 15:6 That ye may with one mind and one mouth
even the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ
 quaecumque enim scripta sunt ad nostram doctrinam scripta sunt ut per patientiam et consolationem scripturarum spem habeamusHomophōn-ia , hē, in Music, A. unison (v. homophōnos II), Arist.Pol.1263b35 ; adontōn [sing of, chant] homophōnia
What is the meaning of Scripture?
Matthew 28:19 Go ye therefore, and teach (dŏcĕo didasko) all nations,
baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost:
Teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you:
and, lo, I am with you alway, even unto the end of the world. Amen. Matthew 28:20
The word for "observe" has no statute of limitations.Does that exclude silly willy and his praise ditties?
Aristot. Pol. 2.1263b. For in one way the state as its unification proceeds will cease to be a state, and in another way, though it continues a state, yet by coming near to ceasing to be one it will be a worse state, just as if one turned a harmony into unison or a rhythm into a single foot.Stoma ,2. esp. the mouth as the organ of speech, speech, utterance e. ex henos s. with one voice, Id.Eq.670. Pl.R.364a, PGiss.36.13 (ii B.C.), Gal.15.763; so hōs aph' henos s. AP11.159 (Lucill.).Speaking of the musical idolatry at Mount Sinai:
Romans 10  But the righteousness which is of faith says this, "Don't say in your heart, 'Who will ascend into heaven?' (that is, to bring Christ down);  or, 'Who will descend into the abyss?' (that is, to bring Christ up from the dead.)"  But what does it say? "The word is near you, in your mouth, and in your heart;" that is, the word of faith, which we preach:  that if you will confess with your mouth the Lord Jesus, and believe in your heart that God raised him from the dead, you will be saved.  For with the heart, one believes unto righteousness; and with the mouth confession is made unto salvation.Dox-azō , II. magnify, extol, epi pleon ti hauton d. Th.3.45, cf. LXX Ex.15.2, al.; ton theon Ep.Rom.1.21, al.:Pass., to be distinguished, held in honour, magnified,
Glōssa , Ion. glassa, 2. tongue, as the organ of speech
2. obsolete or foreign word, which needs explanation, Arist. Rh.1410b12, Po.1457b4, Plu.2.406f: hence Glōssai, title of works by Philemon and others.3. people speaking a distinct language, LXX.Ju.3.8
1. in Music, reed or tongue of a pipe, Aeschin.3.229,
Aeschin. 3 229 But when a man who is made up of words, and those words bitter words and useless
when such a man takes refuge in simplicity and the facts,
who could have patience with him?
If you treat him as you might a clarinet, and take out his tongue, you have nothing left!
Aulos pipe, clarionet 2. hollow tube, pipe, groove, peronē tetukto auloisin didumoisi the buckle was furnished with two pipes or grooves (into which the tongue fitted)
Genesis 31:27 Wherefore didst thou flee away secretly, and steal away from me; and didst not tell me, that I might have sent thee away with mirth, and with songs, with tabret, and with harp?Yes! the universal message is WITHOUT your wives, children and catttle! As "Lucifer":
Ezekiel 28:12 Son of man, take up a lamentation upon the king of Tyrus, and say unto him, Thus saith the Lord GOD; Thou sealest up the sum, full of wisdom, and perfect in beauty.
Ezekiel 28:13 Thou hast been in Eden the garden of God; every precious stone was thy covering, the sardius, topaz, and the diamond, the beryl, the onyx, and the jasper, the sapphire, the emerald, and the carbuncle, and gold: the workmanship of thy tabrets and of thy pipes was prepared in thee in the day that thou wast created (cast down)
Ezekiel 28:14 Thou art the anointed cherub that covereth; and I have set thee so: thou wast upon the holy mountain of God; thou hast walked up and down in the midst of the stones of fire.
Ezekiel 28:15 Thou wast perfect in thy ways from the day that thou wast created, till iniquity was found in thee.
Ezekiel 28:16 By the multitude of thy merchandise they have filled the midst of thee with violence, and thou hast sinned: therefore I will cast thee as profane out of the mountain of God: and I will destroy thee, O covering cherub, from the midst of the stones of fire.
