Exodus Chapter 20

God gave Israel THE BOOK OF THE COVENANT. It consisted of ten commands and 70 laws as "enabling legislation." While the commandments were being spoken the people were frightened by the TRUMPETS and other sounds so that they were TOO FEARFUL to listen to God. It is clear that this and the later 40 day absence of Moses was a TEST. In fact, they had already failed it in Egypt but God rescued them because He had promised to.

When they rose up in MUSICAL PLAY God removed the Book of the Covenant and gave them The Book of the Law. He imposed the Levitical priesthood but not at their worst did they perform MUSICAL worship at the Tabernacle.

Later, when the elders "fired" God He gave them a king and kingdom "like the nations" because now the conditional sentence of captivity and death imposed at Mount Sinai would be carried out: "God gave them kings in His anger and took them away in His anger."

They already had GODS before Yahweh and these gods demanded a ritual of musical idolatry. God therefore is not speaking to innocent people but warning them that the temptation would be great in Canaan because He had, in effect, refused to go with them in a personal way because He would destroy them. Therefore, He agreed to send His angel which we understand to be the Christ or Lord which is God in a Mediator form: Christ was the ROCK, Water, Manna, Pillar and etc.

AND God (Elohim) spake all these words, saying, Exod 20:1

I am the Lord (Jehovah) thy God (elohim), which have brought thee out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage. Exod 20:2

Thou shalt have no other gods (Elohim) before me. Exod 20:3

When many of the Israelites "rose up to play" after God had given The Book of the Covenant we know that this was singing, dancing, playing instruments and engaging in sexual play.

And they rose up early on the morrow, and offered burnt offerings, and brought peace offerings; and the people sat down to eat and to drink, and rose up to play. Ex.32:6

Sachaq (1 Chron. 13:8). = "to laugh, by implication to play: deride, have in derision, laugh" (Strong). This is often the naturalistic activity of animals (Psa. 104:26). In describing the musical dance of David, Beecher says:

"The Hebrew verb (sachaq) means to dance to music, vocal and instrumental. See Judges 19:2, 1 Chron. 13:8)" (Cook). "This was playing before the ark, as it slowly made progress; that is, there were evolutions and marching figures and religious dances" (Beecher, quoted by Peloubet's Selects Notes, 1903, p. 270).

"The triumphal hymn of Moses had unquestionably a religious character about it; but the employment of music in religious services, though idolatrous, is more distinctly marked in the festivities which attended the erection of the golden calf." (Smith's Bible Dictionary, Music, p. 589).

"And the people celebrated this feast with burnt-offerings and thank-offerings, with eating and drinking, i.e. with sacrificial meals and sports, or with loud rejoicing, shouting, antiphonal songs, and dances, in the same manner in which the Egyptians celebrated their feast of Apis (Herod. 2, 60, and 3, 27)." (Keil and Delitzsch, Vol. II, p. 222).

And shall receive the reward of unrighteousness, as they that count it pleasure to riot in the day time. Spots they are and blemishes, sporting (the play at Mount Sinai sport or entertain) themselves with their own deceivings while they feast with you; 2 Pe.2:13

"They sat down to eat and drink and rose up to play. They practiced rites in which they made themselves naked, perhaps similar to those which were carried out by naked Babylonian priests." (Woodward, p. 158).

"Not to be overlooked here is the accompaniment of music and dancing which, with the character of the ensuing phenomena, makes the diagnosis (of idolatry) certain." (Schaff-Herzog, Ecstasy, p. 71).

"Do not be idolaters as some of them were; as it is written, 'The people sat down to eat and drink and rose up to dance (play)'" (1 Cor. 10:7).

They worshipped the Egyptian Triad of Osiris, Isis and Horus (father, mother and son) under the literal Apis bull and the golden calves. The Dionysus figure was well known in Egypt, Greece and Babylon under various names. Therefore, the PLAY was a ritual drama:

Tertullian wrote of Apollo (Abaddon, Apollyon) to accomplished the WASHINGS by devious means.

But Venus (Lucifer, ZOE) and Bacchus (Dionysus) are close allies. These two evil spirits are in sworn confederacy with each other, as the patrons of drunkenness and LUST. So the theatre of Venus is as well the house of Bacchus: for they properly gave the name of Liberalia also to other theatrical amusements-which besides being consecrated to Bacchus (as were the Dionysia of the Greeks), were instituted by him; and, without doubt,

the performances of the theatre have the common patronage of these two deities.

