Gordon Ferguson: First, consider the Old Testament references to the eternal nature of Christ.  Isaiah 9:6-7 alone should establish the point beyond any doubt.

That would be dangerous theology: God through Isaiah said of those who do not SPEAK the Word THERE IS NO LIGHT IN THEM.
That would wish that students NOT be Christians, Disciples meaning students of the Word of Christ.
Dīvīnus  I. of or belonging to a deity, divine divina studia colere  divina facta, i. e., religious exercise, divine worship, sacrifice, etc Divine ORIGIN.
The divine, that which comes from God, nihil est divino divinius, Sen. Ep. 66, 11.— 3. That which is under the sanction of a god; a. By divine inspiration, prophetically: “plura divine praesensa et praedicta reperiri
    Divine stŭdĭum , I. a busying one's self about or application to a thing; assiduity, zeal, eagerness, fondness, inclination, desire, exertion, endeavor, study: (b). A place for study, a study, school (late Lat.): “philosophum (se egit) in omnibus studiis, templis, locis,” 

Gordon Ferguson: For to us a child is born, to us a son is given, and the government will be on his shoulders.  And he will be called Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace.

Is. 9:6 For unto us a CHILD is born, unto us a SON is given: and the government shall be upon his shoulder: and HIS NAME shall be called Wonderful, Counsellor, The mighty God, The everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace.

h1368.  gibbowr, ghib-bore´;, ghib-bore´; intensive from the same as 1397; powerful; by implication, warrior, tyrant:—champion, chief, x excel, giant, man, mighty (man, one), strong (man), valiant man.
h1397.   geber, gheh´-ber; from 1396; properly, a valiant man or warrior; generally, a person simply:—every one, man, x mighty

h410.  el, ale; shortened from 352; strength; as adjective, mighty; especially the Almighty (but used also of any deity):—God (god), x goodly, x great, idol, might(-y one), power, strong. Compare names in “-el.”
h410. ale; shortened from 352; strength; as adjective, mighty; especially the Almighty (but used also of any deity):—God (god), x goodly, x great, idol, might(-y one), power, strong. Compare names in “-el.”
THEY NAMED Him Jesus or Joshua which is Jehovah-Saves as there are many hyphenated names.

Gordon Ferguson: Of the increase of his government and peace there will be no end.  He will reign on David’s throne and over his kingdom, establishing and upholding it with justice and righteousness from that time on and forever.

This child who would be born and sit on David’s throne can be no other than Jesus Christ.  And yet this child who graced Bethlehem’s barn was to be called “Mighty God” and “Everlasting Father.”  The

Jehovah’s Witnesses dodge on this passage is that Jesus is “mighty” God but not the “almighty”.  However, the same term is applied to Jehovah in Isaiah 10:20-21. 

Rom. 1:1  Paul, a servant of Jesus Christ, called to be an apostle, separated unto the gospel of God,
Rom. 1:2 (Which he had promised afore by his prophets in the holy scriptures,)
Rom. 1:3 Concerning his Son Jesus Christ our Lord, [kurios]
        which was made of the seed of David according to the flesh;
Rom. 1:4 And declared to be the Son of God with power,
        according to the spirit of holiness, by the resurrection from the dead:
Rom. 1:5 By whom we have received grace and apostleship,
        for obedience to the faith among all nations, for his name:
Rom. 1:6 Among whom are ye also the called of Jesus Christ:
Rom. 1:7 To all that be in Rome, beloved of GOD [Theos], called to be saints:
        Grace to you and peace
        from GOD [Theos] our Father,
        the Lord Jesus Christ.
Rom. 1:8 First, I thank my God through Jesus Christ for you all,
        that your faith is spoken of throughout the whole world.
Rom. 1:9 For God is my witness,
        whom I serve with MY spirit in the gospel of his Son,
        that without ceasing I make mention of you always in my prayers;

Gordon Ferguson: Further, Micah 5:2 indicates the ruler who would come from Bethlehem was one whose “goings forth are from long ago, from the days of eternity.”  (NASV)

Mic. 5:2 But thou, Bethlehem Ephratah, though thou be little among the thousands of Judah, yet out of thee shall he come forth unto me that is to be ruler in Israel; whose goings forth have been from of old, from everlasting.

g4163.  mo-tsaw-aw´; feminine of 4161; a family descent; also a sewer (marg.; compare 6675):—draught house; going forth.