Profane: play the flute, steal people's inheritance, pollute, prostitute.Ezekiel 28:17 Thine heart was lifted up because of thy beauty, thou hast corrupted thy wisdom by reason of thy brightness: I will cast thee to the ground, I will lay thee before kings, that they may behold thee.
Ezekiel 28:18 Thou hast defiled thy sanctuaries by the multitude of thine iniquities, by the iniquity of thy traffick; therefore will I bring forth a fire from the midst of thee, it shall devour thee, and I will bring thee to ashes upon the earth in the sight of all them that behold thee.
Romans 1:21 Because that, when they knew God, they glorified him not as God,
neither were thankful; but became vain in their imaginations,
and their foolish heart was darkened.
Romans 1:22 Professing themselves to be wise, they became fools, (morons)
Those Jesud called "hypocrites" alwayss think they are wise and even inspired.
Sophos , ē, on, A. skilled in any handicraft or art, clever, harmatēlatas s. Pi.P.5.115, cf. N.7.17; kubernētēs A.Supp.770; mantis Id.Th.382; Margites Fr.2; but in this sense mostly of poets and musicians, Pi.O.1.9, P.1.42, 3.113; en kithara s. E.IT1238 also en oiōnois, kithara, E. IT662, 1238 (lyr.Romans 1:23 And changed the glory of the uncorruptible God into an image
made like to corruptible man, and to birds, and fourfooted beasts, and creeping things.
Romans 1:24 Wherefore God also gave them up to uncleanness
through the lusts of their own hearts,
to dishonour their own bodies between themselves:
Romans 1:25 Who changed the truth of God into a lie,
and worshipped and served the creature more than the Creator,
who is blessed for ever. Amen.
Rising up to PLAY means to play instruments and play sexually: a terminal sin.
ALL modern church music intends to glorify the song writer or the singer even if it is the whole congregation competing to "do their part."
Thuc. 3.45  Fortune too assists the illusion, for she often presents herself unexpectedly, and induces states as well as individuals to run into peril, however inadequate their means; and states even more than individuals, because they are throwing for a higher stake, freedom or empire,
and because when a man has a whole people acting with him,
he magnifies himself out of all reason.
 In a word then, it is impossible and simply absurd
to suppose that human nature when bent upon some favourite project
can be restrained either by the strength of law or by any other terror.
This is not a Biblical concept or example.
Rev 5.4.11 Our task is not to promote sowing of musical discord: the church has ONE TASK which is to "teach that which is written for our LEARNING." No theologian is immune from the urge to use proof texts to advance their agenda which is to turn the School of Christ (the Campbells) into a theater for holy entertainment. This is an occasion to prove the statement of Jesus that "doctors of the law take away the key to knowledge" and that Scribes and Pharisees are hypocrites Christ named in Ezekiel 33 as speakers, singers and instrument players: in many Old Testament passges musical instruments was to MARK the preacher for pay and the audience which had no intention of obeying the Words of God. I have added links to the Greek and Latin Text for your own power to "not go out" when they tell you they have the kingdom in a loud, visible, audible and expensive theater.
See Royce Ogle Affirm Danny Dodd
It is not feasible to respond on a blog. There is never more than 5 "melody" translations in an version I could search other than the RSV and these words never mean melody in a tuneful sense which "belongs to the 19th century."
Jacob warned us not to attend the assemblies of Levi not enter their covenant.
Psalms 105:9 Which covenant he made with Abraham, and his oath unto Isaac;God restated the Abrahamic Covenant but the people refused to listen.
Acts 3:25 Ye are the children of the prophets,
and of the covenant which God made with our fathers,
saying unto Abraham, And in thy seed shall all the kindreds of the earth be blessed.
They immediately were strongly deluded and fell back into the Egyptian etal Sabazianism
God turned the Levi tribe over to worship the starry host because of musical idolatry.
Christ ordained the Qahal, synagogue or Church of Christ in the wilderness. It was
INCLUSIVE of Rest, Reading and Rehearsing the Word: what disciples do.Christ spoke to the spiritual people through the prophets which the Civil-Military-Clergy complex murdered from the time of Abel. He warned about the Lying pen of the Scribes and defined the Scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites. In the Ezekiel 33 version He named speakers, singers and instrument players.
EXCLUSIVE of vocal or instrumental rejoicing. What Disciples do not do
In Isaiah 50 Christ warned about the pluckers or smiters
In Isaiah 55 He told us not to pay for the Word because no man's thoughts are God's Thoughts.
