Jeremiah 31

Jer 31, Jeremiah thirty one. Jeremiah has a dream about Israel but for the most part they went into captivity and death. Spiritual Israel would be given REST when Messiah came. Not in the vilest pagan temple did the singers or musicians ever enter into the holy places. The singers served the priests in slaughtering tens of thousands of innocent animals. No singer or musician could enter into the Holy Place as a type of the church even to clean out the garbage. They would have been executed if they attempted to enter any of the Holy Places.

There are TWO THREADS in the Old Testament: The FIRST THREAD is that of the Scribes recording the history of the Kings but the kings were "given in God's anger" when the elders rejected God and demanded a human king: God understood that they wanted to worship like the nations.  God promised that the kings would lead them into captivigy and death.

The SECOND THREAD is recorded by the prophets by the Spirit of Christ (1 Pet 1:11; 2 Cor 3; Rev 19:10). These prophets totally repudiated the ELITE of the king, military and clergy and called them robbers and parasites.

While Jeremiah is used to prove that God operates directly on the mind of mankind, Jeremiah makes sure that we do not believe it.

Jeremiah 6:6 For thus hath the Lord of hosts said,
............ Hew ye down trees, and cast a mount against Jerusalem:
............ this is the city to be visited; 
             she is wholly oppression in the midst of her.

Jeremiah 6:7 As a fountain casteth out her waters,
............ so she casteth out her wickedness:
............ violence and spoil is heard in her;
............ before me continually is grief and wounds.

Jeremiah 6:8 Be thou instructed, O Jerusalem,
............ lest my soul depart from thee; lest I make thee desolate,
............ a land not inhabited.

Thus saith the Lord of hosts,
............ They shall throughly glean the remnant of Israel as a vine:
............ turn back thine hand as a grapegatherer into the baskets. Jeremiah 6:9

Gleaner is

Alal (h5953) aw-lal'; a prim. root; to effect thoroughly; spec. to glean, (also fig.); by impl. (in a bad sense) to overdo, i. e. maltreat, be saucy to, pain, impose (also lit.): - abuse, affect, * child, defile, do, glean, mock, practise, throughly, work (wonderfully).

1219. batsar, baw-tsar; a primitive root; to clip off; specifically (as denominative from 1210) to gather grapes; also to be isolated (i.e. inaccessible by height or fortification):-cut off, (de-)fenced, fortify, (grape) gather(-er), mighty things, restrain, strong, wall (up), withhold.

Jeremiah 6:10 To whom shall I speak, and give warning, that they may hear?
............ behold, their ear is uncircumcised,
............ and they cannot hearken:
............ behold, the word of the Lord is unto them a reproach;
............ they have no delight in it.

Col 2:11 In whom also ye are circumcised with the circumcision made without hands, in putting off the body of the sins of the flesh by the circumcision of Christ:

Col 2:12 Buried with him in baptism, wherein also ye are risen with him through the faith of the operation of God, who hath raised him from the dead.

Jeremiah 6:16 Thus saith the Lord,
............ Stand ye in the ways, and see,
............ and ask for the old paths, where is the good way,
............ and walk therein, and ye shall find rest for your souls.
............ But they said, We will not walk therein.

Re-fri-gerium , ii, n. [id.] ,

I. a cooling; trop., a mitigation, consolation (eccl. Lat.), Tert. Apol. 39 med.; id. adv. Marc. 3, 24; Vulg. Psa. 65, 12; id. 2 Tim. 1, 16; Salv. Avar. 3, 11.

[13] The pastures are covered with flocks. The valleys also are clothed with grain. They shout for joy! They also sing.

Re-fri-gera-trix , i-cis, f. [refrigerator] ,
I. she that cools; cooling: natura refrigeratrix, Plin. 19, 8, 38, 127 .

Margowa (h4771) mar-go'-ah; from 7280; a resting place: - rest.
Margeah (h4774) mar-gay-aw'; from 7280; rest: - refreshing.

Is.28:12 To whom he said, This is the rest wherewith ye may cause the weary to rest; and this is the refreshing: 
        yet they would not hear.

Raga (h7280) raw-gah'; a prim. root; prop. to toss violently and suddenly (the sea with waves, the skin with boils); fig. (in a favorable manner) to settle, i. e. quiet; spec. to wink (from the motion of the eye- lids): - break, divide, find ease, be a moment, (cause, give, make to) rest, make suddenly.

