Damon Whitsell Salvation by Campbellite Five Step Plan

Damon Whitsell: Campbellite Church of Christ Position: “We believe a person must complete five steps in order to be saved. A person must: a. Hear the Word; b. Believe the Word; c. Repent of his sins; d. Confess his sins publigacly; e. Be baptized by immersion only.”

See Damon Whitsell rejecting the historical practice of Churches of Christ in not even imagining using performing arts and crafts (the hypocritical arts) to AID Jesus Who is still our only Teacher when the elders teach that which has been taught.

Damon Whitsell rejecting the historical practice of Churches of Christ by disqualifying Alexander Campbell as not being the FIRST to understand the clear statements in Acts 2 or Romans 10.  The Campbells would be defined as Biblically Illiterate if they did not understand the natural process by which God invites all through the gospel and those who believe are baptized to be accepted in the School of Christ.  Walter Scott's only invention was to try to define Acts 2 by using five fingers so that the children forever would be able to remember Acts 2.  It was not an invention for speakers to use their fingers to represent the points.

Jesus said that if you BELIEVETH NOT or Apistos and fail to comply and be baptized FOR salvation or the remission of sins you are in revolt against Jesus Christ and will be damned. Maybe Jesus was a Campbellite?

Damon Whitsell Lutheran Response: Claims that the "normal process" leading to salvation or remission of sins was INVENTED by Walter Scott. 

As with false teachers in churches of Christ, this is supposed to disqualify Alexander Campbell and therefore demolish the Church of Christ.  No one thinks of these as legalistic steps which procures salvation.  It is simple: if you want to be a Christiand or Disciple of Christ you WILL be baptized: you cannot believe unless you hear. Most people understand that.  You cannot confess Christ until you know about Christ. No one mocks that.  If Jesus commands that you be baptized IN ORDER to his remission of sins, you follow the Leader whereever He leads you.  It is illogical to think that you can have your spirit translated into that heavenly kingdom without know how to get there: Jesus is our commander or leader through grizzly bear country: don't try to be your own guide.

Most members of churches of Christ know little about these early teachers but rely on the Bible from which most early scholars derived their clear understanding: the process is taught in clear details in Acts 2 and romans 10.

Thomas and Alexander Campbell had been sprinkled "for the remission of sins." That is what Calvin taught.  However, the only change was understanding that it was ADULT BAPTISM which was for the remission of sins. From the very first when the Campbells understood that "faith comes by hearing" they understood that there was no hearing about sprinkling for the remission of sins. Men like Barton W. Stone understood the gospel plan but were very cautious that they would spook the baptists who were baptized BECAUSE they had been saved.

Campbell to Broaddus: But my friend Broaddus [knows full well that we teach no such doctrine; but if a christian errs from the good ways of the Lord we exhort him to repent and pray--not to repent and be baptized again; but to confess and forsake his error, and through the Divine Advocate he will find mercy and forgiveness.   He must also perceive from our defence of the Extra, if he have not before, that we do not insulate the remission of sins as the only blessing connected with baptism, nor as the only thing necessary to salvation;

but, with his own confession of faith, as well as the Westminster, we regard baptism as securing to the believing subject all the blessings of the new covenant, and especially the remission of sins, on which we emphasize when we address penitents, or those who make baptism a mere ceremony.

John Calvin on Baptism

Damon Whitsell: The plan is something evolved according to Damon: but he notes that both Scot and Campbell were Baptists who left Calvinism.

Richardson Memoirs Alexander Campbell: At his baptism Alexander Campbell [395] At this unexpected announcement, Alexander smiled, and told her that he was now upon his way to request the services of Mr. Luce, as [395] he had himself determined to be immersed

[396] "In his remarks, he had quoted, among other Scriptures, the command of Peter to the believers on the day of Pentecost: "Repent and be baptized, every one of you, in the name of Jesus Christ, for the remission of sins, and you shall receive the gift of the Holy Spirit;" and had dwelt at length upon the gracious promises of God to all who should obey him. When he had concluded, James Hanen, who, with his wife, had also concluded to be baptized, took his child from its mother's arms, and requesting her to walk aside,
asked her what she thought of the declaration of Peter, "You shall receive the gift of the Holy Spirit," and how she understood it. Mrs. Hanen, being well acquainted with the Scriptures, soon gave a satisfactory reply, and both were accordingly baptized along with the rest, consisting of Alexander Campbell and his wife: his father and mother, [397] and his sister--in all seven persons.

Alexander had stipulated with Elder Luce that the ceremony should be performed precisely according to the pattern given in the New Testament, and that, as there was no account of any of the first converts being called upon to give what is called a "religious experience," this modern custom should be omitted, and that the candidates should be admitted on the simple confession that "Jesus is the Son of God."

In an interview in later years, published in the American Christian Review in 1879, his widow, Selina Huntington Campbell, stated:
Some of the brethren say that because ‘remission of sins’ was not named at his baptism, he was not scripturally introduced into Christ’s kingdom. Alexander Campbell was baptized into the full faith of forgiveness of his sins . . .
The Baptists took great delight in the immersion of a prominent Presbyterian family. Although Campbell was never officially a Baptist, he preached for the Baptists and worked with the Baptists over an extended period of time. When he finally disassociated himself from the Baptist denomination, he carried thousands of their members with him. In the early days, however, the discussion related primarily to differences with Presbyterians and Methodists regarding the subjects of baptism (whether believers or infants) and the action of baptism (whether sprinkling or immersion). Campbell’s views agreed with the Baptists on both of these crucial issues.