In Isaiah 58 He commanded us not to seek our own pleasure or even speak our own words.
That is why in the Synagogue
Moses was PREACHED
By being READ in the Synagogue each Sabbath.
Christ in Isaiah 55 says you have nothing of value to add and Isaiah 58 forbids you to speak your own words.
Both melody and grace are something IN THE HEART.
Aristot. Rh. 3.6 But for the purpose of conciseness the reverseuse the name instead of the description.  You should do the same to express anything foul or indecent; if the foulness is in the description, use the name; if in the name, the description.  Use metaphors and epithets by way of illustration, taking care, however, to avoid what is too poetical. .... for in this way amplification may be carried on ad infinitum. This method may be applied to things good and bad, in whichever way it may be useful.Because of musical idolatry at Mount Sinai God turned Israel over to worship the starry host. God gave them The Book of The Law to legislate for the lawless. He promised to return them to "beyond Babylon." When the elders fired God He began to carry out the captivity and death sentence: He gave them kings in His anger and took them away in His anger.
Poets also make use of this in inventing words, as a melody without strings or without the lyre;
for they employ epithets from negations, a course which is approved in proportional metaphors,
as for instance, to say that the sound of the trumpet is a melody without the lyre.
The Levites who had been an old infant burning cult in Egypt were later chosen to make warrior chants under the KING and COMMANDERS of the Army. They made war and not worship. The proof texts from the sacrificial system flies in the face of Christ in Spirit wo denied that God commanded sacrifices or burnt off
gs: they came as baggagewhen God abandoned them to worship the starry host.
Christ who speaks through the Prophets and Jesus who fulfilled the prophecies,is the resource for the church which does not make war. The church is built upon the teachings of the Prophets and Apostles.
That means that many of the Psalms were warrior taunt songs to turn the enemy into cowards.
"Hebrew singing or rhymic prose had no fixed meter: "Since in all languages a sentence changes its meaning by mere intonations without adding or removing nounds, verbs or particles, the Syrian scholars who laid the fundament of correct language discovered a way by devising accents... and since these accents are a form of musical modulation, there is no possibliity of learning them except by hearing and through tradition from the master's tongue or the pupils hear. It follows from Bar Hebraeus' statement that the main concern was to secure an unadulterated and unadulterable version of the text This required (a) correct vocalization and (b) correct intonation. (p.87) " Nor is there a constant number of feet in a verse. Hebrew poetry is poetic p;rose. "Hebrew prosedy differes fundamentlly from classical prosody. No poem is written according to a repeating meter scheme.
Classical verse is mechanical; Hebrew verse is dynamic (p 89. Music in Ancient Western Orient Curt Sachs
The word Law or nomos defines a legal form of performance dedicated most often to Apollo (Abaddon, Apollyon)
The godly Jews who rested on the Prophets (by Christ) understood:
To the law and to the testimony:Synagogue singing
if they SPEAK not according to this word,
it is because there is no light in them. Isa 8:20
Dīco , Only speak, only to affirm Lŏquor , 1. To speak out, to say, tell, talk about, mention, utter, name
Testĭmōnĭum , ii, n. testor, I. witness, evidence, attestation, testimony (oral or written):
Christ in Spirit supplied ALL of the Testimony: 2 Cor 3; 1 Peter 1:11; Rev 19:10
" It has been shown in the article Cantillation (Jew. Encyc. iii. 537b) that the desire to read the Scriptures in the manner indicated in Neh. viii. 8 has from time immemorial resulted in the use of some sort of musical declamation for the passages uttered aloud in the synagogue. For reasons very similar to those there discussed, the prayers and praises equally with the lessons have always been thus musically declaimed; and this declamation... the absence of instruments from the synagogue in no way modified the system of the song itself. This presented little that to modern ears would appear worthy the name of melody, being, like the Greek melodies which have been deciphered, entirely of the character of a cantillation; that is, a recitation dependent on the rhythm and sequence of the words of the text instead of on the notes of the tune, and influenced by the syntactical structure of the sentence instead of by the metrical form of the musical phrase. Nor would the style of singing, nasal, shrill, and alternately full of intricate graces and of sudden pressures on emphatic notes, altogether commend itself to Western ears as graceful or harmonious.
