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Enoch Book 1: Watchers

Book of Enoch book 1 annotated and linked with images

Book of Enoch book 1b

Book of Enoch book 1c

Book of Enoch book 2

Chapter 1

1 The words of the blessing of Enoch, wherewith he blessed the elect and righteous, who will be

2 living in the day of tribulation, when all the wicked and godless are to be removed.

And he took up his parable and said -
Enoch a righteous man, whose eyes were opened by God,
saw the vision of the Holy One in the heavens, which the angels showed me, and from them I heard everything, and from them I understood as I saw,
..........but not for this generation, but for a remote one which is for to come.
3 Concerning the elect I said, and took up my parable concerning them:
..........The Holy Great One will come forth from His dwelling,

4 And the eternal God will tread upon the earth, (even) on Mount Sinai,
..........[And appear from His camp]
..........And appear in the strength of His might from the heaven of heavens. 

5 And all shall be smitten with fear
..........And the Watchers shall quake,
..........And great fear and trembling shall seize them unto the ends of the earth.

6 And the high mountains shall be shaken,
..........And the high hills shall be made low,
..........And shall melt like wax before the flame

7 And the earth shall be wholly rent in sunder,
..........And all that is upon the earth shall perish,
..........And there shall be a judgement upon all (men).

8 But with the righteous He will make peace.

And will protect the elect,
And mercy shall be upon them.
And they shall all belong to God,
And they shall be prospered,
And they shall all be blessed.
And He will help them all,
And light shall appear unto them,
And He will make peace with them'.

9 And behold! He cometh with ten thousands of His holy ones

To execute judgement upon all,
And to destroy all the ungodly:
And to convict all flesh
Of all the works of their ungodliness which they have ungodly committed,
And of all the hard things which ungodly sinners have spoken against Him.

Chapter 2

1 Observe ye everything that takes place in the heaven,
..........how they do not change their orbits, and the luminaries which are in the heaven,
..........how they all rise and set in order each in its season, and

2 transgress not against their appointed order. Behold ye the earth, and give heed to the things which take place upon it from first to last, how steadfast they are, how none of the things upon earth

3 change, but all the works of God appear to you. Behold the summer and the winter, how the whole earth is filled with water, and clouds and dew and rain lie upon it.

Chapter 3

1 Observe and see how (in the winter) all the trees seem as though they had withered and shed all their leaves, except fourteen trees, which do not lose their foliage but retain the old foliage from two to three years till the new comes.

Chapter 4

1 And again, observe ye the days of summer how the sun is above the earth over against it. And you seek shade and shelter by reason of the heat of the sun, and the earth also burns with growing heat, and so you cannot tread on the earth, or on a rock by reason of its heat.

Chapter 5

1 Observe ye how the trees cover themselves with green leaves and bear fruit: wherefore give ye heed and know with regard to all His works, and recognize how He that liveth for ever hath made them so.

2 and all His works go on thus from year to year for ever, and all the tasks which they accomplish for Him, and their tasks change not, but according as God hath ordained so is it done.

3 And behold how the sea and the rivers in like manner accomplish and change not their tasks from His commandments'.

4 But ye -ye have not been steadfast, nor done the commandments of the Lord,
..........But ye have turned away and spoken proud and hard words
..........With your impure mouths against His greatness.
..........Oh, ye hard-hearted, ye shall find no peace.

5 Therefore shall ye execrate your days, Enoch 7:1,
..........And the years of your life shall perish,
..........And the years of your destruction shall be multiplied in eternal execration,
..........And ye shall find no mercy.

6a In those days ye shall make your names an eternal execration unto all the righteous,
6b And by you shall all who curse, curse,

And all the sinners and godless shall imprecate by you,

6c And for you the godless there shall be a curse.
6d And all the . . . shall rejoice,
And there shall be forgiveness of sins,
And every mercy and peace and forbearance:
There shall be salvation unto them, a goodly light.6h And for all of you sinners there shall be no salvation,
6i But on you all shall abide a curse.

But for the elect there shall be light and joy and peace,
7b And they shall inherit the earth.
And then there shall be bestowed upon the elect wisdom,
And they shall all live and never again sin,
Either through ungodliness or through pride:
But they who are wise shall be humble.

9 And they shall not again transgress,

Nor shall they sin all the days of their life,
Nor shall they die of (the divine) anger or wrath,
But they shall complete the number of the days of their life.
And their lives shall be increased in peace,
And the years of their joy shall be multiplied,
In eternal gladness and peace,
All the days of their life.

Chapter Jubilees 5

1 And it came to pass when the children of men had multiplied that in those days were born unto them beautiful and comely daughters.

2 And the angels, the children of the heaven, saw and lusted after them, and said to one another: 'Come, let us choose us wives from among the children of men

3 and beget us children.' And Semjaza, who was their leader, said unto them: 'I fear ye will not

4 indeed agree to do this deed, and

I alone shall have to pay the penalty of a great sin.' And they all answered him and said:
'Let us all swear an oath, and all bind ourselves by mutual imprecations

5 not to abandon this plan but to do this thing.' Then sware they all together and bound themselves
by mutual imprecations upon it.

And they were in all two hundred; who descended in the days of Jared on the summit of Mount Hermon, and they called it Mount Hermon, because they had sworn

See The Book of Giants.
See the story of Genun: the Jubal story

7 and bound themselves by mutual imprecations upon it. And these are the names of their leaders: Samlazaz, their leader, Araklba, Rameel, Kokablel, Tamlel, Ramlel, Danel, Ezeqeel, Baraqijal,

8 Asael, Armaros, Batarel, Ananel, Zaqlel, Samsapeel, Satarel, Turel, Jomjael, Sariel. These are their chiefs of tens.

Chapter 7

1 And all the others together with them took unto themselves wives, and each chose for himself one,
and they began to go in unto them and to
defile themselves with them, and they taught them charms

2 and enchantments, and the cutting of roots, and made them acquainted with plants. And they
3 became pregnant, and they bare great giants, whose height was three thousand ells: Who consumed
all the acquisitions of men. And when men could no longer sustain them, the giants turned against
them and devoured mankind. And they began to sin against birds, and beasts, and reptiles, and
fish, and to devour one another's flesh, and drink the blood. Then the earth laid accusation against the lawless ones.
On a parchment fragment 4Q201(En ara) copied ca. 200-150 B.C.E. found at Qumrum:  Other texts

13. [They (the leaders) and all ... of them took for themselves] wives from all that they chose and [they began to cohabit with them and to defile themselves with them]; and to teach them sorcery and [spells and the cutting of roots; and to acquaint them with herbs.] And they become pregnant by them and bo[re (great) giants three thousand cubits high ...]
     - Book of Enoch (from Translation by J. C. Greenfield

"Later Jewish tradition has it that their seduction was at least partly their own fault since they had taught the girls the art of cosmetics, and so had begun the awful progress of mankind to degeneracy and sexual abandon. More important, 'they taught them charms and enchantments, the cutting of roots, and make them acquainted with plants..." (Enoch 7:1ff)."
     - John M. Allegro, The Sacred Mushroom and the Cross

"The Hebrew word for giants (nephilum) literally means the fallen-down-ones because these tall celestial beings fell from the sky. Their half-breed progeny and their descendants are often mentioned in the early books of the Old Testament until the last of them were finally killed off. They were known as the Rephaim [Hebrew for 'phantoms'], Emim, Anakim, Horim, Avim, and Zamzummim. Some scholars speculate that this tradition of giants born from the union of gods and humans formed the basis for the demigod of Greek mythology."
     - Raymond E. Fowler, The Watchers