Both Scott and Campbell were not "Campbellites" but BAPTISTS at the time.  The Baptists simply did not understand what Alexander Campbell was telling them.  They had joined the Baptists because the Baptists taught Baptism. The Baptists, being bright, taught the people, hoped for faith, confession and repentance but were baptized BECAUSE they were saved.

Shepherd of Hermes
21:5 these are they that
finally rebelled from the living God,

21:6 and it no more entered into their hearts to repent
        by reason
of the lusts of their wantonness and of the wickednesses which they wrought.

21:7 But the others, which fall near the waters and yet cannot roll into the water, wouldest thou know who are they?

21:8 These are they that heard the word, and would be baptized unto the name of the Lord.

Didache 9:5 And let none eat or drink of your Eucharist
........... but such as have been baptized into the name of the Lord,
........... for of a truth the Lord hath said concerning this,
........... Give not that which is holy unto dogs.

21:9 Then, when they call to their remembrance the purity of the truth,
        they change their minds, and go back again after their evil desires'.

Damon Whitsell: Walter Scott--speaking to children--developed the plan by the use of his five figers.

Scott didn't invent this plan: it is laid out clearly to anyone who understands that there is a natural sequence from first hearing the gospel to obeying it. Scott simply READ Acts 2.

The first three steps involve human action:

We might add HEARING:
Faith comes by hearing hearing by the Word of God.

Luke 1:69 And hath raised up an horn of salvation for us in the house of his servant David;
Luke 1:70 As he spake by the mouth of his holy prophets, which have been since the world began
Acts 2:22 Ye men of Israel, hear these words; Jesus of Nazareth, a man approved of God among you by miracles and wonders and signs, which God did by him in the midst of you, as ye yourselves also know:

Romans 1:16 For I am not ashamed of the gospel of Christ: for it is the power of God unto salvation to every one that believeth; to the Jew first, and also to the Greek.

1Peter 1:25 But the word of the Lord endureth for ever. And this is the word which by the gospel is preached unto you
The first three steps involve human action:.

Walter Scott Faith: This is more than just agreeing something is true.  It involves commitment and deep trust.  It's something we build our lives around.  We believe that Jesus is the Christ, the son of the Living God and is our Lord and Savior.

Acts 2:37 Now when they heard this [with understanding] they were pricked in their heart,
        and said unto Peter and to the rest of the apostles,
        Men and brethren, what shall we do
Romans 10:17 So then faith cometh by hearing, and hearing by the word of God

Walter Scott Repentance:  We recognize that we have missed the mark, have separated and alienated ourselves from God and from our fellow human being, and by doing this have disobeyed God.

Acts 2:38a Then Peter said unto them, Repent
Ezekiel 18:30 Therefore I will judge you, O house of Israel,
        every one according to his ways,
        saith the Lord GOD.
        Repent, and turn yourselves from all your transgressions;
        so iniquity shall not be your ruin.
Ezekiel 18:31 Cast away from you all your transgressions,
        whereby ye have transgressed;
        and make you a new heart and a new spirit:
        for why will ye die, O house of Israel?

Walter Scott We confess this freely and vow to turn from this way of living.

Acts 2:38b and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ for the remission of sins, and ye shall receive the gift of the Holy Ghost.
Acts 22:16 And now why tarriest thou? arise, and be baptized, and wash away thy sins, calling on the name of the Lord.

1Peter 3:21 The like figure whereunto even baptism doth also now save us (not the putting away of the filth of the flesh, but the request for a good conscience toward God,) by the resurrection of Jesus Christ:

Walter Scott Baptism:  We offer ourselves for baptism by immersion.  This represents our death (to old self), burial, and resurrection (to a new life in Jesus Christ).  This is also reminiscent of the baptism of Jesus in the Jordan River by John the Baptizer.

Acts 2:41a Then they that gladly received his word were baptized: 

The last two steps belong to God and are associated with the third step: as baptism is completed,

Walter Scott  Forgiveness:  We then fully accept the forgiveness of God for all that we have done.  Daily we go to God asking forgiveness for we recognize ourselves as sinful by nature and desire to have God cleanse us daily of those things that  keep us from feeling God's blessedness.

Acts 2:38b and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ for the remission of sins
Acts 3:19 Repent ye therefore,
         and be converted, [baptized]
        that your sins may be blotted out,
        when the times of refreshing shall come from the presence of the Lord;

Acts 2:41b and the same day there were added unto them about three thousand souls.

Acts 2:40 And with many other words did he testify and exhort, saying,
        Save yourselves from this untoward generation. 

Luke 1:71 That we should be saved from our enemies, and from the hand of all that hate us;

Walter Scott   Holy Spirit:  The Holy Spirit then commences in every believer after baptism into the church, the living Body of Christ.  The Holy Spirit becomes our Comforter and Sustainer and helps us to remember all the things that Jesus has taught and continues to teach us daily.