Je.50:34 Their Redeemer is strong; The Lord of hosts is his name: he shall throughly plead their cause, that he may give rest to the land, and disquiet the inhabitants of Babylon.

7264.  ragaz, raw-gaz; a primitive root; to quiver (with any violent emotion, especially anger or fear):—be afraid, stand in awe, disquiet, fall out, fret, move, provoke, quake, rage, shake, tremble, trouble, be wroth.

Jeremiah 6:17 Also I set watchmen over you,
             saying, Hearken to the sound of the trumpet.
............ But they said, We will not hearken.

Jeremiah 6:18 Therefore hear, ye nations, and know, O congregation, what is among them.

Jeremiah 6:19 Hear, O earth: behold,
............ I will bring evil upon this people,
............ even the fruit of their thoughts,
............ because they have not hearkened unto my words,
............ nor to my law, but rejected it.

Jeremiah 6:20 To what purpose cometh there to me incense from Sheba,
............ and the sweet cane from a far country?
............ your burnt offerings are not acceptable,
............ nor your sacrifices sweet unto me.

Jeremiah 6:21 Therefore thus saith the Lord, Behold,

I will lay stumblingblocks [enticement] before this people,
and the
fathers and the sons together shall fall upon them;
the neighbour and his friend shall perish. 

Jerusalem was often MARKED with the Abomination of Desolation which demanded MUSIC.

AT the same time, saith the Lord, will I be the God of all the families of Israel, and they shall be my people. Jer. 31: 1

Thus saith the Lord,
..........The people which were left of the sword found grace in the wilderness;
..........even Israel, when I went to cause him to rest. Jer. 31:2


Raga (h7280) raw-gah'; a prim. root; prop. to toss violently and suddenly (the sea with waves, the skin with boils); fig. (in a favorable manner) to settle, i. e. quiet; spec. to wink (from the motion of the eye- lids): - break, divide, find ease, be a moment, (cause, give, make to) rest, make suddenly.

Their Redeemer is strong; The Lord of hosts is his name: he shall throughly plead their cause, that he may give rest to the land, and disquiet the inhabitants of Babylon. Je.50:34

The burden the clergy LADED on the people is defined as "spiritual ANXIETY created by religious ritual." The REST Jesus died to give us

Take my yoke upon you, and learn of me; for I am meek and lowly in heart: and ye shall find rest unto your souls. Mt.11:29

Rest is:

Anapausis (g372) an-ap'-ow-sis; from 373; intermission; by impl. recreation: - rest.
Anapauo (g373) an-up-ow'-o; from 303 and 3973; (reflex.) to repose (lit. or fig. [be exempt], remain); by impl. to refresh: - take ease, refresh, (give, take) rest.

AND I looked, and, lo, a Lamb stood on the mount Sion, and with him an hundred forty and four thousand, having his Fathers name written in their foreheads. Rev 14:1

And I heard a sound from heaven like the roar of rushing waters and likea loud peal of thunder. The sound I heard was like that of harpists playing their harps. Rev 14:2NIV, RSV, NAS

These are they which were not defiled with women; for they are virgins. These are they which follow the Lamb whithersoever he goeth. These were redeemed from among men, being the firstfruits unto God and to the Lamb. Rev 14:4

And I heard a voice from heaven saying unto me, Write, Blessed are the dead which die in the Lord from henceforth: Yea, saith the Spirit, that they may rest from their labours; and their works do follow them. Re.14:13

Pauo (g3973) pow'-o; a prim. verb ("pause"); to stop (trans. or intrans.), i.e. restrain, quit, desist, come to an end: - cease, leave, refrain.

The word PAUO in the Greek Lexicons is almost a dedicated word: Rest means to STOP the singers, stop the harpists, stop the speaker and just REST.

The Lord hath appeared of old unto me, saying,
..........Yea, I have loved thee with an everlasting love:
..........therefore with lovingkindness have I drawn thee. Jer. 31:3

The Hebrew raah means to perceive or think or visualize as in a dream:

And the Lord said unto me, Amos, what seest thou? And I said, A plumbline. Then said the Lord, Behold, I will set a plumbline in the midst of my people Israel: I will not again pass by them any more: Am.7:8

H594 ’ănk an-awk' Probably from an unused root meaning to be narrow; according to most a plumb line, and to others a hook:--plumb-line.

