1 Timothy 4:13 Until I come, devote yourself to the public reading of Scripture, to preaching and to teaching

Eph. 2:17 And came and preached peace to you which were afar off, and to them that were nigh.
Eph. 2:18 For through HIM [Jesus] we both have access
        by ONE Spirit unto the Father.

As promised, Jesus returned at Pentecost in His Holy Spirit state minus flesh and bones and POURED OUT what they saw and Heard. When Spirit is poured out the result is WORDS.

Both male and female are to be silent beyond the reader as EXAMPLED by Jesus.
That is to make everyone SAFE
And come to a knowledge of The Truth or Logos: the Regulative Principle
Jesus is the ONLY mediator in song or sermon when APT elders teach that which has been taught.
1Tim. 2:4 Who will have all men to be saved,
        and to come unto the knowledge of the truth.
1Tim. 2:5 For there is one God,
        and one mediator between God and men,
        the MAN Christ Jesus;
1Tim. 2:6 Who gave himself a RANSOM for all, to be TESTIFIED in due time.

Eph. 2:19 Now therefore ye are no more strangers and foreigners,
        but fellowcitizens with the saints, and of the household of God;

The "house" of God is the LAOS which EXCLUDES Priests or Levites since theree can be no clergy role in a famil.

Eph. 2:20 And are built upon [Educated by]
        the foundation of the apostles and prophets,
        Jesus Christ himself being the chief corner stone;
Eph. 2:21 In whom all the building fitly framed together
        groweth unto an holy temple IN THE LORD [Still in charge as Holy Spirit]

Eph. 2:22 In whom ye also are builded together
        for an habitation of God THROUGH the Spirit. [The Church is the BODY of Christ and He is the HEAD]

Worship is in the PLACE of the human spirit and excludes the PLACE of FLESH.
Any Jacob-Cursed and God-Abandoned Levite would be executed if he went into the "holy places" with his harp.

Command: SPEAK Psalms, Hymns, and Spiritual Songs. SPEAK excludes the sing word ODE and PSALLO which implicates the universal SEXUALITY as WORSHIP.

1Tim. 4:11 These things command and teach.
1Tim. 4:12 Let no man despise thy youth; but be thou
        an EXAMPLE of the believers,
        in WORD, [Logos as Regulative Principle Opposite of rhetoric, singing, playing instruments]
         in conversation, in charity, in spirit, in faith, in purity.
1Tim. 4:13 Till I come, give attendance to [public] reading, to exhortation, to doctrine.
1Tim. 4:14 Neglect not the gift that is in thee,
        which was given thee by prophecy, with the laying on of the hands of the presbytery.
1Tim. 4:15 MEDITATE upon these things;
        give thyself wholly to them; that thy profiting may appear to all.
1Tim. 4:16 Take heed unto thyself,
        and unto the DOCTRINE; continue in them:
        for in doing this thou shalt both save thyself, and them that HEAR thee.



Acts 15:16 After this I will return, and will build again the tabernacle of David, which is fallen down;
        and I will build again the ruins thereof, and I will set it up:
Acts 15:17 That the residue of men might seek after the Lord,
        and all the Gentiles, upon whom my name is called, saith the Lord, who doeth all these things.
Acts 15:18 Known unto God are all his works from the beginning of the world. [AION Messianic Period]
Acts 15:19 Wherefore my sentence is, that we trouble not them,
        which from among the Gentiles are turned to God:

g1994. epistrepho, ep-ee-stref´-o; from 1909 and 4762; to revert (literally, figuratively or morally): — come (go) again, convert, (re-)turn (about, again).
Return to their NATIVITY by Converted or being Baptized.

Acts 15:20 But that we write unto them,
        that they abstain from pollutions of idols, and from fornication,
        and from things strangled, and from blood.

Men like Timothy and Gentiles were Wise Unto Salvation because Scriptures were READ unad understand as the singular PATTERN on the REST day.

