Baptismal Formula - Rejects Trinity of Persons

The Baptismal formula comes from the command: "Go ye therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost: Matthew 28:19


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there is ONE GOD and Jesus of Nazareth whom God made to be both Lord and Christ


In a literal sense there is:
        One God the Father
        One Lord the Son who as man mediates.

I have collected several passages which prove this two-fold relationship.

John 5:43 I am come in my Father’s name,
        and ye receive me not: if another shall come in his own name, him ye will receive.

In an econominal sense there is:
        Father or Thought in all classicall trinities.
        Spirit or Breath spirit or breath is what passes between Father and Son.
        Son or articulated Word.

Acts 2:34 For David is not ascended into the heavens:
         but he saith himself, The LORD said unto my Lord,
        Sit thou on my right hand,
Acts 2:35 Until I make thy foes thy footstool.
Acts 2:36 Therefore let all the house of Israel know assuredly,
        that God hath made that same Jesus, whom ye have crucified,
        both Lord and Christ.


Rom. 1:3 Concerning his Son Jesus Christ our Lord,
        which was made of the seed of David according to the flesh;
Rom. 1:4 And declared to be the Son of God with power,
        according to the spirit of holiness,
        by the resurrection from the dead:


Because the One God the Father in heaven and One Lord Jesus Christ His Son Who has been given the role of Lord and Christ. Therefore, for our world we are to give honor and glory in the name of Jesus Christ.

Jesus of Nazareth was crucified, resurrected and transfigured: He returned to the Father to receive the Promise of the Spirit Role and returned on the day of Pentecost:
Acts 2:32 This Jesus hath God raised up, whereof we all are witnesses.
Acts 2:33 Therefore being by the right hand of God exalted,
        and having received of the Father the promise of the Holy Ghost,
        he hath shed forth this, which ye now see and hear.

Romans 14:9 For to this end Christ both died, and rose, and revived,
        that he might be Lord both of the dead and living.

John identifies the "another Comforter" as Jesus Christ the Righteous" Who is the ONE mediator between man and God. To deny this One God and One Lord fact John identifies as antichrist.

The baptismal "formula" was the common product of presumptuous men who saw Christ as having given them the authority to mediate in the forgiveness of sins. This is normally performed by authorized clergy connecting one hand to the candidate and attacking heaven with the other and claiming authority which properly belongs to the person being baptized and Jesus Christ. That is, not the preacher but the candidate is to call upon the name of the Lord (singular) as they take on Jesus Christ as their Savior and Teacher.

One common formulation is based on the following reasoning:

"In Matthew 28:18-20 Jesus says His disciples are to baptize "in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit". This is called being baptized into the name of the Trinity (Father, Son, and Holy Spirit).

"However, in Acts 2:38, the inspired Apostle Peter on the birthday of the church states that one is to "baptized in the name of Jesus Christ." Some would argue that the Scriptures are contradicting one another.

This is never the situation. If one realizes the word translated "name" in Acts 2:38 is from the Greek "ONAMA" which means "by the authority of", then the idea of contradiction is removed.

"In other words, Peter was saying "by the authority of Jesus" - be baptized by the formula which Jesus gave in Matthew 28:18-20. That is, be baptized in the name of the Trinity (Father, Son and Holy Spirit).

Well, the same word is used in both passages. So, let us look at the facts in context without interpreting Scripture based on later Catholic dogma. Jesus said:

Matthew 28:18 And Jesus came and spake unto them, saying,
        All power is given unto me in heaven and in earth.
Matthew 28:19 Go ye therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost:
Matthew 28:20 Teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you: and, lo, I am with you alway, even unto the end of the world. Amen. 

Power is:

Ecousia (g1849) ex-oo-see'-ah; from 1832 (in the sense of ability); privilege, i.e. (subj.) force, capacity, competency, freedom, or (obj.) mastery (concr. magistrate, superhuman, potentate, token of control), delegated influence: - authority, jurisdiction, liberty, power, right, strength.

Go ye therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name (singular) of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost: Matthew 28:19

Name is:

Onoma (g3686) on'-om-ah; from a presumed der. of the base of 1097 (comp. 3685); a "name" (lit. or fig.) [authority, character]: - called, (/ sur-) name (-d).