It is a fact that in spite of Jeremiah's dream, most if not all of the ten tribes went into captivity and death just as God had sentenced them at Mount Sinai because they substituted pagan musical idolatry for the covenant of Grace. Judah fell under the same curse and of the perhaps 3 million who came out of Egypt and which had grown into a great nation, only about 50,000 ever returned from captivity. Therefore, we know that the dreamed promises was not for the MANY.

Again I will build thee, and thou shalt be built, O virgin of Israel:
..........thou shalt again be
adorned with thy tabrets,
..........and shalt go forth in the dances of them that make merry. Jer. 31:4

Go forth means:

Yaca (h3318) yaw-tsaw'.. break out, bring forth (out, up), carry out, come (abroad, out, thereat, without), / be condemned, depart(-ing, -ure), draw forth, in the end, escape, exact, fail, fall (out), fetch forth (out), get away (forth, hence, out)...

The timbrel "was a typical women's instrument. It is mentioned seven times in the OT; thus it must have been very popular. Although it occurs in the Psalter and in religious hymns (Exod 15; Jer. 31:4), it was not permitted in the temple. Its function in the Bible was restricted to secular or religious frolicking, cultic dances, or processions (e. g., II Sam. 6:5; 1I Chr. 13:4; Ps. 68:25). Its absence in the temple ritual was possible due to the strong female symbolism, which always accompanied the tambourine, and which made its use so popular at all fertility rites." (Interpreter's Dictionary of the Bible, p. 474, Abingdon).

Adorned is:

Adah (h5710) aw-daw'; a prim. root; to advance, i. e. pass on or continue; causat. to remove; spec. to bedeck (i. e. bring an ornament upon): - adorn, deck (self), pass by, take away.

As he that taketh away a garment in cold weather, and as vinegar upon nitre, so is he that singeth songs to an heavy heart. Pr.25:20

This dance was a repeat of Mount Sinai because Jeremiah FIRST speaks of the dreamed of restoration of the nation.

Mechowlah (h4246) mekh-o-law'; fem. of 4234; a dance: - company, dances (-cing).

And it came to pass, as soon as he came nigh unto the camp, that he saw the calf, and the dancing: and Moses anger waxed hot, and he cast the tables out of his hands, and brake them beneath the mount. Ex.32:19

And see, and, behold, if the daughters of Shiloh come out to dance in dances, then come ye out of the vineyards, and catch you every man his wife of the daughters of Shiloh, and go to the land of Benjamin. Jud.21:21

Is not this David, of whom they sang one to another in dances, saying, Saul slew his thousands, and David his ten thousands? 1S.29:5

David's Naked Dance was:

Karar (h3769) kaw-rar'; a prim. root; to dance (i. e. whirl): - dance (-ing).

And as the ark of the Lord came into the city of David, Michal Sauls daughter looked through a window, and saw king David leaping and dancing before the Lord; and she despised him in her heart. 2 Sam 6:16

Then David returned to bless his household. And Michal the daughter of Saul came out to meet David, and said, How glorious was the king of Israel to day, who uncovered himself to day in the eyes of the handmaids of his servants, as one of the vain fellows shamelessly uncovereth himself 2 Sam 6:20

And David said unto Michal, It was before the Lord, which chose me before thy father, and before all his house, to appoint me ruler over the people of the Lord, over Israel: therefore will I play before the Lord. 2 Sam 6:21

And I will yet be more vile than thus, and will be base in mine own sight: and of the maidservants which thou hast spoken of, of them shall I be had in honour. 2 Sam 6:22

Therefore Michal the daughter of Saul had no child unto the day of her death. 2 Sam 6:23

The challenge to David's manhood was more than he could bear. He not only allowed no more children of SAUL to be born of Michal who had faithfully preserved his life, he gave either Michal's other children or adopted children of her sister and Saul's grandchildren up to be SACRIFICED. He left only one crippled boy of Saul to survive.

Thou shalt yet plant vines upon the mountains of Samaria: the planters shall plant, and shall eat them as common things. Jer. 31:5

Chalal (h2490) khaw-lal'; a prim. root [comp. 2470]; prop. to bore, i. e. (by impl.) to wound, to dissolve; fig. to profane (a person, place or thing), to break (one's word), to begin (as if by an "opening wedge"); denom. (from 2485) to play (the flute): - begin (* men began), defile, * break, defile, * eat (as common things), * first, * gather the grape thereof, * take inheritance, pipe, player on instruments, pollute, (cast as) profane (self), prostitute, slay (slain), sorrow, stain, wound.