Key to Music

Chapter 8

1 And Azazel taught men to make swords, and knives, and shields, and breastplates, and made known to them the metals of the earth and the art of working them, and bracelets, and ornaments, and the use of antimony, and the beautifying of the eyelids, and all kinds of costly stones, and all

The king of Tyre was the agent of Lucifer according to Ezekiel. In describing the breastplate two Israelite tribes are left out. They are replaced with tambourines and flutes or pipes:

Thou hast been in Eden the garden of God; every precious stone was thy covering, the sardius, topaz, and the diamond, the beryl, the onyx, and the jasper, the sapphire, the emerald, and the carbuncle, and gold: the workmanship of thy tabrets and of thy pipes was prepared in thee in the day that thou wast created. Eze.28:13

At that time Tyre will be forgotten for seventy years, the span of a king's life. But at the end of these seventy years, it will happen to Tyre as in the song of the prostitute: Is.23:15

Take up a harp, walk through the city, O prostitute forgotten; play the harp well, sing many a song, so that you will be remembered." Is.23:16

At the end of seventy years, the LORD will deal with Tyre. She will return to her hire as a prostitute and will ply her trade with all the kingdoms on the face of the earth. Is.23:17

According to Psalm 41, Judas as the agent of Satan and the den of vipers in Jerusalem, represented the same seductive force Satan always used against God's people. Jesus said that:

They are like unto children sitting in the marketplace, and calling one to another, and saying, We have piped unto you, and ye have not danced; we have mourned to you, and ye have not wept. Lu.7:32

Therefore mine heart shall sound for Moab like pipes, and mine heart shall sound like pipes for the men of Kir-heres: because the riches that he hath gotten are perished. Je.48:36

2 colouring tinctures. And there arose much godlessness, and they committed fornication, and they

3 were led astray, and became corrupt in all their ways. Semjaza taught enchantments, and root-cuttings, 'Armaros the resolving of enchantments, Baraqijal (taught) astrology, Kokabel the constellations, Ezeqeel the knowledge of the clouds, Araqiel the signs of the earth, Shamsiel the signs of the sun, and Sariel the course of the moon. And as men perished, they cried, and their cry went up to heaven . . .


Gurney describes the Hittite worship and shows that the rituals were almost identical to the Canaanite and Hebrew worship. One of the features of 'sympathetic' magic among the Hittites was the "Old Woman" or "wise woman" which may mean "midwife." Other scholars note that early musicians acted as midwifes between a worshipper and their god. Gurney notes that "thirteen such women are known, but they function as sorceresses in countless rituals." Of the sorceresses who performed magic through the incantation of what we would call a poem or song, the "author" are 3 midwives, 1 doctor, 1 prostitute, and

2 temple singers."

"By contrast, many of the male practitioners or magicians were called priest, diviners, augurers, doctors (Gurney, O.R., Some Aspects of Hittite Religion, Oxford University Press, 1977, p. 45).

"In the story of the goddess Ishtar's descent into the underworld he (Ea) is described as creator god. In the deluge story he saves Utnapishtim, the Babylonian Noah.

Ea's charicteristic is wisdom, but this includes cunning deceit,
as shown in the behavior to
Adapa in the myth of mankind's loss of immortality.
He is
patron of exorcists, the 'sons of Eridu.' His holy waters are used to purify places, priests and utensils at ceremonies of exorcism, besides houses, temples, cities and persons inhabited by evil spirits... With his wisdom kings and craftsmen are endowed: the arts of civilization are by his grace." (Britannica, Ea) (He is also patron god of music as the exorcist's weapon).
These are the gifts Ishtar or Inanna gained From Ea, the demon god:

"My father has given me the me:

He gave me the high priesthood.
He gave me godship.
He gave me the noble, enduring crown.
He gave me the throne of kingship.
He gave me the noble sceptre.
He gave me the staff.
He gave me the holy measuring rod and line.
He gave me the high throne.
He gave me shepardship.
He gave me kingship.
He gave me the princess priestess.
He gave me the divine queen priestess.
He gave me the incantation priest.
He gave me the noble priest.
He gave me the libations priest.
He gave me truth.
He gave me decent into the underworld.
He gave me ascent from the underworls.
He gave me the kurgurra.
It is not uncommon in defending "civilian" homosexuality to ascribe the Biblical condemnation to cult or religious prostitution. However, one doubts that male-female adultery in the cut sense would give authority for male-female adultery in the "civilian" sense.
The kurgarru, the assinu, and the kulu'u
performed plays,
dances, and
games during rituals

David Greenberg, in The Construction of Homosexuality (pages 96 and following), finds further support for this in other nearby ancient cultures: among others, a fourth century B.C. Phoenician inscription found on Cyprus "refers to a category of temple personnel who played a role in the sacred service of Astarte, identifies the kelev (dog) as a religious functionary.... The Sumerogram [a picture-word] for assinu, a male-homosexual cult prostitute... joines the symbols for 'dog' and 'woman.'"

Greenberg points out Hittite, Babylonian and Assyrian texts which refer to these male prostitutes. The texts picture assinu and kurgarru as

"religious functionaries particularly associated with the goddess Ishtar,
who danced, played musical instruments, wore masks,
and were considered f....
such functionaries were believed to have magical powers...

'if a man touches the head of an assinu, he will conquer his enemy'...
'if a man has intercourse with an assinu, trouble will leave him.'"
Greenberg, David F. The Construction of Homosexuality . The University of Chicago Press, 1988. Quoted by Arlene Robbins
He gave me the dagger and sword.
He gave me the black garment.
He gave me the colorful garment.
He gave me the loosening of hair.
He gave me the binding of hair.
He gave me the standard.
He gave me the quiver.
He gave me the art of lovemaking.
He gave me the art of kissing the phallus.
He gave me the art of prostitution.
He gave me the art of speeding.
He gave me the art of forthright speech.
He gave me the art of slanderous speech.
He gave me the art of adorning speech.
He gave me the cult of the prostitute.
He gave me the holy tavern.
He gave me the holy shrine.
He gave me the holy priestess of heaven.
He gave me the resounding musical instrument.
He gave me the art of song.
He gave me the art of the elder.
He gave me the art of the hero.
He gave me the art of power.
He gave me the art of treachery.
He gave me the art of straightforwardness.
He gave me the plundering of cities.
He gave me the setting up of lamentations.
He gave me the rejoicing of the heart.
He gave me deceit.
He gave me the rebellious land.
He gave me the art of kindness.
He gave me travel.
He gave me the secure dwelling place.
He gave me the craft of the woodworker.
He gave me the craft of the copper worker.
He gave me the craft of the scribe.
He gave me the craft of the smith.
He gave me the craft of the leather maker.
He gave me the craft of the fuller.
He gave me the craft of the builder.
He gave me the craft of the reed worker.
He gave me the perceptive ear.
He gave me the power of attention.
He gave me the holy purification rites.
He gave me the feeding pen.
He gave me the heaping up of hot coals.
He gave me the sheepfold.
He gave me fear.
He gave me consternation.
He gave me dismay.
He gave me the bitter-toothed lion.
He gave me the kindling fire.
He gave me the putting out of fire.
He gave me the weary arm.
He gave me the assembled family.
He gave me procreation.
He gave me the kindling of strife.
He gave me counseling.
He gave me heart-soothing.
He gave me the giving of judgements.
He gave me the making of decisions."