Acts 15:21 For Moses of old time
        hath in every CITY
        them that PREACH him,
        being READ in the synagogues every sabbath day.

The RULERS were NOT wise unto salvation then and now because:

Acts 13:27 For they that dwell at Jerusalem, and their rulers,
        because they knew him not,
        nor yet the voices of the PROPHETS
        which are READ every sabbath day,   [The direct command and all examples the Ekklesia-Synagogue met just once each week]
        they have fulfilled them in condemning him.
1Tim. 4:6  If thou put the brethren in remembrance of these things,
        thou shalt be a good minister of Jesus Christ,
        nourished up in the WORDS OF FAITH and of good doctrine, whereunto thou hast attained.

5294.  hupotithemi, hoop-ot-ith´-ay-mee; from 5259 and 5087; to place underneath, i.e. (figuratively) to hazard, (reflexively) to suggest: — lay down, put in remembrance
1Tim. 4:7 But refuse profane and old wives’ FABLES, and exercise thyself rather unto godliness.

But refuse profane and old wives fables, and exercise thyself rather unto godliness. 1Ti.4:7
        Not giving heed to Jewish fables
        and commandments of men, that turn from the truth. Tit.1:14

For we have not followed cunningly devised fables, when we made known unto you the power and coming of our Lord Jesus Christ, but were eyewitnesses of his majesty. 2Pe.1:16


Cultic Reading of the word.

Preaching by Reading

Paul: An Outline of His Theology

By Herman Ridderbos


Thus he commands that his own epistles be read aloud in the assembly of the Church [1 Thesss 5:27; Col 4:16). the word that is employed

In Ancient Greek Theatre, there is an interesting similarity among the plays written during that time: there is always a chorus included. Nowadays most people would associate a chorus with musicals, but playwrights like Aeschylus, Euripides, and Sophocles included a chorus in their regular plays. The chorus consisted of a group of 12 to 50 players who spoke or sang their lines in unison, wore masks, and functioned as one actor rather than a large group of many performers.

Because Greek theatres were so large, the members of the chorus had to work hard to look and sound like one person. Their diction and lines had to be presented crisply and clearly so the entire audience could easily hear them. Their gestures were overly exaggerated. Frequently a chorus leader, called a coryphaeus, would aid with comprehension.

cultic. reading aloud


Luke 15:25 Now his elder son was in the field:
        and as he came and drew nigh to the house,
        he heard musick and dancing

Sumphonia the only time MUSIC is used in the New Testament
unison of sound,tēn en ōdē harmonian, ē s. kaleitai” 
2. of two sounds only, musical concord, accord, such as the fourth, fifth, and octave
3. harmonious union of many voices or sounds, concert, hoi tōn s. logoi,
      "speak "that which is written" using one mind and one mouth (glossa, not a flute) Rom 15
the Pythag. doctrine of the music of the spheres, (Jesus doesn't pray for the KOSMOS or world)

II. metaph., harmony, agreement, Pl.Lg.689d, Arist.Pol.1334b10; “s. tis kai isotēsThphr.Fr.89.8; “s. logōPl.R.401d; “s. tēs psukhēs heautēId.Ti.47d; meixas panta kata sumphōnian, of a cook, Damox.2.54; unanimily, “s. tōn historēsantōn Gal.15.134; OPPOSITE DISCORD diaphōnia, ib. 440; concordance, of theory with observed fact, ekhein tois phainomenois ; also pros ta pathē s. Polystr.p.15 W.: in concrete sense, s., = to sumpephōnēmenon (cf. “sumphōneō11.2), the amount agreed upon, Ostr.364 (i A.D.).
sumphōn-eō ,  hold or express the same opinions,A.sound together, be in harmony or unison

harmonia , 2. generally, music,autō de rhuthmō mimountai khōris ha.Id.Po.1447a26.
4. harmonian logōn labōn a due arrangement of words, fit to be set to music, Pl.Tht.175e.
Plat. Laws 689a Athenian
That which we see in the man who hates,
        instead of loving, what he judges to be noble and good,
        while he loves and cherishes what he judges to be evil and unjust.
That want of accord, on the part of the feelings of pain and pleasure, with the rational judgment is,
        I maintain, the extreme form of ignorance, a
        and also the “greatest” because it belongs to the main mass of the soul,