Halal (h1984) is the PRAISE word by which David with instruments and dance MADE HIMSELF VILE as he got naked with the camp followers. This is the source of the word for LUCIFER--the singing and harp playing prostitute. (g1966)

For there shall be a day,
..........that the watchmen upon the mount Ephraim shall cry,
..........Arise ye, and let us go up to Zion unto the Lord our God. Jer. 31:6

Alfred Edersheim speaks of the musical processions:

Of course every family could not always have sent its representatives to Jerusalem. But this difficulty was provided for. It will be remembered that as the priests and the Levites, so all Israel, were divided into twenty-four courses, who were represented in the Sanctuary by the so-called 'standing men,' or 'men of the station.'

This implied a corresponding division of the land into twenty-four districts or circuits. In the capital of each district assembled those who were to go up with the firstfruits to the Temple.

Though all Israel were brethren, and especially at such times would have been welcomed with the warmest hospitality each home could offer, yet none might at that season avail himself of it.

For they must camp at night in the open air, and not spend it in any house, lest some accidental defilement from the dead, or otherwise, might render them unfit for service, or their oblation unclean.

The journey was always to be made slowly, for the pilgrimage was to be a joy and a privilege, not a toil or weariness. In the morning, as the golden sunlight tipped the mountains of Moab, the stationary man of the district, who was the leader,

summoned the ranks of the procession in the words of Jeremiah 31:6: 'Arise ye, and let us go up to Zion, and unto Jehovah our God.'

To which the people replied, as they formed and moved onwards, in the appropriate language of Psalm 122: 'I was glad when they said unto me, Let us go into the house of Jehovah.'

First went one who played the pipe;

then followed a sacrificial bullock, destined for a peace-offering, his horns gilt and garlanded with olive-branches;

next came the multitude, some carrying the baskets with the firstfruits, others singing the Psalms, which many writers suppose to have been specially destined for that service, and hence to have been called 'the Songs of Ascent'; in our Authorised Version 'the Psalms of Degrees.'

The poorer brought their gifts in wicker baskets, which afterwards belonged to the officiating priests; the richer theirs in baskets of silver or of gold, which were given to the Temple treasury. In each basket was arranged, with vine-leaves between them,

first the barley, then the wheat, then the olives; next the dates, then the pomegranates, then the figs; while above them all clustered, in luscious beauty, the rich swelling grapes.

However, Isaiah 30 has God asking MUST YE ALWAYS GO IN PROCESSIONS? God warns the Egyptians, Assyrians and Israel that they will be destroyed to the BEAT of musical instruments.

These would never be literal Israel but spiritual Israel.

God specificially condemned the musical processions because they were used as they went to sacrifice children in the red hot armos of the image, Molech. God would destroy Israel TO THE BEAT OF MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS just as He would destroy Egypt and Assyria.

For thus saith the Lord;
with gladness for Jacob, and
..........shout among the chief of the nations:
..........publish ye, praise ye, and say,
..........O Lord, save thy people, the remnant of Israel. Jer. 31:7

Like as a woman with child, that draweth near the time of her delivery, is in pain, and crieth out in her pangs; so have we been in thy sight, O Lord. Isa 26:17

We have been with child, we have been in pain, we have as it were brought forth wind; we have not wrought any deliverance in the earth; neither have the inhabitants of the world fallen. Isa 26:18

Thy dead men shall live, together with my dead body shall they arise. Awake and sing, ye that dwell in dust: for thy dew is as the dew of herbs, and the earth shall cast out the dead. Is.26:19

In the book of Revelation the DEAD VIRGINS hold instruments but are never seen PLAYING harps. This was a common theme: the dead are blessed and happy and the best example of idle joy was playing the harp or other instrument. On the tombstones people are bringing instruments to the dead. However, those who BRING the instruments are never seen playing them.

The message to the LIVING from the other angel was to PREACH THE GOSPEL.

If you are a dead virgin then be assured that YOU will have no human duties to perform and you can eat, drink and be merry. Unti ten DON'T TRY IT.