Religious Symbolism: "Music, like the word, also may have symbolic meaning. The basic elements out of which musical symbolism is built are sounds, tones, melodies, harmonies, and the various musical instruments, among which is the human voice. Sound effects can have a numinous (spiritual) character and may be used to bring about contact with the realm of the holy. A specific tone may call one to an awareness of the holy, make the holy present, and produce an experience of the holy. This may be done by means of drums, gongs, bells, or other instruments. The ritual instruments can, through their shape or the materials from which they are made, have symbolic meaning. The Uitoto in Colombia, for example, believe that all the souls of their ancestors are contained in the ritual drums. Britannica Members Page 21 of 45+

The enchantments in the Book of Enoch are described as the power of Satan or Azazel to enter into the musical instruments. When the young Genun (Jubal) played on them people believed that the gods were speaking to them. Indeed, in this story alluded to by Jude from the book of Enoch--referred to dozens of times in the New Testament--teach that Satan is actually indwelling the music and the musican to deceive people:

Notes from the Books of Ysrael. From Hebrew Myths: The Book of Genesis By Robert Graves and Raphael Patai. Chapter 18 p. 100-107

(p) It was the Cainite's punishment to have a hundred daughters borne them for each son; and this led to such husband-hunger that their women began to raid houses and carry off men.

One day it pleased them to seduce them Sethites, after daubing their faces with rouge and powder, their eyes with antimony, and the soles of their feet with scarlet, dyeing their hair, putting on golden earrings, golden anklets, bracelets, and many-colored garments.

In their ascent of the holy mountain, they twanged harps, blew trumpets, beat drums, sang, danced, clapped hands; then, having addressed the five hundred and twenty anchorites in cheerful voices,

each caught hold of her victim and seduced him. These Sethites, after once succumbing to the Cainite women's blandishments,

became more unclean than dogs, and utterly forgot God's laws.

(r) Genun the Canaanite, son of Lamech the Blind, living in the Land of the Slime Pits,
was ruled by Azael from his earliest youth,
..........and invented all sorts of musical instruments.
..........When he played these, Azael entered into them too,
..........so that they gave forth seductive tunes entrancing the hearts of all listeners.
Genun would assemble companies of musicians, who inflamed one another with music until their lust burned bright like fire, and they lay together promiscuously. He also brewed beer, gathered great crowds in taverns, gave them to drink,

and taught them to forge iron swords and spear-points, with which to do murder at random when they were drunk.

In the land of the slime pits, Babylonia, it was Ishtar or Inanna who got her father, Ea, the patron god of music drunk and seduced him into giving her the ME. These included in another version:

"In the name of my power! In the name of my holy shrine!

To my daughter Inanna I shall give Truth!
Descent into the underworld!
Ascent from the underworld!
The art of lovemaking!
The art of kissing the phallus!"
He gave me the holy shrine.
He gave me the holy priestess of heaven.
He gave me the resounding musical instrument.
He gave me the art of song.
He gave me the art of the elder.
He gave me the kurgurra.
The kurgarru, the assinu, and the kulu'u performed plays, music, dances, and games (rising up to play) during rituals. These were musical worship teams in addition to the eldership stolen from the "god."

The only historical characters which answer to the
fallen angels in Enoch are the children of Lamech.  Cain is derived from a "musical note" and Jubal taught people to play musical instruments where HANDLE means "without authority."

"Pilikam, the next name, means in Sumerian "with intelligence to build." In Babylonian Semitic it would be literally Ina-uzni-eresu, or, rendered in one word, ummanu, "artificer." The Hebrew translation of this is Kenan, which means "artificer." Melamkish gives us the Hebrew Lamech by the simple elision of the first and last consonants.

"Langdon makes the suggestion that Lamech is the Sumerian, LUMHA, an epithet of the Babylonian god Ea as the patron of music. (Barton, p. 323)
Technites (g5079) tekh-nee'-tace; from 5078; an artisan; fig. a founder (Creator): - builder, craftsman.
G5078 technē tekh'-nay From the base of G5088 ; art (as productive), that is, (specifically) a trade, or (generally) skill: art, craft, occupation.

For a certain man named Demetrius, a silversmith, which made silver shrines for Diana, brought no small gain unto the craftsmen; Ac.19:24
And the voice of harpers, and musicians, and of pipers, and trumpeters, shall be heard no more at all in thee; and no craftsman, of whatsoever craft he be, shall be found any more in thee; and the sound of a millstone shall be heard no more at all in thee; Rev 18:22

Playing musical instruments whom Lucifer brought with him / her / it into the garden of Eden is a CRAFT in using MACHINES for doing and overcoming the Word of God. For instance:

Organum Vitr. 10, 1.--Of musical instruments, a pipe,. Gen. 4, 21; id. 2 Par. 34, 12 et saep.--Of hydraulic engines, an organ, water-organ: organa hydraulica,

Gen 4:21 And his brother's name was Jubal: he was the father of all such as handle the harp and organ.

H8610 manipulate, figuratively to use unwarrantably:--catch, handle, (lay, take) hold (on, over), stop, X surely, surprise, take.

H8608 taphaph to drum, that is, play (as) on the tambourine:taber, play with timbrels.

H8611 tôpheth to'-feth From the base of H8608 ; a smiting, that is, (figuratively) contempt:--tabret. MEANING HELL

2 Chr 34:[10]  They delivered it into the hand of the workmen who had the oversight of the house of Yahweh; and the workmen who labored in the house of Yahweh gave it to mend and repair the house; [11] even to the carpenters and to the builders gave they it, to buy hewn stone, and timber for couplings, and to make beams for the houses which the kings of Judah had destroyed. [12]  The men did the work faithfully: and the overseers of them were Jahath and Obadiah, the Levites, of the sons of Merari; and Zechariah and Meshullam, of the sons of the Kohathites, to set it forward; and [others of] the Levites, all who were skillful [scio] with instruments of music. [13]  Also they were over the bearers of burdens, and set forward all who did the work in every manner of service: and of the Levites there were scribes, and officers, and porters.
Organon , to, ( [ergon, erdô] ) I. an implement, instrument, engine of any kind (mostly post-Aug.), Col. 3, 13, 12.--Of military or architectonic engines (whereas machina denotes one of a larger size and more complicated construction)
Ergon  [Ergô] I.work, 1. in Il. mostly of deeds of war, polemêïaerga, 3.a hard piece of work, a hard task, Il.: also, a shocking deed or act,
A. instrument, implement, tool, for making or doing a thing
3.musical instrument, Simon.31, f.l. in A.Fr.57.1 ; homen di'  organôn ekêlei anthrôpous, of Marsyas, Pl.Smp.215c ; aneuorganônpsiloislogois ibid., cf. Plt.268b ; o. poluchordaId.R.399c , al.; met'ôidês kai tinôn organôn Phld.Mus.p.98K. ; of the pipe, Melanipp.2, Telest.1.2

Josephus notes that:

"Jubal, who was born of the same mother with him, exercised himself in music; (7) and invented the psaltery and the harp. But Tubal, one of his children by the other wife, exceeded all men in strength, and was very expert and famous in martial performances. He procured what tended to the pleasures of the body by that method; and first of all invented the art of making brass. Lamech was also the father of a daughter, whose name was Naamah.

"And because she was so skillful in matters of divine revelation, that he knew he was to be punished for Cain's murder of his brother, he made that known to his wives.