Luke 1:76 And thou, child, shalt be called the prophet of the Highest:
        for thou shalt go before the face of the Lord to prepare his ways;
Luke 1:77 To give knowledge of salvation unto his people by the remission of their sins,

A holy spirit is A good conscience or consciousness which is a Co-perception of the Word.
Paul told the Corinthian Jews that until they converted (were baptized) into Christ they would not be able to read BLACK text on BROWN paper.
Colossians 1:9 For this cause we also, since the day we heard it, do not cease to pray for you,
        and to desire that ye might be filled with the knowledge of his will
        in all wisdom and spiritual understanding;
John 6:63 It is the spirit that quickeneth; the flesh profiteth nothing: the words that I speak unto you, they are spirit, and they are life.
Colossians 1:10 That ye might walk worthy of the Lord unto all pleasing,
         being fruitful in every good work, and increasing in the knowledge of God;
Colossians 1:11 Strengthened with all might, according to his glorious power,
        unto all patience and longsuffering with joyfulness;
Colossians 1:12 Giving thanks unto the Father,
        which hath made us meet to be partakers of the inheritance of the saints in light:
Colossians 1:13 Who hath delivered us from the power of darkness, [Law]
        and hath translated us into the kingdom of his dear Son:


Martin Luther Baptism and the New Birth

Now, since these ceremonials contributed nothing to man's purification in God's sight--a thing to be effected by nothing short of a new birth--Christ came with a new order of cleansing, namely, baptism,

which is not a mere external ablution from physical impurities,

but a washing effective in man's purification from the inward pollution of his old sinful birth and from an evil conscience,

and bringing remission of sin and a good conscience [243] toward God, as Peter says. I Pet 3, 21. Paul, also (Tit 3, 5), calls baptism the "washing of regeneration and renewing of the Holy Spirit."

24. Christ first instituted baptism through John the Baptist. To distinguish it from the Mosaic baptism, the old Jewish rite of washings,

Christ styles it "a baptism unto repentance and the remission of sins."

He designs that therein man shall perceive his inner impurities and know them to be, in God's sight, beyond the power of outward Mosaic ablutions to reach;

shall know also that purification of the conscience and remission of sins must be sought and obtained through the power of Christ the Lord, who instituted baptism.

In Romans 10 Paul cycles through the necessary path to salvation.</b>  Only repentance is left out because not everyone is disqualified by character from becoming a disciple of Christ.

Being enrolled in the School of a Master Tentmaker follows a logical pattern: He does not accept you to reveal his secrets until he has been asked, has baptized you, given you his name, given you new clothing and adopted you. Otherwise,  "believeth not" means complieth not and he could not trust you. We are baptized (1 Peter 3:21) to ask for A good conscience, consciousness or a co-perception of the Word also defined by Paul in 2 Corinthians 3.  A holy spirit is our spirit made holy by Christ [Walter Scott, Alexander Campbell and 1 peter 3]

You don't become a brain surgeon by believing in the professor or watching an operation on TV.

Rom 10:8 But what saith it?
        The word is nigh thee, even in thy mouth,
        and in thy heart: that is,
        the word of FAITH,
        which we PREACH;

Rom 10:9 That if thou
        shalt CONFESS with thy mouth the Lord Jesus,
        and shalt BELIEVE in thine heart
        that God hath RAISED him from the DEAD,
        thou shalt be saved.

Rom 10:10 For with the heart
        man believeth unto righteousness; and
        with the mouth confession is made unto salvation.

Abraham was "righteous" by faith and NOT Saved by faith only.

Faith makes a God fearing person have the right standing: not ceremonially impure
But, Confession is unto salvation.  Faith only would not save you says this verse.

belief, call upon the name, must believe, must hear, preachers must be sent:

Rom 10:11 For the scripture saith,
        Whosoever BELIEVETH on him
        shall NOT be ASHAMED.

Now, NOT ASHAMED is not the opposite of BEING SAVED (by faith only).

Rom 10:12 For there is NO DIFFERENCE between the Jew and the Greek:
Rom 10:13 for the SAME Lord over all is rich unto all THAT CALL UPON HIM.
        For whosoever shall CALL upon the NAME of the Lord shall be saved.

Romans 10:14 How then shall they call on him
        in whom they have not believed?
        and how shall they believe in him of whom they have not heard?
        and how shall they hear without a preacher?
        And how shall they preach, except they be sent?

Paul quotes Isaiah where Christ commanded baptism;

Rom. 10:16 But they have not all obeyed the gospel.
          For Esaias saith, Lord, who hath believed our report?

A Believer is one who has "obeyed the gospel."

Heb.11:6 But without faith it is impossible to please him:
        for he that cometh to God must believe that he is,
        and that he is a rewarder of them that diligently seek him

The ekklesia is The Church of Christ.
To the general assembly and
church of the firstborn, which are written in heaven, and to God the Judge of all,
........... and to the Spirits of just men made perfect, Heb 12:23


Acts 2:42 And they continued stedfastly
        in the apostles’ doctrine
        and fellowship, and in breaking of bread, and in prayers.

Acts 2:47 Praising God, and having favour with all the people.
        And the Lord added to the church daily such as were being saved.

No, they never worshipped IN the temple or inner court where the instruments were quarantined.

Calling on the name of the Lord is done at baptism

Zep 3:9 For then will
        I turn to the people a pure language,
        that they may all call upon the name of the Lord,
        to serve him with one consent.

Acts 22:16 And now why tarriest thou?
        arise, and be baptized,
        and wash away thy sins,
        calling on the name of the Lord.