Come, my people, enter thou into thy chambers, and shut thy doors about thee: hide thyself as it were for a little moment, until the indignation be overpast. Isa 26:20

For, behold, the Lord cometh out of his place to punish the inhabitants of the earth for their iniquity: the earth also shall disclose her blood, and shall no more cover her slain. Isa 26:21

Thus saith the Lord; I am returned unto Zion, and will dwell in the midst of Jerusalem: and Jerusalem shall be called a city of truth; and the mountain of the Lord of hosts the holy mountain. Zech 8:3

This is part of Jeremiah's dream for the nation. However, Jesus denied that the Jewish clergy were Israelites even though they had Abraham for a father. John in Revelation identifies the literal Jerusalem as SODOM. Hagar, Mount Sinai, Jerusalem and Sodom are terms for the prostitute church.

Because at baptism we are translated into a HEAVENLY KINGDOM, it is right that Paul insists that we SPEAK to TEACH but that our singing and melody be IN THE HEART where God looks for our worship.

Thus saith the Lord of hosts; There shall yet old men and old women dwell in the streets of Jerusalem, and every man with his staff in his hand for very age. Zech 8:4

And the streets of the city shall be full of boys and girls playing in the streets thereof. Zech 8:5

Thus saith the Lord of hosts; If it be marvellous in the eyes of the remnant of this people in these days, should it also be marvellous in mine eyes? saith the Lord of hosts. Zech 8:6

Jeremiah DREAMS that God is not impressed at that which the children thought impossible and shouted about.

The children might play as children do but Israel USED music in their RELIGIOUS FESTIVALS. Tyre was also sentenced to a seventy year captivity to help cure them of musical idolatry but it did not cure them:

And it shall come to pass in that day, that Tyre shall be forgotten seventy years, according to the days of one king: after the end of seventy years shall Tyre sing as an harlot. Isa 23:15

The song of the prostitute was:

Take an harp, go about the city, thou harlot that hast been forgotten; make sweet melody, sing many songs, that thou mayest be remembered. Isa 23: 16

And it shall come to pass after the end of seventy years, that the Lord will visit Tyre,

and she shall turn to her hire, and shall commit fornication with all the kingdoms of the world upon the face of the earth. Isa 23: 17

Therefore thus saith the Lord; Thy wife shall be an harlot in the city, and thy sons and thy daughters shall fall by the sword, and thy land shall be divided by line; and thou shalt die in a polluted land: and Israel shall surely go into captivity forth of his land. Am.7:17

What goes on in the STREETS has nothing to do with WORSHIP. These are the symptoms of people WHO HAVE NO PERSONAL DUTIES TO PERFORM.

What is the meaning of PLAYING?

Sachaq (h7832) saw-khak'; a prim. root; to laugh (in pleasure or detraction); by impl. to play: - deride, have in derision, laugh, make merry, mock (-er), play, rejoice, (laugh to) scorn, be in (make) sport.

And David and all the house of Israel played before the Lord on all manner of instruments made of fir wood, even on harps, and on psalteries, and on timbrels, and on cornets, and on cymbals. 2S.6:5

h7832 is identical to h6711 based on the SPORTING of Samson: when Samson ground in the king's house he was USED as a male prostitute. When Israel ROSE UP TO PLAY at Mount Sinai this was singing, dancing, playing instruments and engaging in perverted sex.

"The triumphal hymn of Moses had unquestionably a religious character about it; but the employment of music in religious services, though idolatrous, is more distinctly marked in the festivities which attended the erection of the golden calf." (Smith's Bible Dictionary, Music, p. 589).

Ephraim Syrus On Our Lord notes that Sinai was a test. The Israelites were consummate idolaters in Egypt. However, God gave them one more shot at the Abrahamic Covenant. By removing Moses as a visible "authority figure" He wanted to let them answer their own prayer:

18. But when their heathenism from being inward became open, then Moses also from being hidden openly appeared; that he might openly punish those whose heathenism had revelled beneath the holy cloud which had overshadowed them.

But God removed the Shepherd of the flock from it for forty days, that the flock might show that its trust was fixed upon the calf.

And he was there in the wilderness forty days tempted of Satan; and was with the wild beasts; and the angels ministered unto him. Mark 1:13

While God was feeding the flock with all delights, it chose for itself as its Shepherd the calf, which was not able even to eat.

Moses who kept them in awe was removed from them, that the idolatry might cry aloud in their mouths,

which the restraint of Moses had kept down in their hearts. For they cried: Make us gods, to go before us.

19. But when Moses came down, he saw their heathenism revelling in the wide plain with drums and cymbals.

Speedily, he put their madness to shame by means of the Levites and drawn swords.