"Nay, even while Adam was alive, it came to pass that the posterity of Cain became exceeding wicked, every one successively dying, one after another, more wicked than the former. They were intolerable in war, and vehement in robberies; and if any one were slow to murder people, yet was he bold in his profligate behavior, in acting unjustly, and doing injuries for gain. Josephus

"Naamah, the sister of Tubal Cain, was from the side of Cain the murderer; she was a seducer of men and spirits, including Aza and Azael, who again were the children of God mentioned in Genesis. She became the mother of demons and is still abroad in the world, exciting the desires of me... She is associated with Lilith... and the fall of Adam." "Waite, The Holy Kabbalah, p. 274.)

In a similar story:

1 AFTER Cain had gone down to the land of dark soil, and his children had multiplied therein, there was one of them,

whose name was Genun (Jubal), son of Lamech the blind who slew Cain.

2 But as to this Genun, Satan came into him in his childhood;

and he made sundry trumpets and horns, and string instruments, cymbals and psalteries, and lyres and harps, and flutes; and he played on them at all times and at every hour.

3 And when he played on them,

Satan came into them, so that from among them were heard beautiful and sweet sounds, that ravished the heart.

Satan also taught Genun (Jubal) how to make intoxicants and the women how to decorate their bodies.

During the Classical period

Whatever the clear teachings of the Bible, the literature of all of the pagan "gods" carried the theme of wine, women and song. For instance, of Apollo whose oracle was at Delphi, just up the coast from Corinth show the connection between music and speaking in tongues:

"And there is this great wonder besides -- and its renown shall never perish -- the girls of Delos, hand-maidens of the Far-shooter;

for when they have praised Apollo first,
and also Leto and Artemis who
delights in arrows,
sing a strain-telling of men and women of past days,
charm the tribes of men. Also they can imitate the tongues of all men and their clattering speech:

each would say that he himself were singing, so close to truth is their sweet song.

That is, the performance of the female singers seduces people into believing that they are singing but they are mere spectators even if their lips move.

His half-brother, Hermes (Mercury) was similar: The story is the same, the gods bless only the youth to steal the cattle of the oder people or gods. Remember, that in Enoch the people are identified with the name of beasts, often cows.

"And when the purpose of great Zeus was fixed in heaven, she was delivered and a notable thing was come to pass. For then she bare a son, of many shifts, blandly cunning, a robber, a cattle driver, a bringer of dreams, a watcher by night, a thief at the gates, one who was soon to show forth wonderful deeds among the deathless gods.

Born with the dawning, at mid-day he played on the lyre, and in the evening he stole the cattle of far-shooting Apollo on the fourth day of the month; for on that day queenly Maia bare him.

After the Biblical period, according to Lucian of Samosata:

"Alexander, on the other hand, preferred his native place, urging very truly that an enterprise like theirs required congenial soil to give it a start,

in the shape of 'fat-heads' and simpletons; that was a fair description, he said, of the Paphlagonians beyond Abonutichus;

they were mostly superstitious and well-to-do; one had only to go there with someone to play the flute, the tambourine, or the cymbals, set the proverbial mantic sieve a-spinning, and there they would all be gaping as if he were a god from heaven.

Chapter 9

1 And then Michael, Uriel, Raphael, and Gabriel looked down from heaven and saw much blood being

2 shed upon the earth, and all lawlessness being wrought upon the earth. And they said one to another: 'The earth made without inhabitant cries the voice of their cryingst up to the gates of heaven.

3 And now to you, the holy ones of heaven, the souls of men make their suit, saying, "Bring our cause

4 before the Most High."' And they said to the Lord of the ages: 'Lord of lords, God of gods, King of kings, and God of the ages, the throne of Thy glory (standeth) unto all the generations of the

5 ages, and Thy name holy and glorious and blessed unto all the ages! Thou hast made all things, and power over all things hast Thou: and all things are naked and open in Thy sight, and Thou seest all

6 things, and nothing can hide itself from Thee. Thou seest what Azazel hath done, who hath taught all unrighteousness on earth and revealed the eternal secrets which were (preserved) in heaven, which

7 men were striving to learn: And Semjaza, to whom Thou hast given authority to bear rule over his associates. And they have gone to the daughters of men upon the earth, and have slept with the

9 women, and have defiled themselves, and revealed to them all kinds of sins. And the women have

10 borne giants, and the whole earth has thereby been filled with blood and unrighteousness. And now, behold, the souls of those who have died are crying and making their suit to the gates of heaven, and their lamentations have ascended: and cannot cease because of the lawless deeds which are

11 wrought on the earth. And Thou knowest all things before they come to pass, and Thou seest these things and Thou dost suffer them, and Thou dost not say to us what we are to do to them in regard to these.'

Chapter 10

1 Then said the Most High, the Holy and Great One spake, and sent Uriel to the son of Lamech,

2 and said to him: Go to Noah and tell him in my name "Hide thyself!" and reveal to him the end that is approaching: that the whole earth will be destroyed, and a deluge is about to come

3 upon the whole earth, and will destroy all that is on it. And now instruct him that he may escape

4 and his seed may be preserved for all the generations of the world. And again the Lord said to Raphael: Bind Azazel hand and foot, and cast him into the darkness: and make an opening

5 in the desert, which is in Dudael, and cast him therein. And place upon him rough and jagged rocks, and cover him with darkness, and let him abide there for ever, and cover his face that he may

6,7 not see light. And on the day of the great judgement he shall be cast into the fire. And heal the earth which the angels have corrupted, and proclaim the healing of the earth, that they may heal the plague, and that all the children of men may not perish through all the secret things that the

8 Watchers have disclosed and have taught their sons. And the whole earth has been corrupted

9 through the works that were taught by Azazel: to him ascribe all sin. And to Gabriel said the Lord: Proceed against the bastards and the reprobates, and against the children of fornication: and destroy [the children of fornication and]

the children of the Watchers from amongst men [and cause them to go forth]:
send them
one against the other that they may destroy each other in

REVELATION 9:11 They had for their king the angel of the Abyss, whose name, in Hebrew, is Abaddon, and in Greek, Apollyon, or the Destroyer. (NEB)

In Revelation 9:11, the mysterious angelic "king" of the Abyss is called by the names Abaddon and Apollyon. Both these names mean "destroyer." If you will recall, the primary sin for which Azazel was imprisoned was for teaching men how to create weapons and destroy one another through warfare. It seems likely that Azazel and Abaddon/Apollyon are the same being. Although not specifically mentioned by these names elsewhere in the Bible, Azazel plays a major role in the events at the end of this current age. For additional information on this powerful fallen angel and his activities in the end-time, see my article "Who Is The 'Destroyer'?"

Genun the Canaanite, son of Lamech the Blind, living in the Land of the Slime Pits,
was ruled by Azael from his earliest youth,
..........and invented all sorts of musical instruments.
..........When he played these, Azael entered into them too,
..........so that they gave forth seductive tunes entrancing the hearts of all listeners.
 Genun would assemble companies of musicians, who inflamed one another with music until their lust burned bright like fire, and they lay together promiscuously. He also brewed beer, gathered great crowds in taverns, gave them to drink,

and taught them to forge iron swords and spear-points, with which to do murder at random when they were drunk.

Azazel is the chief of the Se'irim, or goat-demons, who haunted the desert and to whom most primitive Semitic (most likely non-Hebrew) tribes offered sacrifices.

The Old Testament states that Jeroboam appointed priests for the Se'irim. But Josiah destroyed the places of their worship, as the practices accompanying this worship involved copulation of women with goats.