That immodesty of gesture and attire which so specially and peculiarly characterizes the stage are consecrated to them-the one deity wanton by her sex, the other by his drapery;

while its services of voice, and song, and lute, and pipe, belong to Apollos, and Muses, and Minervas, and Mercuries.

In a passage of Pindar, Apollo is called the dancer; (and there is a Greek line extant which represents Jupiter himself in the very act of dancing).

The Gymnopedite was instituted by Lycurgus, and washar invented (Lacedemon) by the Spartans as an early excitation to the courage of their children,

and in order to lead them on insensibly to the exercise of an armed dance (Pyrrhic).

The choir of the children regulated their motions by those of the men, and all danced at the same time,

singing hymns in praise of Apollo. The festival was sacred to Apollo for the poetry, and to Bacchus for the dance.

Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image, or any likeness of any thing that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth. Exod 20:4

Temuwnah (h8544) tem-oo-naw'; or t˙munah tem-oo-naw'; from 4327; something portioned (i. e. fashioned) out, as a shape, i. e. (indef.) phantom, or (spec.) embodiment, or (fig.) manifestation (of favor): - image, likeness, similitude

With him will I speak mouth to mouth, even apparently, and not in dark speeches; and the similitude of the Lord shall he behold: wherefore then were ye not afraid to speak against my servant Moses? Nu.12:8

And the Lord spake unto you out of the midst of the fire: ye heard the voice of the words, but saw no similitude; only ye heard a voice. De.4:12

Take ye therefore good heed unto yourselves; for ye saw no manner of similitude on the day that the Lord spake unto you in Horeb out of the midst of the fire: De.4:15

Lest ye corrupt yourselves, and make you a graven image, the similitude of any figure, the likeness of male or female, De.4:16

Corrupt is the product of Lucifer

Shachath (h7843) shaw-khath'; a prim. root; to decay, i. e. (caus.) ruin (lit. or fig.): - batter, cast off, corrupt (-er, thing), destroy (- er, -uction), lose, mar, perish, spill, spoiler, * utterly, waste (-r).

Thou wast perfect in thy ways from the day that thou wast created, till iniquity was found in thee. Exek 28:15

By the multitude of thy merchandise they have filled the midst of thee with violence, and thou hast sinned: therefore I will cast thee as profane out of the mountain of God: and I will destroy thee, O covering cherub, from the midst of the stones of fire. Exek 28:16

Cast as profane is the Hebrew:

Chalal (h2490) khaw-lal'... to wound, to dissolve; fig. to profane (a person, place or thing), to break (one's word), to begin (as if by an "opening wedge"); denom. (from 2485) to play (the flute): - begin (* men began), defile, * break, defile, * eat (as common things), * first, * gather the grape thereof, * take inheritance, pipe, player on instruments, pollute, (cast as) profane (self), prostitute, slay (slain), sorrow, stain, wound.

Thine heart was lifted up because of thy beauty, thou hast corrupted (h7843) thy wisdom by reason of thy brightness: I will cast thee to the ground, I will lay thee before kings, that they may behold thee. Ezek 28:17

Cast to the ground is:

Shalak (h7993) shaw-lak'; a prim. root; to throw out, down or away (lit. or fig.): - adventure, cast (away, down, forth, off, out), hurl, pluck, throw.

And the songs of the temple shall be howlings in that day, saith the Lord God: there shall be many dead bodies in every place; they shall cast them forth with silence. Am.8:3

Thy pomp is brought down to the grave, and the noise of thy viols: the worm is spread under thee, and the worms [maggots] cover thee. Is 14:11

But thou art cast out of thy grave like an abominable branch, and as the raiment of those that are slain, thrust through with a sword, that go down to the stones of the pit; as a carcase trodden under feet. Is.14:19

Arnobius wrote:

35. But is it only poets whom you have thought proper to allow to invent unseemly tales about the gods, and to turn them shamefully into sport?

What do your pantomimists, the actors, that crowd of mimics and adulterers? Do they

not abuse your gods to make to themselves gain,

and do not the others find enticing pleasures in the wrongs and insults offered to the gods?

At the public games, too, the colleges of all the priests and magistrates take their places, the chief Pontiffs, and the chief priests of the curiae; the Quindecemviri take their places, crowned with wreaths of laurel,

and the flamines diales with their mitres; the augurs take their places,

who disclose the divine mind and will

and the chaste maidens also, who cherish and guard the ever-burning fire;

36. But this crime is not enough: the persons of the most sacred gods are mixed up with farces also, and scurrilous plays.