John T. Willis: The expression "sing and make melody" [Hebrew is shir and zamar] occurs 12 times in the Hebrew Psalter:
Zamar has nothing to do with modern melody: a series of
single tones. A harp might have only 3 strings and the
melody was never tuneful.
uses melody in three important passages in the
Old Testament: Notice Christ speaking of Tyre as Lucifer
the singing and harp playing prostitute in the
garden of eden says:
A. Isaiah 23:16 Take an  harp, go about the city,
thou harlot that hast been forgotten;
make sweet  melody,
 sing many songs,
that thou mayest be remembered.
5059. nagan, naw-gan΄; a primitive root; properly, to thrum, i.e. beat a tune with the fingers; expec. to play on a stringed instrument; hence (generally), to make music:player on instruments, sing to the stringed instruments, melody, ministrel, play(-er, -ing).
Implications: 5060. nagan, naw-gah΄; a primitive root; properly, to touch, i.e. lay the hand upon (for any purpose; euphem., to lie with a woman); by implication, to reach (figuratively, to arrive, acquire); violently, to strike (punish, defeat, destroy, etc.):beat, (x be able to) bring (down), cast, come (nigh), draw near (nigh), get up, happen, join, near, plague, reach (up), smite, strike, touch.B. Isa 51:3 For the LORD shall comfort Zion:
A Neo-Hebraic noun formed from the "pi'el" of the verb = "to play strings," "make music"; hence meaning generally "tune," "melody." In the rubrics of the Maḥzor of the northern uses "be-niggun N." heads a piyyuṭ with the signification "to the tune of N," as does "laḥn N." in the southern liturgies. The word is also used to designate a droning, formless set to a text, and, more especially,
the particular melody-type or prayer-motive to which a service is traditionally rendered,
e.g., the Sabbath Niggun. See Music, Synagogal.
The accents in cantillation were specificially to prevent even altering the read text by the tone of voice. The direct command of Paul was to SPEAK Psalms, hymns and spiritual songs: melody or grace (Colossians 3) was IN THE HEART.
Jesus said that worship was IN Spirit as opposed to IN Jerusalem or IN Samaria. Worship IN THE PLACE of the human spirit was devoted to TRUTH or the Word of Christ. Paul warned against the DOGS or Cynics who were the old style praise singers seeking whom they might devour:
Philippians 3:2 Beware of dogs, beware of evil workers, beware of the concision.
Philippians 3:3 For we are the circumcision,
which worship God in the spirit, and rejoice in Christ Jesus,
and have no confidence in the flesh
he will comfort all her waste places;
and he will make her wilderness like Eden,
and her desert like the garden of the LORD;
joy and gladness shall be found therein,
thanksgiving, and the voice of melody.
The word for VOICE is never used of a musical instrument:
Voice h6963 qτl qτl kole, kole From an unused root meaning to call aloud; a voice or sound:
Exodus 24:3 And Moses came and told the people all the words of the LORD, and all the judgments:
and all the people answered with one voice, and said,
All the words which the LORD hath said will we do.
Psalms 3:4 I cried unto the LORD with my voice,
and he heard me out of his holy hill. Selah.
Psalms 3:5 I laid me down and slept; I awaked; for the LORD sustained me.
Psalms 142:1 I cried unto the LORD with my voice;
with my voice unto the LORD did I make my supplication.
Psalms 142:2 I poured out my complaint before him; I shewed before him my trouble.
Psalms 142:3 When my spirit was overwhelmed within me, then thou knewest my path. In the way wherein I walked have they privily laid a snare for me.
Ezra 10:10 And Ezra the priest stood up, and said unto them,
Ye have transgressed, and have taken strange wives,
to increase the trespass of Israel.
Ezra 10:11 Now therefore make confession unto the LORD God of your fathers,
and do his pleasure:
and separate yourselves from the people of the land, and from the strange wives.
Ezra 10:12 Then all the congregation answered and said with a loud voice,
As thou hast said, so must we do.
Zimrah is h2172 and does not MEAN melody
First, it is used of singing (vocal) or instrumental: the song of the land praised fruits or production. Cf Greek aoide celebrate in songs. Isaiah spoke of the VOICE of melody and not an INSTRUMENT.