1Peter 3:21 The like figure [A pattern to be imitated]
        whereunto even baptism doth also now save us
(not the putting away of the filth of the flesh,
        but the request for a good conscience toward God,)
        by the resurrection of Jesus Christ:
Campbell, Luther, Scott and any Bible reader understands that A holy spirit is A good conscience: this is the gift of God never promised to those who repudiate the direct commands of God, Martin Luther, John Calvin etal

Alexander Campbell Earnest of the Spirit and others understand that A holy spirit is OUR unholy spirit which has been cleansed by the blood of Jesus Christ and not His "spirit."

This is...understood by every attentive reader. The original phrase is hagiasmos pneumatos, and is found only in II. Thess. ii. 13; I. Pet. i. 2. In both places it appears to refer to the sanctification of the spirit of believers.   It is literally rendered "sanctification [or holiness] of spirit." There is no article in the original and no epithet that suggests the Holy Spirit in either passage. 

God has chosen men to salvation through (or by) holiness of spirit;
not through the holiness of his Spirit,
        but through the holiness of their spirit.

When Jesus prayed (John xvii.) for the sanctification or holiness of his disciples,
          it was through the truth: "Sanctify them through the truth;
          thy word is truth."

The belief of the truth is, therefore, by Paul associated with this holiness or sanctification of spirit.

The Spirit of God is frequently denominated in these days, "the Sanctifier." Let it be granted that it is the Spirit that sanctifies or sets apart men to God, still it must be argued from the Record that he sanctifies them only through the truth or gospel believed.
A sanctified unbeliever is inconceivable;
      and, as "without holiness [or sanctification of spirit] no man can see the Lord;
     so, without faith, there can be no holiness, and no action acceptable to God.

All persons sanctified to God to any high office or function, were anointed, and thus consecrated to his special service. So all Christians, being priests, 

        are anointed or sanctified by the Holy Spirit 
       [135] through the obedience of the truth,
        and sprinkling of the blood of Jesus,
        cleansing their consciences from dead works to serve the living God.

Walter Scott wrote

Again--Some will say, What does the expression Holy Spirit mean? Well, in scripture
it stands first for God the Holy Spirit,
and secondly for the
HOLY MIND or SPIRIT of A believer-
for illustration, take Peter's words to Ananias, "Why has Satan tempted you to lie to the Holy Spirit; you have not lied to men, but to God," (the Holy Spirit.)
And the Saviour says, How much more will your heavenly Father give A holy spirit (as it should be translated) to those that ask him. Again--Praying in A holy spirit.
Again--Paul says he approved himself God's servant "by knowledge, by long sufferings, by kindness, by A holy spirit'" i. e. by a mind innocent of the love of GAIN, or commerce, or sensuality.
Now then the expression stands for both God the Holy Spirit, and for a believer's spirit made holy by him.
I shall now answer, from scripture, the following questions.--

When do we know that we are born of the Spirit
        I answer, when we know that
our spirits are holy
But it will be asked again, when do we know this?
        I reply, when we behold
our minds producing the fruits of A holy spirit.

J. W. McGarvey 1Peter3-21.html

Perhaps some one is ready to object, just here, that it is rather a strange mode of speech, for a man to represent his own spirit as being a witness to himself. But this is not the only passage in which Paul speaks in this way. When speaking of the unbelief of Israel, in the ninth of Romans, he uses this language:

I say the truth in Christ, I lie not, my conscience also bearing me witness in the Holy Spirit, that I have great heaviness and continual sorrow in my heart." Romans 9:1-2

In the Greek we have here the same verb as in our text, so that, more exactly translated, it would read,

"my conscience also bearing witness with me." Here are two witnesses,
himself in the
aggregate testifying to the brethren,
and his

which does not in every man agree with the spoken words, asserting within him the same thing.

We now have the subject sufficiently before us, to begin to feel the solid ground beneath our feet.

When the Holy Spirit testified to Paul what character God would adopt as a child, he could not doubt it; and when he honestly inquired of his own spirit what his own character was, he could not doubt the answer that was given.

When these two characters agree, to doubt that you are a child of God is to doubt either your own consciousness, or the words of the Holy Spirit.

Only those who have obeyed and been baptized have the Promise made by God in Christ to Abraham and throughout the prophets;
Eze 11:19 And I will give them one heart,
        and I will put a new spirit within you;
        and I will take the stony heart out of their flesh,
        and will give them an heart of flesh: [Our heart or Our spirit]
Eze 11:20 That they may walk in my statutes, and keep mine ordinances, and do them:
        and they shall be my people, and I will be their God.
Eze 11:21 But as for them whose heart
        walketh after the heart of their detestable things and their abominations,
        I will recompense their way upon their own heads, saith the Lord GOD.

Damon Whitsell:  Scott's five finger exercise developed into a legalistic brand of primitivisn and rationalism.

Listening to Hughes is not a good way to learn Scripture or recorded history. 

That's good: God made Jesus of Nazareth to be both Lord and Christ.  He is the LOGOS or Word or Rational argument of God embedded in Jesus Christ who named His own Church.

PRIMITIVISM is what all historic scholars call an APOSTOLIC church: that means that God's Word does not go out of style and He will never call on us to make changes when culture changes.