Mic. 5:3 Therefore will he give them up,
        until the time that she which travaileth hath brought forth:
        then the REMNANT of his brethren shall return unto the children of Israel.
Mic. 5:4 And he shall stand and feed in the strength of the Lord,
        in the majesty of the NAME of the Lord his God; and they shall abide:
        For now shall he be great unto the ends of the earth.
Mic. 5:5 And this man shall be the peace,
        when the Assyrian shall come into our land:
        and when he shall tread in our palaces,
        then shall we raise against him seven shepherds, and eight principal men.
Mic. 5:6 And they shall waste the land of Assyria with the sword,
        and the land of Nimrod in the entrances thereof:
        thus shall he deliver us from the Assyrian,
        when he cometh into our land,
        and when he treadeth within our borders.
Mic. 5:7  And the remnant of Jacob shall be in the midst of many people as a dew from the Lord,
        as the showers upon the grass, that tarrieth not for man, nor waiteth for the sons of men.
Mic. 5:8 And the remnant of Jacob shall be among the Gentiles
        in the midst of many people as a lion among the beasts of the forest,
        as a young lion among the flocks of sheep:
        who, if he go through, both treadeth down,
        and teareth in pieces, and none can deliver.

Gordon Ferguson: Isaiah 43:10 and 44:6 make it clear that there was no God but Jehovah (“LORD” in NIV). 

Is. 43:9 Let all the nations be gathered together, and let the people be assembled: who among them can declare this, and shew us former things? let them bring forth their witnesses, that they may be justified: or let them hear, and say, It is truth.
Is. 43:10 Ye are MY witnesses, saith the LORD [yhwh], and my servant whom I have chosen: that ye may know and believe me, and understand that I am HE: before ME there was no GOD [Elohim] formed,
        neither shall there be after
Is. 43:11 I, even I, am the Lord;
[yhwh] and beside me there is no saviour.
Is. 43:12 I have declared, and have saved, and I have shewed,
        when there was no strange god among you: therefore ye are my witnesses,
        saith the Lord
[yhwh] , that I am God.
Is. 43:13 Yea, before the day was I am he;
        and there is none that can deliver out of my hand: I will work, and who shall let it?


Is. 44:5 One shall say, I am the Lord’s;
        and another shall call himself by the name of Jacob;
        and another shall subscribe with his hand unto the Lord,
        and surname himself by the name of Israel.
Is. 44:6 Thus saith the Lord the King of Israel,
        and his redeemer the Lord of hosts;
        I am the first, and I am the last; and beside me there is no God.
Is. 44:7 And who, as I, shall call, and shall declare it, and set it in order for me,
        since I appointed the ancient people?
        and the things that are coming, and shall come, let them shew unto them.
Is. 44:8 Fear ye not, neither be afraid:
        have not I told thee from that time, and have declared it?
        ye are even my witnesses. Is there a God beside me?
        yea, there is no God; I know not any.

Gordon Ferguson: Either the term Jehovah (from the original “Yahweh”)
        refers to the Godhead (Father, Son, and Spirit), or Jesus is not DEITY

plēr-ōma  that which fills, complement, fullness, full and perfect nature, duties of an office

-theotēs , ētos, , A  divinity, divine nature, Ep.Col.2.9, Plu.2.359d, Luc. Icar.9, etc.; dia theotēta for religious reasons
theiotēs , ētos, , A. divine nature, divinity, Ep.Rom.1.202. f.l.for hosiotēs, Isoc.11.26, Plu.2.857a, and so prob. in Id.Sull.6. II. as title of Roman Emperors,

OR: hosi-otēs , ētos, , A. disposition to observe divine law, piety, Pl.Prt.329c, Euthphr.14d sq., X.Cyr.6.1.47, pros theōn ho. piety towards them, Plu.Alc.34 ; pros tous theous ”like Lat. pietas, pros goneis ho.D.S.7.4 ; “pros tēn tekousanId.31.27.

Heb. 5:8 Though he were a Son, yet learned he obedience by the things which he suffered;

g5219.  hupakouo,from 5259 and 191; to hear under (as a subordinate), i.e. to listen attentively; by implication, to heed or conform to a command or authority:

Luc. Icar.9 As to Gods, I need hardly deal with that question. For some of them God is a number; some swear by dogs and geese and plane-trees  2. Some again banish all other Gods, and attribute the control of the universe to a single one; I got rather depressed on learning how small the supply of divinity was. But I was comforted by the lavish souls who not only make many, but classify; there was a First God, and second and third classes of divinity. Yet again, some regard the divine nature as unsubstantial and without form, while others conceive it as a substance. Then they were not all disposed to recognize a Providence; some relieve the Gods of all care,

-splendor  , lustre, splendor, honor, dignity, excellence,
I. sheen, brightness, brilliance, lustre, splendor.  God is LIGHT with the same meaning as WORD but neither are another god

John 8:12 Then spake Jesus again unto them, saying, I am the light of the world:
        he that followeth me shall not walk in darkness, but shall have the light of life.
John 9:5 As long as I am in the world, I am the light of the world.
John 11:9 Jesus answered, Are there not twelve hours in the day?

        If any man walk in the day, he stumbleth not, because he seeth the light of this world.


Latin Divine: dīvus a god, deity, divine being

A Church of Christ of which Jesus is the Head is commanded to "teach that which has been taught." It has no other function.