2Chr. 11:14 For the Levites left their suburbs and their possession, and came to Judah and Jerusalem: for Jeroboam and his sons had cast them off from executing the priest’s office unto the LORD:

2Chr. 11:15 And he ordained him priests for the high places, and for the devils, and for the calves which he had made.

H8163 śâ‛ir saw-eer', saw-eer' From H8175 ; shaggy; as noun, a he goat; by analogy a faun:—devil, goat, hairy, kid, rough, satyr.

H8175 śâ‛ar saw-ar' A rpim root; to storm; by implication to shiver, that is, fear:—be (horribly) afraid, fear, hurl as a storm, be tempestuous, come like (take away as with) a whirlwind.

The Se'irim, or hairy demons as the word itself means, are mentioned in Leviticus 17:7 and 2 Chronicles 11:15 as "goat-demons". Isaiah 34:14 says that the "goat-demons" greet each other amoung the ruins of Edom along with Lilith and other wild beasts.

"The religious poetry of the Ugaritic texts has been shown to have close affinities with the Phraseology of the Hebrew Psalms. From the same sources come references to a class of Temple personnel designated by the term serim, who exercised functions similar to those of the Hebrew singers during the monarchy and later times. Some of the servants of David who were designated in 1 Kings 4:31 by (a) term meaning 'aboriginal' or 'native sons,' and who possessed Canaanite names such as Heman, Chalcol, and Darda, were engaged in various forms of musical activity.

Machowl (h4235) maw-khole'; the same as 4234; dancing; Machol, an Isr.: - Mahol.
Machowl (h4234) maw-khole'; from 2342; a (round) dance: - dance (- cing).
Chuwl (h2342) khool; or 2427 kheel; a prim. root; prop. to twist or whirl (in a circular or spiral manner), i. e. (spec.) to dance, to writhe in pain (espec. of parturition) or fear; fig. to wait, to pervert: - bear, (make to) bring forth, (make to) calve, dance, drive away, fall grievously (with pain), fear, form, great, grieve, (be) grievous, hope, look, make, be in pain, be much (sore) pained, rest, shake, shapen, (be) sorrow (-ful), stay, tarry, travail (with pain), tremble, trust, wait carefully (patiently), be wounded.

"A further reflection of this musical interest became apparent when Megiddo was excavated and the treasure room of the royal palace was uncovered. From this area was recovered a plaque inlaid with ivory, depicting a royal personage seated on a throne. He was drinking from a small bowl, and was being entertained by a court musician who stood before him plucking the strings of a lyre." (See Amos 5; 6; 8)

"With the later days of Solomon came a resurgence of Canaanite idolatry,
 and when the kingdom began to function as two separate units, the breach between the religious life of the north and south was accentuated." (Harrison, R. K., Introduction to the Old Testament, Eerdmans, p. 335-6, see p. 411).

"Individuals or guilds of singers appeared under various designations, one of the more common being Asaph (Pss 50, 78-83). A prominant court-musician in the time of David bore this name (1 Chron. 6:39); 15:17), and it may well be that the 'sons of Asaph' in the period of Nehemiah (Neh. 7:44) were members of a musical guild that went back to the days of David and the monarchy. Ugaritic sources have testified amply to the existence of a class of Temple personnel known as sarim, who were analogous to the Hebrew singers of the monarchy and later times. As far as the Psalter was concerned, Asaph could refer either to the guild, to some member of it, or to their collection of religious poetry. The mention of Ethan the Ezrahite (Ps. 89; cf. 1 Chron. 6:44; in 1 Kgs. 4:31 Ethan is a Hebrew sage) and Heman the Ezrahite (Ps. 88; cf 1 Chron. 6:33
enshrined the native Canaanite tradition of music and psalmody, since as Albright has shown, the term 'ezrah means 'aboriginal.' Mention of the 'sons of Korah' (Pss 42:44-49, 84-85, 87-88) may imply the existence of another musical guild whose traditional origins probably reached back to Korah, the great-grandson of Levi (Numl 16:1ff; 1 Chron. 6:31Ff; 2 Chron 20:19)." Harrison, p. 979-980)

"Other names occurring in connection with the musical guilds are Chalcol (calcol) and Darda (I Chron. 2:6), which with Ethan and Heman appear in the list of wise men in I Kings 4:31. This classification is quite appropriate, since a great musician was commonly also a seer (I Chron. 25:5) or prophet (I Chron 25:2,3), as well as a wise man. Chalcol and Darda are designated 'sons of Mahol' or 'members of the orchestral guild,' and seem to reflect a class of plant or flower names applied to musicians. The equivalent of 'Chalcol' significantly appears on several ivories found at Megiddo in the hieroglyphic form of Kulkul, as a singer attached to the temple of Ptah in the Canaanite city of Ashkelon, dated about the thirteenth century B.C." (Unger, Merrill, Archaeology and the Old Testament, Zondervan, P. 217)


10 battle: for length of days shall they not have. And no request that they (i.e. their fathers) make of thee shall be granted unto their fathers on their behalf; for they hope to live an eternal life, and

11 that each one of them will live five hundred years. And the Lord said unto Michael: Go, bind Semjaza and his associates who have united themselves with women so as to have defiled themselves

12 with them in all their uncleanness. And when their sons have slain one another, and they have seen the destruction of their beloved ones, bind them fast for seventy generations in the valleys of the earth, till the day of their judgement and of their consummation, till the judgement that is

13 for ever and ever is consummated. In those days they shall be led off to the abyss of fire: and

14 to the torment and the prison in which they shall be confined for ever. And whosoever shall be condemned and destroyed will from thenceforth be bound together with them to the end of all

15 generations. And destroy all the spirits of the reprobate and the children of the Watchers, because

16 they have wronged mankind. Destroy all wrong from the face of the earth and let every evil work come to an end: and let the plant of righteousness and truth appear: and it shall prove a blessing; the works of righteousness and truth shall be planted in truth and joy for evermore

17 And then shall all the righteous escape,

And shall live till they beget thousands of children,
And all the days of their youth and their old age
Shall they complete in peace.

18 And then shall the whole earth be tilled in righteousness, and shall all be planted with trees and

19 be full of blessing. And all desirable trees shall be planted on it, and they shall plant vines on it: and the vine which they plant thereon shall yield wine in abundance, and as for all the seed which is sown thereon each measure (of it) shall bear a thousand, and each measure of olives shall yield

20 ten presses of oil. And cleanse thou the earth from all oppression, and from all unrighteousness, and from all sin, and from all godlessness: and all the uncleanness that is wrought upon the earth

21 destroy from off the earth. And all the children of men shall become righteous, and all nations

22 shall offer adoration and shall praise Me, and all shall worship Me. And the earth shall be cleansed from all defilement, and from all sin, and from all punishment, and from all torment, and I will never again send (them) upon it from generation to generation and for ever.

Chapter 11

1 And in those days I will open the store chambers of blessing which are in the heaven, so as to send 2 them down upon the earth over the work and labour of the children of men. And truth and peace shall be associated together throughout all the days of the world and throughout all the generations of men.

Chapter 12

1 Before these things Enoch was hidden, and no one of the children of men knew where he was

2 hidden, and where he abode, and what had become of him. And his activities had to do with the Watchers, and his days were with the holy ones.