Thomas Campbell Declaration and Address

Dearly beloved brethren, why should we deem it a thing incredible that the Church of Christ, in this highly favored country, should resume that original unity, peace, and purity which belongs to its constitution, and constitutes its glory? Or, is there anything that can be justly deemed necessary for this desirable purpose, both to conform to the model
and adopt the practice of the primitive Church, expressly exhibited in the New Testament?
Whatever alterations [Changes to the existing practices] this might produce in any or in all of the Churches, should, we think, neither be deemed inadmissible nor ineligible. Surely such alteration would be every way for the better, and not for the worse,
unless we should suppose the divinely-inspired rule to be faulty, or defective.
Were we, then, in our Church constitution and managements, to exhibit a complete conformity to the apostolic Church, would we not be, in that respect, as perfect as Christ intended we should be? And should not this suffice us?
It is, to us, a pleasing consideration that all the Churches of Christ which mutually acknowledge each other as such, are not only agreed in the great doctrines of faith and holiness, but are also materially agreed as to the positive ordinances of Gospel institution;
so that our differences, at most, are about the things in which the kingdom of God does not consist, that is, about matters of private opinion or human invention.
What a pity that the kingdom of God should be divided about such things!
Who, then, would not be the first among us to give up human inventions in the worship of God, and to cease from imposing his private opinions upon his brethren, that our breaches might thus be healed?
Who would not willingly conform to the original pattern laid down in the New Testament, for this happy purpose? (John Locke Letter of Toleration)
Our dear brethren of all denominations will please to consider that we have our educational prejudices and particular customs to struggle against as well as they.
But this we do sincerely declare, that there is nothing we have hitherto received as matter of faith or practice which is not expressly taught and enjoined in the word of God,
either in express terms or approved precedent,
that we would not heartily relinquish, that so we might return to the original [10] constitutional unity of the Christian Church; and, in this happy unity, enjoy full communion with all our brethren, in peace and charity.
The like dutiful condescension we candidly expect of all that are seriously impressed with a sense of the duty they owe to God, to each other, and to their perishing brethren of mankind. To this we call, we invite, our brethren of all denominations, by all the sacred motives which we have avouched as the impulsive reasons of our thus addressing them.
You are all, dear brethren, equally included as the objects of our love and esteem. With you all we desire to unite in the bonds of an entire Christian unity--
Christ alone being the head, the center, his word the rule;
an explicit belief of, and manifest conformity to it, in all things--the terms.

Scott's followers involved human response to the work of Jesus.

Neither Whitsell or Hughes knows of anyone who does not make certain that people are obeying the command of God with the understanding that He is the only one who can remit sins.  Ephesians 2 understood by all Bible students proves that being raised with Christ in baptism is the eternal SHOWING ACT  of Salvation by Grace through faith.

table, jude enoch

2Thessalonians 1:7 And to you who are troubled rest with us,
        when the Lord Jesus shall be revealed from heaven with his mighty angels,
2Thessalonians 1:8 In flaming fire taking vengeance on them that know not God,
        and that obey not the gospel of our Lord Jesus Christ:
2Thessalonians 1:9 Who shall be punished with everlasting destruction
        from the presence of the Lord, and from the glory of his power;
2Thessalonians 1:10 When he shall come to be glorified in his saints,
        and to be admired in all them that believe
        (because our testimony among you was believed) in that day.
2Thessalonians 1:11 Wherefore also we pray always for you,
         that our God would count you worthy of this calling,
        and fulfil all the good pleasure of his goodness, and the work of faith with power:
2Thessalonians 1:12 That the name of our Lord Jesus Christ may be glorified in you,
        and ye in him, according to the grace of our God and the Lord Jesus Christ.

1Peter 4:12 Beloved, think it not strange concerning
        the fiery trial which is to try you, as though some strange thing happened unto you:
1Peter 4:13 But rejoice,
        inasmuch as ye are partakers of Christ’s sufferings;
        that, when his glory shall be revealed,
        ye may be glad also with exceeding joy.
1Peter 4:14 If ye be reproached for the name of Christ,
         happy are ye; for the spirit of glory and of God resteth upon you:
         on their part he is evil spoken of, but on your part he is glorified.
1Peter 4:15 But let none of you suffer as a murderer, or as a thief, or as an evildoer,
        or as a busybody in other men’s matters.
1Peter 4:16 Yet if any man suffer as a Christian, let him not be ashamed;
        but let him glorify God on this behalf.
1Peter 4:17 For the time is come that judgment must begin at the house of God:
        and if it first begin at us, what shall the end be of them
        that obey not the gospel of God?
1Peter 4:18 And if the righteous scarcely be saved,
        where shall the ungodly and the sinner appear?
1Peter 4:19 Wherefore let them that suffer according to the will of God
        commit the keeping of their souls to him in well doing, as unto a faithful Creator

Hebrews 11:5 By faith Enoch was translated that he should not see death;
        and was not found, because God had translated him:
        for before his translation he had this testimony, that he pleased God.
Hebrews 11:6 But without faith it is impossible to please him:
        for he that cometh to God must believe that he is,
        and that he is a rewarder of them that diligently seek him.
Hebrews 11:7 By faith Noah, being warned of God of things not seen as yet,
        moved with fear,
        prepared an ark to the saving of his house;
        by the which he condemned the world,
        and became heir of the righteousness which is by faith.
Hebrews 11:8 By faith Abraham, when he was called to go out into a place which he should after receive for an inheritance, obeyed; and he went out, not knowing whither he went.