The Greek ONOMA or name stands "for all that a name implies, of authority, character, rank, majesty, power, excellence... of everything that the name covers" (Vine, Name, p. 782)

Neither Father, Son or Holy Spirit is a name of God. According to Zechariah His Name would be Jesus or Joshua which means Jehovah-Saves.

And Paul said

For in him dwelleth all the fulness of the Godhead bodily. Col 2:9

Therefore, Paul and the rest of the New Testament baptizes in the name of Jesus Christ. This was continued for many years.

Then Peter said unto them, Repent, and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ for the remission of sins, and ye shall receive the gift of the Holy Ghost. Acts 2:38

Jesus is a name!

This was true because Paul confirmed that all authority was vested in Lord Jesus Christ. Again

For in him dwelleth all the fulness of the Godhead bodily. Col 2:9

"Name" is singular and Father, Son and Spirit are not names.

This was not a "baptismal formula" but a statement of the authority of Jesus to accept God's disciples. If it were a formula Jesus might have said:

"baptizing them" by saying "I baptize you in the name of the Father, and (name) of the Son and (name) of the Holy Spirit." He did not.

This would be quite different from:

"baptizing them in the name (singular) of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost.

Name: Jesus or Jehovah-Saves

Manifestations


Father

God or Full Deity as:

Son


Holy Spirit

The word PERSON according to Thomas Campbell: "is not manifestly applied in the Holy Scriptures to any of the Sacred Three: nor indeed can be so applied in strict propriety, according to its literal and obvious acceptation;

"for when applied to God, instead of meaning a distinct intelligent being coexisting with others in the same common nature, we must mean by it, if we think and speak correctly, one and the self-same individual being so existing

as to constitute in and to itself so many distinct or different, real and relative characters, or subsistences,

each of which is but another name for the self-same individual essence or being considered

as existing in the specified relation of Father, Son and Holy Spirit.

Now, look at the parallel commands:

And Jesus came and spake unto them, saying, All power is given unto me in heaven and in earth. Matthew 28:18
And said unto them, Thus it is written, and thus it behoved Christ to suffer, and to rise from the dead the third day: Luke 24:46
Go ye therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost: Matthew 28:19
And that repentance and remission of sins should be preached in his name among all nations, beginning at Jerusalem. Luke 24:47

While there is some doubt about Matthew 28:19 it does not say to baptize in the name of three persons because to be consistent that would demand that you dip the candidate three times. And this is exactly what happened as clergy took authority and made the "baptismal formula" into stating names rather than authority.

For instance, very early the Syrians taught:

"And concerning baptism, this is how you shall baptize: Having first said all these things, baptize into the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit in running water. But if you do not have running water, baptize into other water; and if you cannot [baptize] in cold, [then] in warm.

But if you have neither, pour out water three times upon the head, into "the name of Father, and of Son, and of Holy Spirit."

But before the baptism let the baptizer fast, and the baptized, and whatever others can; but you shall order the baptized to fast one or two days before." (Didache 7)

Of course, this has no Biblical authority. When people began baptizing in the three names, they were forced to introduce triune baptism.

Next:

"Holy" is not the first name of a "person" named the Holy Spirit. And Father, Son and Spirit are not names. The singular name of the three images we have of God is Jesus Christ or "Jehovah-Saves."

Baptizing in three names on behalf of three "persons" also gave rise to the dogma of the trinity of persons. However,

"The nearest approach to a formal announcement of the doctrine of the Trinity which is recorded from Our Lord's lips, or, perhaps we may say, which is to be found in the whole compass of the NT, has been preserved for us, not by John, but by one of the synoptists. It too, however, is only incidentally introduced, and has for its main object something very different from formulating the doctrine of the Trinity. It is embodied in the great commission which the resurrected Lord gave His disciples to be their 'marching orders even unto the end of the world.' (Int Std Bible Ency., p. 3017)

"It does not say, 'In the names [plural] of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Ghost"; nor yet 'In the name of the Father, and in the name of the Son, and in the name of the Holy Ghost,'

as if we had to deal with three separate Beings. (Int Std Bible Ency., p. 3017)

This means that when seen as a "formula" to be pronounced by the preacher it is part of the ancient pagan dogma of three gods.