3 And I Enoch was blessing the Lord of majesty and the King of the ages, and lo! the Watchers

4called me -Enoch the scribe- and said to me: 'Enoch, thou scribe of righteousness, go, declare to the Watchers of the heaven who have left the high heaven, the holy eternal place, and have defiled themselves with women, and have done as the children of earth do, and have taken unto themselves

5 wives: "Ye have wrought great destruction on the earth: And ye shall have no peace nor forgiveness

6 of sin: and inasmuch as they delight themselves in their children, The murder of their beloved ones shall they see, and over the destruction of their children shall they lament, and shall make supplication unto

Chapter 13

1 And Enoch went and said: Azazel, thou shalt have no peace: a severe sentence has gone forth

2 against thee to put thee in bonds: And thou shalt not have toleration nor request granted to thee, because of the unrighteousness which thou hast taught, and because of all the works of godlessness

3 and unrighteousness and sin which thou hast shown to men. Then I went and spoke to them all

4 together, and they were all afraid, and fear and trembling seized them. And they besought me to draw up a petition for them that they might find forgiveness, and to read their petition in the presence

5 of the Lord of heaven. For from thenceforward they could not speak (with Him) nor lift up their

6 eyes to heaven for shame of their sins for which they had been condemned. Then I wrote out their petition, and the prayer in regard to their spirits and their deeds individually and in regard to their

7 requests that they should have forgiveness and length. And I went off and sat down at the waters of Dan, in the land of Dan, to the south of the west of Hermon: I read their petition till I fell

8 asleep. And behold a dream came to me, and visions fell down upon me, and I saw visions of chastisement, and a voice came bidding (me) I to tell it to the sons of heaven, and reprimand them.

9 And when I awaked, I came unto them, and they were all sitting gathered together, weeping in

10 Abelsjail, which is between Lebanon and Seneser, with their faces covered. And I recounted before them all the visions which I had seen in sleep, and I began to speak the words of righteousness, and to reprimand the heavenly Watchers.

Chapter 14

1 The book of the words of righteousness, and of the reprimand of the eternal Watchers in accordance

2 with the command of the Holy Great One in that vision. I saw in my sleep what I will now say with a tongue of flesh and with the breath of my mouth: which the Great One has given to men to

3 converse therewith and understand with the heart. As He has created and given to man the power of understanding the word of wisdom, so hath He created me also and given me the power of reprimanding

4 the Watchers, the children of heaven. I wrote out your petition, and in my vision it appeared thus, that your petition will not be granted unto you throughout all the days of eternity, and that judgement

5 has been finally passed upon you: yea (your petition) will not be granted unto you. And from henceforth you shall not ascend into heaven unto all eternity, and in bonds of the earth the decree

6 has gone forth to bind you for all the days of the world. And (that) previously you shall have seen the destruction of your beloved sons and ye shall have no pleasure in them, but they shall fall before

7 you by the sword. And your petition on their behalf shall not be granted, nor yet on your own: even though you weep and pray and speak all the words contained in the writing which I have

8 written. And the vision was shown to me thus: Behold, in the vision clouds invited me and a mist summoned me, and the course of the stars and the lightnings sped and hastened me, and the winds in

9 the vision caused me to fly and lifted me upward, and bore me into heaven. And I went in till I drew nigh to a wall which is built of crystals and surrounded by tongues of fire: and it began to affright

10 me. And I went into the tongues of fire and drew nigh to a large house which was built of crystals: and the walls of the house were like a tesselated floor (made) of crystals, and its groundwork was

11 of crystal. Its ceiling was like the path of the stars and the lightnings, and between them were

12 fiery cherubim, and their heaven was (clear as) water. A flaming fire surrounded the walls, and its

13 portals blazed with fire. And I entered into that house, and it was hot as fire and cold as ice: there

14 were no delights of life therein: fear covered me, and trembling got hold upon me. And as I quaked

15 and trembled, I fell upon my face. And I beheld a vision, And lo! there was a second house, greater

16 than the former, and the entire portal stood open before me, and it was built of flames of fire. And in every respect it so excelled in splendour and magnificence and extent that I cannot describe to

17 you its splendour and its extent. And its floor was of fire, and above it were lightnings and the path

18of the stars, and its ceiling also was flaming fire. And I looked and saw therein a lofty throne: its appearance was as crystal, and the wheels thereof as the shining sun, and there was the vision of

19 cherubim. And from underneath the throne came streams of flaming fire so that I could not look

20 thereon. And the Great Glory sat thereon, and His raiment shone more brightly than the sun and

21 was whiter than any snow. None of the angels could enter and could behold His face by reason

22 of the magnificence and glory and no flesh could behold Him. The flaming fire was round about Him, and a great fire stood before Him, and none around could draw nigh Him: ten thousand times

23 ten thousand (stood) before Him, yet He needed no counselor. And the most holy ones who were

24 nigh to Him did not leave by night nor depart from Him. And until then I had been prostrate on my face, trembling: and the Lord called me with His own mouth, and said to me: ' Come hither,

25 Enoch, and hear my word.' And one of the holy ones came to me and waked me, and He made me rise up and approach the door: and I bowed my face downwards.

Chapter 15

1 And He answered and said to me, and I heard His voice: 'Fear not, Enoch, thou righteous

2 man and scribe of righteousness: approach hither and hear my voice. And go, say to the Watchers of heaven, who have sent thee to intercede for them: "You should intercede" for men, and not men

3 for you: Wherefore have ye left the high, holy, and eternal heaven, and lain with women, and defiled yourselves with the daughters of men and taken to yourselves wives, and done like the children

4 of earth, and begotten giants (as your) sons? And though ye were holy, spiritual, living the eternal life, you have defiled yourselves with the blood of women, and have begotten (children) with the blood of flesh, and, as the children of men, have lusted after flesh and blood as those also do who die

5 and perish. Therefore have I given them wives also that they might impregnate them, and beget

6 children by them, that thus nothing might be wanting to them on earth. But you were formerly

7 spiritual, living the eternal life, and immortal for all generations of the world. And therefore I have not appointed wives for you; for as for the spiritual ones of the heaven, in heaven is their dwelling.

8 And now, the giants, who are produced from the spirits and flesh, shall be called evil spirits upon

9 the earth, and on the earth shall be their dwelling. Evil spirits have proceeded from their bodies; because they are born from men and from the holy Watchers is their beginning and primal origin;

10 they shall be evil spirits on earth, and evil spirits shall they be called. [As for the spirits of heaven, in heaven shall be their dwelling, but as for the spirits of the earth which were born upon the earth, on the earth shall be their dwelling.]

11 And the spirits of the giants afflict, oppress, destroy, attack, do battle, and work destruction on the earth, and cause trouble: they take no food, but nevertheless

12 hunger and thirst, and cause offences. And these spirits shall rise up against the children of men and against the women, because they have proceeded from them.

Chapter 16

1 From the days of the slaughter and destruction and death of the giants, from the souls of whose flesh the spirits, having gone forth, shall destroy without incurring judgement -thus shall they destroy until the day of the consummation, the great judgement in which the age shall be

2 consummated, over the Watchers and the godless, yea, shall be wholly consummated." And now as to the Watchers who have sent thee to intercede for them, who had been aforetime in heaven, say to them:

3 "You have been in heaven, but all the mysteries had not yet been revealed to you, and you knew worthless ones, and these in the hardness of your hearts you have made known to the women, and through these mysteries women and men work much evil on earth."

4 Say to them therefore: " You have no peace."'

Chapter 17

1 And they took and brought me to a place in which those who were there were like flaming fire,

2 and, when they wished, they appeared as men.