Latin Godhead or Divine is: dīvīnĭtas  Divine quality, divine nature, excellence; of the orator
Dīvīnus  I. of or belonging to a deity, divine divina studia colere  divina facta, i. e., religious exercise, divine worship, sacrifice, etc Divine ORIGIN.
The divine, that which comes from God, nihil est divino divinius, Sen. Ep. 66, 11.— 3. That which is under the sanction of a god; a. By divine inspiration, prophetically: “plura divine praesensa et praedicta reperiri
    Divine stŭdĭum , I. a busying one's self about or application to a thing; assiduity, zeal, eagerness, fondness, inclination, desire, exertion, endeavor, study: (b). A place for study, a study, school (late Lat.): “philosophum (se egit) in omnibus studiis, templis, locis,” 

Gordon Ferguson: The Jehovah’s Witnesses’ claim that Jesus is a lesser god is unscriptural polytheism.  A number of passages demonstrate that Jesus is in fact Jehovah.  Some people mistakenly assume that Jehovah is a name applied only to the Father. 

1Tim. 2:5 For there is one God, and one mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus;

Gordon Ferguson: In Jeremiah 23:5-6, however, the righteous Branch from David’s lineage is called specifically “the LORD (Jehovah) our righteousness.”  Let’s look at that passage in its context:

Jer. 23:1 Woe be unto the pastors that destroy and scatter the sheep of my pasture!
        saith the Lord.
Jer. 23:2 Therefore thus saith the Lord God of Israel against the pastors that feed my people;
        Ye have scattered my flock, and driven them away,
        and have not visited them: behold,
        I will visit upon you the evil of your doings, saith the Lord.
Jer. 23:3 And I will gather the remnant of my flock out of all countries whither I have driven them,
        and will bring them again to their folds; and they shall be fruitful and increase.
Jer. 23:4 And I will set up shepherds over them which shall feed them: and they shall fear no more, nor be dismayed, neither shall they be lacking, saith the Lord.
Jer. 23:5 Behold, the days come, saith the Lord, that I will raise unto David a righteous Branch,
        and a King shall reign and prosper, and shall execute judgment and justice in the earth.
Jer. 23:6 In his days Judah shall be saved, and Israel shall dwell safely:
        and this is his NAME whereby he shall be called, THE Lord OUR RIGHTEOUSNESS.

NOT: he will BE THE LORD.
1Cor. 1:30 But of him are ye in Christ Jesus,
        who of God is MADE unto us wisdom, and RIGHTEOUSNESS,
        and sanctification, and redemption:

Jer. 23:7 Therefore, behold, the days come, saith the Lord,
        that they shall no more say, The Lord liveth,
        which brought up the children of Israel out of the land of Egypt;
Jer. 23:8 But, The Lord liveth,
        which brought up and which led the seed of the house of Israel
        out of the north country, and from all countries whither I had driven them;
        and they shall dwell in their own land.

Zech 6:11 Then take silver and gold, and make crowns, and set them upon the head of Joshua the son of Josedech, the high priest;

Yehowshuwa (h3091) yeh-ho-shoo'-ah; or yÿhowsua yeh-ho-shoo'-ah; from 3068 and 3467; Jehovah-saved; Jehoshua (i. e. Joshua), the Jewish leader: - Jehoshua, Jehoshuah, Joshua. Comp. 1954, 3442

Yasha (h3467) yaw-shah'; a prim. root; prop. to be open, wide or free, i. e. (by impl.) to be safe; causat. to free or succor: - * at all, avenging, defend, deliver (-er), help, preserve, rescue, be safe, bring (having) salvation, save (-iour), get victory.

Is.59:16 And he saw that there was no man, and wondered that there was no intercessor: therefore his arm brought salvation unto him; and his righteousness, it sustained him.

The Father is:

Jehowcadaq (h3087) yeh-ho-tsaw-dawk'; from 3068 and 6663; Jehovah- righted; Jehotsadak, an Isr.: - Jehozadek, Josedech. Comp. 3136.

Cadaq (h6663) tsaw-dak'; a prim. root; to be (causat. make) right (in a moral or forensic sense): - cleanse, clear self, (be, do) just (- ice, -ify, -ify self), (be, turn to) righteous (-ness).

Is.53:11 He shall see of the travail of his soul, and shall be satisfied: by his knowledge shall my righteous servant justify many; for he shall bear their iniquities.

Zech 6:12 And speak unto him, saying, Thus speaketh the Lord of hosts, saying, Behold the man whose name is The BRANCH; and he shall grow up out of his place, and he shall build the temple of the Lord:

The BRANCH is part of the Menorah holding the seven LAMPS or SPIRITS of Divine knowledge.