Damon Whitsell: notes that the five-point plan of salvation was common by the 20th century. It included the human tasks of hearing, believing, repenting, confessing Jesus and being baptized.  This was legalistic.
In almost all denominations preaching and music had replaced teaching the Word of God.  It was difficult to gradually get people to return to the Bible (that old primitive thingy) and try to follow its precepts. Therefore, the plan would suddenly POP OUT when one read Acts 2 or Romans 10 without it being filtered through "prelatal pride."

The Prophetic Type

Heb 11:7 By faith Noah,
        being warned of God of things not seen as yet,
        moved with fear,
        prepared an ark to the saving of his house;

by the which he condemned the world,
....... ..... and became heir of the righteousness which is by faith.
Noah heard, believed or trusted, obeyed by preparing the ark and therefore saved his house: Noah saved them by following the pattern.  Peter used this is a TEACHING TYPE so that people could understand that BAPTISM SAVES because one hears, believes, turns toward God.  Requesting A good conscience or A holy spirit from God is NOT legalism.
1Peter 3:18 For Christ also hath once suffered for sins,
        the just for the unjust, that he might bring us to God,
        being put to death in the flesh, but quickened by the Spirit:
1Peter 3:19 By which also he went and preached unto the spirits in prison;
1 Pet. 3:21 The like figure (Antitupon or Antitype counterpart) whereunto
..........even baptism doth also now save us (not the putting away of the filth of the flesh,
..........but the answer of [Appeal FOR not PLEDGE] a good conscience toward God,)
..........by the resurrection of Jesus Christ:

Baptism is a TUPOS or type: it is a pattern intended to be imitated.
Those who obeyed the form or ANTI-tupos in baptism are then free from sin.
Those who do not obey that pattern are STILL IN THEIR SINS and outside of the Church.

But God be thanked, that ye were the servants of sin,
but ye have
obeyed from the heart that form (tupos a model for imitation) of doctrine
which was delivered you. Ro 6:17
............ But now being
............ made free from sin, and
............ become servants to God, ye
............ have your fruit unto holiness, and
............ the end everlasting life. Ro 6:22
2 Thess 3:9 Not because we have not power,
        but to
make ourselves an ensample unto you to follow us.
  1. We are baptized by GRACE instead of having to build an Ark or drown
  2. We are baptized by GRACE instead of having to cross the Red Sea or be destroyed by FAITH ONLY when God said "Quit whining, lift up your arm and MOVE into the jaws of death.
  3. We are baptized by GRACE instead of having to be pinned on a stake and shed OUR blood.

When a person becomes a Disciple only by baptism, they  have A holy spirit or the ability to read the BLACK text already there on BROWN paper. By understanding the ONLY Spiritual Covenant made by  God in Christ to Abraham, it is easy to see that Paul ignores the entire period of the Law of Moses and defines salvation by  FAITH as being baptized INTO Christ.
Galatians 3:26 For ye are all the children of God by faith in Christ Jesus.
Galatians 3:27 For [I mean to affirm] as many of you
        as have been baptized into Christ have put on Christ.
ĕt-ĕnim , I. conj., subjoins a corroborative clause, or one which contains the reason of a preceding statement, for, truly, and indeed, because that, since
Salvation by FAITH is because only those who are baptized have been CLOTHED with Christ.

Galatians 3:28 There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither bond nor free,
        there is neither male nor female: for ye are all one in Christ Jesus.
Galatians 3:29 And if ye be Christ’s,
        then are ye Abraham’s seed, and heirs according to the promise.

Not: We are saved BY faith "only." That PROVES that you do not have A holy spirit or A good conscience or consciousness which means a CO-perception, to be informed of. Paul told the Jews they would not be able to read or hear the Old Testament until they turned or converted to Christ.  Jesus equated converted to baptism and Luke recorded baptism to being converted.

[27] quicumque enim in Christo baptizati estis Christum induistis

Enim why because, for, for instance, namely, that is to say, I mean, in fact I. To corroborate a preceding assertion, yes indeed, yes truly, of a truth, to be sure, certainly, indeed: A. To prove or show the grounds of a preceding assertion

at enim ‘but indeed’ (on the use of enim in Plautus, see below) in dialogue is used to oppose a preceding statement of the other speaker, e.g. Most. 922A. vel mihi denumeratoB. at enim ne quid captioni mihi sit, si dederim tibi”. (For other examples of at enim see Seyffert in Studemund's Studien 2, p. 426 n.)

Cic. Off. 1.39 13. Again, if under stress of circumstances individuals have made any promise to the enemy, they are bound to keep their word even then.
            For instance, in the First Punic War, when Regulus was taken prisoner by the Carthaginians, he was sent to Rome on parole to negotiate an exchange of prisoners;

This was the PATTERN of Abraham

Genesis 26:4 And I will make thy seed to multiply as the stars of heaven,
        and will give unto thy seed all these countries;
        and in thy seed shall all the nations of the earth be blessed;
Genesis 26:5 Because
        that Abraham
        obeyed my voice,
        and kept my charge,
        my commandments,
        my statutes,
        and my laws.

Damon Whitsell: quotes Richard T. Hughes, Reviving the ancient faith as his foundation who claims that the "five step plan of salvation" taught by the Campbellite Church of Christ is based on legalistic rationalism.