Zimrah is LIKE ZAMAR (H2167)
Psalms 47:6 Sing praises to God, sing praises: sing praises unto our King, sing praises.The Latin for "melody" is:
Psalms 47:7 For God is the King of all the earth: sing ye praises with understanding.
It ALWAYS translates as SING: it still means only SING when in a few instances it is to sing with a harp. The words were separated from the tone of the string.
Laus A. A praiseworthy thing, a ground for praise, a laudable or glorious action, a laudable enterprise;
John T. Willis: 2. "Sing" is vocal; "make melody" is instrumental. Psalms 33:2-3; 144:9; 149:1, 3 make this crystal clear. Amos 5:23 further verifies this reality.C. Amos 5:23 Take thou away from me the noise of thy songs; for I will not hear the melody of thy viols.
 aufer a me tumultum carminum tuorum et cantica lyrae tuae non audiam
Tŭmultus, ūs tumalas, tumulas, disturbing; cf. tumeo, an uproar, bustle, violent commotion, disturbance ,
B. In partic. 1. In milit. lang., a sudden or impending war, civil war, insurrection, tumult, sedition, rebellion:A. Disturbance, disquietude, agitation, tumult of the mind or feelings: tumultus Mentis, Hor. C. 2, 16, 10; Luc. 7, 183: pulsata tumultu pectora, Petr. poλt. 123: sceleris tumultus, Hor. S. 2, 3, 208.
Hor. Carm. 2.16
No pomp, no lictor clears the way
'Mid rabble-routs of troublous feelings,
Nor quells the cares that sport and play
Round gilded ceilings.
With double dyes; a small domain,mŏvĕo, to move, affect, excite, inspire: charms, to stir up, excite, provoke
to move people from their place,
cantus vocis juvat sociatā nervorum concordiā, Quint. 5, 10, 124: citharam cum voce, id. ib. 5, 112:
Kithera along with Voice.
tympana id. H. 4, 48; beaten by the priests of Cybele and Isis Mount Sinai Bacchantine females 1 Cor 13
Emasculated Galatians 5 of witchcraft
to disturb: novis Helicona cantibus,
The soul that breathed in Grecian harping,
My portion these; and high disdain
Of ribald carping.
Lego A. In gen.: oleam, The sweet smell of an offering.
1. To take out, pick out, extract, remove: 2. To pluck, strip, gather fruit from (a tree, etc.): oleam qui legerit, Cato, R. R. 144, 1: ficus non erat apta legi,
5. To take to one's self unjustly, to carry off, steal, purloin, plunder, soceros legere et gremiis abducere pactas, Verg. A. 10, 79
Abducto 3. To carry away forcibly, to ravish, rob: rhetori tradendus, abducendum protinus a grammaticis putem, Quint. 2, 1, 12:
Abduction from allegiance, study. religious scruples, fear of God.
Always evil: always violent: Identical to Psallo
pulso I. inf. parag. pulsarier, Lucr. 4, 931), 1, v. freq. a. id., to push, strike, beat (cf.: tundo, ferio, pello).
Of musical instruments: chordas digitis et pectine eburno, to strike, play upon, Verg. A. 6, 647: chelyn, (harp) Val. Fl. 1, 139: pectine nervos, Sil. 5, 463: cymbala, Juv. 9, 62.
A. In gen., to urge or drive on, to impel, to set in violent motion, to move, agitate, disturb, disquiet:
C. To drive away, remove, put out of the way
Psalmus , i, m., = psalmos, i. q. psalma,
I. In gen., to play upon a stringed instrument; esp., to play upon the cithara, to sing to the cithara: psallere saltare elegantius, Sall. C. 25, 2
Elego I. to convey away (from the family) by bequest, to bequeath away, Petr. 43, 5; Gai. Inst. 2, 215.
TO RECRUCIFY CHRIST:
Anastatoo (g387) an-as-tat-o'-o; from a der. of 450 (in the sense of removal); prop. to drive out of home, i.e. (by impl.) to disturb (lit. or fig.): - trouble, turn upside down, make an uproar, to stir up, excite, unsettle to excite tumults and seditions in the state to upset, unsettle, minds by disseminating religious error.