Isa 11:1 AND there shall come forth a rod out of the stem of Jesse, and a Branch shall grow out of his roots:

Isa 11: 2 And the spirit of the Lord shall rest upon him, the spirit of wisdom and understanding, the spirit of counsel and might, the spirit of knowledge and of the fear of the Lord;

Isa 11: 3 And shall make him of quick understanding [spiritual] in the fear of the Lord: and he shall not judge after the sight of his eyes, neither reprove after the hearing of his ears:

Isa 11: 4 But with righteousness shall he judge the poor, and reprove with equity for the meek of the earth: and he shall smite the earth with the rod of his mouth, and with the breath [SPIRIT] of his lips shall he slay the wicked.


Zech 6:13 Even

he shall build the temple of the Lord;
he shall bear the glory,
and shall sit and
rule upon his throne;
he shall be a priest upon his throne:
and the counsel of peace shall be between them both.


Gordon Ferguson:  “The days are coming,” declares the LORD, “when I will raise up to David a righteous Branch, a King who will reign wisely and do what is just and right in the land.  In his days Judah will be saved and Israel will live in safety.  This is the name by which he will be called:  The LORD Our Righteousness.

1John 2:1 My little children, these things write I unto you, that ye sin not.
        And if any man sin, we have an advocate with the Father, Jesus Christ the righteous:
1John 2:2 And he is the propitiation for our sins: and not for ours only, but also for the sins of the whole world.
1John 2:3 And hereby we do know that we know him, if we keep his commandments.
1John 2:4 He that saith, I know him, and keepeth not his commandments, is a liar, and the truth is not in him.
1John 2:5 But whoso keepeth his word, in him verily is the love of God perfected: hereby know we that we are in him.
1John 2:6 He that saith he abideth in him ought himself also so to walk, even as he walked.

Gordon Ferguson: Consider also the following parallels.  Isaiah 45:18-23 states that unto Jehovah every knee would bow and every tongue swear because he was the only God.  Philippians 2:11 shows that this event refers to Judgment when all confess and bow to Christ.

Is. 45:17 But Israel shall be saved in the Lord with an everlasting salvation: ye shall not be ashamed nor confounded world without end.
Is. 45:18 For thus saith the LORD that created the heavens; God himself that formed the earth and made it; he hath established it, he created it not in vain, he formed it to be inhabited: I am the Lord; and there is none else.
Is. 45:19 I have not spoken in secret, in a dark place of the earth: I said not unto the seed of Jacob, Seek ye me in vain: I the Lord speak righteousness, I declare things that are right

Is. 45:20 Assemble yourselves and come; draw near together, ye that are escaped of the nations: they have no knowledge that set up the wood of their graven image, and pray unto a god that cannot save.
Is. 45:21 Tell ye, and bring them near; yea, let them take counsel together: who hath declared this from ancient time? who hath told it from that time? have not I the Lord?
        and there is no God else beside me;
        a just God and a Saviour; there is none beside me.
Is. 45:22 Look unto me, and be ye saved, all the ends of the earth:
        for I am God, and there is none else.
Is. 45:23 I have sworn by myself, the WORD is gone out of my MOUTH in righteousness, and shall not return,
        That unto me every knee shall bow, every tongue shall swear.

However, Phillipians 2 is a different confession:

Jesus was born 30 years before God called Him, Sanctified and Sent Him.  At the Resurrection GOD made him to be both Lord and Christ.

Phil. 2:6 Who, being in the FORM of God, thought it not robbery to be equal with God:

I don't believe that God has a SHAPE and proving that God is not ignorant Paul said that BEING IN THE FORM and not BEING JEHOVAH GOD.

Forma  contour, figure, shape, appearance (In poet. circumlocution with gen.: astra tenent caeleste solum formaeque deorum, the forms of gods, for gods, Ov. M. 1, 73: “formae ferarum,id. ib. 2, 78: “ursi ac formae magnorum luporum,Verg. A. 7, 18: “formae ingentis leo,
2. An outline, plan, design (of an architect, etc.): “cum formam videro, quale aedificium futurum sit, scire possum,Cic. Fam. 2, 8, 1:
3. A model after which any thing is made, a pattern, stamp, last (of a shoemaker),
4. A mould which gives form to something:

2Cor. 4:6 For God, who commanded the light to shine out of darkness, hath shined in our hearts, to give the light of the knowledge of the glory of God in the face of Jesus Christ.

Jesus was the FORMA of God Who is WORD and LIGHT.

  morphē to shape, fashion, mould,
morph-ē , , A.form, shape, , soi d' epi men morphē epeōn thou hast comeliness of words, Od.11.367  allos men . . eidos  akidnoteros pelei anēr, alla theos morphēn epesi stephei God adds a crown of shapeliness to his words, Od.8.170: phanta^s-ma  apparition, phantom,
2. generally, form, fashion, appearance, 3. kind, sort,

Phil. 2:7 But made himself of no reputation, and took upon him the FORM of a servant, and was made in the likeness of men:
Phil. 2:8 And being found in fashion as a man,
        he humbled himself, and became obedient unto death, even the death of the cross.
Phil. 2:9 Wherefore God also hath highly exalted him,
        and given him a name which is above every name:
Phil. 2:10 That at the name of Jesus every knee should bow,
        of things in heaven, and things in earth, and things under the earth;
Phil. 2:11 And that every tongue should confess
        that Jesus Christ is Lord [Theos], to the glory of God [Kurios] the Father.