Next, look at the power which Jesus Christ had which also gave Him the sole authority:

If the word means "authority" in Acts 2:38 then it means authority in Matthew 28:19. And this is the clear fact. Jesus had just stated it so clearly that it cannot be misunderstood:

And Jesus came and spake unto them, saying, All power is given unto me in heaven and in earth. Matthew 28:18

Power in this verse is:

Ecousia (g1849) ex-oo-see'-ah; from 1832 (in the sense of ability); privilege, i.e. (subj.) force, capacity, competency, freedom, or (obj.) mastery (concr. magistrate, superhuman, potentate, token of control), delegated influence: - authority, jurisdiction, liberty, power, right, strength.

To the only wise God our Saviour, be glory and majesty, dominion and power, both now and ever. Amen. Jude 1:25

Who is gone into heaven, and is on the right hand of God; angels and authorities and powers being made subject unto him. 1 Peter 3:22

When God manifests Himself in the physical dimension He identifies that work as Word, Arm, right hand, gate, door or some other term which conveys information. The right hand of God expresses His power:

And he saw that there was no man, and wondered that there was no intercessor: therefore his arm brought salvation unto him; and his righteousness, it sustained him. Is.59:16

For in him dwelleth all the fulness of the Godhead bodily. Colossians 2:9

And ye are complete in him, which is the head of all principality and power: Colossians 2:10

When one has the power of "Father, Son and Spirit"; and full Deity dwells within then to baptize by the authority of "Jesus" is to be baptized by the authority of Father, Son and Spirit. Zechariah prophesied that His name would be Joshua or Jesus which means "Jehovah-Saves" or the same full Deity whose name if often hyphenated.

Therefore, Jesus had the power with which to exercise the authority to permit disciples to "call upon His name" when becoming His disciples. When Paul was baptized, he called on the name of the Lord but the baptizer did not pronounce a magical formula.

"At the latter ceremony two disciples of the wise stood by to tell him more of the light and heavy commandments. When he came up after the immersion, those assembled addressed him saying: 'Unto whom has thou given thyself? blessed art thou, thou hast given thyself to God; the world was created for the sake of Israel, and only Israelites are called the children of God... After his baptism he was considered (reckoned to be dead and now alive) to be a new man, 'a little child newly born'; a new name was given him." (Int Std Bible Ency, Proselyte).

"The effect of this baptism was held to be complete regeneration; he was born anew. He was called a little child just born, the child of one day. All his sins were remitted because God cannot punish sins committed before he was born." (Barclay, William, Romans, p. 84)

Now, Post-Pentecost when Jesus returned in pure or Holy Spirit form (John 14:16-18) and was the "repository" of full Deity to mankind, no one is ever baptized in three names. This within itself refutes the "trinity" which uses Matthew 28 as its almost sole authority. For instance, look at the actual examples the Spirit gave to prevent you from reaching the wrong, and destructive conclusion:

The Jews: Then Peter said unto them, Repent, and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ for (in order to) the remission of sins, and ye shall receive the gift of the Holy Ghost. Acts 2:38 Discussion of Eis,... Part Two,... Doctor Jack Lewis on Eis or For.

The Samaritans: (For as yet he was fallen upon none of them: only they were baptized in the name of the Lord Jesus.) Acts 8:16

The Gentiles: And he commanded them to be baptized in the name of the Lord. Then prayed they him to tarry certain days. Acts 10:48 (not lords)

Rebaptized after Pentecost: When they heard this, they were baptized in the name of the Lord Jesus. Acts 19:5

Apostle Paul: And now why tarriest thou? arise, and be baptized, and wash away thy sins, calling on the name of the Lord. Acts 22:16 [This is the clear proof that the "pastor" has no authority to pronounce but Paul was to call on the name consistent with Proselyte baptism]

And I answered, Who art thou, Lord? And he said unto me, I am Jesus of Nazareth, whom thou persecutest. Ac.22:8

I verily thought with myself, that I ought to do many things contrary to the name of Jesus of Nazareth. Ac.26:9

Romans 6: Know ye not, that so many of us as were baptized into Jesus Christ were baptized into his death? Romans 6:3

Therefore we are buried with him by baptism into death: that like as Christ was raised up from the dead by the glory of the Father, even so we also should walk in newness of life. Romans 6:4