Plat. Laws 691a Athenian
Is it not plain that what those kings strove for first was to get the better of the established laws,
        and that they were not in accord with one another about the pledge
        which they had approved both by word and by oath;
        and this discord—reputed to be wisdom, but really, as we affirm, the height of ignorance,
        owing to its grating dissonance and lack of harmony, brought the whole Greek world to ruin?

Dan. 3:5 That at what time ye hear the sound of the cornet, flute, harp, sackbut,
        psaltery, dulcimer, and all kinds of musick,
        ye fall down and worship the golden image that Nebuchadnezzar the king hath set up:

And "musician" is exclusively applied to the MUSES or the 9 Sister Singers wo worked for Apollo who is Abaddon or Apollyon or Lucifer or Zoe or Satan. Apollo had his SEEKER CENTER at Delphi and he is the father of "musical harmony, twanging bowstrings to send a singing arrow into your heart, thieves and liars.

If you are going to repudiate the Bible and 2,000 years of scholarship you had better be prepared with some proof. If you are willing to DELIBERATELY SOW DISCORD AMONG BRETHEREN AND OFFEND MANY then you had better be able to flash credentials from someone beyond a "christian" college:

ANTITHESIS for the Assembly: On the other hand, From Christ in the church in the wilderness the command for disciples who attend the School of Christ to be taught what HE commanded to be taught:
Rom. 15:5 Now the God of patience and consolation
        grant you to be likeminded one toward another
        according to Christ Jesus:

phron-eō  a. . tini tina to have certain thoughts for or towards any one, to be so and so minded towards him, patri phila phroneōn kindly minded towards him
c. of those who agree in opinion, ta tinos phronein to be of another's mind, be on his side or of his party, c. [select] of those who agree in opinion, ta tinos phronein to be of another's mind, be on his side or of his party,
Opposite amphis   II. apart, asunder,gaian kai ouranon a. ekheinOd.1.54; a. eergein to keep apart, Il.13.706; a. agēnai snap in twain, think separately, each for himself, i.e. to be divided,

Jesus Christ commanded that everyone teach and observe what He commanded.  The prophets had defined the church both inclusively and exclusively.  Jesus made those prophecies more certain proven by signs and wonders.  Peter warned against private interpretation or further expounding which would despise God's Spirit.

Rom. 15:6 That ye may with one mind and one mouth glorify God,
        even the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ.

stoma , 2. esp. the MOUTH as the ORGAN of speech, “deka men glōssai, deka de stomat'
Moisan kapuron s. their mouthpiece, organ, Theoc.7.37, cf. Mosch.3.72; Pieridōn to sophon s.,
Mousa   A.Olumpiades M., Dios aigiokhoio thugateres
II. mousa, as Appellat., music, song, “m. stugeraA.Eu.308 (anap.); “euphamosId.Supp.695 (lyr.); “kanakhan . . theias antiluron mousasS.Tr.643 (l
I. bear or carry a load, “en talaroisi pheron meliēdea karpon
pherein ti, bear a thing impatiently, take it ill or amiss,

Hom. Il. 2.459 Tell me now, ye Muses that have dwellings on Olympus— [485] for ye are goddesses and are at hand and know all things, whereas we hear but a rumour and know not anything—who were the captains of the Danaans and their lords. But the common folk I could not tell nor name, nay, not though ten tongues were mine and ten mouths [490] and a voice unwearying, and though the heart within me were of bronze, did not the Muses of Olympus, daughters of Zeus that beareth the aegis, call to my mind all them that came beneath Ilios