So likewise here, our Lord concealed His knowledge for a little when the sinful woman approached Him, that the Pharisee might form into shape his thought,
as his
fathers had shaped the pernicious calf.

Comparing the musical worship of Israel to all of those nations whom Israel demanded to be like as they "fired" the God of righteousness and justice, Gurney notes of the successful movement of the ark by the king and his civil team after his musical move including the "congregation"--

"we recognize the same elements: the sacrifices and libation, the cultic feast in which the congregation gets a share of food and drink after it has been blessed by the king, and the merry-making, now in the form of instrumental and vocal music. But the central act of the ritual, which was performed by the king, is called literally 'drinking' the god (Gurney, O. R. Some Aspects of Hittite Religion, p. 33-34, Oxford University Press, 1977)

This repeat of the Mount Sinai musical idolatry was repeated by Amos and other writers including Stephen in Acts 7.

Behold, I will bring them from the north country, and gather them from the coasts of the earth, and with them the blind and the lame, the woman with child and her that travaileth with child together: a great company shall return thither. Jer. 31:8

They shall come with weeping, and with supplications will I lead them:
..........I will cause them to walk by the rivers of waters in a straight way,
..........wherein they shall not stumble: for I am a father to Israel, and Ephraim is my firstborn. Jer. 31:9

Hear the word of the Lord, O ye nations, and declare it in the isles afar off, and say,
..........He that scattered Israel will gather him, and keep him, as a shepherd doth his flock. Jer. 31:10

For the Lord hath redeemed Jacob, and ransomed him from the hand of him that was stronger than he. Jer. 31:11

Therefore they shall come and sing in the height of Zion,
..........and shall flow together to the goodness of the Lord,
..........for wheat, and for wine, and for oil, and for the young of the flock and of the herd:
..........and their soul shall be as a watered garden;
..........and they shall not sorrow any more at all. Jer. 31:12

Singing was never MUSIC and was never in the SYNAGOGUE where the common people met:

Ranan (h7422) raw-nan'; a prim. root; prop. to creak (or emit a stridulous sound), i. e. to shout (usually for joy): - aloud for joy, cry out, be joyful, (greatly, make to) rejoice, (cause to) shout (for joy), (cause to) sing (aloud, for joy, out), triumph.

This was the very common harvest festival and not a religious ritual performed by professionals.

Then shall the virgin rejoice in the dance, both young men and old together: for I will turn their mourning into joy, and will comfort them, and make them rejoice from their sorrow. Jer. 31:13

And I will satiate the soul of the priests with fatness, and my people shall be satisfied with my goodness, saith the Lord. Jer. 31:14

The tribe of Levi got 10% of the FOOD PRODUCTS only from the FREE LANDS only 2 out of 7 years. This food fed that part of the tribe which HAD NOT BOUGHT their own farms. The tribe gave 10% of that 10% to the PRIESTS to be used ONLY when they were on duty in the temple slaughtering tens of thousands of innocent animals as TYPES of Jesus Christ.

However, this FAT LIVING did not change the hearts of the people who would be destroyed:

Thus saith the Lord; A voice was heard in Ramah, lamentation, and bitter weeping;
..........Rahel weeping for her children refused to be comforted for her children, because they were not. Jer. 31:15

Thus saith the Lord; Refrain thy voice from weeping, and thine eyes from tears: for thy work shall be rewarded, saith the Lord; and they shall come again from the land of the enemy. Jer. 31:16

And there is hope in thine end, saith the Lord, that thy children shall come again to their own border. Jer. 31:17

I have surely heard Ephraim bemoaning himself thus; Thou hast chastised me, and I was chastised, as a bullock unaccustomed to the yoke: turn thou me, and I shall be turned; for thou art the Lord my God. Jer. 31: 18

Surely after that I was turned, I repented; and after that I was instructed, I smote upon my thigh: I was ashamed, yea, even confounded, because I did bear the reproach of my youth. Jer. 31:19

Is Ephraim my dear son? is he a pleasant child? for since I spake against him, I do earnestly remember him still: therefore my bowels are troubled for him; I will surely have mercy upon him, saith the Lord. Jer. 31:20

Set thee up waymarks, make thee high heaps: set thine heart toward the highway, even the way which thou wentest: turn again, O virgin of Israel, turn again to these thy cities. Jer. 31:21

How long wilt thou go about, O thou backsliding daughter? for the Lord hath created a new thing in the earth, A woman shall compass a man. Jer. 31:22