Jesus was born thirty years in the flesh before He was baptized and given the roles of Lord (kurios) and Christ. It is impossible to be baptized if you believe that Jesus was Jehovah:

Acts 8:36 And as they went on their way, they came unto a certain water:
        and the eunuch said, See, here is water; what doth hinder me to be baptized?
Acts 8:37 And Philip said, If thou believest with all thine heart, thou mayest.
        And he answered and said, I believe that Jesus Christ is the Son of God.
Acts 8:38 And he commanded the chariot to stand still:
        and they went down both into the water, both Philip and the eunuch; and he baptized him.

Gordon Ferguson: A comparison of Joel 2:32 and Romans 10:9-13 shows that calling on the name of Jehovah is equated with confessing Christ and calling on him. 

Joel 2:32 And it shall come to pass, that whosoever shall call on the name of the Lord shall be delivered: for in mount Zion and in Jerusalem shall be deliverance, as the Lord hath said, and in the remnant whom the Lord shall call.

Paul quotes from the Hebrew and not of Jesus Who is always a THEOS.

Is. 53:1  Who hath believed our report? and to whom is the arm of the Lord revealed?
John 12:38 That the saying of Esaias the prophet might be fulfilled,
        which he spake, Lord, who hath believed our report? and to whom hath the arm of the Lord been revealed?
Rom. 10:16 But they have not all obeyed the gospel.
        For Esaias saith, Lord, who hath believed our report?
Rom. 10:16 But they have not all obeyed the gospel.
        For Esaias saith, Lord, who hath believed our report?
Rom. 10:17 So then faith cometh by hearing,
        and hearing by the word of God.

Gordon Ferguson: Since John the Baptist was to prepare the WAY of Jehovah (Isaiah 40:3-5) and he did prepare the way for Jesus (Mark 1:1-7),  Jesus must be Jehovah. 


Mark 1:1 The beginning of the gospel of Jesus Christ, the Son of God;
Mark 1:2 As it is written in the prophets,
        Behold, I send my messenger before thy face, which shall prepare thy way before thee.
Mark 1:3 The voice of one crying in the wilderness,
        Prepare ye the way of the Lord, make his paths straight.



2.a way of doing, speaking, etc., têsd'aph'hodoudizêsios Parm.1.33 , cf. 8.18 ; triphasiasallasho. logônways of telling the story, Hdt.1.95, cf. 2.20,22 ; but triphasiasho. trepetai turns into three forms,Id.6.119 ; adikonho. ienaiTh.3.64 ; ho. hêntin'iôn by what course of action,Ar.Pl.506, cf. Nu.75 ; ênechomenho. logônId.Pax733 ; mialeipetai . . ho. Pl.Smp.184b .

.  method, system, hodōmethodically, systematically ,Pl.R.533b, Stoic.2.39, etc. ; so “kath' hodonPl.R.435a ; “tēn dia tou stoikheiou ho. ekhōn egraphenId.Tht.208b (cf. “diexodon208a). 4.  of the Christian Faith and its followers, Act.Ap.9.2, 22.4, 24.14.

of the Christian Faith and its followers, Act.Ap.9.2, 22.4, 24.14. (Root sed- 'go', in Skt. sad-, ā-sad- 'come to', 'reach', OSlav. choditi 'go'.)

Plat. Theaet. 208b Socrates Yes, but with his opinion he has rational explanation; for he wrote with the method in terms of letters in his mind, and we agreed that that was rational explanation.

There is, then, my friend, a combination of right opinion with rational [logon] explanation, which cannot as yet properly be called knowledge?

Method-os , , (meta, hodos)  Pattern II. pursuit of knowledge, investigation, Pl.Sph.218d, 235c, al.; m. poieisthai to pursue one's inquiry, ib.243d; “en prōtē m.Arist.Pol.1289a26: hence, treatise, Dam.Pr.451.
2. mode of prosecuting such inquiry, method, system, Pl.Phdr.270c, Arist.EN1129a6, Pol.1252a18, etc.; “ dialektikē m.Pl.R.533c,


Matt. 11:28 Come unto me, all ye that labour and are heavy laden, and I will give you rest.
Matt. 11:29 Take my yoke upon you, and learn of me; for I am meek and lowly in heart:and ye shall find rest unto your souls

Luke 9:26 For whosoever shall be ashamed of me and of my WORDS,
        of him shall the Son of man be ashamed,
        when he shall come in his own glory,
        and in his Father’s, and of the holy angels.