Rom. 15:7 Wherefore receive ye one another,
        as Christ also received us to the glory of God.
6 hina homothumadon en heni stomati doxazēte ton theon kai patera tou kuriou hēmōnIēsou Khristou.
They all Speak the Word together:

They all take part:
Anti-lēpteon, A. one must take part in a matter III. Adj. anti-lēpteos , a, on, ho logos

is opposite to Ergon  III. Pass., that which is wrought or made, work
Opposite: rhetoric, poetry, music, Pathos or personal experiences (real or fabricated)
Mēkha^n-ē II. any artificial means or contrivance for doing a thing
3. theatrical machine by which gods, etc., were made to appear in the air
Soph-isma , atos, to, A. acquired skill, method II. clever device, ingenious contrivance, stage-trick, claptrap,

Ekhn-ē , , (tektōnA. art, skill, cunning of hand, soothsayer (Levites)
        2. craft, cunning,
an art or craft, i.e. a set of rules, system or method of making or doing,
        whether of the useful arts, or of the fine art Art of Rhetoric,
Pind. O. 13 But the fame for every work is due to its inventor. Whence did the graces of Dionysus first come to light, with the ox-driving dithyramb?
Plek-ō , Pi.O. 6.86,
II. metaph., devise, contrive, mostly of tortuous mean
2. of Poets, p. humnon, rhēmata, Pi.O.6.86, N.4.94; ōdasCritias Fr.1 D.; “p. logousE.Rh.834, Pl.Hp.Mi.369b; form the plot of a tragedy, opp. luein, Arist.Po.1456a9:—hence in Pass., muthoi peplegmenoi complex,
Pind. O. 6 [85] who bore horse-driving Thebe, whose delicious water I drink, while I weave my embroidered song for heroic spearmen. Now rouse your companions, Aeneas, first to shout the praises of Hera Parthenia, and then to know whether we have truly escaped the ancient reproach [90] of men's speech, “Boeotian pig.” For you are a faithful herald, a message-stick of the lovely-haired Muses, a sweet mixing-bowl of loud-sounding songs.

Rom. 14:19 Let us therefore follow after the things which make for peace,
        and things wherewith one may edify [educate] another.


Acts 13:27 For they that dwell at Jerusalem, and their RULERS,
        because they knew him not,
        nor yet the voices of the PROPHETS
        which are READ every sabbath day,
        they have fulfilled them in condemning him

Acts 15:21 For Moses of old time hath in every city them that PREACH him,
        being read in the synagogues every sabbath day

If you SPEAK the same things you cannot SING IN DIVERSITY

Rom. 15:5 Now the God of patience and consolation
        grant you to be LIKEMINDED one toward another according to Christ Jesus:

John 8:38  I [SPEAK] that which I have seen with my Father:
        and ye DO
        that which ye have seen with your father.

POIEO    Anything you make. works of art  create, bring into existence, compose, write, describe in verse, a professon, sacrifices, assemblies, ekklēsianEpos
        Epos 'hymn', cf. eipon):  1. song or lay accompanied by music, 8.91,17.519.

John 8:44 Ye are of your father the devil, and the lusts of your father ye will do.
        He was a murderer from the beginning,
        and abode not in the truth, because there is no truth in him.
        When he speaketh a lie, he speaketh of his own: for he is a liar, and the father of it.

No Spirit Person involved. Spirit is a parable word to show that WE do our own BREATHING (spirit) and articulate our own words.

John 12:49 For I have not spoken of myself; but the Father which sent me,
        HE gave me a commandment, what I should SAY, and what I should SPEAK.

God didn't delivery any LYRIC material to be performed with a LYRE.