Thus saith the Lord of hosts, the God of Israel, As yet they shall use this speech in the land of Judah and in the cities thereof, when I shall bring again their captivity; The Lord bless thee, O habitation of justice, and mountain of holiness. Jer. 31:23

And there shall dwell in Judah itself, and in all the cities thereof together, husbandmen, and they that go forth with flocks. Jer. 31:24
For I have
satiated the weary soul, and I have replenished every sorrowful soul. Jer. 31:25

Upon this I awaked, and beheld; and my sleep was sweet unto me. Jer. 31:26

Behold, the days come, saith the Lord, that I will sow the house of Israel and the house of Judah
..........with the seed of man, and with the seed of beast. Jer. 31:27

And it shall come to pass, that like as I have watched over them, to pluck up, and to break down, and to throw down, and to destroy, and to afflict; so will I watch over them, to build, and to plant, saith the Lord. Jer. 31:28

In those days they shall say no more, The fathers have eaten a sour grape, and the childrens teeth are set on edge. Jer. 31:29

But every one shall die for his own iniquity: every man that eateth the sour grape, his teeth shall be set on edge. Jer. 31:30

Now, the prophecy of the NEW COVENANT has nothing to do with the joy of the harvest festivals which fed their human bodies but never their souls.

Behold, the days come, saith the Lord, that I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel, and with the house of Judah: Jer. 31:31

Justin to Trypho The Jew

But we do not trust through Moses or through the law; for then we would do the same as yourselves. But now -(for I have read
.......... that there shall be a final law, and a covenant, the chiefest of all,
.......... which it is now incumbent on all men to observe,
.......... as many as are seeking after the inheritance of God.

Heb 11:6 But without faith it is impossible to please him:
for he that cometh to God must believe that he is,
and that he is a rewarder of them that diligently seek him.

For the law promulgated on Horeb is now old, and belongs to yourselves alone; but this is for all universally.
Now, law placed against law has abrogated that which is before it,
.......... and a covenant which comes after in like manner has put an end to the previous one.
...... ....and an eternal and final law-namely, Christ-has been given to us,
.......... and the covenant is trustworthy,
.......... after which there shall be no law, no commandment, no ordinance. [Old Testament]

Have you not read this which Isaiah says: "Hearken unto Me, hearken unto Me, my people; and, ye kings, give ear unto Me:
.......... for a law shall go forth from Me, and
.......... My judgment shall be for a light to the nations.
.......... My righteousness approaches swiftly, and
.......... My salvation shall go forth, and
.......... nations shall trust in Mine arm? ' LXX, Isa. li. 4, 5.

And by Jeremiah, concerning this same new covenant, He thus speaks: "Behold, the days come, saith the Lord, that I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah; not according to the covenant which I made with their fathers, in the day that I took them by the hand, to bring them out of the land of Egypt'

Isa 51:4 Hearken unto me, my people; and give ear unto me,
O my nation: for a law shall proceed from me,
and I will make my judgment to rest for a light of the people.

Isa 51:5 My righteousness is near;
my salvation is gone forth, and
mine arms shall judge the people;
the isles shall wait upon me,
and on mine arm shall they trust.

H3468 yesha  ysha‛ yeh'-shah, yay'-shah From H3467 [ysha] ; liberty, deliverance, prosperity:--safety, salvation, saving.

Matthew 1:21 And she shall bring forth a son, and thou shalt call his name JESUS: for he shall save his people from their sins.

Jehowshuwa (h3091) yeh-ho-shoo'-ah;from 3068 and 3467; Jehovah-saved; Jehoshua (i. e. Joshua), the Jewish leader: - Jehoshua, Jehoshuah, Joshua. Comp. 1954, 3442

Jesus the CHRIST OF GOD is God's Word, Righteousness and salvation IN PERSON. He is GOD'S ARM or RIGHT HAND.

H2220 zera‛ zera‛ zer‛h zer‛h zer-o'-ah (1,2), zer-o-aw' (3,4) From H2232 ;
the arm (as stretched out), or (of animals) the foreleg; figuratively force:—arm, + help, mighty, power, shoulder, strength.

Isa 59:15 Yea, truth faileth; and he that departeth from evil maketh himself a prey.
.......... And the Lord saw it, and it displeased him that there was no judgment.

Isa 59:16 And he saw that there was no man,
..........and wondered that there was no intercessor:
..........therefore his arm brought salvation unto him;
..........and his righteousness, it sustained him.