This is the common mantra of people who reject authority and see any response of the human mind to the invitation of the gospel as legalism.  Of course, they know neither the Bible, Church history or how to define "legalism."

Most of the religionism from the First Great American Awakening was the child of witchcraft from old salem and irrational preaching.  This irrationalism would include "singing, dancing, clapping hands, crawling around on all fours, barking at trees and howling and fighting over the garbage when food ran out. The History which Hughes never heard of includes;

The word "charisma" comes from the name of the Greek goddess Charis, who personified grace, beauty, purity, and altruism. Possession of these faculties came to be known as charisma. [Footnote: The Greek word is charizesthai, and it means favor or gift of divine origin. In an erotic sense to another male.

The Greeks do not seem to have associated this with the kind of demagogic and irrational leadership of which Plato wrote in his Gorgias, although they were well aware of the rhapsodic "Dionysian" aspect of life;

The most primitive form of charisma occurs in shamanism. This is the religion of the small tribal unit and the witch doctor. The shaman-- "one who is excited, moved, raised" (Lindholm 1990, 158)--becomes master of the "techniques of ecstasy" (Eliade 1964). Typically he (or she, for among the !Kung fully 10 percent of women become shamans; Lindholm 1990, 163) is identified early as one with a "shadowed heart." The shaman is not psychotic but is disturbed in some way--the "disease of God," as the Koreans put it (La Barre 1980, 58)--showing peculiar behaviors from birth and experiencing spirit possession, trance, and epileptic seizures while a youth. Such a youth is apprenticed to a senior shaman, who trains him in occult practices. After hearing a call from a god or a spirit, the trainee withdraws into the desert or the woods to meditate in solitude, often undergoing some kind of spiritual test, such as a journey to the underworld. This culminates in a spiritual rebirth from which the shaman emerges with an inner strength and an uncanny sensitivity, emotional intensity, and detachment. Transformed, the graduate shaman returns to the tribe to claim his place as tribal witch doctor (Kopp 1972, 31-32).

Weber wondered whether charisma might arise from some mental illness, but he rejected the notion (Weber 1968a, 499). Instead, he spoke of an "emotional seizure" that originates in the unconscious of the leader and results in three "extraordinary" emotions: ecstasy, euphoria, and political passions. These emotions arouse similar feelings in others, who become followers (Weber 1968b, 273-74); the greater the leader's emotional depth and belief in his calling, the greater is his appeal and the more intense is his following (Weber 1968a, 539). Weber also associated a particular calling with each extraordinary emotion. The first involves two kinds of leaders--the shaman and the "exemplary" prophet--who use ecstasy as a tool of salvation and self-deification.

To produce ecstasy they may use alcohol and other drugs, music and dance, sexuality, or some combination of these; in short, orgies (Weber 1968b, 273). They also may provoke hysterical or epileptoid seizures (Weber 1968b, 273). This may seem like a mental disturbance or possession

However, in time this facade of competence became less stable. Their confidence began to give way to vain boasting and a naive sense of invincibility. Unrealistic, grandiose fantasies appeared in their conversations, along with a streak of exhibitionism. So "brittle" did their confidence and self-certainty become that they were sometimes unable to admit to a gap in their knowledge; their need to appear strong was so shallow as to render them unable to ask for information, assistance, or advice. They were reluctant to seek therapy but had been forced to do so because of having been compromised by various fraudulent or sexually perverse behaviors. Prophetic Charisma: Corey Donovan

Jesus is the LOGOS or the personified rational discourse of God.  If one appeals to using the human mind or spirit and reads and tries to obey the Scriptures, that is considered virtual insanity in the day of Post Modernism where no one can know anything about anything.

Discovering our Roots: The Ancestry of the Churches of Christ

Richard T. Hughes and C. Leonard Allen, in their book, Discovering our Roots: The Ancestry of the Churches of Christ, made a most significant statement on page 8: "If we assume that our roots are entirely sacred and not profane, entirely apostolic and not historical, entirely Biblical and not cultural, then we have elevated ourselves above the level of common humanity, and, in essence, made ourselves into gods."

From page 5 "This attitude toward the past characterized the early movement... Propelled by such an attitude toward the past, restoration movements like ours easily develop a kind of historylessness. By this term I refer to the perception that, while other churches or movements are snared in the web of profane history,

one's own church or movement stands above mere human history. One's own movement partakes only of the perfections of the first age, the sacred time of pure beginnings... This sense of historylessness works in powerful and subtle ways. In the process it creates exhilarating (and damaging) illusions

"Among Churches of Christ it often has meant that we simply discounted eighteen centuries of Christianity as,

at worst, a diseased tumor or, at best, an instructive failure.

And not surprisingly, the same attitude has led many people among Churches of Christ to dismiss their own history as itself irrelevant. For after all, if our origins come entirely from the Bible and our churches are New Testament churches, then we really need not bother ourselves with the recent past.