God the Father puts His Word into the Mouth of Prophets and Jesus only.  
1Cor. 2:6 Howbeit we SPEAK wisdom among them that are perfect:
        yet not the wisdom of this world, nor of the princes of this world, that come to nought:
1Cor. 2:7 But we speak the wisdom of God in a mystery, even the hidden wisdom,
        which God ordained before the world [g165 Messianic age] unto our glory:
1Cor. 2:8 Which none of the princes of this world knew:
        for had they known it, they would not have crucified the Lord of glory.


g3661 homothumadon, hom-oth-oo-mad-on´; adverb from a compound of the base of 3674 and 2372;
        unanimously: — with one accord (mind).
g2372 homoios at the same place or time: — together.


"Of old at the time those of the circumcision were worshipping with symbols and types it was not inappropriate to send up hymns to God with the psalterion and cithara and to do this on Sabbath days... We render our hymn with a living psalterion and a living cithara with spiritual songs. The unison voices of Christians would be more acceptable to God than any musical instrument. 

Accordingly in all the churches of God, united in soul and attitude, with one mind and in agreement of faith and piety we send up a unison melody in the words of the Psalms." (commentary on Psalms 91:2-3)

Hilary (A.D.. 355) says:

"In the songs of Zion, both old and young, men and women, bore a part; their psalmody was the joint act of the whole assembly in unison." Chrysostom says: "It was the ancient custom, as it is still the custom with us, for all to come together and unitedly join in singing. The young and old, rich and poor, male and female bond and free all join in the song." Jerome says: "Go where you will, the plowman at his plow sings his joyful hallelujahs, the busy mower regales himself with his psalms, and the vinedresser is singing one of the psalms of David."

add unity ketcherside

Our Identity

Let’s begin with why this discussion is so difficult to have.
        It is difficult because singing Acapella is a major part of our identity as a Church of Christ.
        It has become a marker of what a Church of Christ is.
        Acapella [ah kuh-pel-uh] simply means without instrumental accompaniment,
        and the secondary meaning is in the style of church or chapel music.

A CAPPELLA MEANS HOLDING MASS IN THE SISTINE CHAPEL: The Castratoes replace the Falsetto choir and originally the whole group sing in unison or the same, single note melody.   MELODY or the Greek MELOS does not permit harmony or meter.  We know that this is not SCRIPTURAL because we know when the practices were change

harmonizing technique, called organum, is the first true example of harmony. The first instances were extremely simple, consisting of adding a voice that exactly paralleled the original melody at the interval of a fourth or fifth (parallel organum).



Notre-Dame school,  during the late 12th and early 13th centuries, an important group of composers and singers working under the patronage of the great Cathedral of Notre-Dame in Paris. The Notre-Dame school is important to the history of music because it produced the earliest repertory of polyphonic (multipart) music to gain international prestige and circulation.
  Its four major forms are organum (q.v.), a setting (for two to four voice parts) of a chant melody in which the chant is sung in sustained notes beneath the florid counterpart of the upper voice(s); clausula (q.v.), actually a section within an organum composition corresponding to a melismatic (many notes per syllable) section of the chant and characterized by a decisive acceleration of pace in the voice having the chant; conductus (q.v.), a processional composition in chordal style and not derived from any preexistent chant; and motet (q.v.), similar to the clausula, from which it evidently evolved, but with the addition of new texts, often secular, in the upper parts

WE don't have the authority to DISCUSS how WE conduct WORSHIP when A Church of Christ is a SCHOOL of Christ using His Words in the Prophets and Apostles. Jesus died to defund worship OBSERVATIONS to which the Kingdom will never com as well as WORSHIP LEADERS meaning the Jacob-cursed and god-abandoned Levites who stood in RANKS to execute any NOT-ABANDONED person who came near the HOLOCAUST of goats or Infants.


No one used instruments in the Sistime chapel CAPEL where the Pope's only official mass takes place.  Thee catholics never engaged in CONGREGATIONAL SINGING with or without INSTRUMENTS until about 1911.  The simple pipe organ set the pitch for the PRECENTER and was used to signal processions, intermissions or recessionals.