And that the idle onlookers may be excited to laughter and jollity,

the deities are hit at in jocular quips, the spectators shout and rise up, the whole pit resounds with the clapping of hands and applause.

It stood still, but I could not discern the form thereof: an image was before mine eyes, there was silence, and I heard a voice, saying, Jb.4:16

As for me, I will behold thy face in righteousness: I shall be satisfied, when I awake, with thy likeness. Ps.17:15

Woe unto him that saith to the wood, Awake; to the dumb stone, Arise, it shall teach Behold, it is laid over with gold and silver, and there is no breath at all in the midst of it. Hab 2:19

But the Lord is in his holy temple: let all the earth keep silence before him. Hab 2:20

David was not a priest or a WORSHIP LEADER of the people. He was a poetic "prophet" and many psalms are by the Spirit of Christ. Jesus told the leaders in Jerusalem who were of Abraham but were NOT Israelites and not true Jews but Kenites in parables which had hidden the truth from the "foundation of the world" to keep the merchants from selling them by taking credit (Isaiah 48).

The Psalms are poems and poems TEND to be poetic. And because many of the named instruments could not be used even in the temple court during animal sacrifices to make NOISE scholars are aware that the HARPS of God are the instruments which God gave David.

Furthermore, if David really tried to AWAKE literal harps and lyres then he would be under the curse of God because it was usually held that the "gods" spoke from the musical instruments formed in the shape of humans or sexual objects: "flutes both male and female."

David, therefore, makes it clear that he sings and meditates "on my bed" and "in my heart."

My heart is fixed, O God, my heart is fixed: I will sing and give praise. Pa 57:7

Awake up, my glory; awake, psaltery and harp: I myself will awake early. Ps.57:8

I will praise thee, O Lord, among the people: I will sing unto thee among the nations. Ps 57:9

(A Song or Psalm of David.) O God, my heart is fixed; I will sing and give praise, even with my glory. Psa 108:1

Heart is:

Leb (h3820) labe; a form of 3824; the heart; also used (fig.) very widely for the feelings, the will and even the intellect; likewise for the centre of anything.. mind, understanding wisdom.

Sing is:

Shiyr (h7891) sheer; or (the orig. form) 7788 (1 Sam. 18:6), shoor; a prim. root [rather ident. with 7788 through the idea of strolling minstrelsy]; to sing: - behold [by mistake for 7788], sing (er, - ing man, -ing woman).

Praise is:

Zamar (h2167) zaw-mar'; a prim. root [perh. ident. with 2168 through the idea of striking with the fingers]; prop. to touch the strings or parts of a musical instrument, i. e. play upon it; to make music, accompanied by the voice; hence to celebrate in song and music: - give praise, sing forth praises, psalms.

Glory is:

Kabowd (h3519) kaw-bode'; rarely kabod kaw-bode'; from 3513; prop. weight; but only fig. in a good sense, splendor or copiousness: - glorious (-ly), glory, honour (-able)

Awake, psaltery and harp:

I myself will awake early. Psa 108:2

I will praise thee, O Lord, among the people: and I will

sing praises unto thee among the nations. Psa 108:3

Thou shalt not bow down thyself to them, nor serve them: for I the Lord thy God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth generation of them that hate me; Exod 20:5

The Israelites worshipped Baal Peor before they went into Canaan.

Of Bowing to Baal of Jezebel's propets of Baal and Asherah.

"All these texts point, explicitly or implicitly, to the fact that the dance had a musical accompaniment. Even though the Bible makes no mention of it we must assume that the movements of the prophets of Baal on Mount Carmel were made with an accompaniment on certain musical instruments... There is an obvious satirical intent in the biblical story and we could find no better illustration of a similar attitude than a rather curious bas-relief in the Museo delle Terme in Rome which

derides a ceremony of Isis. In front of a row of images of the gods, men and women are dancing with grotesque contortions; their knees are all bent their heads thrown back and their arms upraised; they are holding castanets or the double flute.

An aged choirmaster and a group of spectators mark time by clapping their hands." ( de Vaux, Roland, The Bible and the Ancient Near East, Doubleday, p. 242).