With the exception of a tiny fraction of "churches"--which I don't know of--the prophesied c. AD 2000 assault against God and Scriipture has replaced the SKHOLE or SYNAGOGUE with "Worship Centers" with -- they think -- are professional grade musical and theatrical performers.  Rubel Shelly along with the locals said it most vocally that the only purpose of "church" is to WORSHIP or a pagan-like "naval" to funnel up PRAISE.

Ana-pausis  A.repose, rest, relaxation
REST FROM: ALL forms of music which upset the rest and which is for sale

REST FROM: ka^koō , A.maltreat, distress, in Hom. always of persons physically, injure, paralyse, “tas arkhas tōn neurōn

REST FROM: Leitourg-ia  III. public service of the gods, “hai pros tous theous l.Arist.Pol.1330a13; “hai tōn theōn therapeiai kai l.D.S.1.21,  A.D.), etc.; the service or ministry of priests, LXX Nu.8.25, Ev.Luc.1.23.

God does not live in literal houses and dŏmus , b. In philos lang., a philosophical school, SECTSen. Ep. 29 fin.; id. Ben. 5, 15.

schŏla (scŏla ), ae, f., = skholē 1. A place for learned conversation or instruction, a place of learning, a school potiorem in scholis eruditionem esse quam domi,
        The Synagogue was called an Acadamy the opposite of the habes scholam Stoicam,
Of phĭlŏsŏphusscriptiones,Cic. Tusc. 5, 41, 121: verbum,tractatus, rationem praecepta tradere Academici,

The Assembly (school) of Christ is defined both inclusively by the Prophets.
Jesus called Holy Scripture the PROPHETS and other "prophecies concerning men."
Peter said that these prophecies were made perfect and outlawed private interpretation or further expounding.

1Cor. 12:28 And God hath set some in the church, first apostles, secondarily prophets, thirdly teachers, after that miracles, then gifts of healings, helps, governments, diversities of tongues.

Eph. 2:20 And are built upon [EDUCATED BY] the foundation of the apostles and prophets,
        Jesus Christ himself being the chief corner stone;
Eph. 3:5 Which in other ages was not made known unto the sons of men,
        as it is now REVEALED unto his holy apostles and prophets by the SPIRIT;
2Pet. 3:2 That ye may be mindful of the words
        which were spoken before by the holy prophets,
        and of the commandment of us the apostles of the Lord and Saviour:

Gordon Ferguson: Again, Jehovah is said to have created all things (Isaiah 42:5; 44:24),

Creation in Genesis is called a parable: Moses INVERTED the Sumerian-Babylonian Cosmology and Theology ONLY because the Hebrews rejected Grace at Mount Sinai and rose up in instrumental and sexual PLAY.  Moses wrote to inform the Hebrews that they were slaves saved by grace because they PRACTICED the religion of the "gods" who enslaved mankind in religious rituals.  God answered their prayer and turned them over to worship the starry host.

2Pet. 3:4 And saying, Where is the promise of his coming?
        for since the fathers fell asleep,
        all things continue as they were from the beginning of the creation.
2Pet. 3:5 For this they willingly are ignorant of,
        that by the word of God the heavens were of old,
        and the earth standing out of the water and in the water:
2Pet. 3:6 Whereby the world that THEN was, being overflowed with water, PERISHED:
2Pet. 3:7 But the heavens and the earth,
        which are NOW, by the same WORD are kept in STORE,
        reserved unto FIRE against the day of judgment and perdition of ungodly men.
2Pet. 3:8  But, beloved, be not ignorant of this one thing, that one day is with the Lord as a thousand years, and a thousand years as one day.

Gordon Ferguson: and the same is recorded of Christ (John 1:1-3;

John 1:1 In the beginning was the WORD,
        and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.
John 1:2 The same was in the beginning with God.
John 1:3 All things were made by him;
        and without him was not any thing made that was made.

The Word is LOGOS which is God's Regulative Principle. It OUTLAWS personal opinions, personal experiences, rhetoric, poetry, singing, playing instruments or acting.  WORD is defined as parallel to LIGHT.

John 1:9 That was the true Light, which lighteth every man that cometh into the world.
John 1:10 He was in the world, and the world was made by him, and the world knew him not.
John 1:14 And the Word was made FLESH, and dwelt among us, (and we beheld his glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father,) full of grace and truth.
John 6:63 It is the spirit that quickeneth; the flesh profiteth nothing: the words that I speak unto you, they are spirit, and they are life.
2Pet. 2:18 For when they speak great swelling words of vanity, they allure through the lusts of the flesh, through much wantonness, those that were clean escaped from them who live in error.

Jesus as the WORD is the
-LOGOS or rational discord of God made audible and capable of being recorded. The ONE God always had His Word and Reason with Him.