The pope imported a CASTRATED OPRA TEAM from France to replace the FALSETTO boy's choir.  A cappella means of the SISTINE CHAPEL named after a Generals GOAT SKIN CAPE.

The "boys" sing in the style of ORGANUM.. The whole team sang in unison singing the SAME NOTE and later added a second note.  No congregation violated the command to SPEAK the biblical text until after allows some PSALMS be recomposed and set to a simple meter to be SUNG IN UNISON.


Wherefore be ye not unwise, but understanding what the will of the Lord is. Eph 5:17

And be not drunk with wine,

ĭn-ēbrĭo Saturate, full of talk

kat-auleō , A. charm by flute-playing, methuōn kai katauloumenos drinking wine to the strains of the flute katauloumenon subdued by a flute accompaniment, metaph., to be piped down, ridiculed, gelōmenoi kai -oumenoimētrōa melēMetroos the worship of Cybele, b. Mētrōa, Mother goddess: music played in her honour, Mele Melos 3. melody of an instrument, “phormigx d' [mark of Apollo]  au phtheggoith' hieron m. ēde kai aulos

wherein is excess;  (Greek: vanity)

The results of being drunk on wine

luxŭrĭa Of style: “in qua (oratione), ut

luxŭrĭo , wanton, revel, sport, skip, bound, frisk: Deliciis that which allures, flatters the senses], delight, pleasure, charm, allurement; deliciousness, luxuriousness, voluptuousness, curiosities of art; , to make sport paizō dance  4. play on a musical instrument, h.Ap.206: c. acc., “Pan ho kalamophthogga paizōnAr.Ra.230; dance and sing, Pi. O.1.16saltātĭo, David's naked dance.

Paul always defines away all of the hypocritic arts.

BUT, be filled with the Spirit; Eph 5:18

John 6:63b the words that I speak unto you, they are spirit, and they are life.

Colossians 3:1 If ye then be risen with Christ, seek those things which are above, where Christ sitteth on the right hand of God.

Colossians 3:5  Mortify therefore your members which are upon the earth; fornication, uncleanness, inordinate affection, evil concupiscence, and covetousness, which is idolatry

Phĭlŏsŏphĭadoctores săpĭentĭa sermons, interpret, sects Cic.Off.2.2.5 Wisdom, = sophia

Sophia , A. cleverness or skill in handicraft and art, in music and singing, poetry, divination

interprĕtor , ātus (in tmesi interpres, to explain, expound, interpret, give expression to, translate; to understand, conclude, infer. A. To decide, determine
12, 29: “haec ex Graeco carmine interpretata recitavit,Liv. 23, 11, 4; 45, 29, 3.
Carmen, I. In gen., a tune, song, air, lay, strain, note, sound, both vocal and instrumentalbarbaricum,id. M. 11, 163.—With allusion to playing on the cithara

Rom 8[13] For if you live after the flesh, you must die; but if by the Spirit you put to death the deeds of the body, you will live.

pathos emotion, to create passion, drama MY experiences Sophia cleverness or skill in handicraft and art, in music and singing, tekhnē kai s, poetry, in divination pleonexia assumption, one's own advantage. Financial gain

Colossians 3:10 And have put on the new man,
    which is renewed in knowledge
    after the image of him that created him:

Colossians 3:16 Let the word of Christ dwell in you richly in all wisdom;

Speaking to yourselves
in psalms and hymns
      and spiritual songs, [Scripture]
teaching and admonishing one another
      in psalms and hymns
      and spiritual songs, [Scripture]

singing and making melody
in your heart to the Lord;
singing with grace
      in your hearts
to the Lord.

always giving thanks
     to God the Father for everything,
     in the name of our Lord Jesus Christ.
And whatsoever ye do in word or deed, do all
    In the name of the Lord Jesus,
    giving thanks to God and the Father by him.



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