And shewing mercy unto thousands of them that love me, and keep my commandments. Exod 20:6

Thou shalt not take the name of the Lord thy God in vain: for the Lord will not hold him guiltless that taketh his name in vain. Exod 20:7

Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy. Exod 20:8

Qadash (h6942) kaw-dash'; a prim. root; to be (causat. make, pronounce or observe as) clean (ceremonially or morally): - appoint, bid, consecrate, dedicate, defile, hallow, (be, keep) holy (-er, place), keep, prepare, proclaim, purify, sanctify (-ied one, self), * wholly.

And God blessed the seventh day, and sanctified (h6942 it: because that in it he had rested from all his work which God created and made. Ge.2:3

Six days shalt thou labor, and do all thy work: Exod 20:9

Labor is the SERVICE the Levites performed in the later sacrificial system.

Abad (h5647) aw-bad'; a prim. root; to work (in any sense); by impl. to serve, till, (caus.) enslave, etc.: - * be, keep in bondage, be bondmen, bond-service, compel, do, dress, ear, execute, / husbandman, keep, labour (-ing man), bring to pass, (cause to, make to) serve (-ing, self), (be, become) servant (-s), do (use) service, till (-er), transgress [from margin], (set a) work, be wrought, worshipper.

Work is:

Melakkah (h4399)mel-aw-kaw'; from the same as 4397; prop. deputyship, i. e. ministry; gen. employment (never servile) or work (abstr. or concr.); also property (as the result of labor): - business, * cattle, * industrious, occupation, (* -pied), * officer, thing (made), use, (manner of) work ([man], -manship).

But the seventh day is the sabbath of the Lord thy God: in it thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, thy manservant, nor thy maidservant, nor thy cattle, nor thy stranger that is within thy gates:

The Lord (Jehovah) is the god (Elohim) who created all things. Exod 20:10

For in six days the Lord made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested the seventh day: wherefore the Lord blessed the sabbath day, and hallowed it. Exod 20:11

Honor thy father and thy mother: that thy days may be long upon the land which the Lord thy God giveth thee. Exod 20:12

Thou shalt not kill. Exod 20:13

Thou shalt not commit adultery. Exod 20:14

Thou shalt not steal. Exod 20:15

Thou shalt not bear false witness against thy neighbour. Exod 20:16

Thou shalt not covet thy neighbours house, thou shalt not covet thy neighbours wife, nor his manservant, nor his maidservant, nor his ox, nor his ass, nor any thing that is thy neighbours. Exod 20:17

And all the people saw the thunderings, and the lightnings, and the noise of the trumpet, and the mountain smoking: and when the people saw it, they removed, and stood afar off. Exod 20:18

And they said unto Moses, Speak thou with us, and we will hear: but let not God speak with us, lest we die. Exod 20:19

For Moses truly said unto the fathers, A prophet shall the Lord your God raise up unto you of your brethren, like unto me; him shall ye hear in all things whatsoever he shall say unto you Ac.3:22

And it shall come to pass, that every soul, which will not hear that prophet, shall be destroyed from among the people. Ac.3:23


Who also hath made us able ministers of the new testament; not of the letter,

but of the spirit: for the letter killeth,
but the spirit giveth life. 2 Cor 3:6

It is the spirit that quickeneth; the flesh profiteth nothing: the words that I speak unto you, they are spirit, and they are life. John 6:63

But if the ministration of death, written and engraven in stones, was glorious, so that the children of Israel could not stedfastly behold the face of Moses for the glory of his countenance; which glory was to be done away: 2 Cor 3: 7

How shall not the ministration of the spirit be rather glorious? 2 Cor 3: 8

For if the ministration of condemnation be glory, much more doth the ministration of righteousness exceed in glory. 2 Cor 3: 9

For even that which was made glorious had no glory in this respect, by reason of the glory that excelleth. 2 Cor 3: 10

For if that which is done away was glorious, much more that which remaineth is glorious. 2 Cor 3: 11

Seeing then that we have such hope, we use great plainness of speech: 2 Cor 3: 12

And not as Moses, which put a vail over his face, that the children of Israel could not stedfastly look to the end of that which is abolished: 2 Cor 3: 13

But their minds were blinded: for until this day remaineth the same vail untaken away in the reading of the old testament; which vail is done away in Christ. 2 Cor 3: 14

But even unto this day, when Moses is read, the vail is upon their heart. 2 Cor 3: 15

Nevertheless, when it shall turn to the Lord, the vail shall be taken away. 2 Cor 3: 16

Now the Lord is that Spirit: and where the Spirit of the Lord is, there is liberty. 2 Cor 3: 17

But we all, with open face beholding as in a glass the glory of the Lord, are changed into the same image from glory to glory, even as by the Spirit of the Lord. 2 Cor 3: 18