-Lego Count, recount, tell over, say, speak, 8. at the beginning of letters or documentsmaintain as a thesis
    Sophron of sound mindhaving control over the sensual desires, temperate, self-controlled, chaste, reasonable comparison. , esp. in the theatre,Singing the words of a male god was considered obscene.

Opposite to epithumia
 A. desire, yearning, longing after a thing, desire of or for it, Theaomai :--gaze at, behold, mostly with a sense of wonder,
view as spectators
Ratio   I. a reckoning, account, calculation, computation.
1. plea, pretext, ground, would have admitted of an explanation,
2. statement of a theory, argument, to be explained
      c. in Logic, proposition, whether as premiss or conclusion
      d. rule, principle, law, as embodying the result of logismos
4. thesis, hypothesis, provisional ground,
5. reason, ground
6. formula (wider than definition, but freq. equivalent thereto), term expressing reason,
7. reason, law exhibited in the world-process,
   c. understood by the Greeks: of regulative and formative forces, derived from the intelligible and operative in the sensible universe
IV. inward debate of the soul 1.thinking, reasoning,  explanation,
Opposite Pathos  A. that which happens to a person or thing, incident, accident, where this incident took place, unfortunate accident,
Opposite 2. what one has experienced, good or bad, experience
Opposite II. of the soul, emotion, passion (“legō de pathē . . holōs hois hepetai hēdonē ē lupēArist.EN1105b21), “sophiē psukhēn pathōn aphaireitai
Opposite Poiein to excite passion, Arist.Rh.1418a12; V. Rhet., emotional style or treatment, to sphodron kai enthousiastikon p. Longin.8.1; “pathos poieinArist. Rh.1418a12; “
Opposite  epagōgēs IV. inward debate of the soul
in Logic, of discursive reasoning, 
OPPOSITE intuition
2. reason as a faculty,
V. continuous statement, narrative (whether fact or fiction), oration lego Truth Opposite myths, poems
4.speech, delivered in court, assembly
VI. verbal expression or utterance, lego, lexis
      -Lexis A.speech, OPPOSITE ôidê
IX  of rhythmical language set to music, en logois in orations
en logō kai en ōdaisprose
-poiêsis, Id.R.390a;
OPPOSITE -poiêtikê, D.H.Comp.6; opp. poiêmata, onomatopoeic word
OPPOSITE  -poi-êsis A.fabrication, creation, production,
OPPOSITE   -Melos   B. esp. musical member, phrase: hence, song, strain, lyric songs,
OPPOSITE   3.melody of an instrument, mimesis Aoide singing, spell, incantations,
OPPOSITE  -Mousa  -Melodia -Cantus B. An incantation, charm, magic song
Logos is the 
  emmetra, ib.1450b15 (pl Id.Rh.1404a31
X. the Word or Wisdom of God, personified as his agent in creation and world-government

Made is g1086 ginomai includes "continue, be divided, draw, be ended, fall, be finished, follow, be found, be fulfilled, purchased."   to make a thing the property of a person, reduce to subjection under a person or power:

făcĭo  In relig. lang., like the Gr. ῥέζειν, to perform or celebrate a religious rite; to offer sacrifice, make an offering, to sacrifice: “

The world or Kosmos is the ecumenical or the kingdom of the Devil opposed to the invisible kingdom of God.

Gordon Ferguson: Colossians 1:16). 

Col. 1:16 For by him were all things created, that are in heaven, and that are in earth, visible and invisible, whether they be thrones, or dominions, or principalities, or powers: all things were created by him, and for him:

g2936.  ktizo, ktid´-zo; probably akin to 2932 (through the idea of proprietorship of the manufacturer); to fabricate, i.e. found (form originally): — create, Creator, make.
g2932.  ktaomai, ktah´-om-ahee; a primary verb; to get, i.e. acquire (by any means; own): — obtain, possess, provide, purchase.

Col. 1:17 And he is before all things, and by him all things consist.
Col. 1:18 And he is the head of the body, the church:
        who is the beginning, the firstborn from the dead;
        that in all things he might have the preeminence.
Col. 1:19 For it pleased the Father that in him should all fulness dwell;

Thus, Jesus must be Jehovah. 

Gordon Ferguson: Many other such comparisons demonstrate beyond a shadow of a doubt that Jesus is Jehovah.  Compare  Isaiah 45:5 with Titus 2:13; Revelation 1:8 with Revelation 22:13-16; and, Exodus 3:14 with John 8:58.

But also there are the claims of the NT.  The New Testament contains numerous passages which directly affirm the deity of Christ.  Jesus is called “God” in John 1:1;

NO: The WORD in the same class as LIGHT is Called God.