On page 7, he writes: "In the process we sought not so much to understand earlier Christian movements in all their complexity. We sought rather to decry them or on occasion simply to ridicule them. For they obviously ran in the stream of profane history, swept along by little more than human willfulness and ignorance. But our movement was different. It did not run in any wide and turgid stream. Rather, it gushed directly out of the spring, forming only a crystal clear pool around it... It was an exciting story, almost the stuff of epics and legends."
Acts 8:23 For I perceive that thou art in the gall of bitterness, and in the bond of iniquity.
Hebrews 12:15 Looking diligently lest any man fail of the grace of God;
        lest any root of bitterness springing up trouble you, and thereby many be defiled

Why would one claiming to be a Professor of Christ--a doctor of the Law--treat Christ with less respect than a regular herald who does NOT make any changes or commentary on the message he is "waged" to deliver.
-[941b] if convicted. Theft of property is uncivilized, open robbery is shameless: neither of these has any of the sons of Zeus practiced, through delight in fraud or force. Let no man, therefore, be deluded concerning this or persuaded either by -poets or by any perverse -myth-mongers into the belief that, when he thieves or forcibly robs, he is doing nothing shameful, but just what the gods themselves do.1 That is both unlikely and untrue; and whoever acts thus unlawfully is neither a god at all nor a child of gods;
Hermes is specially in mind, as notorious for his thefts and frauds;
Mutholog-os , ho,

A. teller of legends, romancer, joined with poiêtês, Id.R.392d, cf. 398b, Lg.664d, Thphr.HP4.13.2, -LXX Ba.3.23; used of Hdt. by Arist. GA756b6. 

-[941c] and this the lawgiver, as it behoves him, knows better than the whole tribe of poets. He, therefore, that hearkens to our speech is blessed, and deserves blessing for all time; but he that hearkens not shall, in the next place, be holden by this law:--If anyone steals any piece of public property, he shall receive the same punishment, be it great or small. For he that steals a small thing steals with equal greed, though with less power, while he that takes a large thing which he has not deposited does wrong to the full;

-Republic [620c] [620c] After her, he said, he saw the soul of Epeius,1 the son of Panopeus, entering into the nature of an arts and crafts woman. Far off in the rear he saw the soul of the buffoon Thersites 2 clothing itself in the body of an apePithêkos A. ape, monkey, 2. nickname for a trickster, jackanapes,

Damon Whitsell: says that nowhere in Scriptures are these steps on the way to salvation listed.  He says that God GIVES hearing, faith, repentance, confession and baptism

Nowhere in the Scriptures are these five steps spelled out as being “necessary” or “required” for salvation. Rather, the five steps are all gifts from God for the benefit of the sinner –

Damon Whitsell: Hearing the Gospel (Romans 10:17);

John Calvin said that the two supernatural operations required are the Word of God and Sending out preachers.

Romans 10:15 And how shall they preach, except they be sent?
        as it is written, How beautiful are the feet of them that preach the gospel of peace,
        and bring glad tidings of good things!
Romans 10:16 But they have not all obeyed the gospel.
        For Esaias saith, Lord, who hath believed our report?
Romans 10:17 So then faith cometh by hearing,
        and hearing by the word of God.
Romans 10:18 But I say, Have they not heard?
        Yes verily, their sound went into all the earth,
        and their words unto the ends of the world.

Damon Whitsell: Faith (Hebrews 12:1,2);

Hebrews 12:1 Wherefore seeing we also are compassed about with so great a cloud of witnesses,
        let us lay aside every weight,
        and the sin which doth so easily beset us,
        and let us run with patience the race that is set before us,
Hebrews 12:2 Looking unto Jesus the author and finisher of our faith;
        who for the joy that was set before him
        endured the cross,
        despising the shame,
        and is set down at the right hand of the throne of God.

Damon Whitsell: Repentance (Acts 5:30,31);

Acts 5:30 The God of our fathers raised up Jesus, whom ye slew and hanged on a tree.
Acts 5:31 Him hath God exalted with his right hand to be a Prince and a Saviour,
        for to give repentance to Israel, and forgiveness of sins.
Acts 5:32 And we are his witnesses of these things;
        and so is also the Holy Ghost,
        whom God hath given to them that obey him.

Damon Whitsell: Confessing (1 John 4:2);

1John 4:1 Beloved, believe not every spirit,
        but try the spirits whether they are of God:
        because many false prophets are gone out into the world.
1John 4:2 Hereby know ye the Spirit of God:
        Every spirit that confesseth that Jesus Christ is come in the flesh is of God:

Luther said that we Confess Christ at baptism. The eunuch was reading Isaiah and would know that Christ defined baptism.

Acts 8:36 And as they went on their way, they came unto a certain water:
        and the eunuch said, See, here is water; what doth hinder me to be baptized?
Acts 8:37 And Philip said,
        If thou believest with all thine heart, thou mayest.
        And he answered and said, I believe that Jesus Christ is the Son of God.
Acts 8:38 And he commanded the chariot to stand still:
        and they went down both into the water, both Philip and the eunuch;
        and he baptized him

Damon Whitsell:Baptism (Titus 3:5-7).

Titus 3:5 Not by works of righteousness which we have done,
        but according to his mercy he saved us,
        by the washing of regeneration,
        and renewing of the Holy Ghost;
Titus 3:6 Which he shed on us abundantly through Jesus Christ our Saviour;
Titus 3:7 That being justified by his grace,
        we should be made heirs according to the hope of eternal life.
Titus 3:8 This is a faithful saying, and these things
        I will that thou affirm constantly,
        that they which have believed in God might be careful to maintain good works.
       These things are good and profitable unto men.

Damon Whitsell: The five steps to heaven taught by the Church of Christ is pure salvation by works and not by grace. The Church of Christ has made the Gospel into Law and the Law into Gospel. This is another indication that the Campbellite Church of Christ is a cult.

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