Isa 59:17 For he put on righteousness as a breastplate,
.......... and a helmet of salvation upon his head;
.......... and he put on the garments of vengeance for clothing,
.......... and was clad with zeal as a cloak.

Isa 59:18 According to their deeds,
.......... accordingly he will repay, fury to his adversaries,
... .......recompense to his enemies;
.. the islands he will repay recompense.

Isa 51:6 Lift up your eyes to the heavens, and look upon the earth beneath:
.......... for the heavens shall vanish away like smoke,
.......... and the earth shall wax old like a garment,
.......... and they that dwell therein shall die in like manner:
.......... but my salvation shall be for ever, and
.......... my righteousness shall not be abolished.

Not according to the covenant that I made with their fathers, in the day that I took them by the hand to bring them out of the land of Egypt;
        which my covenant they brake
, although I was an husband unto them, saith the Lord: Jer. 31:32

Note above that the MUSICAL IDOLATRY of the ADULTS was the "because of transgression" for which God removed the Book of The Covenant. Their musical idolatry was a PRAYER to be able to worship the starry hosts. God answered their prayer but cursed them with the Law of Moses whose laws "were not good" any more than a law against murder cannot change the heart.

Then believed they his words; they sang his praise. Psa 106:12
........... They soon forgat his works; they waited not for his counsel: Psa 106:13

But lusted exceedingly in the wilderness, and tempted God in the desert. Psa 106:14
........... And he gave them their request; but sent leanness into their soul. Psa 106:15

God in Christ promised to make us HIS disciples through the Word by baptism and ongoing teaching. Peter claimed that He would give us A holy spirit or A clear conscience or consiousness. This means A co-perception so that we can HEAR the Spirit Word in our cleansed human spirit or mind.

Jesus as "son" spoke only what He heard from the "father" who was within Him.

Paul insisted that we TEACH or SPEAK the Biblical songs and leave the singing and melody IN THE HEART.

Paul insisted that the elders "teach that which has been taught."

He told the Romans in chapter 15 to glorify God with "that which is written" with ONE MOUTH and ONE MIND.

Paul commanded Timothy to "give attendance to the public reading" and to exhorting that which HAD BEEN READ and to teach the DOCTRINE contained in that passage.

If you allow a hired middle man to stand between you and God then the NEW COVENANT cannot be fulfilled.

But this shall be the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel; After those days, saith the Lord,
..........I will put my law in their inward parts, and write it in their hearts; and will be their God, and they shall be my people. Jer. 31:33

And they shall teach no more every man his neighbour, and every man his brother, saying, Know the Lord: for they shall all know me, from the least of them unto the greatest of them, saith the Lord:
..........for I will forgive their iniquity, and
..........I will remember their sin no more. Jer. 31:34

Thus saith the Lord,
..........which giveth the sun for a light by day,
..........and the ordinances of the moon and of the stars for a light by night,
..........which divideth the sea when the waves thereof roar; The Lord of hosts is his name: Jer. 31:35

If those ordinances depart from before me, saith the Lord,
..........then the seed of Israel also shall cease from being a nation before me for ever. Jer. 31:36

These are the laws which God will put into the human heart, mind or spirit.

Thus saith the Lord; If heaven above can be measured, and the foundations of the earth searched out beneath,
..........I will also cast off all the seed of Israel for all that they have done, saith the Lord. Jer. 31:37

Behold, the days come, saith the Lord,
..........that the city shall be built to the Lord from the tower of Hananeel unto the gate of the corner. Jer. 31:38

And the measuring line shall yet go forth over against it upon the hill Gareb, and shall compass about to Goath. Jer. 31:39

H4060 middh mid-daw' Feminine of H4055 ; properly extension, that is, height or breadth; also a measure (including its standard); hence a portion (as measured) or a vestment; specifically tribute (as measured):--garment, measure (-ing, meteyard, piece, size, (great) stature, tribute, wide.

And the whole valley of the dead bodies, and of the ashes, and all the fields unto the brook of Kidron, unto the corner of the horse gate toward the east, shall be holy unto the Lord; it shall not be plucked up, nor thrown down any more for ever. Jer. 31:40

See 2 Chronicles 29. The NOISE or music was under the KING and the COMMANDERS OF THE ARMY and not the priests.

Counter added 10/29/04 1.16.08 1200

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