And they brought me to the place of darkness,
and to a
mountain the point of whose summit reached to heaven.

3 And I saw the places of the luminaries and the treasuries of the stars and of the thunder and in the uttermost depths, where were

4 a fiery bow and arrows and their quiver, and a fiery sword and all the lightnings. And they took

5 me to the living waters, and to the fire of the west, which receives every setting of the sun. And I came to a river of fire in which the fire flows like water and discharges itself into the great sea towards

6 the west. I saw the great rivers and came to the great river and to the great darkness, and went

7 to the place where no flesh walks. I saw the mountains of the darkness of winter and the place

8 whence all the waters of the deep flow. I saw the mouths of all the rivers of the earth and the mouth of the deep.

Chapter 18

1 I saw the treasuries of all the winds: I saw how He had furnished with them the whole creation

2 and the firm foundations of the earth. And I saw the corner-stone of the earth: I saw the four

3 winds which bear [the earth and] the firmament of the heaven. And I saw how the winds stretch out the vaults of heaven, and have their station between heaven and earth: these are the pillars

4 of the heaven. I saw the winds of heaven which turn and bring the circumference of the sun and

5 all the stars to their setting. I saw the winds on the earth carrying the clouds: I saw the paths

6 of the angels. I saw at the end of the earth the firmament of the heaven above.

And I proceeded and saw a place which burns day and night,
where there are
seven mountains of magnificent stones,

7 three towards the east, and three towards the south. And as for those towards the east, was of coloured stone, and one of pearl, and one of jacinth, and those towards the south of red stone.

8 But the middle one reached to heaven like the throne of God, of alabaster, and the summit of the

9,10 throne was of sapphire. And I saw a flaming fire. And beyond these mountains Is a region the end of the great earth: there the heavens were completed.

11 And I saw a deep abyss, with columns of heavenly fire, and among them I saw columns of fire fall, which were beyond measure alike towards

12 the height and towards the depth. And beyond that abyss I saw a place which had no firmament of the heaven above, and no firmly founded earth beneath it: there was no water upon it, and no

13 birds, but it was a waste and horrible place. I saw there seven stars like great burning mountains,

14 and to me, when I inquired regarding them,

The angel said: 'This place is the end of heaven and earth:
this has become a
prison for the stars and the host of heaven.

15 And the stars which roll over the fire are they which have transgressed the commandment of the Lord in the beginning of

16 their rising, because they did not come forth at their appointed times. And He was wroth with them, and bound them till the time when their guilt should be consummated (even) for ten thousand years.'


1 And Uriel said to me: 'Here shall stand the angels who have connected themselves with women,

and their spirits assuming many different forms are defiling mankind and shall lead them astray into sacrificing to demons as gods, (here shall they stand,) till the day of the great judgement in

2 which they shall be judged till they are made an end of.

And the women also of the angels who

3 went astray shall become sirens.' And I, Enoch, alone saw the vision, the ends of all things: and no man shall see as I have seen. See Section Five for the Bible-Music Connection

Chapter 20

1,2 And these are the names of the holy angels who watch. Uriel, one of the holy angels, who is

3 over the world and over Tartarus. Raphael, one of the holy angels, who is over the spirits of men.

4,5 Raguel, one of the holy angels who takes vengeance on the world of the luminaries. Michael, one

6 of the holy angels, to wit, he that is set over the best part of mankind and over chaos. Saraqael,

7 one of the holy angels, who is set over the spirits, who sin in the spirit. Gabriel, one of the holy

8 angels, who is over Paradise and the serpents and the Cherubim.

Remiel, one of the holy angels, whom God set over those who rise.

Chapter 21

1,2 And I proceeded to where things were chaotic. And I saw there something horrible: I saw neither

3 a heaven above nor a firmly founded earth, but a place chaotic and horrible. And there I saw

4 seven stars of the heaven bound together in it, like great mountains and burning with fire. Then

5 I said: 'For what sin are they bound, and on what account have they been cast in hither?' Then said Uriel, one of the holy angels, who was with me, and was chief over them, and said: 'Enoch, why

6 dost thou ask, and why art thou eager for the truth? These are of the number of the stars of heaven, which have transgressed the commandment of the Lord, and are bound here till ten thousand years,

7 the time entailed by their sins, are consummated.' And from thence I went to another place, which was still more horrible than the former, and I saw a horrible thing: a great fire there which burnt and blazed, and the place was cleft as far as the abyss, being full of great descending columns of

8 fire: neither its extent or magnitude could I see, nor could I conjecture. Then I said: 'How

9 fearful is the place and how terrible to look upon!' Then Uriel answered me, one of the holy angels who was with me, and said unto me: 'Enoch, why hast thou such fear and affright?' And

10 I answered: 'Because of this fearful place, and because of the spectacle of the pain.' And he said unto me: 'This place is the prison of the angels, and here they will be imprisoned for ever.'

Chapter 22

1 And thence I went to another place, and he mountain [and] of hard rock.

2 And there was in it four hollow places, deep and wide and very smooth. How smooth are the hollow places and deep and dark to look at.

3 Then Raphael answered, one of the holy angels who was with me, and said unto me: 'These hollow places have been created for this very purpose, that the spirits of the souls of the dead should

4 assemble therein, yea that all the souls of the children of men should assemble here. And these places have been made to receive them till the day of their judgement and till their appointed period [till the period appointed], till the great judgement (comes) upon them.' I saw (the spirit of) a dead man making suit,

5 and his voice went forth to heaven and made suit. And I asked Raphael the angel who was

6 with me, and I said unto him: 'This spirit which maketh suit, whose is it, whose voice goeth forth and maketh suit to heaven ?'

7 And he answered me saying: 'This is the spirit which went forth from Abel, whom his brother Cain slew, and he makes his suit against him till his seed is destroyed from the face of the earth, and his seed is annihilated from amongst the seed of men.'

8 The I asked regarding it, and regarding all the hollow places: 'Why is one separated from the other?'

9 And he answered me and said unto me: 'These three have been made that the spirits of the dead might be separated. And such a division has been make (for) the spirits of the righteous, in which there is the bright spring of

10 water. And such has been made for sinners when they die and are buried in the earth and judgement has not been executed on them in their

11 lifetime. Here their spirits shall be set apart in this great pain till the great day of judgement and punishment and torment of those who curse for ever and retribution for their spirits. There

12 He shall bind them for ever. And such a division has been made for the spirits of those who make their suit, who make disclosures concerning their destruction, when they were slain in the days

13 of the sinners. Such has been made for the spirits of men who were not righteous but sinners, who were complete in transgression, and of the transgressors they shall be companions: but their spirits shall not be slain in the day of judgement nor shall they be raised from thence.'

14 The I blessed the Lord of glory and said: 'Blessed be my Lord, the Lord of righteousness, who ruleth for ever.'

Chapter 23

1,2 From thence I went to another place to the west of the ends of the earth. And I saw a burning

3 fire which ran without resting, and paused not from its course day or night but (ran) regularly. And

4 I asked saying: 'What is this which rests not?' Then Raguel, one of the holy angels who was with me, answered me and said unto me: 'This course of fire which thou hast seen is the fire in the west which persecutes all the luminaries of heaven.'

Chapter 24

1 And from thence I went to another place of the earth, and he showed me a mountain range of

2 fire which burnt day and night.