Quint. Inst. 2 1.1 THE custom has prevailed and is daily growing commoner of sending boys to the schools of rhetoric much later than is reasonable: this is always the case as regards Latin rhetoric and occasionally applies to Greek as well. The reason for this is twofold: the rhetoricians, more especially our own,
have abandoned certain of their duties
and the teachers of literature have undertaken tasks which rightly belong to others
 For the rhetorician considers that his duty is merely to declaim and give instruction in the theory and practice of declamation and confines his activities to deliberative and judicial themes, regarding all others as beneath the dignity of his profession;
Outlawed: laded burden: creation of spiritual anxiety through religious rituals (legalism). Melody in Greek is;
2172. zimrah, zim-raw΄; from 2167; a musical piece or song to be accompanied by an instrument:melody, psalm.
In Amos the instrument is named but not included.
Canticum I. Lit., a song in the Roman comedy,
sung by one person, and accompanied by music and dancing; a monody, solo
Citharoedus: the word signifies a vocalist, who with his singing gave an accompaniment on the harp.
Mercury or Hermes used music to steal Apollo's cattle: he forced them to walk backward. This is the same story as that of Jubal who used music (without authority) to steal other people's cattle and then sell them back.
Ov. Met. 2.691
It was the time when under shape of shepehierde with a wande
Of Olyve and a pipe of reedes thou kept Admetus sheepe.
Now in this time that (save of Love) thou tooke none other keepe,
And madste thee merrie with thy pipe, the glistring Maias sonne
By chaunce abrode the fields of Pyle spide certaine cattle runne
Without a hierde, the which he stole and closely did them hide
Among the woods.
All singers sang their own song and accompanied it with his own instrument:II. A song, in gen.: B. A singing tone in the delivery of an orator, Cic. Or. 18, 57; Plin. Ep. 2, 14, 13; cf. Quint. 1, 8, 2; 11, 3, 13.B. A magic formula, incantation,
A PsalmOdia sings and plays a harp. Psallo never means to play a harp.
If Paul intended both sing AND Play the word is:
Anti-psallτ, A.play a stringed instrument in accompaniment of song,
a. elegois phorminga Ar.Av.218 .
Melody is VOCAL only.Elegos , ho, A.song, melody, orig. accompanied by the flute
Aristoph. Birds 218 Epops
From within; singing.
Chase off drowsy sleep, dear companion.
 Let the sacred hymn gush from thy divine throat in melodious strains;
roll forth in soft cadence your refreshing melodies to bewail the fate of Itys,
which has been the cause of so many tears to us both.
 Your pure notes rise through the thick leaves of the yew-tree right up to the throne of Zeus, where Phoebus (Apollo, Abaddon) listens to you, Phoebus with his golden hair. And his ivory lyre responds to your plaintive accents;  he gathers the choir of the gods and from their immortal lips pours forth a sacred chant of blessed voices
Play is also katapsallτ , A.play stringed instruments
Scripture used neither.
Lyra lute, lyre, a stringed instrument invented by Mercury and presented to Apollo (Abaddon, Apollyon)
I. a lute, lyre, a stringed instrument resembling the cithara, fabled to have been invented by Mercury and presented to Apollo,
A. Lyric poetry, song: imbellis, Hor. C. 1, 6, 10: Aeoliae Lesbis amica lyrae, Ov. Am. 2, 18, 26; id. P. 3, 3, 45.
C. Lyra, the constellation, the Lyre: exoriente Lyra,
Amos 5:24 But [Instead] let judgment run down as waters, and righteousness as a mighty stream.
Hor. Carm. 1.6
Not mine such themes, Agrippa; no, nor mine
To chant the Wrath that fill'd Pelides' breast,
Nor dark Ulysses' wanderings o'er the brine,
Nor Pelops' house unblest.
Vast were the task, I feeble; inborn shame,But who may fitly sing of Mars array'd
And she, who makes the peaceful lyre submit,
Forbid me to impair great Caesar's fame
And yours by my weak wit.