Corinthians: Is Christ divided? was Paul crucified for you? or were ye baptized in the name of Paul? 1 Corinthians 1:13

And such were some of you: but ye are washed, but ye are sanctified, but ye are justified in the name of the Lord Jesus, and by the Spirit of our God. 1 Corinthians 6:11

Galatians: For as many of you as have been baptized into Christ have put on Christ. Galatians 3:27

James: Do not they blaspheme that worthy name by the which ye are called? James 2:7

Jesus is the name of the Lord as Holy Spirit Who appeared to Paul

And I answered, Who art thou, Lord? And he said unto me, I am Jesus of Nazareth, whom thou persecutest. Ac.22:8

Jesus is the incarnation of the fulness of the Godhead:

For in him dwelleth all the fulness of the Godhead bodily. Colossians 2:9

Jesus is the name of the Son. Matthew 1:21.

And she shall bring forth a son, and thou shalt call his name JESUS: for he shall save his people from their sins. Matthew 1:21

Jehowshuwa (h3091) yeh-ho-shoo'-ah;from 3068 and 3467; Jehovah-saved; Jehoshua (i. e. Joshua), the Jewish leader: - Jehoshua, Jehoshuah, Joshua. Comp. 1954, 3442

For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given: and the government shall be upon his shoulder: and his name shall be called (1) Wonderful, (2) Counsellor, The (3) mighty God, The (4) everlasting Father, The (5) Prince of Peace. Isaiah 9:6

And the key of the house of David will I lay upon his shoulder; so he shall open, and none shall shut; and he shall shut, and none shall open. Isa 22:22

Jesus is the name by which the Father is revealed to mankind:

I am come in my Fathers name, and ye receive me not: if another shall come in his own name, him ye will receive. John 5:43

The Father's name is Jehovah and Jesus came bearing that name hyphenated to mean "Saved" or Savior. Therefore, Jesus had the power and exercised the authority.

I and my Father are one. John 10:30

Jesus saith unto him, Have I been so long time with you, and yet hast thou not known me, Philip? he that hath seen me hath seen the Father; and how sayest thou then, Shew us the Father? John 14:9

Believest thou not that I am in the Father, and the Father in me? the words that I speak unto you I speak not of myself: but the Father that dwelleth in me, he doeth the works. John 14:10

Believe me that I am in the Father, and the Father in me: or else believe me for the very works sake. John 14:11

Look again as the table:

Name: Jesus or Jehovah-Saves

Manifestations


Father

God or Full Deity as:

Son


Holy Spirit

Jesus didn't say "I am in God and God is in me." Rather, Father, Son and Spirit are the natures of God and these are all inherent in the full meaning of God. For instance,

And Thomas answered and said unto him, My Lord and my God. Jn.20:28

In none of the church fathers, Luther, Calvin, or leaders of the American Restoration Movement is full Deity "cut up into three members of the god family."

The Spirit of Christ informed the Old Testament Prophets

Now the Lord is that Spirit: and where the Spirit of the Lord is, there is liberty. 2 Co.3:17

Searching what, or what manner of time the Spirit of Christ which was in them did signify, when it testified beforehand the sufferings of Christ, and the glory that should follow. 1 Peter 1:11

And I fell at his feet to worship him. And he said unto me, See thou do it not: I am thy fellowservant, and of thy brethren that have the testimony of Jesus: worship God: for the testimony of Jesus is the spirit of prophecy. 1 Peter 19:10

Jesus is the name in which the Holy Spirit comes:

And I will pray the Father, and he shall give you another Comforter, that he may abide with you for ever; John 14:16 (Not different but another: more of the same kind)

Even the Spirit of truth; whom the world cannot receive, because it seeth him not, neither knoweth him: but ye know him;

for he dwelleth with you,

and shall be in you. John 14:17

I will not leave you comfortless: I will come to you. John 14:18

Of course, Jesus came directly to those who would reveal the Word and then He comes just as directly to us through His Word:

It is the spirit that quickeneth; the flesh profiteth nothing: the words that I speak unto you, they are spirit, and they are life. John 6:63

Jesus is the only name: Father, Son and Spirit are not names:

Neither is there salvation in any other: for there is none other name under heaven given among men, whereby we must be saved. Acts 4:12

Now when they saw the boldness of Peter and John, and perceived that they were unlearned and ignorant men, they marvelled; and they took knowledge of them, that they had been with Jesus. Acts 4:13

To worship the names of "father, son and spirit" is blasphemy!