Matt. 6:7 But when ye pray, use not vain repetitions, as the heathen do: for they think that they shall be heard for their much speaking.
Matt. 10:27 What I tell you in darkness, that speak ye in light: and what ye hear in the ear, that preach ye upon the housetops.
Matt. 13:13 Therefore speak I to them in parables: because they seeing see not; and hearing they hear not, neither do they understand.

John 8:28 Then said Jesus unto them, When ye have lifted up the Son of man, then shall ye know that I am he, and that I do nothing of myself; but as my Father hath taught me, I speak these things.
John 8:38 ¶ I speak that which I have seen with my Father: and ye do that which ye have seen with your father.
John 12:49 For I have not spoken of myself; but the Father which sent me, he gave me a commandment, what I should say, and what I should speak.
John 12:50 And I know that his commandment is life everlasting: whatsoever I speak therefore, even as the Father said unto me, so I speak.
John 14:10 Believest thou not that I am in the Father, and the Father in me? the words that I speak unto you I speak not of myself: but the Father that dwelleth in me, he doeth the works.

Gordon Ferguson: 20:28; Titus 2:13; 2 Peter 1:1 and 1 John. 5:20. 

The Jews understood that Christ’s claim to be the Son of God meant that he was equal to God in his nature (John 5:18). 

John 5:17 But Jesus answered them, My Father worketh hitherto, and I work.
John 5:18 Therefore the Jews sought the more to kill him, because he not only had broken the sabbath, but said also that God was his Father, making himself equal with God.

John 5:19 Then answered Jesus and said unto them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, The Son can do nothing of himself, but what he seeth the Father do: for what things soever he doeth, these also doeth the Son likewise.
John 5:20 For the Father loveth the Son, and sheweth him all things that himself doeth: and he will shew him greater works than these, that ye may marvel.
John 5:21 For as the Father raiseth up the dead, and quickeneth them; even so the Son quickeneth whom he will.
John 5:22 For the Father judgeth no man, but hath committed all judgment unto the Son:
John 5:23 That all men should honour the Son, even as they honour the Father. He that honoureth not the Son honoureth not the Father which hath sent him.
John 5:24 Verily, verily, I say unto you, He that heareth my word, and believeth on him that sent me, hath everlasting life, and shall not come into condemnation; but is passed from death unto life.
John 5:25 Verily, verily, I say unto you, The hour is coming, and now is, when the dead shall hear the voice of the Son of God: and they that hear shall live.
John 5:26 For as the Father hath life in himself; so hath he given to the Son to have life in himself;

Gordon Ferguson:
They had no doubt that his claims about himself were claims to be God (John 10:33).

John 10:30 I and my Father are one.
John 10:31 Then the Jews took up stones again to stone him.
John 10:32 Jesus answered them, Many good works have I shewed you from my Father; for which of those works do ye stone me?
John 10:33 The Jews answered him, saying, For a good work we stone thee not;
        but for blasphemy; and because that thou, being a man, makest thyself God.
John 10:34 Jesus answered them, Is it not written in your law, I said, Ye are gods?
John 10:35 If he called them gods, unto whom the word of God came, and the scripture cannot be broken;
John 10:36 Say ye of him, whom the Father hath sanctified, and sent into the world,
        Thou blasphemest; because I said, I am the Son of God?
John 10:37 If I do not the works of my Father, believe me not.
John 10:38 But if I do, though ye believe not me, believe the works: that ye may know, and believe, that the Father is in me, and I in him.

Gordon Ferguson:  Men may be sons of God by adoption, but Jesus was the unique Son by nature (John 3:16, Philippians 2:6).


It is of course true that certain New Testament passages relegate Jesus to a lesser position than that of the Father (see John 14:28), but this was due to Christ’s temporary fleshly existence. 

Gordon Ferguson: There was a voluntary departure from his pre-flesh glories (Philippians 2:5-8; John 17:5), but his ascension back to heaven changed this temporary humiliation (Ephesians 1:20-21).  This lowered earthly role of Jesus concerned his position, not his person or nature.  A person in a job setting may have a superior position over another person, but that says absolutely nothing about the one in submission being inferior in nature.  The same situation exists in the case of Jesus and his heavenly Father.

A third and final observation about the Deity of Christ involves his reception of worship.  Matthew 4:10 clearly teaches that only God is to be worshipped.  Men could not be worshipped (Acts 10:25-26; 14:12-15), and neither could angels (Revelation 19:10; 22:8-9).  However, Christ was worshipped by both men (Matthew 8:2; 9:18; 14:33; 15:25; etc.) and angels (Hebrews 1:6).  Therefore, the only possible conclusion is that Jesus is God.  The very foundation of the church is the Deity of Christ (Matthew 16:16-18), and any teaching that would reject this marvelous truth must be firmly and convincingly resisted by the Book of books.  Christ is indeed eternal, “the Alpha and the Omega, the First and the Last, the Beginning and the End” (Revelation 22:13).

—Gordon Ferguson (April 2001)

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