In adamant mail, or Merion, black with dust
Of Troy, or Tydeus' son by Pallas' aid
Strong against gods to thrust
Melody never MEANS that of an instrument: it is used IN CONNECTION with instruments. PLUCK a lyre means to make a single tone: PLUCK does not MEAN to make a musical tone.h2167 You will notice that we are still speaking of rhymic speaking since none of the Bible can be sung tunefully: that was possible only after Calvin allowed rewriting some psalms (only) to be sung in unison until simply harmony was added. Melody does not and never meant harmony.
h1995. hamown, haw-mone΄; or NOmDh hamon (Ezek. 5:7), haw-mone΄; from 1993; a noise, tumult, crowd; also disquietude, wealth:abundance, company, many, multitude, multiply, noise, riches, rumbling, sounding, store, tumult.
Ezekiel 5:7 Therefore thus saith the Lord GOD; Because ye multiplied more than the nations that are round about you, and have not walked in my statutes, neither have kept my judgments, neither have done according to the judgments of the nations that are round about you;
h1993. hamah, haw-maw΄; a primitive root (compare 1949); to make a loud sound like Engl. hum); by implication, to be in great commotion or tumult, to rage, war, moan, clamor:clamorous, concourse, cry aloud, be disquieted, loud, mourn, be moved, make a noise, rage, roar, sound, be troubled, make in tumult, tumultuous, be in an uproar.H2172 zimrβh zim-raw' From H2167 ; a musical piece or song to be accompanied by an instrument:melody, psalm.
Genesis 43:11 And their father Israel said unto them, If it must be so now, do this; take of the best fruits in the land in your vessels, and carry down the man a present, a little balm, and a little honey, spices, and myrrh, nuts, and almonds:
You will notice that the word means PLUCK: psallo means PLUCK: neither means play an instrument. Like al instrumental terms it is derived from "stealing one's inheritance" as in h2490. The pruning hook was a musical device.
Next, the Word means to SING or cantillate in prose: there were no tuneful notes: one might have a one note or two note melody. The object was to tell some factual story in a style which communicated knowledge.
Then it means a musical instrument although the SING is almost always added in addition to the NAME of the instrument.
Then it mean to play and dance and sing which was not calculated to communicate anything but terror in warfare or lust.
Zamar then never means play an instrument and sing unless you specificy which instrument you want to be used. Otherwise, if you tell people to PLUCK you can never tell what they are going to do: in the case of all of the NACC prooftexts it implicates an older male and a younger plucked boy.
Eur. Alc. 578 Chorus
Under his shepherd care, in joy at his songs, were also spotted lynxes,  and there came, leaving the vale of Othrys, a pride of tawny lions, and the dappled fawn stepping beyond the tall fir-trees with its light foot  danced to your lyre-playing, rejoicing in your joyful melody.
Eur. Cycl. 483 Singing within.
Hush! Hush! For now the Cyclops, drunk and making graceless melody,  comes forth from the rocky cave, a singer who is inept and shall pay dearly. Come, let us with our revelling songs impart some culture to this lout. In any case he shall be blind.
An ancient stage-direction preserved in the text.
Eur. Ion 144 Move your crimson foot elsewhere! Phoebus' (Apololyon) lyre, that sings with you,  would not protect you from my bow. Alter your wings' course; go to the Delian lake; if you do not obey, you will steep your lovely melody in blood.  Ah, ah! what is this new bird that approaches; you will not place under the cornice a straw-built nest for your children, will you? My singingpsalmoi bow [ s' eirxousin toxōn.] will keep you off. Will you not obey? Plat. Ion 534a
Strab. 9.3 And to the citharoedes they added both fluteplayers and citharists who played without singing, who were to render a certain melody which is called the Pythian Nome. There are five parts of it: angkrousis, ampeira, katakeleusmos, iambi and dactyli, and syringes. Now the melody was composed by Timosthenes, the admiral of the second Ptolemy, who also compiled The Harbours, a work in ten books; and through this melody players imitated the dragon as breathing its last in hissings. he means to celebrate the contest between Apollo and the dragon, setting forth the prelude as anakrousis, the first onset of the contest as ampeira, the contest itself as katakeleusmos, the triumph following the victory as iambus and dactylus, the rhythms being in two measures, one of which, the dactyl, is appropriate to hymns of praise, whereas the other, the iamb, is suited to reproaches (compare the word "iambize"), and the expiration of the dragon as syringes, since with syringes
8.15.11 152 4.03.13 479 10.07.13 534
7.20.14 722 10.07.14 750 12.29.14
781 3.30.16 924 5.28.16 932 11.07.16