To him give all the prophets witness, that through his name whosoever believeth in him shall receive remission of sins. Acts 10:43

Wherefore God also hath highly exalted him, and given him a name which is above every name: Philippians 2:9

That at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of things in heaven, and things in earth, and things under the earth; Philippians 2:10

And that every tongue should confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father. Philippians 2:11

And whatsoever ye do in word or deed, do all in the name of the Lord Jesus, giving thanks to God and the Father by him. Colossians 3:17

Williston Walker

"With the early disciples generally baptism was 'in the name of Jesus Christ.'

There is no mention of baptism in the name of the Trinity in the New Testament, except in the command attributed to Christ in Matt. 28:19.

That text is early, however. It underlies the Apostles' Creed, and the practice recorded in the Teachings, and by Justin. The Christian leaders of the third century retained the recognition of the earlier form, and, in Rome at least,

baptism in the name of Christ was deemed valid, if irregular, certainly from the time of Bishop Stephen (254-257) Williston Walker, A History of the Christian Church, p. 95, (1946)

"To Christian thought at the beginning of the second century the Holy Spirit was differented from Christ, but was classed, like Him, with God.

This appears in the Trinitarian baptismal formula,

which was displacing the older baptism in the name of Christ. Trinitarian formulae were frequently in use by the close of the first and beginning of the second century." (pg. 58)

Paul Tillich

"Baptism was the sacrament of entrance into the church. The baptized person, who at that time, of course, was a pagan adult, had to confess that he would accept the implication of his baptism.

Then he was baptized in the name of Christ.

Later on, the names of God the Father and the Spirit were added.

As yet there were no accompanying explanations; this was faith and liturgy, not yet theology." (Tillich, p. 18-19)

Along with the Trinitarian baptismal formula came many other errors such as the replacement of immersion.

The Britannica (Members)

"Baptism a sacrament of admission to the Christian Church. The forms and rituals of the various churches vary, but Baptism almost invariably involves the use of water and the Trinitarian invocation, "I baptize you: In the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit." The candidate may be wholly or partly immersed in water, the water may be poured over the head, or a few drops may be sprinkled or placed on the head.

"Ritual immersion has traditionally played an important part in Judaism, as a symbol of purification (in the mikvah, a postmenstrual or ritual bath used by women) or as a symbol of consecration (in rituals of conversion, accompanied by special prayers).

It was particularly significant in the rites of the Essenes. According to the Gospels, John the Baptist baptized Jesus. Although there is no actual account of the institution of Baptism by Jesus, the Gospel According to Matthew portrays the risen Christ issuing the "Great Commission" to his followers: "Go therefore and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, teaching them to observe all that I have commanded you" (Matt. 28:19-20).

Elsewhere in the New Testament, however, this formula is not used. Some scholars thus doubt the accuracy of the quotation in Matthew and suggest that it reflects a tradition formed by a merging of the idea of spiritual baptism (as in Acts 1:5), early baptismal rites (as in Acts 8:16), and reports of Pentecostalism after such rites (as in Acts 19:5-6).

"By the 2nd century, the irreducible minimum for a valid Baptism appears to have been the use of water and the invocation of the Trinity.

Usually the candidate was immersed three times, but there are references to pouring as well.

If seen as a baptismal formula it may not matter how many times you baptize. However, with the rise of a triune formula a triune baptism was logically consistent.

However, the point is that all power of a Spirit God as Mediator to humanity was vested in the body of a lowly man who could get on no one's "lecture circuit." The humility to see or comprehend God is based on "self-destruction" in baptism and identifying with a suffering servant.

Therefore, our test is whether we can believe that full Deity comes to us as a criminally-attacked, repudiated "Samaritan" whom no self-respecting clergy would stoop to help -- even lift a finger.

To baptize in the name of "Father, Son and Holy Spirit" may be equivalent to baptizing in the name of "Jesus." However, it seems important that those being baptized understand that they are identifying with the work of Jesus Christ who is the only image of God available to the human mind and senses.

Kenneth Sublett

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