And I went beyond it and saw seven magnificent mountains all differing each from the other, and the stones (thereof) were magnificent and beautiful, magnificent as a whole, of glorious appearance and fair exterior: three towards the east, one founded on the other, and three towards the south, one upon the other, and deep rough ravines, no one of which

3 joined with any other. And the seventh mountain was in the midst of these, and it excelled them

4 in height, resembling the seat of a throne: and fragrant trees encircled the throne. And amongst them was a tree such as I had never yet smelt, neither was any amongst them nor were others like it: it had a fragrance beyond all fragrance, and its leaves and blooms and wood wither not for ever:

5 and its fruit is beautiful, and its fruit resembles the dates of a palm. Then I said: 'How beautiful is this tree, and fragrant, and its leaves are fair, and its blooms very delightful in appearance.'

6 Then answered Michael, one of the holy and honoured angels who was with me, and was their leader.

Chapter 25

1 And he said unto me: 'Enoch, why dost thou ask me regarding the fragrance of the tree,

2 and why dost thou wish to learn the truth?' Then I answered him saying: 'I wish to

3 know about everything, but especially about this tree.' And he answered saying:

'This high mountain which thou hast seen, whose summit is like the throne of God,
is His throne, where the Holy Great One, the Lord of Glory, the Eternal King, will sit, when He shall come down to visit

4 the earth with goodness. And as for this fragrant tree no mortal is permitted to touch it till the great judgement, when He shall take vengeance on all and bring (everything) to its consummation

5 for ever. It shall then be given to the righteous and holy. Its fruit shall be for food to the elect: it shall be transplanted to the holy place, to the temple of the Lord, the Eternal King.

6 Then shall they rejoice with joy and be glad,

And into the holy place shall they enter;
And its fragrance shall be in their bones,
And they shall live a long life on earth,
Such as thy fathers lived:
And in their days shall no sorrow or plague
Or torment or calamity touch them.'

7 Then blessed I the God of Glory, the Eternal King, who hath prepared such things for the righteous, and hath created them and promised to give to them.

Chapter 26

1 And I went from thence to the middle of the earth, and I saw a blessed place in which there were

2 trees with branches abiding and blooming [of a dismembered tree]. And there I saw a holy mountain,

3 and underneath the mountain to the east there was a stream and it flowed towards the south. And I saw towards the east another mountain higher than this, and between them a deep and narrow

4 ravine: in it also ran a stream underneath the mountain. And to the west thereof there was another mountain, lower than the former and of small elevation, and a ravine deep and dry between them: and another deep and dry ravine was at the extremities of the three mountains.

5 And all the ravines were deep rand narrow, (being formed) of hard rock, and trees were not planted upon

6 them. And I marveled at the rocks, and I marveled at the ravine, yea, I marveled very much.

Chapter 27

1 Then said I: 'For what object is this blessed land, which is entirely filled with trees, and this

2 accursed valley between?' Then Uriel, one of the holy angels who was with me, answered and said: 'This accursed valley is for those who are accursed for ever: Here shall all the accursed be gathered together who utter with their lips against the Lord unseemly words and of His glory speak hard things. Here shall they be gathered together, and here

3 shall be their place of judgement. In the last days there shall be upon them the spectacle of righteous judgement in the presence of the righteous for ever: here shall the merciful bless the Lord of glory, the Eternal King.

4 In the days of judgement over the former, they shall bless Him for the mercy in accordance with

5 which He has assigned them (their lot).' Then I blessed the Lord of Glory and set forth His glory and lauded Him gloriously.

Chapter 28

1 And thence I went towards the east, into the midst of the mountain range of the desert, and

2 I saw a wilderness and it was solitary, full of trees and plants. And water gushed forth from

3 above. Rushing like a copious watercourse [which flowed] towards the north-west it caused clouds and dew to ascend on every side.

Chapter 29

1 And thence I went to another place in the desert, and approached to the east of this mountain range.

2 And there I saw aromatic trees exhaling the fragrance of frankincense and myrrh, and the trees also were similar to the almond tree.

Chapter 30

1,2 And beyond these, I went afar to the east, and I saw another place, a valley (full) of water. And

3 therein there was a tree, the colour (?) of fragrant trees such as the mastic. And on the sides of those valleys I saw fragrant cinnamon. And beyond these I proceeded to the east.

Chapter 31

1 And I saw other mountains, and amongst them were groves of trees, and there flowed forth from

2 them nectar, which is named sarara and galbanum. And beyond these mountains I saw another mountain to the east of the ends of the earth, whereon were aloe-trees, and all the trees were full

3 of stacte, being like almond-trees. And when one burnt it, it smelt sweeter than any fragrant odour.

Chapter 32

1 And after these fragrant odours, as I looked towards the north over the mountains I saw seven mountains full of choice nard and fragrant trees and cinnamon and pepper.

2 And thence I went over the summits of all these mountains, far towards the east of the earth, and passed above the Erythraean sea and went far from it, and passed over the angel Zotiel. And I came to the Garden of Righteousness,

3 I and from afar off trees more numerous than I these trees and great-two trees there, very great, beautiful, and glorious, and magnificent, and the tree of knowledge, whose holy fruit they eat and know great wisdom. (see Ezek. 31)

4 That tree is in height like the fir, and its leaves are like (those of) the Carob tree: and its fruit

5 is like the clusters of the vine, very beautiful: and the fragrance of the tree penetrates afar. Then

6 I said: 'How beautiful is the tree, and how attractive is its look!' Then Raphael the holy angel, who was with me, answered me and said:

'This is the tree of wisdom, of which thy father old (in years) and thy aged mother, who were before thee, have eaten,

and they learnt wisdom and their eyes were opened, and they knew that they were naked and they were driven out of the garden.'

Chapter 33

1 And from thence I went to the ends of the earth and saw there great beasts, and each differed from the other; and (I saw) birds also differing in appearance and beauty and voice, the one differing from the other. And to the east of those beasts I saw the ends of the earth whereon the heaven

2 rests, and the portals of the heaven open. And I saw how the stars of heaven come forth, and

3 I counted the portals out of which they proceed, and wrote down all their outlets, of each individual star by itself, according to their number and their names, their courses and their positions, and their

4 times and their months, as Uriel the holy angel who was with me showed me. He showed all things to me and wrote them down for me: also their names he wrote for me, and their laws and their companies.

Chapter 34

1 And from thence I went towards the north to the ends of the earth, and there I saw a great and

2 glorious device at the ends of the whole earth. And here I saw three portals of heaven open in the heaven: through each of them proceed north winds: when they blow there is cold, hail, frost,

3 snow, dew, and rain. And out of one portal they blow for good: but when they blow through the other two portals, it is with violence and affliction on the earth, and they blow with violence.

Chapter 35

1 And from thence I went towards the west to the ends of the earth, and saw there three portals of the heaven open such as I had seen in the east, the same number of portals, and the same number of outlets.

Chapter 36

1 And from thence I went to the south to the ends of the earth, and saw there three open portals

2 of the heaven: and thence there come dew, rain, and wind. And from thence I went to the east to the ends of the heaven, and saw here the three eastern portals of heaven open and small portals

3 above them. Through each of these small portals pass the stars of heaven and run their course to the west on the path which is shown to them.

And as often as I saw I blessed always the Lord of Glory,
and I continued to bless the Lord of Glory
who has wrought great and glorious wonders,
to show the greatness of His work to the angels and to spirits and to men,
that they might praise His work and all His creation:
that they might see the work of His might and praise the great work of His hands
and bless Him for ever.

See Hippolytus on music and sorcery.

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