For ye are not come unto the mount that might be touched, and that burned with fire, nor unto blackness, and darkness, and tempest, Heb.12:18

And the sound of a trumpet, and the voice of words; which voice they that heard intreated that the word should not be spoken to them any more: Heb. 12:19

(For they could not endure that which was commanded, And if so much as a beast touch the mountain, it shall be stoned, or thrust through with a dart: Heb. 12:20

And so terrible was the sight, that Moses said, I exceedingly fear and quake:) Heb. 12:21

But ye are come unto mount Sion, and unto the city of the living God, the heavenly Jerusalem, and to an innumerable company of angels, Heb. 12:22

To the general assembly and church of the firstborn, which are written in heaven, and to God the Judge of all, and to the spirits of just men made perfect, Heb. 12:23

And to Jesus the mediator of the new covenant, and to the blood of sprinkling, that speaketh better things than that of Abel. Heb. 12:24

See that ye refuse not him that speaketh. For if they escaped not who refused him that spake on earth, much more shall not we escape, if we turn away from him that speaketh from heaven: Heb. 12:25

Whose voice then shook the earth: but now he hath promised, saying, Yet once more I shake not the earth only, but also heaven Heb. 12:26

And this word, Yet once more, signifieth the removing of those things that are shaken, as of things that are made, that those things which cannot be shaken may remain. Heb. 12:27

Wherefore we receiving a kingdom which cannot be moved, let us have grace, whereby we may serve God acceptably with reverence and godly fear: Heb. 12:28

For our God is a consuming fire. Heb. 12:29

And Moses said unto the people, Fear not: for God is come to prove you, and that his fear may be before your faces, that ye sin not. Exod 20:20

And the people stood afar off, and Moses drew near unto the thick darkness where God was. Exod 20:21

And the Lord said unto Moses, Thus thou shalt say unto the children of Israel, Ye have seen that I have talked with you from heaven. Exod 20:22

Ye shall not make with me gods of silver, neither shall ye make unto you gods of gold. Exod 20:23

An altar of earth thou shalt make unto me, and shalt sacrifice thereon thy burnt offerings, and thy peace offerings, thy sheep, and thine oxen: in all places where I record my name I will come unto thee, and I will bless thee. Exod 20:24

And if thou wilt make me an altar of stone, thou shalt not build it of hewn stone: for if thou lift up thy tool upon it, thou hast polluted it. Exod 20:25

Neither shalt thou go up by steps unto mine altar, that thy nakedness be not discovered thereon. Exod 20:26

The Lord sent a word into Jacob, and it hath lighted upon Israel. Isa 9:8

And all the people shall know, even Ephraim and the inhabitant of Samaria, that say in the pride and stoutness of heart, Isa 9:9

The bricks are fallen down, but we will build with hewn stones: the sycomores are cut down, but we will change them into cedars. Isa 9:10

Therefore the Lord shall set up the adversaries of Rezin against him, and join his enemies together; Isa 9:11

The Syrians before, and the Philistines behind; and they shall devour Israel with open mouth. For all this his anger is not turned away, but his hand is stretched out still. Isa 9:12

For the people turneth not unto him that smiteth them, neither do they seek the Lord of hosts. Isa 9:13

Therefore the Lord will cut off from Israel head and tail, branch and rush, in one day. Isa 9:14



"Wearing a linen ephod, David once performed an ecstatic dance before the ark of the Lord. From the fact that his wife Michal chided him for having uncovered himself before his servant's handmaidens (2 Sam. 6:20), it seems likely that the king's exhibition was vulgar and revealing. Apparently as a retaliation for her scolding, David fathered no children by Michal (2 Sam. 6:23)" (Garrison, p. 31-32)

David returned to bless his family. But Michal came out to meet him and exclaimed in disgust, "How glorious the king of Israel looked today!

He exposed himself to the girls along the street like a common pervert!" 2 Sam 6:20LIV

The Ark of the covenant had become an idol: David believed that when he danced naked before the ark he was dancing before God.

And David said unto Michal, It was before the Lord, which chose me before thy father, and before all his house, to appoint me ruler over the people of the Lord, over Israel: therefore will I play before the Lord. 2 Chron 6:21

David didn't care about Michal as long as the servant girls honored him:

And I will yet be more vile than thus, and will be base in mine own sight: and of the maidservants which thou hast spoken of, of THEM shall I be had in honour. 2 Chron 6:22